United States Senate elections, 1824 and 1825

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The United States Senate election of 1824 was an election for the United States Senate which saw the Jacksonians gain a majority over the Anti-Jacksonian National Republican Party.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Result summary[edit]

19th Congress (1825–1827)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (26)
  • Minority Party: Anti-Jacksonian (22)
  • Total seats: 48

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

  DRa1 DRa2 DRa3 DRc1
DRc14 DRc13 DRc12 DRc11 DRc2 DRc3 DRc4 DRc5 DRc6 DRc7
DRc8 DRc9 DRc10 DRj1 DRj2 DRj3 DRj4 DRj5 DRj6 DRj7
Majority →
DRa9 DRa8 DRa7 DRa6 DRa5 DRa4 DRj11 DRj10 DRj9 DRj8
DRa10 DRa11 DRj12 DRc15 DRc16 DRc17 DRc18 DRc19 DRc20 Fa5
  Fa1 Fa2 Fa3 Fa4

Beginning of the next Congress[edit]

  AJ1 AJ2 AJ3 AJ4
AJ14 AJ13 AJ12 AJ11 AJ10 AJ9 AJ8 AJ7 AJ6 AJ5
AJ15 AJ16 AJ17 AJ18 AJ19 AJ20 AJ21* V1* J26* J25
Majority → J24
J15 J16 J17 J18 J19 J20 J21 J22 J23
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
  J1 J2 J3 J4
Notes:
  • V1 (New York seat): The Federalist (Adams-Clay faction) senator retired but the legislature failed to elected until late in 1826. Although labelled here as "Vacant," the seat was eventually filled by an Anti-Jacksonian.
  • AJ21 (Connecticut seat): The Senate rejected the re-election of the incumbent Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) senator. The seat was then filled by an Anti-Jacksonian late on May 4, 1825.
  • J26 (New Hampshire seat): The Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) senator retired and was replaced by a Jacksonian who took his seat late on March 16, 1825.


Key:
AJ# Anti-Jacksonian
DRa# Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction)
DRc# Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction)
DRj# Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction)
Fa# Federalist (Adams-Clay faction)
J# Jacksonian
V# Vacant
Party hold: Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to full term
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party
No tag Seat not up for election this time

Complete list of races[edit]

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the 18th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1824 or before March 4, 1825; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 1)
Vacant Caesar A. Rodney (DR) had resigned January 29, 1823 in the previous Congress.
Winner elected January 8, 1824 to finish term ending March 3, 1827.
Federalist gain.
Thomas Clayton (Federalist (Adams-Clay faction), later Anti-Jacksonian)
Louisiana
(Class 2)
Henry Johnson Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1818 (Appointed)
1823
Incumbent resigned May 27, 1824 to become Governor of Louisiana.
Winner elected November 19, 1824 to finish term ending March 3, 1829.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny (Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction), later Anti-Jacksonian)
Illinois
(Class 3)
Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
1818
1819
Incumbent resigned March 3, 1824.
Winner was elected November 24, 1824 to finish term ending March 3, 1825, but not to next term.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John McLean (Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction))
Georgia
(Class 2)
Nicholas Ware Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1821 (Special)
1823
Incumbent died September 7, 1824.
Winner elected December 6, 1824 to finish term ending March 3, 1829.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas W. Cobb (Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction), later Jacksonian)
Virginia
(Class 2)
John Taylor Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1792 (Special)
1793
Died August 21, 1824.
Winner elected December 7, 1824 to finish term ending March 3, 1829.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Littleton Tazewell (Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction), later Jacksonian)

Races leading to the 19th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1819 (except where noted due to late election); ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama William Kelly Democratic-Republican
(Jackson faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain.
Henry H. Chambers (Jacksonian)
Connecticut James Lanman Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Re-elected, but disqualified.
Vacant.
James Lanman ([Data unknown/missing. You can help!])
Georgia John Elliott Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain.
John M. Berrien (Jacksonian)
Illinois Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Winner elected to next term.
Jacksonian gain.
Elias Kane (Jacksonian)
Indiana Waller Taylor Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
William Hendricks (Anti-Jacksonian)
Kentucky Isham Talbot Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain.
John Rowan (Jacksonian)
Louisiana Josiah S. Johnston Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Interim appointee elected to a full term.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Josiah S. Johnston (Anti-Jacksonian)
Maryland Edward Lloyd Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
1819 Re-elected as a Jacksonian.
Jacksonian gain.
Edward Lloyd (Jacksonian)
Missouri David Barton Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Re-elected as an Anti-Jacksonian.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
David Barton (Anti-Jacksonian)
New Hampshire John F. Parrott Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Winner took office late, on March 16, 1825.
Jacksonian gain.
Levi Woodbury (Jacksonian)
New York Rufus King Federalist
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Retired.
Vacant due to a deadlock in the New York State Legislature.
Vacant.
Multiple
North Carolina Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Re-elected as a Jacksonian.
Jacksonian gain.
Nathaniel Macon (Jacksonian)
Ohio Ethan Allen Brown Democratic-Republican.
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Lost re-election.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
William Henry Harrison (Anti-Jacksonian)
Pennsylvania Walter Lowrie Democratic-Republican.
(Crawford faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Retired.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
William Marks (Anti-Jacksonian)
South Carolina John Gaillard Democratic-Republican
(Crawford faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Re-elected as a Jacksonian.
Jacksonian gain.
John Gaillard (Jacksonian)
Vermont William A. Palmer Democratic-Republican
(Adams-Clay faction)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Retired.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Dudley Chase (Anti-Jacksonian)

Special elections during the 19th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated in 1825 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut
Special
Vacant Vacant due to credentials challenge.
Winner elected May 4, 1825.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Calvin Willey (Anti-Jacksonian)

References[edit]

See also[edit]