United States Senate elections, 1914 and 1915

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United States Senate elections, 1914 and 1915
United States
← 1912 / 1913 November 3, 1914
(except 1915 in Arkansas)
1916 →

34 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JohnWKern.jpg Jacob Harold Gallinger.jpg
Leader John W. Kern
(Conference Chairman)
Jacob H. Gallinger
(Conference Chairman)
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Indiana New Hampshire
Seats before 50 44
Seats won 19 15
Seats after 53 41
Seat change Increase 3 Decrease 3
Seats up 16 18

  Third party
 
Party Progressive
Seats before 1
Seats won 0
Seats after 1
Seat change Steady
Seats up 0

US 1914 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gains      Republican gains
     Democratic holds      Republican holds

Majority conference chairman before election

John W. Kern
Democratic

Elected Majority conference chairman

John W. Kern
Democratic

The United States Senate elections of 1914 and 1915, with the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913, were the first time that all seats up for election were popularly elected instead of chosen by their state legislatures. These elections occurred in the middle of Democratic President Woodrow Wilson's first term.

Gains and losses[edit]

Three seats held by Republicans were won by Democrats:

One incumbent senator, not up for re-election, later changed from Progressive to Republican.

Senate Party Division, 64th Congress (1915–1917)[edit]

  • Majority Party: Democratic (55 seats)
  • Minority Party: Republican (41 seats)
  • Other Parties: 0
  • Total Seats: 96

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

At the beginning of 1914.

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Ran
D37
Ran
D36
Ran
D35
Ran
D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39
Ran
D40
Ran
D41
Ran
D42
Ran
D43
Ran
D44
Ran
D45
Ran
D46
Ran
D47
Ran
D48
Retired
Majority →
R39
Ran
R40
Ran
R41
Ran
R42
Retired
R43
Retired
R44
Retired
P1 V1 D50
Retired
D49
Retired
R38
Ran
R37
Ran
R36
Ran
R35
Ran
R34
Ran
R33
Ran
R32
Ran
R31
Ran
R30
Ran
R29
Ran
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27
Ran
R28
Ran
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

Result of the general elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Re-elected
D37
Re-elected
D36
Re-elected
D35
Re-elected
D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39
Re-elected
D40
Re-elected
D41
Re-elected
D42
Re-elected
D43
Re-elected
D44
Re-elected
D45
Re-elected
D46
Re-elected
D47
Re-elected
D48
Hold
Majority →
R39
Hold
R40
Hold
R41
Hold
P1 V1 D53
Gain
D52
Gain
D51
Gain
D50
Hold
D49
Hold
R38
Re-elected
R37
Re-elected
R36
Re-elected
R35
Re-elected
R34
Re-elected
R33
Re-elected
R32
Re-elected
R31
Re-elected
R30
Re-elected
R29
Re-elected
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27
Re-elected
R28
Re-elected
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

Beginning of the next Congress[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39 D40 D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 D47 D48
Majority → D49
R39 R40 R41
Change
D55
Gain
D54
Gain
D53 D52 D51 D50
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

Beginning of the first session[edit]

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

Key:
D# Democratic
P# Progressive
R# Republican
V# Vacant

Summary of races[edit]

Special elections during the 63rd Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1914 or in 1915 before March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama
(Class 3)
Vacant Joseph F. Johnston (D) died August 8, 1913.
Winner elected May 11, 1914.
Democratic hold.
Francis S. White (Democratic)
Unopposed
Georgia
(Class 2)
William West Democratic 1914 (Appointed) Appointee retired.
Winner elected November 4, 1914.
Democratic hold.
Thomas W. Hardwick (Democratic) 68.96%
G. R. Hutchins (Progressive) 31.04%[1]
Kentucky
(Class 3)
Johnson N. Camden, Jr. Democratic 1914 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 3, 1914.
Winner did not run for the next term, see below.
Johnson N. Camden, Jr. (Democratic)
Unopposed[2]

