United States Senate elections, 1932 and 1933

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United States Senate elections, 1932 and 1933
United States
← 1930 / 1931 November 8, 1932[1] 1934 →

32 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Joseph t robinson.jpg Charles mcnary.jpg
Leader Joseph Robinson Charles McNary
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Arkansas Oregon
Seats before 47 48
Seats after 59[2] 36[2]
Seat change Increase 12 Decrease 12
Seats up 16 16
Races won 28 5

  Third party
 
Party Farmer–Labor
Seats before 1
Seats after 1
Seat change Steady
Seats up 0
Races won 0

US 1932 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gain      Republican gain
     Democratic hold      Republican hold

Majority Leader before election

James Watson
Republican

Elected Majority Leader

Joseph Robinson
Democratic

The United States Senate elections of 1932[1] coincided with Democrat Franklin Delano Roosevelt's crushing defeat of incumbent Herbert Hoover in the presidential election. With the Hoover administration widely blamed for the Great Depression, Republicans lost twelve seats and control of the chamber.

This was the first time since the 1920 elections that the victorious party defended all of their own seats and achieved a pickup in the double-digits. Senator Reed Smoot (R-UT) lost re-election: his Hawley-Smoot tariff is often cited by economists[by whom?] as one of the factors contributing to the depression.

Gains and losses[edit]

Incumbents who lost renomination[edit]

Democrats took three seats from Republican incumbents:

  1. California: Two-term Republican Samuel M. Shortridge lost renomination to Tallant Tubbs, who in turn, lost the general election to Democrat William G. McAdoo.
  2. Iowa: One-term Republican Smith W. Brookhart lost renomination to Henry Field, who in turn, lost the general election to Democrat Richard L. Murphy.
  3. Wisconsin: One-term Republican John J. Blaine lost renomination to John B. Chapple, who in turn, lost the general election to Democrat F. Ryan Duffy.

Incumbents who lost re-election[edit]

Democrats defeated eight Republican incumbents:

  1. Connecticut: Two-term Republican Hiram Bingham lost to Democratic challenger, Augustine Lonergan.
  2. Idaho: One-term Republican John Thomas lost to Democratic challenger, James Pope.
  3. Illinois: One-term Republican Otis F. Glenn lost to Democratic challenger, William H. Dieterich.
  4. Indiana: Three-term Republican James E. Watson lost to Democratic challenger, Frederick Van Nuys.
  5. Nevada: Two-term Republican Tasker L. Oddie lost to Democratic challenger, Patrick A. McCarran.
  6. New Hampshire: Three-term Republican George H. Moses lost to Democratic challenger Fred H. Brown.
  7. Utah: Five-term Republican Reed Smoot lost to Democratic challenger Elbert D. Thomas.
  8. Washington: Four-term Republican Wesley L. Jones lost to Democratic challenger Homer T. Bone.

Milestones[edit]

  • First election in which a Senate leader lost re-election: Majority Leader James E. Watson (R-IN)
  • First woman to be elected to a full term in the Senate: Hattie Caraway (D-AR)
  • Last Democrat (as of 2017) to be elected from Kansas: George McGill (D-KS)

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

Going into the November 1932 elections.

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Ran
D37
Ran
D36
Ran
D35
Ran
D34
Ran
D33
Ran
D32
Ran
D31 D30 D29
D39
Ran
D40
Ran
D41
Ran
D42
Ran
D43
Ran
D44
Ran
D45
Ran
D46
Retired
D47
Retired
FL1
Plurality → R48
Ran
R39
Ran
R40
Ran
R41
Ran
R42
Ran
R43
Ran
R44
Ran
R45
Ran
R46
Ran
R47
Ran
R38
Ran
R37
Ran
R36
Ran
R35
Ran
R34
Ran
R33
Ran
R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

