United States Senate elections, 1922 and 1923

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United States Senate elections, 1922
United States
1920 / 1921 ←
November 7, 1922[1] → 1924

36 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Cabotlodgenationalportrait.jpg Joseph t robinson.jpg
Leader Henry Cabot Lodge Joseph Robinson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Massachusetts Arkansas
Last election 59 seats 37 seats
Seats before 59 36
Seats won 53 42
Seat change Decrease 6 Increase 6

  Third party
 
Party Farmer–Labor
Last election 0 seats
Seats before 0
Seats won 1
Seat change Increase 1

US 1922 senate election map.svg

  Republican holds
  Republican gains
  Democratic holds
  Democratic gains
  Farmer-Labor gains

Majority Leader before election

Henry Cabot Lodge
Republican

Elected Majority Leader

Henry Cabot Lodge
Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1922 and 1923 was an election which occurred in the middle of Republican President Warren G. Harding's term. With the Republicans divided between conservative and progressive factions, the Democrats gained six net seats from the Republicans while the Farmer-Labor party gained one. The Republicans retained their Senate majority.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections
D D D D D D D V
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D R
R R R R R R R R R R
R
R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
Beginning of the next Congress
D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
R R R R R F D D D D
R
R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
Key:
D = Democratic
F = Farmer-Labor
R = Republican
V = Vacant
Majority
divider

Gains and losses[edit]

Republicans gained two seats, defeating defeated incumbent Democrats Gilbert M. Hitchcock (Nebraska) and Atlee Pomerene (Ohio).

Democrats took one open seat in Indiana and defeated seven Republican incumbents:

In Minnesota, the Farmer-Labor Party gained its first U.S. Senator, when Henrik Shipstead defeated incumbent Republican Frank B. Kellogg.

Race summaries[edit]

Special elections during the 67th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winner were seated during 1922 or before March 4, 1923; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 1)
T. Coleman du Pont Republican  ? Interim appointee lost election.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Democratic gain.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (Democratic) 49.7%
T. Coleman du Pont (Republican) 49.6%
Georgia
(Class 3)
Thomas E. Watson (D) Democratic  ? Incumbent died September 26, 1922.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Democratic hold.
Walter F. George (Democratic) unopposed
Iowa
(Class 2)
Charles A. Rawson Republican  ? Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 7, 1922.
Republican hold.
Smith W. Brookhart (Republican) 63.1%
Clyde L. Herring (Democratic) 36.9%
Pennsylvania
(Class 1)
David A. Reed Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 7, 1922.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
David A. Reed (Republican) 86.1%
Rachel C. Robinson (Prohibitionist) 6.0%
William J. VanEssen (Socialist) 5.6%
Pennsylvania
(Class 3)
George W. Pepper Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 7, 1922. George W. Pepper (Republican) 57.6%
Fred B. Kerr (Democratic) 32.9%

