United States Senate elections, 1826

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The United States Senate election of 1826 was an election which had the majority Jacksonian coalition gain a seat in the United States Senate.

As this election was prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results[edit]

20th Congress (1827–1829)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (27)
  • Minority Party: Adams (21)
  • Other Parties: (0)
  • Total Seats: 48

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Senate composition before the elections[edit]

AJ AJ AJ AJ
AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ
J J AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ AJ
J ← Majority
J J J J J J J J J
J J J J J J J J J J
J J J J

Senate composition as a result of the elections[edit]

A A A A
A A A A A A A A A A
JO J+ J+ V+ A+ AO A A A A
JO ← Majority
JO J J J J J J J J
J J J J J J J J J J
J J J J
Key:
A = Adams
AJ = Anti-Jacksonian
J = Jacksonian
V = Vacant
= Incumbent re-elected
O = Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ = Party gain: New senator elected from different party

Complete list of races[edit]

All seats listed are Class 1 unless otherwise indicated.

Special elections during the 19h Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1826 or before March 4, 1827; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
New York
(Class 3)
Vacant Winner elected January 14, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1827, left vacant after an 1824 legislative deadlock.
Adams gain.
Nathan Sanford (Adams)
Maryland
(Class 3)
Edward Lloyd Jacksonian 1819
1825
Resigned January 14, 1826.
Winner elected January 24, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1831.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Ezekiel F. Chambers (Anti-Jacksonian)
Mississippi
(Class 1)
Powhatan Ellis Jacksonian 1825 (Appointed) David Holmes (J) had resigned September 25, 1825 to become Governor of Mississippi.
Successor was appointed September 28, 1825 to continue the term.
Appointee lost election to finish term.
Winner elected January 28, 1826 to finish term ending March 3, 1827.
Jacksonian hold.
Thomas Reed (Jacksonian)
Massachusetts
(Class 2)
James Lloyd Anti-Jacksonian 1808 (Special)
1808
1822 (Special)
1822
Resigned May 23, 1826.
Winner elected May 31, 1826 to finish the term ending March 3, 1829.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Nathaniel Silsbee (Anti-Jacksonian)

Scheduled elections[edit]

State Incumbent Party Result Candidates
Connecticut Henry W. Edwards Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Adams gain
Samuel A. Foote (Adams)
Delaware Thomas Clayton Anti-Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain
Louis McLane (Jacksonian)
Indiana James Noble Anti-Jacksonian Re-elected as Adams Party James Noble (Adams)
Maine John Holmes Anti-Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian gain
Albion K. Parris (Jacksonian)
Maryland Samuel Smith Jacksonian Re-elected Samuel Smith (Jacksonian)
Massachusetts Elijah H. Mills Anti-Jacksonian Lost re-election
Vacant, because winner was not elected until June 8, 1827
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Mississippi Thomas Reed Jacksonian Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Powhatan Ellis (Jacksonian)
Missouri Thomas H. Benton Jacksonian Re-elected Thomas H. Benton (Jacksonian)
New Jersey
Special
Joseph McIlvaine Anti-Jacksonian Died August 19, 1826
Winner elected to finish term
Adams hold
Ephraim Bateman (Adams)
New Jersey
General
Winner elected to next term ("Re-elected") Ephraim Bateman (Adams)
New York Martin Van Buren Jacksonian Re-elected Martin Van Buren (Jacksonian)
Ohio Benjamin Ruggles Anti-Jacksonian Re-elected as Adams Benjamin Ruggles (Adams), unopposed[1]
Pennsylvania William Findlay Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jacksonian hold
Isaac D. Barnard (Jacksonian)
Rhode Island Asher Robbins Anti-Jacksonian Re-elected as Adams Asher Robbins (Adams)
Tennessee John H. Eaton Jacksonian Re-elected John H. Eaton (Jacksonian)
Vermont Horatio Seymour Anti-Jacksonian Re-elected as Adams Horatio Seymour (Adams)
Virginia John Randolph Jacksonian Appointee lost election to next term
Jacksonian hold
John Tyler (Jacksonian)

Late elections[edit]

Date State Incumbent Party Result Candidates
November 27, 1826 Alabama
Special
(Class 3)
Israel Pickens Jacksonian Appointee, [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Winner elected to finish term ending March 3, 1831
Jacksonian hold
John McKinley (Jacksonian)
November 29, 1826 South Carolina
Special
(Class 3)
William Harper Jacksonian Appointee, [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Winner elected to finish term ending March 3, 1831
Jacksonian hold
William Smith (Jacksonian)

See also[edit]

References[edit]