United States Senate elections, 1924

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United States Senate elections, 1924
United States
1922 ←
November 4, 1924[1] → 1926

34 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Charles Curtis-portrait.jpg Joseph t robinson.jpg
Leader Charles Curtis Joseph Robinson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Kansas Arkansas
Last election 53 seats 42 seats
Seats before 50 45
Seats won 54 41
Seat change Increase 4 Decrease 4

  Third party
Party Farmer–Labor
Leader's seat Minnesota
Last election 1 seat
Seats before 1
Seats won 1
Seat change Steady

US 1924 senate election map.svg

  Democratic gain
  Democratic hold
  Republican hold
  Republican gain

Majority Leader before election

Henry Cabot Lodge

Elected Majority Leader

Charles Curtis

The U.S. Senate election, 1924 was an election for the United States Senate which coincided with the election of Republican President Calvin Coolidge to a full term. The strong economy and Coolidge's popularity helped Republican candidates increase their majority by four, although several interim appointments had worsened their numbers since the 1922 election; as a result, the party achieved a net gain of only one seat since the previous voting cycle.

Gains and losses[edit]

The Republicans took open seats in Colorado and Oklahoma, and defeated incumbents Augustus O. Stanley (D-Kentucky), David I. Walsh (D-Massachusetts), and Magnus Johnson (FL-Minnesota), but Democrats defeated Holm O. Bursum (R-New Mexico).

Senate contests in 1924[edit]

State Incumbent Party Status Opposing Candidates
Alabama J. Thomas Heflin Democratic Re-elected, 75.2 – 24.8 F. H. Lathrop (Republican)
Arkansas Joseph T. Robinson Democratic Re-elected, 73.5 – 26.5 Charles F. Cole (Republican)
Colorado Lawrence C. Phipps Republican Re-elected, 50.2 – 43.9 – 5.0 Alva B. Adams (Democratic)
Morton Alexander (Independent)
Colorado[2] Alva B. Adams Democratic Retired: Republican victory, 50.2 – 43.7 – 5.5 Rice W. Means (Republican)
Morrison Shafroth (Democratic)
Charles T. Phelps (Independent)
Connecticut[3] Frank B. Brandegee Republican Died: Republican victory, 60.4 – 38.6 Hiram Bingham III (Republican)
Hamilton Holt (Democratic)
Delaware L. Heisler Ball Republican Defeated in primary: Republican victory, 59.4 – 40.6 T. Coleman du Pont (Republican)
James M. Tunnell (Democratic)
Georgia William J. Harris Democratic Re-elected, unopposed
Idaho William E. Borah Republican Re-elected, 79.5 – 20.1 Frank Martin (Democratic)
Illinois Medill McCormick Republican Defeated in primary: Republican victory, 63.5 – 35.4 Charles S. Deneen (Republican)
Albert A. Sprague (Democratic)
Iowa[4] Smith W. Brookhart Republican Re-elected, 50.0 – 50.0 Daniel F. Steck (Democratic)
Kansas Arthur Capper Republican Re-elected, 70.1 – 25.2 James Malone (Democratic)
Kentucky Augustus O. Stanley Democratic Defeated, 51.6 – 48.4 Frederic M. Sackett (Republican)
Louisiana Joseph E. Ransdell Democratic Re-elected, unopposed
Maine Bert M. Fernald Republican Re-elected, 60.4 – 28.2 Fulton J. Redman (Democratic)
Massachusetts David I. Walsh Democratic Defeated, 50.3 – 48.6 Frederick H. Gillett (Republican)
Michigan James Couzens Republican Re-elected, 74.3 – 24.6 Mortimer E. Cooley (Democratic)
Minnesota Magnus Johnson Farmer–Labor Defeated, 46.5 – 45.5 – 6.4 Thomas D. Schall (Republican)
John J. Farrell (Democratic)
Mississippi Pat Harrison Democratic Re-elected, unopposed
Montana Thomas J. Walsh Democratic Re-elected, 52.8 – 42.4 Frank B. Linderman (Republican)
Nebraska George W. Norris Republican Re-elected, 62.4 – 37.6 J. J. Thomas (Democratic)
New Hampshire Henry W. Keyes Republican Re-elected, 59.8 – 40.2 George E. Farrand (Democratic)
New Jersey Walter E. Edge Republican Re-elected, 61.8 – 33.7 Frederick W. Donnelly (Democratic)
New Mexico Holm O. Bursum Republican Defeated, 49.9 – 47.4 Sam G. Bratton (Democratic)
North Carolina Furnifold M. Simmons Democratic Re-elected, 61.6 – 38.5 A. A. Whitener (Republican)
Oklahoma Robert L. Owen Democratic Retired: Republican victory, 61.6 – 35.4 William B. Pine (Republican)
John C. Walton (Democratic)
Oregon Charles L. McNary Republican Re-elected, 66.0 – 24.7 – 7.7 Milton A. Miller (Democratic)
F. E. Coulter (Progressive)
Rhode Island Jesse H. Metcalf Republican Re-elected, 57.6 – 41.8 William S. Flynn (Democratic)
South Carolina Nathaniel B. Dial Democratic Defeated in primary: Democratic victory, unopposed Coleman L. Blease (Democratic)
South Dakota Thomas Sterling Republican Defeated in primary: Republican victory, 45.4 – 33.1 – 12.1 – 7.2 William H. McMaster (Republican)
U. S. G. Cherry (Democratic)
Tom Ayres (Farmer–Labor)
George Egan (Independent)
Tennessee John K. Shields Democratic Defeated in primary: Democratic victory, 57.3 – 42.6 Lawrence D. Tyson (Democratic)
H. B. Lindsay (Republican)
Texas Morris Sheppard Democratic Re-elected, 85.4 – 14.6 T. M. Kennerly (Republican)
Virginia Carter Glass Democratic Re-elected, 73.1 – 24.2 W. N. Noak (Republican)
West Virginia Davis Elkins Republican Retired: Republican victory, 50.9 – 47.7 Guy D. Goff (Republican)
William E. Chilton (Democratic)
Wyoming Francis E. Warren Republican Re-elected, 55.2 – 44.8 Robert R. Rose (Democratic)

Senate composition before and after elections[edit]

68th Congress Senate Composition   69th Congress Senate Composition
Color Key:   = Republican   = Democratic   = Farmer–Labor

See also[edit]


  1. ^ September 8, 1924 in Maine
  2. ^ special election held due to death of Samuel D. Nicholson (R-CO). Interim Senator Alva B. Adams (D-CO) unsuccessfully ran for the other Senate seat.
  3. ^ special election held due to death of Frank B. Brandegee (R-CT)
  4. ^ Steck contested the election, and although Brookhart was initially seated in the Senate, eventually he was unseated in favor of Steck. This is the only time a Senate election has been overturned after one candidate had already been seated.