Elections leading to the 68th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1923; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats, unless otherwise indicated.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona Henry F. Ashurst Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Henry F. Ashurst (Democratic) 65.0%
James H. McClintock (Republican) 35.0%
California Hiram W. Johnson Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Hiram W. Johnson (Republican) 62.2%
William J. Pearson (Democratic) 23.8%
H. Clay Needham (Independent) 7.8%
Upton Sinclair (Socialist) 6.3%
Connecticut George P. McLean Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. George P. McLean (Republican) 52.3%
Thomas J. Spellacy (Democratic) 45.5%
Delaware T. Coleman du Pont Republican  ? Interim appointee lost election.
Democratic gain.
Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (Democratic) 49.8%
T. Coleman du Pont (Republican) 49.4%
Florida Park Trammell Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Park Trammell (Democratic) 88.0%
W. C. Lawson (Independent) 11.7%
Indiana Harry S. New Republican  ? Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Samuel M. Ralston (Democratic) 50.9%
Albert J. Beveridge (Republican) 47.8%
Maine Frederick Hale Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Frederick Hale (Republican) 57.5%
Oakley C. Curtis (Democratic) 42.5%
Maryland Joseph I. France Republican  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
William Cabell Bruce (Democratic) 52.6%
Joseph I. France (Republican) 45.6%
Massachusetts Henry Cabot Lodge Republican 1893
1899
1905
1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected. Henry Cabot Lodge (Republican) 47.6%
William A. Gaston (Democratic) 46.8%
Michigan Charles E. Townsend Republican  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Woodbridge N. Ferris (Democratic) 50.6%
Charles E. Townsend (Republican) 48.4%
Minnesota Frank B. Kellogg Republican 1916 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Farmer-Labor gain.
Henrik Shipstead (Farmer-Labor) 47.1%
Frank B. Kellogg (Republican) 35.0%
Anna D. Olesen (Democratic) 17.9%
Mississippi John S. Williams Democratic  ? Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Hubert D. Stephens (Democratic) 92.8%
John C. Cook (Republican) 5.3%
Missouri James A. Reed Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. James A. Reed (Democratic) 51.9%
R. R. Brewster (Republican) 47.3%
Montana Henry L. Myers Democratic  ? Incumbent retired.
New senator elected in 1922.
Democratic hold.
Burton K. Wheeler (Democratic) 55.4%
Carl W. Riddick (Republican) 43.6%
Nebraska Gilbert M. Hitchcock Democratic  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Robert B. Howell (Republican) 56.8%
Gilbert M. Hitchcock (Democratic) 38.2%
Nevada Key Pittman Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Key Pittman (Democratic) 62.8%
Charles S. Chandler (Republican) 37.2%
New Jersey Joseph S. Frelinghuysen Republican  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Edward I. Edwards (Democratic) 54.9%
Joseph S. Frelinghuysen (Republican) 44.1%
New Mexico Andrieus A. Jones Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Andrieus A. Jones (Democratic) 55.2%
S. B. Davis, Jr. (Republican) 44.1%
New York William M. Calder Republican  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected in 1922.
Democratic gain.
Royal S. Copeland (Democratic) 52.6%
William M. Calder (Republican) 41.0%
North Dakota Porter J. McCumber Republican  ? Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Lynn J. Frazier (Republican) 52.28%
J. F. T. O'Connor (Democratic) 47.72%[2]
Ohio Atlee Pomerene Democratic  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Simeon D. Fess (Republican) 50.9%
Atlee Pomerene (Democratic) 47.7%
Pennsylvania David A. Reed Republican 1922 (Appointed)
1922 (Special)
Interim appointee elected to next term David A. Reed (Republican) 55.6%
Samuel L. Schull (Democratic) 30.1%
William J. Burke (Progressive) 8.8%
Rhode Island Peter G. Gerry Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Peter G. Gerry (Democratic) 52.2%
R. Livingston Beeckman (Republican) 43.4%
Tennessee Kenneth D. McKellar Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Kenneth D. McKellar (Democratic) 68.0%
Newell Sanders (Republican) 32.0%
Texas Charles A. Culberson Democratic  ? Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Earle B. Mayfield (Democratic) 66.6%
George E. B. Peddy (Republican) 33.4%
Utah William H. King Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. William H. King (Democratic) 48.6%
Ernest Bamberger (Republican) 48.2%
Vermont Caroll S. Page Republican  ? Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Frank L. Greene (Republican) 67.9%
William B. Mayo (Democratic) 32.1%
Virginia Claude A. Swanson Democratic 1910 (Appointed)
1911 (Appointed)
1911 (Special)
1916
Incumbent re-elected in 1922. Claude A. Swanson (Democratic) 71.9%
J. W. McGavock (Republican) 26.5%
Matt N. Lewis (Independent) 1.62%
Washington Miles Poindexter Republican  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Clarence C. Dill (Democratic) 44.2%
Miles Poindexter (Republican) 43.0%
James A. Duncan (Farmer-Labor) 12.0%
West Virginia Howard Sutherland Republican  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Matthew M. Neely (Democratic) 51.2%
Howard Sutherland (Republican) 47.6%
Wisconsin Robert M. La Follette Sr. Republican 1905
1911
1916
Incumbent re-elected in 1922. Robert M. La Follette Sr. (Republican) 80.6%
Jesse J. Hooper (Independent) 16.6%
Adolph R. Bucknam (Prohibitionist) 2.3%
Wyoming John B. Kendrick Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. John B. Kendrick (Democratic) 57.3%
F. W. Mondell (Republican) 42.7%

Elections during the 68th Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner was seated after March 4, 1923.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Minnesota
(Class 2)
Knute Nelson Republican 1895
1901
1907
1912
1918
Incumbent died April 28, 1923.
New senator elected July 16, 1923.
Farmer-Labor gain.
Magnus Johnson (Farmer-Labor)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also[edit]

References[edit]