United States Senate elections, 2020

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United States Senate elections, 2020

← 2018 November 3, 2020 2022 →

Class 2 (33 of the 100) seats in the United States Senate
(and 1 special election)
51 seats needed for a majority


United States Senate elections, 2020.svg
Seats up for election:
     Democratic incumbent
     Republican incumbent
     Undetermined incumbent
     No election

Elections to the United States Senate will be held on November 3, 2020 with the 33 Class 2 seats of the Senate being contested in regular elections. The winners will serve six-year terms from January 3, 2021, until January 3, 2027. Additionally, there will be a special election in Arizona to fill the seat of John McCain.

The 2020 presidential election, elections to the House of Representatives, elections for governors in states and territories, and many state and local elections will also be held on this date.

In 2014, the last regular election of the Class 2 Senate seats, Republicans won a net gain of nine seats from the Democrats, and have significantly more seats to defend, though many are not considered competitive.

Partisan composition[edit]

The composition of the Senate going into the 2020 election will depend on the results of the 2018 elections. In the 2020 election, all 33 Class 2 Senate seats are up for election; there are currently 21 Republicans and 11 Democrats whose seats will be up for election, and two seats to be determined in the 2018 elections. The exact numbers could change if vacancies or party switches occur. There will be a special election to fill John McCain's seat. Additional special elections may also be held in 2020 if additional vacancies arise in Class 1 or Class 3 Senate seats.

Two seats, Minnesota and Mississippi will be decided in 2018 special elections and they are listed below as "Unknown."

Parties Total
Democratic Republican Independent Unknown
Last election (2018) TBD TBD TBD 2 100
Before this election TBD TBD TBD 2 100
Not up TBD TBD TBD 0 66
Class 1 (20122018) TBD TBD TBD 0 33
Class 3 (2016→2022) 12 21 0 0 33
Up 11 21 0 2 34
Class 2 (2014→2020) 11 20 0 2 33
Special: Class 3 0 1 0 0 1
Incumbent retiring 0 0 0 0 0
Incumbent running 1 2 0 0 3
Intent undeclared 10 19 0 2 31

Change in composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20
Undeclared
D19
Undeclared
D18
Undeclared
D17
Undeclared
D16
Undeclared
D15
Undeclared
D14
Undeclared
D13
Running
D12 D11
D21
Undeclared
D22
Undeclared
D23
Undeclared
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
Majority →
TBD
R41
Undeclared
R42
Undeclared
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
R40
Undeclared
R39
Undeclared
R38
Undeclared
R37
Undeclared
R36
Undeclared
R35
Undeclared
R34
Undeclared
R33
Undeclared
R32
Undeclared
R31
Undeclared
R21 R22
Running
R23
Running
R24
Undeclared
R25
Undeclared
R26
Undeclared
R27
Undeclared
R28
Undeclared
R29
Undeclared
R30
Undeclared
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD D12 D11
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
Majority →
TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD
TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD TBD R21
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican

Potentially competitive races[edit]

Potentially competitive Republican-held seats up for election in 2020 include Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Montana, and North Carolina. Democratic-held seats in Alabama, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, and Virginia may also be competitive.[1]

Race summary[edit]

Special elections during the preceding Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner will serve as soon as he/she is elected and qualified.

State
(linked to
summaries below)
Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arizona Jon Kyl Republican 1994
2000
2006
2018 (Appointed)
Incumbent retiring.[2]
New senator will be elected November 3, 2020.
TBD

Elections leading to the next Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners will be elected for the term beginning January 3, 2021. All of the elections involve the Class 2 seats; ordered by state.

