United States Senate elections, 1890

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United States Senate elections, 1890
United States
1888 / 1889 ←
1890 → 1892

88 seats in the United States Senate
45 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
 
Party Republican Democratic Populist
Last election 51 seats 37 seats 0 Seats
Seats won 47 39 2
Seat change Decrease 4 Increase 2 Increase 2

Majority Party before election

Republicans

Elected Majority Party

Republican

The United States Senate election of 1890 was an election in which the Republican Party lost four seats in the United States Senate, though still retaining a commanding majority.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results summary[edit]

Senate Party Division, 52nd Congress (1891–1893)

  • Majority Party: Republican (47)
  • Minority Party: Democratic (39)
  • Other Parties: Populist (2)
  • Total Seats: 88

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Senate composition in
the 51st Congress
 D   D   D   D   
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   D   D   D 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   
Senate composition in
the 52nd Congress
 D   D   D   D   
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D   D 
 R   R   R   P   P   D   D   D   D   D 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R   R 
 R   R   R   R   
Key:    D  =Democratic    P  =Populist    R  =Republican

Race summaries[edit]

Elections during the 51st Congress[edit]

In these elections, the winners were seated during 1890 or in 1891 before March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Montana
(Class 1)
New state Montana admitted to the Union November 8, 1889.
First senator elected January 1, 1890.[1]
His election was challenged based on the legitimacy of the nacent state legislature.
The Senate resolved the dispute in his favor April 16, 1890 and he was seated that day.[2]
Republican gain.
Wilbur F. Sanders (Republican)
William A. Clark (Democratic)
Montana
(Class 2)
New state Montana admitted to the Union November 8, 1889.
First senator elected January 2, 1890.[1]
His election was challenged based on the legitimacy of the nacent state legislature.
The Senate resolved the dispute in his favor April 16, 1890 and he was seated that day.[2]
Republican gain.
Thomas C. Power (Republican)
Martin Maginnis (Democratic)

List of races[edit]

Idaho[edit]

In July 1890, Idaho became a state. In November, Fred Dubois helped engineer a plan for the Idaho Legislature to effectively elect three people to the U.S. Senate: Governor George Shoup to the Class 2 seat up for election in 1894, state constitutional convention member William J. McConnell to serve for the remainder of the Fifty-first United States Congress, ending in March 1891, and Dubois himself to succeed McConnell and serve a full six-year term in the Class 3 seat beginning in March 1891.

See also[edit]

References[edit]