United States Senate elections, 1802 and 1803

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United States Senate elections, 1802 and 1803
United States
1800 / 1801 ←
Dates vary by state → 1804 / 1805

11 of the 32 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
17 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 15 seats 17 seats
Seats before 17 15
Seats won 7 3
Seats after 22 9
Seat change Increase 5 Decrease 6
Seats up 2 9

Majority party before election

Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority party

Democratic-Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1802 and 1803 were elections for the United States Senate which had the Democratic-Republican Party assume an overwhelming control thereof.

As these election were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR7 DR8 DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16
Ran
Majority → DR17
Ran
F7
Ran
F8
Ran
F9
Ran
F10
Ran
F11
Ran
F12
Unknown
F13
Unknown
F14
Unknown
F15
Retired
F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Beginning of the 8th Congress[edit]

DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR7 DR8 DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16
Re-elected
Majority → DR17
Re-elected
F7
Re-elected
F8
Re-elected
F9
Hold
V1
Fed loss
DR22
Gain
DR21
Gain
DR20
Gain
DR19
Gain
DR18
Gain
F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1

Beginning of the 1st session, October 17, 1803[edit]

DR7 DR6 DR5 DR4 DR3 DR2 DR1
DR8 DR9 DR10 DR11 DR12 DR13 DR14 DR15 DR16 DR17
Majority → DR18
F8 F9 DR25
Gain
DR24
Gain
DR23
Gain
DR22
Hold
DR21 DR20 DR19
F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1
Key:
DR# Democratic-Republican
F# Federalist
V# Vacant

Race summaries[edit]

Special elections during the 7th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winner was seated before March 4, 1803; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
New York
(Class 3)
John Armstrong, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1801 (Special) Incumbent resigned February 5, 1802.
Winner elected February 23, 1802.
Democratic-Republican hold.
DeWitt Clinton (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire
(Class 3)
James Sheafe (F) Federalist 1801 Incumbent resigned June 14, 1802.
Winner elected June 17, 1802.
Federalist hold.
William Plumer (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina
(Class 3)
John E. Colhoun Democratic-Republican 1800 Incumbent died October 26, 1802.
Winner elected November 4, 1802.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pierce Butler (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Races leading to the 8th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1803; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut James Hillhouse Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected in 1803. James Hillhouse (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware Samuel White Federalist 1800 (Appointed)
1801 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected in 1803. Samuel White (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland John E. Howard Federalist 1796 (Special)
1796
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1802.
Democratic-Republican gain
Samuel Smith (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts Jonathan Mason Federalist 1800 (Special) Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Winner's election date unknown.
Federalist hold.
John Quincy Adams (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey Aaron Ogden Federalist 1801 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Legislature failed to elect.
Federalist loss.
None.
New York Gouverneur Morris Federalist 1800 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected February 1, 1803.
Democratic-Republican gain
Theodorus Bailey (Democratic-Republican)
Gouverneur Morris (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania James Ross Federalist 1794 (Special)
1797
Incumbent retired.
Winner elected December 14, 1802.
Democratic-Republican gain
Samuel Maclay (Democratic-Republican) 59.46%
Isaac Weaver (Democratic-Republican) 25.23%
William Maclay (Democratic-Republican) 9.91%
Not voting 5.41%
Rhode Island Theodore Foster Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
Winner's election date unknown.
Democratic-Republican gain
Samuel J. Potter (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Tennessee Joseph Anderson Democratic-
Republican
1799 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1803. Joseph Anderson (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont Nathaniel Chipman Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Winner elected in 1802.
Democratic-Republican gain
Israel Smith (Democratic-Republican)
Nathaniel Chipman (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia Stevens Mason Democratic-
Republican
1794 (Special)
1797
Incumbent re-elected in 1803. Stevens Mason (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Special elections during the 8th Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner was seated in 1803 some time after March 4.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Ohio
(Class 1)
New seat Ohio joined the Union in 1803.
Winner elected April 1, 1803.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Smith (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Ohio
(Class 3)
New seat Ohio joined the Union in 1803.
Winner elected April 1, 1803.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas Worthington (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey
(Class 1)
John Condit Democratic-Republican 1803 (Appointed) Legislature had failed to elect.
Condit was then appointed September 1, 1803 to continue the term.
He was then elected October 1, 1803.[1]
John Condit (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia
(Class 1)
John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1792 (Special)
1793
Predecessor Stevens T. Mason (DR) had died May 10, 1803, having just begun the new term.
Interim appointee served from June 4, 1803, and did not seek election to finish the term.
Winner elected December 7, 1803.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Abraham B. Venable (Democratic-Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also[edit]

References[edit]