Result of the general elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Re-elected
D37
Re-elected
D36
Re-elected
D35
Re-elected
D34
Re-elected
D33
Re-elected
D32
Re-elected
D31 D30 D29
D39
Re-elected
D40
Re-elected
D41
Re-elected
D42
Re-elected
D43
Re-elected
D44
Re-elected
D45
Hold
D46
Hold
D47
Hold
D48
Gain
Majority → D49
Gain
D58
Gain
D57
Gain
D56
Gain
D55
Gain
D54
Gain
D53
Gain
D52
Gain
D51
Gain
D50
Gain
D59
Gain
FL1 R36
Re-elected
R35
Re-elected
R34
Re-elected
R33
Re-elected
R32
Re-elected
R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
Key:
D# Democratic
FL# Farmer–Labor
R# Republican

Race summary[edit]

All races are general elections for class 3 seats, unless noted.

Elections during the 72nd Congress[edit]

In these elections, the winners were seated during 1932 or in 1933 before March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arkansas
(Class 3)
Hattie W. Caraway Democratic 1931 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected January 12, 1932.
Democratic hold.
Winner was subsequently re-elected in November.
Hattie W. Caraway (D) 91.6%
Rex Floyd (I) 5.2%
Sam D. Carson (I) 3.2%[3]
Colorado
(Class 3)
Walter Walker Democratic 1929 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election to finish the term.
New senator elected November 8, 1932.
Republican gain.
Winner was not elected to the next term, see below.
Karl C. Schuyler (Republican) 48.76%
Walter Walker (Democratic) 48.51%
Carle Whitehead (Socialist) 2.73%[4]</ref>
New Jersey
(Class 2)
W. Warren Barbour Republican 1931 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 8, 1932. W. Warren Barbour (Republican) 49.6%
Percy H. Stewart (Democratic) 48.5%
North Carolina
(Class 3)
Cameron A. Morrison Democratic 1930 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost nomination to finish the term.
New senator elected November 8, 1932.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected to next term, see below.
Robert R. Reynolds (Democratic) 68.7%
Jake F. Newell (Republican) 31.3%[5]
Georgia
(Class 2)
John S. Cohen Democratic 1932 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected January 12, 1933.
Democratic hold.
Richard Russell, Jr. (Democratic)
Unopposed

Elections leading to the 73rd Congress[edit]

