United States Senate elections, 1922 and 1923

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United States Senate elections, 1922 and 1923
United States
← 1920 / 1921 November 7, 1922[1] 1924 / 1925 →

32 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
(as well as special elections)

49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Cabot Lodge c1916.jpg Joseph T. Robinson cropped.jpg
Leader Henry Cabot Lodge
(Unofficial)
Joseph Robinson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since March 4, 1919 December 3, 1923
Leader's seat Massachusetts Arkansas
Seats before 60 36
Seats after 53 42
Seat change Decrease 7 Increase 6
Seats up 17 15
Races won 10 21

  Third party
 
Party Farmer–Labor
Seats before 0
Seats after 1
Seat change Increase 1
Seats up Steady
Races won 1

US 1922 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gains      Republican gains      Farmer–Labor gains
     Democratic holds      Republican holds      Farmer–Labor holds

Majority Leader (unofficial) before election

Henry Cabot Lodge
Republican

Elected Majority Leader (unofficial)

Henry Cabot Lodge
Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1922 and 1923[1] were elections that occurred in the middle of Republican President Warren G. Harding's term. With the Republicans divided between conservative and progressive factions, the Democrats gained six net seats from the Republicans while the Farmer-Labor party gained one. The Republicans retained their Senate majority.

Gains and losses[edit]

Republicans gained two seats, defeating defeated incumbent Democrats Gilbert M. Hitchcock (Nebraska) and Atlee Pomerene (Ohio).

Democrats took one open seat in Indiana and defeated seven Republican incumbents:

In Minnesota, the Farmer-Labor Party gained its first U.S. Senator, when Henrik Shipstead defeated incumbent Republican Frank B. Kellogg.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

At the beginning of 1922.

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22
Ran
D23
Ran
D24
Ran
D25
Ran
D26
Ran
D27
Ran
D28
Ran
R59
Ran
R60
Retired
D36
Retired
D35
Retired
D34
Ran
D33
Ran
D32
Ran
D31
Ran
D30
Ran
D29
Ran
R58
Ran
R57
Ran
R56
Ran
R55
Ran
R54
Ran
R53
Ran
R52
Ran
R51
Ran
R50
Ran
R49
Ran
Majority →
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44
Ran
R45
Ran
R46
Ran
R47
Ran
R48
Ran
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

After the general elections[edit]

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22
Re-elected
D23
Re-elected
D24
Re-elected
D25
Re-elected
D26
Re-elected
D27
Re-elected
D28
Re-elected
D38
Gain
D37
Gain
D36
Gain
D35
Gain
D34
Hold
D33
Hold
D32
Hold
D31
Re-elected
D30
Re-elected
D29
Re-elected
D39
Gain
D40
Gain
D41
Gain
D42
Gain, same as special
FL1
Gain
R53
Gain
R52
Gain
R51
Hold
R50
Hold
R49
Appointee elected, same as Special
Majority →
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44
Re-elected
R45
Re-elected
R46
Re-elected
R47
Re-elected
R48
Re-elected
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

After the special elections[edit]

  D1
Hold
D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39 D40 D41 D42
Gain, same as General
FL1 R53 R52 R51 R50 R49
Appointee elected, same as General
Majority →
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1
Hold
R2
Appointee elected
R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
Key:
D# Democratic
FL# Farmer–Labor
R# Republican

Race summaries[edit]

Special elections during the 67th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1922 or before March 4, 1923; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 1)
T. Coleman du Pont Republican 1921 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Democratic gain.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (Democratic) 49.7%
T. Coleman du Pont (Republican) 49.6%
Georgia
(Class 3)
Rebecca Latimer Felton Democratic 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Democratic hold.
Walter F. George (Democratic) unopposed
Iowa
(Class 2)
Charles A. Rawson Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Republican hold.
Smith W. Brookhart (Republican) 63.1%
Clyde L. Herring (Democratic) 36.9%
Pennsylvania
(Class 1)
David A. Reed Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 7, 1922.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
David A. Reed (Republican) 86.1%
Rachel C. Robinson (Prohibitionist) 6.0%
William J. VanEssen (Socialist) 5.6%
Pennsylvania
(Class 3)
George W. Pepper Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 7, 1922. George W. Pepper (Republican) 57.6%
Fred B. Kerr (Democratic) 32.9%

