United States Senate elections, 1928

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United States Senate elections, 1928
United States
1926 ←
November 6, 1928[1] → 1930

35 of the 96 seats in the U.S. Senate
  Majority party Minority party
  James Eli Watson.jpg Joseph t robinson.jpg
Leader James Watson Joseph Robinson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Indiana Arkansas
Last election 48 seats 46 seats
Seats won 56 39
Seat change Increase 8 Decrease 7

  Third party
 
Party Farmer–Labor
Last election 1 seat
Seats before 1
Seats won 1
Seat change Steady

US 1928 senate election map.svg

  Democratic gain
  Democratic hold/re-elected
  Republican hold/re-elected
  Republican gain
  Farmer–Labor re-elected

Majority Leader before election

Charles Curtis
Republican

Elected Majority Leader

James Watson
Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1928 was an election which coincided with the election of Republican Herbert Hoover as President. The strong economy helped the Republicans to gain seven seats from the Democrats.

Gains and losses[edit]

Republicans gained five seats by defeating five Democratic incumbents:

  1. Delaware: Democratic incumbent Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. lost re-election to Republican challenger John G. Townsend, Jr..
  2. Maryland: Democratic incumbent William Cabell Bruce lost re-election to Republican challenger Phillips Lee Goldsborough.
  3. New Jersey: Democratic incumbent Edward I. Edwards lost re-election to Republican challenger Hamilton F. Kean.
  4. Rhode Island: Democratic incumbent Peter G. Gerry lost re-election to Republican challenger Felix Hebert.
  5. West Virginia: Democratic incumbent Matthew M. Neely lost re-election to Republican challenger Henry D. Hatfield.

Republicans gained one seat from a Democratic incumbent appointee who had lost nomination:

  1. Ohio (Special): Democratic incumbent appointee Cyrus Locher lost nomination to Graham P. Hunt to finish the term. Hunt then lost the general election to Republican Theodore E. Burton.

Republicans gained one seat from a retiring Democratic incumbent:

  1. Missouri: Democratic incumbent James A. Reed retired and was replaced by Republican Roscoe C. Patterson.

Republicans gained one seat from a vacancy:

  1. Illinois (Special): The Senate refused to seat Republican incumbent Frank L. Smith after his 1926 election. He resigned February 9, 1928, leaving the seat vacant. Republican Otis F. Glenn won a special election to finish the term ending March 3, 1933.

Republicans held two seats from retiring Republican incumbents:

  1. Connecticut: Republican incumbent George P. McLean retired and was replaced by Republican Frederic C. Walcott.

Democrats gained no seats.

Democrats held 1 seat from a retiring Democratic incumbent:

  1. Texas: Democratic incumbent Earle Bradford Mayfield retired and was replaced by Democrat Tom Connally.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39 D40 D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 FL1 V1
Majority → R48
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

Beginning of the next Congress[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39 O FL1 R56 + R55 + R54 + R53 + R52 + R51 + R50 + R49 +
Majority → R48 O
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 O
R38 R37 R36 R35* R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
Notes:
  • R35 (Kansas): Republican incumbent Charles Curtis (the Majority leader) was not up for election this cycle, but he was elected U.S. Vice President. He resigned, so his seat was vacant at the beginning of the next Congress (March 4, 1929) until April 1, 1929, when a Republican was appointed to continue the term.
Key:
D# Democratic
FL# Farmer–Labor
R# Republican
 
Incumbent re-elected or appointee elected to finish term
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Race summary[edit]