State
(linked to
summaries below)
Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama Doug Jones Democratic 2017 (Special) Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Alaska Dan Sullivan Republican 2014 Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Arkansas Tom Cotton Republican 2014 Incumbent running. Tom Cotton (Republican)[3]
Colorado Cory Gardner Republican 2014 Incumbent's intent unknown. Derrick Blanton (Democratic)[4]
Dustin Leitzel (Democratic)[5]
Delaware Chris Coons Democratic 2010 (Special)
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Georgia David Perdue Republican 2014 Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Idaho Jim Risch Republican 2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Illinois Dick Durbin Democratic 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Iowa Joni Ernst Republican 2014 Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Kansas Pat Roberts Republican 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. Elliott Adams (Democratic)[6]
Kentucky Mitch McConnell Republican 1984
1990
1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent running. Steven Cox (Democratic)[7]
Mitch McConnell (Republican)[8]
Louisiana Bill Cassidy Republican 2014 Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Maine Susan Collins Republican 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. Max Linn (Republican)[9]
Cathleen London (Democratic)[10]
Massachusetts Ed Markey Democratic 2013 (Special)
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Michigan Gary Peters Democratic 2014 Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Minnesota TBD TBD 2018 (Special) Incumbent unknown; to be determined in the 2018 special election. TBD
Mississippi TBD TBD 2018 (Special) Incumbent unknown; to be determined in the 2018 special election. TBD
Montana Steve Daines Republican 2014 Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Nebraska Ben Sasse Republican 2014 Incumbent running. Ben Sasse (Republican)[11]
New Hampshire Jeanne Shaheen Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
New Jersey Cory Booker Democratic 2013 (Special)
2014
Incumbent running. Cory Booker (Democratic)[12]
New Mexico Tom Udall Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
North Carolina Thom Tillis Republican 2014 Incumbent's intent unknown. Eva F. Lee (Democratic)[13]
Oklahoma Jim Inhofe Republican 1994 (Special)
1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Oregon Jeff Merkley Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Rhode Island Jack Reed Democratic 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
South Carolina Lindsey Graham Republican 2002
2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
South Dakota Mike Rounds Republican 2014 Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Tennessee Lamar Alexander Republican 2002
2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Texas John Cornyn Republican 2002
2008
2014
Incumbent running. John Cornyn (Republican)[14]
Virginia Mark Warner Democratic 2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
West Virginia Shelley Moore Capito Republican 2014 Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD
Wyoming Mike Enzi Republican 1996
2002
2008
2014
Incumbent's intent unknown. TBD

Alabama[edit]

Incumbent Democrat Doug Jones was elected in a special election in 2017, defeating Republican candidate Roy Moore. Jones will be up for re-election for a second term beginning January 3rd, 2021.

Alaska[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Dan Sullivan was elected to a first term in 2014, defeating one-term incumbent Mark Begich.

Arizona (Special)[edit]

Six-term Republican senator John McCain died August 25, 2018.[15] Governor Doug Ducey was required by state law to appoint a new senator of the same party as McCain, and then the seat would be up for a special election in November 2020.[16] On September 4, Governor Ducey appointed former Arizona senator Jon Kyl to fill McCain's vacancy. Kyl stated that he is only committed to serving until at least the end of the 115th United States Congress, and that he will not seek the seat again in 2020.[17]

Arkansas[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Tom Cotton was elected to a first term in 2014, defeating two-term incumbent Mark Pryor.

Colorado[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Cory Gardner was elected to a first term in 2014, defeating one-term incumbent Mark Udall.

Derrick Blanton and pharmacist Dustin Leitzel are running for the Democratic nomination.[4][5] Biomedical scientist Trish Zornio is exploring a run for the Democratic nomination.[18][19] Other potential Democratic candidates include Boulder County District Attorney Stan Garnett.[20]

Delaware[edit]

One-term Democrat Chris Coons was re-elected in 2014; Coons first took office after winning a 2010 special election, which occurred after long-time Senator Joe Biden resigned his seat to become Vice President of the United States.

Georgia[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican David Perdue was elected to a first term in 2014.

Columbus Mayor Teresa Tomlinson is considering running for the Democratic nomination.[21] Other potential Democratic candidates include State Representative Scott Holcomb, former Atlanta Mayor Kasim Reed and former Points of Light CEO and 2014 nominee Michelle Nunn.[22][23]

Idaho[edit]

Two-term incumbent Republican Jim Risch was re-elected in 2014.

Illinois[edit]

Four-term incumbent and Senate Minority Whip Dick Durbin, a Democrat, was re-elected in 2014. He is seeking a fifth term in office which will begin in 2021.

Iowa[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Joni Ernst was elected to a first term in 2014.

Kansas[edit]

Four-term incumbent Republican Pat Roberts was re-elected in 2014, defeating independent candidate Greg Orman. Democrat Elliott Adams is running.[6]

Kentucky[edit]

Six-term incumbent and Senate Majority Leader Republican Mitch McConnell was re-elected in 2014.

Democrat Steven Cox is running.[7]

Louisiana[edit]

One-term incumbent Bill Cassidy was first elected in 2014, defeating three-term incumbent Mary Landrieu.