Races leading to the 64th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1915; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama Francis S. White Democratic 1914 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Oscar Underwood (Democratic) 90.2%
Alex Birch (Republican) 6.8%
Adolphus Longshore (Progressive) 2.35%
S. F. Hinton (Socialist) 0.64%[3]
Arizona Marcus A. Smith Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected. Marcus A. Smith (Democratic) 53.23%
Don Lorenzo Hubbell (Republican) 18.95%
Eugene W. Chafin (Prohibition) 15.05%
Bert Davis (Socialist) 7.39%
J. Bernard Nelson (Progressive) 5.38%[4]
Arkansas James Paul Clarke Democratic 1903
1909
Incumbent re-elected in 1915. James Paul Clarke (Democratic) 74.88%
Harry H. Myers (Republican) 25.12%[5]
California George Clement Perkins Republican 1893 (Appointed)
1895 (Special)
1897
1903
1909
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
James D. Phelan (Democratic) 31.59%
Francis J. Heney (Progressive) 28.81%
Joseph R. Knowland (Republican) 28.69%
Ernest Unterman (Socialist) 6.41%
Frederick F. Wheeler (Prohibition) 4.51%[6]
Colorado Charles S. Thomas Democratic 1913 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Charles S. Thomas (Democratic) 40.3%
Hubert Work (Republican) 38.99%
Benjamin Griffith (Progressive) 10.69%
J. C. Griffiths (Socialist) 5.51%
George J. Kindel (Independent) 4.52%[7]
Connecticut Frank B. Brandegee Republican 1905 (Special)
1909
Incumbent re-elected. Frank B. Brandegee (Republican) 49.77%
Simeon Eben Baldwin (Democratic) 42.08%
Herbert Smith (Progressive) 3.79%
George Spiess (Socialist) 3.26%
Frederick Platt (Prohibition) 0.75%
Clarence Warner (Socialist Labor) 0.36%[8]
Florida Duncan U. Fletcher Democratic 1909 (Appointed)
1909 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Duncan U. Fletcher (Democratic)
Unopposed[9]
Georgia M. Hoke Smith Democratic 1911 (Special). Incumbent re-elected. M. Hoke Smith (Democratic) 68.48%
C. W. McClure (Republican) 31.52%[10]
Idaho James H. Brady Republican 1913 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. James H. Brady (Republican) 43.89%
James H. Hawley (Democratic) 38.14%
Paul Clagstone (Progressive) 9.54%
Calistus Cooper (Socialist) 7.29%
W. M. Duthie (Prohibition) 1.14%[11]
Illinois Lawrence Y. Sherman Republican 1913 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Lawrence Sherman (Republican) 38.46%
Roger Charles Sullivan (Democratic) 36.76%
Raymond Robins (Progressive) 19.99%
Adolph Gernies (Socialist) 3.93%
George Woolsey (Prohibition) 0.66%
John M. Francis (Socialist Labor) 0.21%[12]
Indiana Benjamin F. Shively Democratic 1909 Incumbent re-elected. Benjamin F. Shively (Democratic) 42.14%
Hugh T. Miller (Republican) 35.1%
Albert J. Beveridge (Progressive) 16.81%
Stephen N. Reynolds (Socialist) 3.36%
Sumner Haynes (Prohibition) 2.15%
James Matthews (Socialist Labor) 0.45%[13]
Iowa Albert B. Cummins Republican 1908 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Albert B. Cummins (Republican) 48.19%
Maurice Connolly (Democratic) 39.16%
Otis Spurgeon (Independent) 5.73%
Casper Schenk (Progressive) 3.53%
I. S. McCullis (Socialist) 1.98%
M. L. Christian (Prohibition) 1.41%[14]
Kansas Joseph L. Bristow Republican 1909 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.[15]
Republican hold.
Charles Curtis (Republican) 35.53%
George A. Neeley (Democratic) 34.77%
Victor Murdock (Progressive) 22.94%
Christian B. Hoffman (Socialist) 4.82%
Earle Delay (Prohibition) 1.94%[16]
Kentucky Johnson N. Camden, Jr. Democratic 1914 (Appointed)
1914 (Special)
Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
J. C. W. Beckham (Democratic) 51.89%
Augustus E. Willson (Republican) 42.53%
Burton Vance (Progressive) 4.15%
H. J. Robertson (Socialist) 1.44%[17]
Louisiana John Thornton Democratic 1910 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Robert F. Broussard (Democratic)
Unopposed[18]
Maryland John W. Smith Democratic 1908 (Special)
1908
Incumbent re-elected. John W. Smith (Democratic) 50.99%
Edward C Carrington, Jr. (Republican) 43.89%
V. Milton Reichard (Progressive) 1.71%
Charles Develin (Socialist) 1.51%
Richard H. Holme (Prohibition) 1.46%
Robert W. Stevens (Labor) 0.45%[19]
Missouri William J. Stone Democratic 1903
1909
Incumbent re-elected. William J. Stone (Democratic) 50.41%
Thomas J. Akins (Republican) 41.58%
Arthur N. Sager (Progressive) 4.47%
Thomas E. Greene (Socialist) 2.76%
Orange J. Hill (Prohibition) 0.59%
J. W. Molineaux (Socialist Labor) 0.2%[20]
Nevada Francis G. Newlands Democratic 1909 Incumbent re-elected. Francis G. Newlands (Democratic) 37.46%
Samuel Platt (Republican) 37.27%
Ashley G. Miller (Socialist) 25.28%[21]
New Hampshire Jacob Gallinger Republican 1891
1897
1903
1909
Incumbent re-elected. Jacob Gallinger (Republican) 51.66%
Raymond Stevens (Democratic) 44.63%
Benjamin F. Grier (Prohibition) 2.38%
William H. Wilkins (Socialist) 1.34%[22]
New York Elihu Root Republican 1909 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
James Wadsworth (Republican) 47.04%
James W. Gerard (Democratic) 42.06%
Bainbridge Colby (Progressive) 4.56%