Elections leading to the 68th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1923; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona Henry F. Ashurst Democratic 1912
1916
Incumbent re-elected. Henry F. Ashurst (Democratic) 65.0%
James H. McClintock (Republican) 35.0%
California Hiram W. Johnson Republican 1916 Incumbent re-elected. Hiram W. Johnson (Republican) 62.2%
William J. Pearson (Democratic) 23.8%
H. Clay Needham (Independent) 7.8%
Upton Sinclair (Socialist) 6.3%
Connecticut George P. McLean Republican 1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected. George P. McLean (Republican) 52.3%
Thomas J. Spellacy (Democratic) 45.5%
Delaware T. Coleman du Pont Republican 1921 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (Democratic) 49.8%
T. Coleman du Pont (Republican) 49.4%
Florida Park Trammell Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected. Park Trammell (Democratic) 88.0%
W. C. Lawson (Independent) 11.7%
Indiana Harry S. New Republican 1916 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Samuel M. Ralston (Democratic) 50.9%
Albert J. Beveridge (Republican) 47.8%
Maine Frederick Hale Republican 1916 Incumbent re-elected September 11, 1922. Frederick Hale (Republican) 57.5%
Oakley C. Curtis (Democratic) 42.5%
Maryland Joseph I. France Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
William Cabell Bruce (Democratic) 52.6%
Joseph I. France (Republican) 45.6%
Massachusetts Henry Cabot Lodge Republican 1893
1899
1905
1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected. Henry Cabot Lodge (Republican) 47.6%
William A. Gaston (Democratic) 46.8%
Michigan Charles E. Townsend Republican 1911
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Woodbridge N. Ferris (Democratic) 50.6%
Charles E. Townsend (Republican) 48.4%
Minnesota Frank B. Kellogg Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Farmer-Labor gain.
Henrik Shipstead (Farmer-Labor) 47.1%
Frank B. Kellogg (Republican) 35.0%
Anna D. Olesen (Democratic) 17.9%
Mississippi John S. Williams Democratic 1908 (Early)
1916
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Hubert D. Stephens (Democratic) 92.8%
John C. Cook (Republican) 5.3%
Missouri James A. Reed Democratic 1910
1916
Incumbent re-elected. James A. Reed (Democratic) 51.9%
R. R. Brewster (Republican) 47.3%
Montana Henry L. Myers Democratic 1911
1916
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Burton K. Wheeler (Democratic) 55.4%
Carl W. Riddick (Republican) 43.6%
Nebraska Gilbert M. Hitchcock Democratic 1911
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Robert B. Howell (Republican) 56.8%
Gilbert M. Hitchcock (Democratic) 38.2%
Nevada Key Pittman Democratic 1913 (Special)
1916
Incumbent re-elected. Key Pittman (Democratic) 62.8%
Charles S. Chandler (Republican) 37.2%
New Jersey Joseph S. Frelinghuysen Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Edward I. Edwards (Democratic) 54.9%
Joseph S. Frelinghuysen (Republican) 44.1%
New Mexico Andrieus A. Jones Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected. Andrieus A. Jones (Democratic) 55.2%
S. B. Davis, Jr. (Republican) 44.1%
New York William M. Calder Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Royal S. Copeland (Democratic) 52.6%
William M. Calder (Republican) 41.0%
North Dakota Porter J. McCumber Republican 1899
1905
1911
1916
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Lynn J. Frazier (Republican) 52.28%
J. F. T. O'Connor (Democratic) 47.72%[2]
Ohio Atlee Pomerene Democratic 1911
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Simeon D. Fess (Republican) 50.9%
Atlee Pomerene (Democratic) 47.7%
Pennsylvania David A. Reed Republican 1922 (Appointed)
1922 (Special)
Interim appointee elected.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
David A. Reed (Republican) 55.6%
Samuel L. Schull (Democratic) 30.1%
William J. Burke (Progressive) 8.8%
Rhode Island Peter G. Gerry Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected. Peter G. Gerry (Democratic) 52.2%
R. Livingston Beeckman (Republican) 43.4%
Tennessee Kenneth D. McKellar Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected. Kenneth D. McKellar (Democratic) 68.0%
Newell Sanders (Republican) 32.0%
Texas Charles A. Culberson Democratic 1899
1905
1911
1916
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Earle B. Mayfield (Democratic) 66.6%
George E. B. Peddy (Republican) 33.4%
Utah William H. King Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected. William H. King (Democratic) 48.6%
Ernest Bamberger (Republican) 48.2%
Vermont Caroll S. Page Republican 1908 (Special)
1910
1916
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Frank L. Greene (Republican) 67.9%
William B. Mayo (Democratic) 32.1%
Virginia Claude A. Swanson Democratic 1910 (Appointed)
1911 (Appointed)
1912 (Special)
1916
Incumbent re-elected. Claude A. Swanson (Democratic) 71.9%
J. W. McGavock (Republican) 26.5%
Matt N. Lewis (Independent) 1.62%
Washington Miles Poindexter Republican 1910
1916
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Clarence C. Dill (Democratic) 44.2%
Miles Poindexter (Republican) 43.0%
James A. Duncan (Farmer-Labor) 12.0%
West Virginia Howard Sutherland Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Matthew M. Neely (Democratic) 51.2%
Howard Sutherland (Republican) 47.6%
Wisconsin Robert M. La Follette Sr. Republican 1905
1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected. Robert M. La Follette Sr. (Republican) 80.6%
Jesse J. Hooper (Independent) 16.6%
Adolph R. Bucknam (Prohibitionist) 2.3%
Wyoming John B. Kendrick Democratic 1916 Incumbent re-elected. John B. Kendrick (Democratic) 57.3%
F. W. Mondell (Republican) 42.7%

Elections during the 68th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated after March 4, 1923.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Minnesota
(Class 2)
Knute Nelson Republican 1895
1901
1907
1913
1918
Incumbent died April 28, 1923.
New senator elected July 16, 1923.
Farmer–Labor gain.
Magnus Johnson (Farmer–Labor)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont
(Class 3)
William P. Dillingham Republican 1900 (Special)
1902
1908
1914
1920
Incumbent died July 23, 1923.
New senator elected November 7, 1923.
Republican hold.
Porter H. Dale (Republican) 65.7%
Park H. Pollard (Democratic) 33.7%[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The election in Maine was on September 11, 1922 and there were special elections in 1922 and 1923 as well.
  2. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268269
  3. ^ "General Election Results - U.S. Senator - 1914-2014" (PDF). Office of the Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved June 17, 2015.