United States Senate elections, 1826 and 1827

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United States Senate elections, 1826 and 1827
United States
1824 / 1825 ←
Dates vary by state → 1828 / 1829

16 of the 48 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
25 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Jacksonian Adams
Last election 26 (55.3%) 21 (44.7%)
(as "Anti-Jacksonian")
Seats before 26 (56.5%) 20 (43.5%)
(as "Anti-Jacksonian")
Seats won 27 (57.4%) 19 (42.6%)
Seat change Increase 1 Decrease 1
Seats up 8 8

Majority party before election

Jacksonian

Elected Majority party

Jacksonian

The United States Senate elections of 1826 and 1827 were elections that had the majority Jacksonians gain a seat in the United States Senate.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results[edit]

20th Congress (1827–1829)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (27)
  • Minority Party: Adams (21)
  • Other Parties: (0)
  • Total Seats: 48

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Senate composition before the elections[edit]

AJ1 AJ2 AJ3 AJ4
AJ14 AJ13 AJ12 AJ11 AJ10 AJ9 AJ8 AJ7 AJ6 AJ5
AJ15 AJ16 AJ17 AJ18 AJ19 AJ20 AJ21 AJ22 J26 J25
Majority → J24
J15 J16 J17 J18 J19 J20 J21 J22 J23
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
J1 J2 J3 J4

Senate composition as a result of the elections[edit]

A1 A2 A3 A4
A14 A13 A12 A11 A10 A9 A8 A7 A6 A5
A15
Re-elected
A16
Re-elected
A17
Re-elected
A18
Re-elected
A19
Hold
A20
Gain
V1
Gain
J27
Gain
J26
Gain
J25
Hold
Majority → J24
Hold
J15 J16 J17 J18 J19
Re-elected
J20
Re-elected
J21
Re-elected
J22
Re-elected
J23
Hold
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
J1 J2 J3 J4
Key:
A# = Adams
AJ# = Anti-Jacksonian
J# = Jacksonian
V# = Vacant

Race summaries[edit]

Special elections during the 19th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1826 or before March 4, 1827; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
New York
(Class 3)
Vacant Seat vacant after an 1824 legislative deadlock.
Winner elected January 14, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1827,
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Nathan Sanford (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland
(Class 3)
Edward Lloyd Jacksonian 1819 (Elected)
1825 (Re-elected)
Incumbent resigned January 14, 1826.
Winner elected January 24, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1831.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Ezekiel F. Chambers (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Mississippi
(Class 1)
Powhatan Ellis Jacksonian 1825 (Appointed) David Holmes (J) had resigned September 25, 1825 to become Governor of Mississippi.
Successor was appointed September 28, 1825 to continue the term.
Appointee lost election to finish the term.
Winner elected January 28, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1827.
Jacksonian hold.
Thomas Reed (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts
(Class 2)
James Lloyd Anti-Jacksonian 1808 (Special)
1808 (Elected)
1813 Resigned
1822 (Special)
1822 (Re-elected)
Incumbent resigned May 23, 1826.
Winner elected May 31, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1829.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Nathaniel Silsbee (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Joseph McIlvaine Anti-Jacksonian 1823 (Special) Incumbent died August 19, 1826
Winner elected November 10, 1826 to finish the term.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Winner also elected to the next term (see below).
Ephraim Bateman (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Alabama
(Class 3)
Israel Pickens Jacksonian 1826 (Appointed) Interim appointee not elected to finish the term.
Winner elected November 27, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1831.
Jacksonian hold.
John McKinley (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina
(Class 3)
William Harper Jacksonian 1826 (Appointed) Interim appointee not elected to finish the term.
Winner elected November 29, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1831.
Jacksonian hold.
William Smith (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware
(Class 2)
Daniel Rodney Anti-Jacksonian 1826 (Appointed) Interim appointee not elected to finish the term.
Winner elected January 12, 1827 to finish the term ending March 3, 1829.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Henry M. Ridgely (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Races leading to the 20th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1827; ordered by state.

Note: Senators who called themselves "Anti-Jacksonian" or "National Republicans" changed their affiliation to "Adams" or "Adams Men." In this table, this change of name is not considered a change in party.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut Henry W. Edwards Jacksonian 1823 (Appointed)
? (Special)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Adams gain.
Samuel A. Foote (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware Thomas Clayton Anti-Jacksonian 1824 (Special) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain
Louis McLane (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Indiana James Noble Anti-Jacksonian 1816 (Elected)
1821 (Re-elected)
Incumbent re-elected as Adams. James Noble (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine John Holmes Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (short term)
1820 (long term)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain
Albion K. Parris (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland Samuel Smith Jacksonian 1803 (Elected)
1809 (Re-elected)
1815 (Lost)
1822 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Smith (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts Elijah H. Mills Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (Special)
1820 or 1821
Incumbent lost re-election.
Legislature elected late.
Vacant.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Mississippi Thomas Reed Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election
Jacksonian hold.
Powhatan Ellis (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Missouri Thomas H. Benton Jacksonian 1821 (Elected) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas H. Benton (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey Joseph McIlvaine Anti-Jacksonian 1823 (Special) Died August 19, 1826.
Winner elected November 10, 1826.
Adams hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the preceding term, see above.
Ephraim Bateman (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York Martin Van Buren Jacksonian 1821 (Elected) Incumbent re-elected February 6, 1827. Martin Van Buren (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Ohio Benjamin Ruggles Anti-Jacksonian 1815 (Elected)
1821 (Re-elected)
Incumbent re-elected as Adams. Benjamin Ruggles (Adams), unopposed[1]
Pennsylvania William Findlay Jacksonian 1821 (Elected) Incumbent retired.
Jacksonian hold.
Isaac D. Barnard (Jacksonian) 81.20%
Samuel D. Ingham (Jacksonian) 8.27%
Joseph Hemphill (Jacksonian) 3.76%
James Buchanan (Jacksonian) 2.26%
Thomas Sergeant (Jacksonian) 0.75%
Not voting 3.76%
Rhode Island Asher Robbins Anti-Jacksonian 1825 (Special) Incumbent re-elected as Adams. Asher Robbins (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Tennessee John H. Eaton Jacksonian 1818 (Appointed)
? (Special)
1821 (Re-elected)
Incumbent re-elected. John H. Eaton (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont Horatio Seymour Anti-Jacksonian 1821 (Elected) Incumbent re-elected as Adams. Horatio Seymour (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia John Randolph Jacksonian 1825 (Appointed) Appointee lost election to next term
Jacksonian hold.
John Tyler (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Special elections during the 20th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated in 1827 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Massachusetts
(Class 1)
Vacant Vacant due to late election.
Winner elected June 8, 1827.
Adams gain.
Daniel Webster (Adams)

See also[edit]

References[edit]