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona Henry F. Ashurst Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Henry F. Ashurst (Democratic) 54.3%
Ralph H. Cameron (Republican) 45.7%
California Hiram W. Johnson Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Hiram W. Johnson (Republican) 74.1%
Minor Moore (Democratic) 18.2%
Charles Hiram Randall (Independent) 5.9%
Connecticut George P. McLean Republican  ? Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Frederic C. Walcott (Republican) 53.9%
Augustine Lonergan (Democratic) 45.6%
Delaware Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. Democratic  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
John G. Townsend, Jr. (Republican) 61.0%
Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (Democratic) 39.1%
Florida Park Trammell Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Park Trammell (Democratic) 68.5%
Barclay H. Warburton (Republican) 31.5%
Idaho
(Special class 3)
John W. Thomas Republican  ? Appointee elected to finish term. John W. Thomas (Republican) 62.6%
Chase A. Clark (Democratic) 36.7%
Illinois
(Special class 3)
Vacant 1926 Senator-elect Frank L. Smith (R) had been disqualified and resigned February 9, 1928.[2]
New senator elected to finish the term.
Republican gain.
Otis F. Glenn (Republican) 54.5%
Anton Cermak (Democratic) 44.9%
Indiana Arthur Raymond Robinson Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Arthur Raymond Robinson (Republican) 55.3%
Albert Stump (Democratic) 44.1%
Maine Frederick Hale Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Frederick Hale (Republican) 69.6%
Herbert E. Holmes (Democratic) 30.4%
Maryland William Cabell Bruce Democratic  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Phillips Lee Goldsborough (Republican) 54.1%
William Cabell Bruce (Democratic) 45.2%
Massachusetts David I. Walsh Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. David I. Walsh (Democratic) 53.6%
Benjamin Loring Young (Republican) 45.5%
Michigan Arthur H. Vandenberg Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Arthur H. Vandenberg (Republican) 71.8%
John W. Bailey (Democratic) 27.7%
Minnesota Henrik Shipstead Farmer–Labor  ? Incumbent re-elected. Henrik Shipstead (Farmer–Labor) 65.4%
Arthur E. Nelson (Republican) 33.7%
Mississippi Hubert D. Stephens Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Hubert D. Stephens (Democratic) Unopposed
Missouri James A. Reed Democratic  ? Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Roscoe C. Patterson (Republican) 51.9%
Charles M. Hay (Democratic) 47.9%
Montana Burton K. Wheeler Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Burton K. Wheeler (Democratic) 53.2%
Joseph M. Dixon (Republican) 46.8%
Nebraska Robert B. Howell Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Robert B. Howell (Republican) 61.3%
Richard L. Metcalfe (Democratic) 38.7%
Nevada Key Pittman Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Key Pittman (Democratic) 59.3%
Samuel Platt (Republican) 40.7%
New Jersey Edward I. Edwards Democratic  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Hamilton F. Kean (Republican) 57.9%
Edward I. Edwards (Democratic) 41.8%
New Mexico Bronson M. Cutting Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Bronson M. Cutting (Republican) 57.7%
Jethro S. Vaught (Democratic) 42.3%
New York Royal S. Copeland Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Royal S. Copeland (Democratic) 49.1%
Alanson B. Houghton (Republican) 47.9%
North Dakota Lynn J. Frazier Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Lynn J. Frazier (Republican) 79.6%
F. F. Burchard (Democratic) 19.4%
Ohio Simeon D. Fess Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Simeon D. Fess (Republican) 60.7%
Charles V. Truax (Democratic) 39.1%
Ohio
(Special class 3)
Cyrus Locher Democratic  ? Appointee lost nomination to finish term.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Theodore E. Burton (Republican) 62.4%
Graham P. Hunt (Democratic) 37.4%
'Pennsylvania David A. Reed Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. David A. Reed (Republican) 64.4%
William N. McNair (Democratic) 34.0%
Rhode Island Peter G. Gerry Democratic  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Felix Hebert (Republican) 50.6%
Peter G. Gerry (Democratic) 49.3%
Tennessee Kenneth D. McKellar Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Kenneth D. McKellar (Democratic) 59.3%
J. A. Fowler (Republican) 40.7%
Texas Earle Bradford Mayfield Democratic  ? Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Tom Connally (Democratic) 81.2%
T. M. Kennerly (Republican) 18.7%
Utah William H. King Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. William H. King (Democratic) 55.5%
Ernest Bamberger (Republican) 43.9%
Vermont Frank L. Greene Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Frank L. Greene (Republican) 71.6%
Fred C. Martin (Democratic) 28.5%
Virginia Claude A. Swanson Democratic 1910 (Appointed)
1911 (Appointed)
1911 (Special)
1916
1922
Incumbent re-elected. Claude A. Swanson 99.8%
Unopposed
Washington Clarence C. Dill Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. Clarence C. Dill (Democratic) 53.4%
Kenneth Mackintosh (Republican) 46.5%
Alex Noral (Workers (Communist) Party) 0.1%
West Virginia Matthew M. Neely Democratic  ? Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Henry D. Hatfield (Republican) 50.7%
Matthew M. Neely (Democratic) 49.2%
Wisconsin Robert M. La Follette, Jr. Republican  ? Incumbent re-elected. Robert M. La Follette, Jr. (Republican) 85.6%
William H. Markham (Independent) 11.0%
David W. Emerson (Prohibitionist) 2.9%
Wyoming John B. Kendrick Democratic  ? Incumbent re-elected. John B. Kendrick (Democratic) 53.5%
Charles E. Winter (Republican) 46.1%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ September 10, 1928 in Maine
  2. ^ "SMITH, Frank Leslie – Biographical Information". Bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved December 27, 2013.