Maine[edit]

Four-term incumbent Republican Susan Collins was re-elected in 2014. Max Linn, the Reform nominee for Governor of Florida in 2006, Democratic candidate for FL-10 in 2008, and disqualified candidate for U.S. Senate from Maine in 2018, has announced he is running.[9] Medical doctor and Maine Democratic Party State Committeewoman Cathleen London has announced her candidacy.[10]

Massachusetts[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Ed Markey was re-elected in 2014; Markey first took office after winning a 2013 special election.

Michigan[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Gary Peters was elected to a first term in 2014.

Minnesota[edit]

This seat had been held by two-term incumbent Democrat Al Franken, but due to allegations of sexual misconduct he resigned January 2, 2018.[24] A special election will be held in 2018 to elect a senator to serve the remainder of Franken's term, who will then be the incumbent for this election.

Mississippi[edit]

Seven-term incumbent Republican Thad Cochran resigned April 1, 2018. Governor Phil Bryant appointed Republican Cindy Hyde-Smith to hold office until the November 2018 special election. The winner of that special election will serve the remainder of Cochran's term, which ends in January 2021.

Montana[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Steve Daines was elected to a first term in 2014. Term-limited Governor Steve Bullock is a potential Democratic candidate.[25]

Nebraska[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Ben Sasse was elected to a first term in 2014.

New Hampshire[edit]

Two-term incumbent Democrat Jeanne Shaheen was re-elected in 2014.

New Jersey[edit]

One-term incumbent Democrat Cory Booker was re-elected in 2014; Booker first took office after winning a 2013 special election.

New Mexico[edit]

Two-term incumbent Democrat Tom Udall was re-elected in 2014.

North Carolina[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Thom Tillis was elected to a first term in 2014, defeating one-term incumbent Kay Hagan. Tillis could also potentially run for Governor.[26][27]

Former United States Secretary of Transportation and former Mayor of Charlotte Anthony Foxx may run.[28] Tax attorney Eva Lee is running for the Democratic nomination.[13]

Oklahoma[edit]

Four-term incumbent Republican Jim Inhofe was re-elected in 2014. Scott Pruitt may run for the seat if Inhofe retires.[29]

Oregon[edit]

Two-term incumbent Democrat Jeff Merkley was re-elected in 2014.

Merkley may run for president and not for re-election.[30]

Rhode Island[edit]

Four-term incumbent Democrat Jack Reed was re-elected in 2014.

South Carolina[edit]

Three-term incumbent Republican Lindsey Graham was re-elected in 2014.

South Dakota[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Mike Rounds was elected to a first term in 2014.

Tennessee[edit]

Three-term incumbent Republican Lamar Alexander was re-elected in 2014.

Texas[edit]

Three-term incumbent Republican John Cornyn was re-elected in 2014. He is running for re-election.[14] U.S Representative Joaquín Castro or his twin brother former U.S Secretary of Housing and Urban Development and former Mayor of San Antonio Julian Castro may challenge Cornyn.[31][32]

Virginia[edit]

Two-term incumbent Democrat Mark Warner was re-elected in 2014.

West Virginia[edit]

One-term incumbent Republican Shelley Moore Capito was elected to a first term in 2014.

Wyoming[edit]

