United States Senate elections, 1826

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The United States Senate election of 1826 was an election which had the majority Jacksonian coalition gain a seat in the United States Senate.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results[edit]

20th Congress (1827–1829)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (27)
  • Minority Party: Adams (21)
  • Other Parties: (0)
  • Total Seats: 48

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Senate composition before the elections[edit]

AJ AJ AJ AJ
AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ
J J AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ
J ← Majority
J J J J J J J J J
J J J J J J J J J J
J J J J

Senate composition as a result of the elections[edit]

A A A A
A A A A A A A A A A
JO J+ J+ V+ A+ AO A A A A
JO ← Majority
JO J J J J J J J J
J J J J J J J J J J
J J J J
Key:
A = Adams
AJ = Anti-Jacksonian
J = Jacksonian
V = Vacant
= Incumbent re-elected
O = Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ = Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Complete list of races[edit]

Special elections during the preceding Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1826 or before March 4, 1827; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
New York
(Class 3)
Vacant Winner elected January 14, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1827, left vacant after an 1824 legislative deadlock.
Adams gain.
Nathan Sanford (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland
(Class 3)
Edward Lloyd Jacksonian 1819
1825
Resigned January 14, 1826.
Winner elected January 24, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1831.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Ezekiel F. Chambers (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Mississippi
(Class 1)
Powhatan Ellis Jacksonian 1825 (Appointed) David Holmes (J) had resigned September 25, 1825 to become Governor of Mississippi.
Successor was appointed September 28, 1825 to continue the term.
Appointee lost election to finish term.
Winner elected January 28, 1826 to finish term ending March 3, 1827.
Jacksonian hold.
Thomas Reed (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts
(Class 2)
James Lloyd Anti-Jacksonian 1808 (Special)
1808
1822 (Special)
1822
Resigned May 23, 1826.
Winner elected May 31, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1829.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Nathaniel Silsbee (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Joseph McIlvaine Anti-Jacksonian 1823 (Special) Died August 19, 1826
Winner elected November 10, 1826 to finish term.
Adams gain.
Winner also elected to the next term (see below).
Ephraim Bateman (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Alabama
(Class 3)
Israel Pickens Jacksonian 1826 (Appointed) Appointee not elected to finish the term.
Winner elected November 27, 1826 to finish term ending March 3, 1831.
Jacksonian hold.
John McKinley (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina
(Class 3)
William Harper Jacksonian 1826 (Appointed) Appointee not elected to finish the term.
Winner elected November 29, 1826 to finish term ending March 3, 1831.
Jacksonian hold.
William Smith (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware
(Class 2)
Daniel Rodney Anti-Jacksonian 1826 (Appointed) Appointee not elected to finish the term.
Winner elected January 12, 1827 to finish term ending March 3, 1829.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Henry M. Ridgely (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Races leading to the next Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1827; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut Henry W. Edwards Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Adams gain.
Samuel A. Foote (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware Thomas Clayton Anti-Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain
Louis McLane (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Indiana James Noble Anti-Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected as Adams.
Adams gain.
James Noble (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine John Holmes Anti-Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain
Albion K. Parris (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland Samuel Smith Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Smith (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts Elijah H. Mills Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (Special)
1820 or 1821
Incumbent lost re-election.
Legislature elected late.
Vacant.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Mississippi Thomas Reed Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost re-election
Jacksonian hold.
Powhatan Ellis (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Missouri Thomas H. Benton Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Thomas H. Benton (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey Joseph McIlvaine Anti-Jacksonian 1823 (Special) Died August 19, 1826.
Adams gain.
Winner was also elected to finish the preceding term, see above.
Ephraim Bateman (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York Martin Van Buren Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Martin Van Buren (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Ohio Benjamin Ruggles Anti-Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected as Adams.
Adams gain.
Benjamin Ruggles (Adams), unopposed[1]
Pennsylvania William Findlay Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian hold.
Isaac D. Barnard (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island Asher Robbins Anti-Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected as Adams.
Adams gain.
Asher Robbins (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Tennessee John H. Eaton Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. John H. Eaton (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont Horatio Seymour Anti-Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected as Adams.
Adams gain.
Horatio Seymour (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia John Randolph Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Appointee lost election to next term
Jacksonian hold.
John Tyler (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Special elections during the next Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated in 1827 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Massachusetts
(Class 1)
Vacant Vacant due to late election.
Winner elected June 8, 1827.
Adams gain.
Daniel Webster (Adams)

See also[edit]

References[edit]