United States Senate elections, 1924 and 1925

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U.S. Senate elections, 1924 and 1925
United States
← 1922 / 1923 November 4, 1924[1] 1926 →

34 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
(as well as special elections)

49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Charles Curtis-portrait.jpg Joseph t robinson.jpg
Leader Charles Curtis Joseph Robinson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Kansas Arkansas
Last election 53 seats 42 seats
Seats before 50 45
Seats won 54 41
Seat change Increase 4 Decrease 4

  Third party
 
Party Farmer–Labor
Leader's seat Minnesota
Last election 1 seat
Seats before 1
Seats won 1
Seat change Steady

US 1924 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gains      Republican gains
     Democratic holds      Republican holds

Majority Leader before election

Henry Cabot Lodge
Republican

Elected Majority Leader

Charles Curtis
Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1924 and 1925[1] were elections for the United States Senate which coincided with the election of Republican President Calvin Coolidge to a full term. The strong economy and Coolidge's popularity helped Republican candidates increase their majority by four, although several interim appointments had worsened their numbers since the 1922 election; as a result, the party achieved a net gain of only one seat since the previous voting cycle.

Gains and losses[edit]

The Republicans gained from an open seat:

Republicans also defeated Democratic incumbents:

A Republican defeated a Farmer–Labor incumbent:

A Democrat defeated a Republican incumbent:

Holds[edit]

The Republicans held two open seats:

The Republicans held three seats in nomination contests:

The Democrats held a seat in a nomination contest:

Senate composition before and after elections[edit]

68th Congress Senate Composition   69th Congress Senate Composition
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                     
Color Key:   = Republican   = Democratic   = Farmer–Labor

Race summaries[edit]

Special elections during the 68th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1924 or before March 4, 1925; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Colorado
(Class 3)
Alva B. Adams Democratic 1923 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired to run for the Class 2 seat, see below.
New senator elected November 4, 1924.
Republican gain.
Rice W. Means (Republican) 50.2%
Morrison Shafroth (Democratic) 43.7%
Charles T. Phelps (Independent) 5.5%
Connecticut
(Class 3)
Frank B. Brandegee Republican 1905 (Special)
1909
1914
1920
Incumbent died October 14, 1924.
New senator elected December 16, 1924.
Republican hold.
Hiram Bingham III (Republican) 60.4%
Hamilton Holt (Democratic) 38.6%
Rhode Island
(Class 2)
LeBaron B. Colt Republican 1913
1918
Incumbent died August 18, 1924.
New senator elected November 4, 1924.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Jesse H. Metcalf (Republican) 56.4%
William S. Flynn (Democratic) 42.6%