All elections are for Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama Hugo L. Black Democratic 1926 Incumbent re-elected. Hugo L. Black (Democratic) 86.3%
J. Theodore Johnson (Republican) 13.8%
Arizona Carl Hayden Democratic 1926 Incumbent re-elected. Carl Hayden (Democratic) 66.7%
Ralph H. Cameron (Republican) 32.1%
Arkansas Hattie W. Caraway Democratic 1931 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected. Hattie W. Caraway (Democratic) 89.5%
John W. White (Republican) 10.5%
California Samuel M. Shortridge Republican 1920
1926
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
William G. McAdoo (Democratic) 43.4%
Tallant Tubbs (Republican) 30.8%
Robert P. Shuler (Prohibition) 25.8%
Colorado Walter Walker Democratic 1932 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected to next term.
Democratic hold.
Winner was not elected to finish the term, see above.
Alva B. Adams (Democratic) 52.23%
Karl C. Schuyler (Republican) 45.78%
Carle Whitehead (Socialist) 1.99%[4]
Connecticut Hiram Bingham III Republican 1924 (Special)
1926
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Augustine Lonergan (Democratic) 48.5%
Hiram Bingham III (Republican) 47.7%
Florida Duncan U. Fletcher Democratic 1909 (Appointed)
1909 (Special)
1914
1920
1926
Incumbent re-elected. Duncan U. Fletcher (Democratic) 99.8%
Georgia Walter F. George Democratic 1922 (Special)
1926
Incumbent re-elected. Walter F. George (Democratic) 92.8%
James W. Arnold (Republican) 7.2%
Idaho John Thomas Republican 1928 (Appointed)
1928 (Special)
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
James Pope (Democratic) 55.7%
John Thomas (Republican) 42.3%
Illinois Otis F. Glenn Republican 1928 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
William H. Dieterich (Democratic) 52.2%
Otis F. Glenn (Republican) 46.0%
Indiana James E. Watson Republican 1916 (Special)
1920
1926
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Frederick Van Nuys (Democratic) 55.6%
James E. Watson (Republican) 42.3%
Iowa Smith W. Brookhart Republican 1926 Incumbent lost renomination.
Incumbent lost re-election as an Independent.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Richard L. Murphy (Democratic) 54.9%
Henry Field (Republican) 40.8%
Kansas George McGill Democratic 1930 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. George McGill (Democratic) 45.7%
Ben S. Paulen (Republican) 42.0%
Kentucky Alben W. Barkley Democratic 1926 Incumbent re-elected. Alben W. Barkley (Democratic) 59.2%
M. H. Thatcher (Republican) 40.5%
Louisiana Edwin S. Broussard Democratic 1920
1926
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
John H. Overton (Democratic)
Unopposed
Maryland Millard E. Tydings Democratic 1926 Incumbent re-elected. Millard E. Tydings (Democratic) 66.2%
Wallace Williams (Republican) 31.2%
Missouri Harry B. Hawes Democratic 1926 (Special)
1926
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Incumbent then resigned and winner was appointed to finish the current term.
Bennett Champ Clark (Democratic) 63.2%
Henry Kiel (Republican) 35.9%
Nevada Tasker L. Oddie Republican 1920
1926
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Patrick A. McCarran (Democratic) 52.1%
Tasker L. Oddie (Republican) 47.9%
New Hampshire George H. Moses Republican 1918 (Special)
1920
1926
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Fred H. Brown (Democratic) 50.4%
George H. Moses (Republican) 49.3%
New York Robert F. Wagner Democratic 1926 Incumbent re-elected. Robert F. Wagner (Democratic) 55.8%
George Z. Medalie (Republican) 38.6%
North Carolina Cameron A. Morrison Democratic 1930 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost nomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Robert R. Reynolds (Democratic) 68.6%
Jake F. Newell (Republican) 31.4%[5]
North Dakota Gerald P. Nye Republican 1925 (Appointed)
1926 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Gerald P. Nye (Republican) 72.3%
P. W. Lanier (Democratic) 27.5%
Ohio Robert J. Bulkley Democratic 1930 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Robert J. Bulkley (Democratic) 52.5%
Gilbert Bettman (Republican) 45.8%
Oklahoma Elmer Thomas Democratic 1926 Incumbent re-elected. Elmer Thomas (Democratic) 65.6%
Wirt Franklin (Republican) 33.7%
Oregon Frederick Steiwer Republican 1926 Incumbent re-elected. Frederick Steiwer (Republican) 52.7%
Walter B. Gleason (Democratic) 38.9%
Pennsylvania James J. Davis Republican 1930 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. James J. Davis (Republican) 49.3%
Lawrence H. Rupp (Democratic) 43.2%
South Carolina Ellison D. Smith Democratic 1909
1914
1920
1926
Incumbent re-elected. Ellison D. Smith (Democratic)
Unopposed
South Dakota Peter Norbeck Republican 1920
1926
Incumbent re-elected. Peter Norbeck (Republican) 53.8%
U.S.G. Cherry (Democratic) 44.6%
Utah Reed Smoot Republican 1903
1909
1914
1920
1926
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Elbert D. Thomas (Democratic) 56.7%
Reed Smoot (Republican) 41.7%
Vermont Porter H. Dale Republican 1909 (Appointed)
1923 (Special)
1926
Incumbent re-elected. Porter H. Dale (Republican) 55.1%
Fred C. Martin (Democratic) 44.9%
Washington Wesley L. Jones Republican 1909
1914
1920
1926
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Incumbent then died November 19, 1932 and Elijah S. Grammer (R) was appointed to finish the current term.
Homer T. Bone (Democratic) 60.6%
Wesley L. Jones (Republican) 32.7%
Wisconsin John J. Blaine Republican 1926 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
F. Ryan Duffy (Democratic) 57.0%
John B. Chapple (Republican) 36.2%
Emil Seidel (Socialist) 6.1%