Four-term incumbent Republican Mike Enzi was re-elected in 2014. Congresswoman Liz Cheney may run again for the seat as a Republican.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kondik, Kyle (5 October 2017). "The Republican Senate Edge". Sabato's Crystal Ball. Retrieved April 11, 2018. 
  2. ^ Jonathan, Martin; Hakim, Danny. "Jon Kyl, Former Senator, Will Replace McCain in Arizona". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 September 2018. 
  3. ^ "Sen. Cotton says he's running for reelection in 2020". Associated Press. 
  4. ^ a b "BLANTON, DERRICK JAMES - Candidate overview - FEC.gov". FEC.gov. 
  5. ^ a b "LEITZEL, DUSTIN JOHN - Candidate overview - FEC.gov". FEC.gov. 
  6. ^ a b "ADAMS, ELLIOTT - Candidate overview - FEC.gov". FEC.gov. 
  7. ^ a b "COX, STEVEN JEWELL ISOM - Candidate overview - FEC.gov". FEC.gov. 
  8. ^ Beam, Adam. "McConnell announces re-elect campaign at Fancy Farm picnic". Associated Press. 
  9. ^ a b Thistle, Scott (June 8, 2018). "Federal judge rejects Max Linn's effort to run in Maine Republican primary". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved June 8, 2018. 
  10. ^ a b Dr Cathleen London [@DrChaya] (July 16, 2018). "I am running because #SCOTUS cannot wait @SenatorCollins needs to realize that Maine & the country are watching & she will be held accountable for her votes #mepolitics My announcement: www.doctorcatlondonforme.com/_api/media-share-server-for-video/crp5?instance-id=5f191a6c-020c-4fc6-9b82-2786411308cb&component-id=comp-jjog8axh&channel-id=2435a32f-3d87-4ae1-aac4-b8175b02e63c&video-id=b3603e263c0a42348786f1c1f8fe8d60&bi-token=8a23ff18-94ae-0e5a-0a87-60cb8863dede … @DrCat4ME" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  11. ^ Sasse, Benjamin E. (December 4, 2014). "FEC FORM 2" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. Retrieved September 10, 2017. 
  12. ^ Booker, Cory A. (November 21, 2014). "FEC FORM 2" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. Retrieved September 10, 2017. 
  13. ^ a b Adams, Matthew (August 11, 2017). "The election isn't until 2020, but Tillis has a challenger". The News & Observer. Retrieved August 31, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b Patrick, Svitek (September 24, 2017). "John Cornyn says he's supporting Ted Cruz for re-election in 2018". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 24, 2017. 
  15. ^ Tumulty, Karen. "John McCain, 'maverick' of the Senate and former POW, dies at 81". The Washington Post. Retrieved 26 August 2018. 
  16. ^ "Who could be appointed to replace John McCain in the Senate, and the process behind it, explained". Vox. Retrieved August 26, 2018. 
  17. ^ "Arizona governor names former Sen. Jon Kyl as McCain's replacement". CNN. Retrieved September 4, 2018. 
  18. ^ Healy, Melissa (June 15, 2017). "Patricia Zornio, a biomedical researcher from a family of Trump supporters, hopes to stand up for science in the Senate". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 31, 2017. 
  19. ^ Bunch, Joey (August 15, 2017). "Democrat Trish Zornio, scientist and community activist, weighing run against Gardner". Colorado Politics. Retrieved August 31, 2017. 
  20. ^ Byars, Mitchell (July 7, 2017). "Boulder DA Stan Garnett won't run for Congress in 2018, but ponders 2020 Senate race". The Denver Post. Retrieved August 31, 2017. 
  21. ^ Williams, Chuck (May 10, 2017). "Mayor Teresa Tomlinson makes decision on running for 2018 statewide office". Ledger-Enquirer. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  22. ^ Bluestein, Greg (May 10, 2017). "Georgia 2018: Columbus mayor won't run for higher office next year". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  23. ^ Kyle Trygstad (December 8, 2014). "What's Next for Michelle Nunn?". Roll Call. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  24. ^ Seipel, Brooke (7 December 2017). "Franken resigns in defiant floor speech". 
  25. ^ Board, Post Editorial (August 7, 2015). "What are Bullock's Options?". Big Sky Words. Retrieved December 8, 2016. 
  26. ^ "Is Thom Tillis running for governor? - Real Facts NC". realfactsnc.com. 
  27. ^ "FOUR GOP candidates for NC governor in 2020?". dailyhaymaker.com. 
  28. ^ Dunn, Andrew (October 26, 2016). "What's the next move for Anthony Foxx?". Charlotte Agenda. Retrieved May 8, 2018. 
  29. ^ https://www.cnn.com/2018/03/18/politics/pruitt-political-ambitions-nyt/index.html
  30. ^ Redden, Jim. "Sources Say: Merkley confirms presidential aspirations". joomlakave.com. Retrieved 2017-10-01. 
  31. ^ Whittaker, Richard (February 17, 2017). "Cruz or Cornyn vs. Castro or O'Rourke?". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved June 12, 2017. 
  32. ^ Tracy, Abigail (May 31, 2017). "Meet the Kennedyesque Democrat Trying to Beat Ted Cruz". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 12, 2017. 
  33. ^ Hohmann, James (January 6, 2014) "Operatives: Liz Cheney could run again", Politico. Retrieved November 30, 2014.