Charles Edward Russell (Socialist) 4.07%
Francis E. Baldwin (Prohibition) 2.05%
Erwin Archer (Socialist Labor) 0.23%
North Carolina Lee Slater Overman Democratic 1903
1909
Incumbent re-elected. Lee Slater Overman (Democratic) 58.1%
A.A. Whitener (Republican) 41.7%
Henry J. Oliver (Socialist) 0.2%[23]
North Dakota Asle Gronna Republican 1911 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Asle Gronna (Republican) 55.82%
William E. Purcell (Democratic) 33.95%
W. H. Brown (Socialist) 7.14%
Sever Serumgard (Independent) 3.1%[24]
Ohio Theodore E. Burton Republican 1909 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Warren G. Harding (Republican) 49.16%
Timothy S. Hogan (Democratic) 39.6%
Arthur Lovett Garford (Progressive) 6.31%
E. K. Hitchens (Socialist) 4.93%[25]
Oklahoma Thomas Gore Democratic 1907 (New state)
1909
Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Gore (Democratic) 47.98%
John B. Campbell (Republican) 29.44%
W. D. Cope (Socialist) 20.99%
Luther Kyle (Prohibition) 1.59%[26]
Oregon George Chamberlain Democratic 1909 Incumbent re-elected. George Chamberlain (Democratic) 45.5%
R. A. Booth (Republican) 35.95%
William Hanley (Progressive) 10.68%
Benjamin Ramp (Socialist) 4.34%
H. S. Stine (Prohibition) 3.52%[27]
Pennsylvania Boies Penrose Republican 1897
1903
1909
Incumbent re-elected. Boies Penrose (Republican) 46.76%
Gifford Pinchot (Progressive) 24.22%
A. Mitchell Palmer (Democratic) 23.97%
Frederick Whiteside (Socialist) 3.41%
Madison Larkin (Prohibition) 1.58%
A. S. Landis (Socialist Labor) 0.06%[28]
South Carolina Ellison D. Smith Democratic 1909 Incumbent re-elected. Ellison D. Smith (Democratic) 99.7%
James H. Roberts (Socialist) 0.3%
South Dakota Coe I. Crawford Republican 1909 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Edwin S. Johnson (Democratic) 48.32%
Charles H. Burke (Republican) 44.47%
E. P. Johnson (Socialist) 2.69%
O. W. Butterfield (Prohibition) 2.42%
H. L. Loucks (Independent) 2.11%[29]
Utah Reed Smoot Republican 1903
1909
Incumbent re-elected. Reed Smoot (Republican) 49.08%
James Moyle (Democratic) 46.33%
J. F. Parsons (Socialist) 4.59%[30]
Vermont William P. Dillingham Republican 1900 (Special)
1902
1908
Incumbent re-elected. William P. Dillingham, 56.05%
Charles A. Prouty (Democratic) 42.69%
James H. Canfield (Socialist) 1.23%[31]
Washington Wesley Livsey Jones Republican 1909 Incumbent re-elected. Wesley Livsey Jones (Republican) 37.79%
William W. Black (Democratic) 26.57%
Ole Hanson (Progressive) 24.12%
Adam Barth (Socialist) 8.76%
Arthur Caton (Prohibition) 2.77%[32]
Wisconsin Isaac Stephenson Republican 1907 (Special)
1909
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Paul O. Husting (Democratic) 43.82%
Francis E. McGovern (Republican) 43.5%
Emil Seidel (Socialist) 9.67%
Charles L. Hill (Prohibition) 3.01%[33]

Elections during the 64th Congress[edit]

There were no elections during the next Congress during 1915.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267710
  2. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/ContainerHistory.html?ContainerID=181
  3. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=3408
  4. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=3304
  5. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36571
  6. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=26921
  7. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267943
  8. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267944
  9. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36694
  10. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267945
  11. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267717
  12. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=22264
  13. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267713
  14. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267946
  15. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000844
  16. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267947
  17. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267948
  18. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267719
  19. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=27794
  20. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=261794
  21. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=26778
  22. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267721
  23. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=132133
  24. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268265
  25. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=38800
  26. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268223
  27. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268208
  28. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268251
  29. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000888
  30. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=27677
  31. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=223207
  32. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=22781
  33. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=46930

References[edit]