Elections leading to the 69th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1925; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama J. Thomas Heflin Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. J. Thomas Heflin (Democratic) 75.2%
F. H. Lathrop (Republican) 24.8%
Arkansas Joseph T. Robinson Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Joseph T. Robinson (Democratic) 73.5%
Charles F. Cole (Republican) 26.5%
Colorado Lawrence C. Phipps Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Lawrence C. Phipps (Republican) 50.2%
Alva B. Adams (Democratic) 43.9%
Morton Alexander (Independent) 5.0%
Delaware L. Heisler Ball Republican  ? Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
T. Coleman du Pont (Republican) 59.4%
James M. Tunnell (Democratic) 40.6%
Georgia William J. Harris Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. William J. Harris (Democratic)
Unopposed
Idaho William E. Borah Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. William E. Borah (Republican) 79.5%
Frank Martin (Democratic) 20.1%
Illinois Medill McCormick Republican  ? Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Charles S. Deneen (Republican) 63.5%
Albert A. Sprague (Democratic) 35.4%
Iowa Smith W. Brookhart Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected.
Election was later successfully challenged after the new senator had been seated.[2]
Smith W. Brookhart (Republican) 50.0%
Daniel F. Steck (Democratic) 49.9%
Kansas Arthur Capper Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Arthur Capper (Republican) 70.1%
James Malone (Democratic) 25.2%
Kentucky Augustus O. Stanley Democratic  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Frederic M. Sackett (Republican) 48.4%
Augustus O. Stanley (Democratic) 51.6%
Louisiana Joseph E. Ransdell Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Joseph E. Ransdell (Democratic)
Unopposed
Maine Bert M. Fernald Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Bert M. Fernald (Republican) 60.4%
Fulton J. Redman (Democratic) 28.2%
Massachusetts David I. Walsh Democratic  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Frederick H. Gillett (Republican) 50.3%
David I. Walsh (Democratic) 48.6%
Michigan James Couzens Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. James Couzens (Republican) 74.3%
Mortimer E. Cooley (Democratic) 24.6%
Minnesota Magnus Johnson Farmer–Labor  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Thomas D. Schall (Republican) 46.5%
Magnus Johnson (Farmer–Labor) 45.5%
John J. Farrell (Democratic) 6.4%
Mississippi Pat Harrison Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Pat Harrison (Democratic)
Unopposed
Montana Thomas J. Walsh Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Thomas J. Walsh (Democratic) 52.8%
Frank B. Linderman (Republican) 42.4%
Nebraska George W. Norris Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. George W. Norris (Republican) 62.4%
J. J. Thomas (Democratic) 37.6%
New Hampshire Henry W. Keyes Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Henry W. Keyes (Republican) 59.8%
George E. Farrand (Democratic) 40.2%
New Jersey Walter E. Edge Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Walter E. Edge (Republican) 61.8%
Frederick W. Donnelly (Democratic) 33.7%
New Mexico Holm O. Bursum Republican  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Sam G. Bratton (Democratic) 49.9%
Holm O. Bursum (Republican) 47.4%
North Carolina Furnifold M. Simmons Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Furnifold M. Simmons (Democratic) 61.6%
A. A. Whitener (Republican) 38.5%
Oklahoma Robert L. Owen Democratic  ? Incumbent retired.
Republican gain.
William B. Pine (Republican) 61.6%
John C. Walton (Democratic) 35.4%
Oregon Charles L. McNary Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Charles L. McNary (Republican) 66.0%
Milton A. Miller (Democratic) 24.7%
F. E. Coulter (Progressive) 7.7%
Rhode Island LeBaron B. Colt Republican 1913
1918
Incumbent died August 18, 1924.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Jesse H. Metcalf (Republican) 57.6%
William S. Flynn (Democratic) 41.8%
South Carolina Nathaniel B. Dial Democratic  ? Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Coleman L. Blease (Democratic)
Unopposed
South Dakota Thomas Sterling Republican  ? Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
William H. McMaster (Republican) 45.4%
U. S. G. Cherry (Democratic) 33.1%
Tom Ayres (Farmer–Labor) 12.1%
George Egan (Independent) 7.2%
Tennessee John K. Shields Democratic  ? Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Lawrence D. Tyson (Democratic) 57.3%
H. B. Lindsay (Republican) 42.6%
Texas Morris Sheppard Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Morris Sheppard (Democratic) 85.4%
T. M. Kennerly (Republican) 14.6%
Virginia Carter Glass Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Carter Glass (Democratic) 73.1%
W. N. Noak (Republican) 24.2%
West Virginia Davis Elkins Republican  ? Incumbent retired.
Republican hold.
Guy D. Goff (Republican) 50.9%
William E. Chilton (Democratic) 47.7%
Wyoming Francis E. Warren Republican 1895
1901
1907
1913
1918
Incumbent re-elected. Francis E. Warren (Republican) 55.2%
Robert R. Rose (Democratic) 44.8%

Elections during the 69th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated after March 4, 1925.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Wisconsin
(Class 3)
Robert M. La Follette Sr. Republican 1905
1911
1916
1920
Incumbent died.
New senator elected September 29, 1925.
Republican hold.
Robert M. La Follette Jr. (Republican) 67.6%
Edward F. Dithmar (Republican) 26.0%
John M. Work (Socialist) 3.2%
William G. Bruce (Independent Democratic) 3.1%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b There was a general election September 8, 1924 in Maine, as well as special elections in November 1924, December 1924 and September 1925.
  2. ^ This is the only time a Senate election has been overturned after one candidate had already been seated.[citation needed]