Election during the 73rd Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner was elected in 1933 after March 4.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Virginia
(Class 1)
Harry F. Byrd Democratic 1933 (Appointed) Claude A. Swanson (D) had resigned March 4, 1933 to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy.
Interim successor was appointed March 4, 1933 to continue the term.
Appointee elected November 7, 1933.
Democratic hold.
Harry F. Byrd (Democratic) 71.31%
Henry A. Wise (Republican) 26.67%
John M. Daniel (Independent) 0.92%
Elizabeth L. Otey (Socialist) 0.68%
Newman H. Raymond (Prohibition) 0.42%[6]

Arizona[edit]

United States Senate election in Arizona, 1932[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Carl T. Hayden 74,310 66.67%
Republican Ralph H. Cameron 35,737 32.06%
Socialist Lester B. Woolever 1,110 1.00%
Communist Edward Haustgen 306 0.28%
Majority 38,573 34.61%
Turnout 111,463
Democratic gain from Republican Swing

Georgia (Special)[edit]

New York[edit]

Democratic ticket Republican ticket Socialist ticket Law Preservation ticket Communist ticket Socialist Labor ticket
Robert F. Wagner 2,532,905 George Z. Medalie 1,751,186 Charles Solomon 143,282 D. Leigh Colvin 74,611 William Weinstone 27,956 Jeremiah D. Crowley[8]

Pennsylvania[edit]

General election results[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James J. Davis (incumbent) 1,375,489 49.46%
Democratic Lawrence H. Rupp 1,200,760 43.18%
Prohibition Edwin J. Fithian 106,602 3.83%
Socialist William J. Van Essen 91,456 3.29%
Communist Harry M. Wicks 6,426 0.23%
N/A Others 145 0.01%

South Carolina[edit]

South Carolina U.S. Senate Election, 1932
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ellison D. Smith (incumbent) 104,472 98.1 -1.9
Republican Clara Harrigal 1,976 1.9 +1.9
Majority 102,496 96.2 -3.8
Turnout 106,448
Democratic hold
  65+% won by Smith

Vermont[edit]

United States Senate election in Vermont, 1932[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Porter H. Dale (inc.) 74,319 55.1%
Democratic Fred C. Martin 60,455 44.9%
Total votes 134,774 100.0%

Virginia (Special)[edit]

Democratic former Governor Harry F. Byrd was elected after defeating Republican Henry A. Wise.

United States Senate special election in Virginia, 1933[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Harry F. Byrd (inc.) 119,377 71.31% -28.53%
Republican Henry A. Wise 44,648 26.67% +26.67%
Independent John M. Daniel 1,543 0.92%
Socialist Elizabeth L. Otey 1,130 0.68% +0.68%
Prohibition Hewman H. Raymond 704 0.42% +0.42%
Majority 74,729 44.64% -55.04%
Turnout 167,402
Democratic hold

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b There were special elections in January 1932, November 1932, January 1933, and November 1933.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Senate: Party Division". U.S. Senate. Retrieved April 18, 2017. 
  3. ^ "AR US Senate Special" – via OurCampaigns.com. 
  4. ^ a b "CO US Senate Special" – via OurCampaigns.com. 
  5. ^ a b "NC US Senate Special" – via OurCampaigns.com. 
  6. ^ a b "VA US Senate Special". Retrieved January 15, 2014 – via OurCampaigns.com. 
  7. ^ "AZ US Senate" – via OurCampaigns.com. 
  8. ^ Jeremiah D. Crowley, of Marcellus, ran also for State Engineer in 1910; for Lieutenant Governor in 1912, 1914 and 1920; and for Governor in 1916, 1922, 1926 and 1930
  9. ^ "Statistics of the Congressional and Presidential Election of November 8, 1932" (PDF). Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ "General Election Results - U.S. Senator - 1914-2014" (PDF). Office of the Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved June 17, 2015.