United States Senate elections, 1792 and 1793

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United States Senate elections, 1792 and 1793
United States
1791 / 1792 ←
Dates vary by state → 1794 / 1795

10 of the 30 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
16 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Pro-Administration Anti-Administration
Last election 16 seats 9
Seats before 17 10
Seats won 7 6
Seats after 18 11
Seat change Increase 1 Increase 1
Seats up 6 5

Majority faction before election

Pro-Administration

Elected Majority faction

Pro-Administration

The United States Senate elections of 1792 and 1793 were elections of United States Senators that coincided with President George Washington's unanimous re-election. In these elections, terms were up for the ten senators in class 2.

Formal organized political parties had yet to form in the United States, but two political factions were present: The coalition of Senators who supported George Washington's administration were known as the Pro-Administration Party, and the Senators against him as the Anti-Administration Party. As these elections were prior to ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results summary[edit]

Senate Party Division, 3rd Congress (1793–1795)

  • Majority Party: Pro-Administration Party (16)
  • Minority Party: Anti-Administration Party (13)
  • Other Parties: 0
  • Total Seats: 30
  • Vacant: 1 (later filled by Pro-Administration)

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Note: There were no political parties in this Congress. Members are informally grouped into factions of similar interest, based on an analysis of their voting record.[1]

Before the elections[edit]

After the June 18, 1792 admission of Kentucky.

A5 A4 A3 A2 A1
A6 A7
Ran
A8
Ran
A9
Ran
A10
Ran
A11
Unknown
A12
Unknown
V1 P17
Retired
P16
Unknown
Majority →
P6 P7 P8 P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14
Ran
P15
Unknown
P5 P4 P3 P2 P1

Results of the election[edit]

A5 A4 A3 A2 A1
A6 A7
Re-elected
A8
Re-elected
A9
Re-elected
A10
Hold
A11
Gain
V1 P18
Gain
P17
Gain
P16
Hold
Majority →
P6 P7 P8 P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14
Re-elected
P15
Hold
P5 P4 P3 P2 P1

Beginning of the next Congress[edit]

Two Pro-Administration Senators became Anti-Administration.

The vacant seat was filled February 28, 1793 by an Anti-Administration Senator; he was sworn in December 1793, but his service began upon election.

A5 A4 A3 A2 A1
A6 A7 A8 A9 A10 A11 A12
Gain
A13
Changed
A14
Changed
P16
Majority →
P6 P7 P8 P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14 P15
P5 P4 P3 P2 P1
Key:
A# Anti-Administration
P# Pro-Administration
V# Vacant

Race summaries[edit]

Bold state names indicate a link to a separate election article.

Elections during the 2nd Congress[edit]

In these elections, the winner was seated before March 4, 1793; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Kentucky
(Class 2)
New seat Kentucky was admitted to the Union June 1, 1792.
Winner elected June 18, 1792.
Anti-Administration gain.
John Brown (Anti-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky
(Class 3)
New seat Kentucky was admitted to the Union June 1, 1792.
Winner elected June 18, 1792.
Anti-Administration gain.
John Edwards (Anti-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia
(Special)
Richard Henry Lee Anti-Administration 1788 Incumbent resigned October 8, 1792.
Winner elected October 18, 1792.
Anti-Administration hold.
John Taylor (Anti-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland
(Special: Class 1)
Charles Carroll Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent resigned November 30, 1792.
Winner elected January 10, 1793.
Pro-Administration hold.
Richard Potts (Pro-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania
(Special: Class 1)
Vacant Legislature had failed to elect in 1791-1792, leaving the seat vacant.
Winner elected February 28, 1793.
Anti-Administration gain.
Albert Gallatin (Anti-Administration)
Henry Miller (Pro-Administration)
Arthur St. Clair (Anti-Administration)
William Irvine (Anti-Administration)

Races leading to the 3rd Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1793; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware Richard Bassett Pro-Administration 1788 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1793.
Pro-Administration hold.
John Vining (Pro-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia William Few Anti-Administration 1789 Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1793.
Anti-Administration hold.
James Jackson (Anti-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky John Brown Anti-Administration 1792 (New state) Incumbent re-elected December 11, 1792. John Brown (Anti-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts Caleb Strong Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected in 1793. Caleb Strong (Pro-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire Paine Wingate Anti-Administration 1788 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1792.
Pro-Administration gain.
Samuel Livermore (Pro-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey Philemon Dickinson Pro-Administration 1790 (Special) Incumbent retired.
Winner's election date unknown.
Pro-Administration hold.
Frederick Frelinghuysen (Pro-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina Samuel Johnston Pro-Administration 1789 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1792.[2]
Anti-Administration gain.
Alexander Martin (Anti-Administration) 42
John Leigh 34
Thomas Blount 31
John Steele 31
Gaiter 28
Samuel Johnson (Pro-Administration) 1
William Lenoir 1
Alfred Moore 1
Richard Dobbs Spaight 1
Willie Jones 0
Rhode Island Joseph Stanton, Jr. Anti-Administration 1790 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1793.
Pro-Administration gain.
William Bradford (Pro-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina Pierce Butler Anti-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected December 5, 1792. Pierce Butler (Anti-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia John Taylor Anti-Administration 1792 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1793. John Taylor (Anti-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Election in 1793 during the 3rd Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner was seated after March 4, 1793, the beginning of the next Congress.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut
(Special: Class 3)
Roger Sherman Pro-Administration 1791 (Special) Incumbent died July 23, 1793.
Winner elected December 2, 1793.
Pro-Administration hold.
Stephen Mitchell (Pro-Administration)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. 
  2. ^ http://elections.lib.tufts.edu/catalog/tufts:nc.ussenator1.1792

External links[edit]