United States Under Secretary of the Army
|Under Secretary of the Army|
Flag of the Under Secretary
|United States Department of the Army|
|Style||Mr. Under Secretary|
|Reports to||Secretary of the Army|
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Formation||September 18, 1947|
|First holder||William Henry Draper Jr.|
|Succession||18th in SecDef succession|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level III|
The United States Under Secretary of the Army is the second-highest ranking civilian official of the United States Department of the Army, serving directly under the United States Secretary of the Army. The Secretary and Under Secretary, together with two military officers, the Chief of Staff of the United States Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army, constitute the senior leaders of the United States Army.
The following officials report to the Under Secretary of the Army: the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy and Environment), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics and Technology), the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Financial Management and Comptroller), and the General Counsel of the Army. There are also two Deputy Under Secretaries of the Army who assist the Under Secretary in his tasks.
The current Under Secretary of the Army is James E. McPherson. He started in an acting position on July 23, 2019 and was sworn into the position full-time on March 25, 2020 following confirmation by the Senate.
The office was created in 1947 as part of the general reorganization of the United States Armed Forces occasioned by the National Security Act of 1947. The office was initially styled "Under Secretary of War" and was created by Department of War General Order 67, dated July 25, 1947. Three weeks later, on August 16, 1947, Department of War Circular 225 redesignated the position as "Under Secretary of the Army".
List of Under Secretaries of the Army
The following men have held the post:
|No.||Name||Tenure start||Tenure end|
|1||William Henry Draper, Jr.||September 1947||February 1949|
|2||Gordon Gray||May 1949||June 1949|
|3||Tracy Voorhees||August 1949||April 1950|
|4||Archibald S. Alexander||May 1950||April 1952|
|5||Karl R. Bendesten||May 1952||October 1952|
|6||Earl D. Johnson||October 1952||January 1954|
|7||John Slezak||February 1954||January 1955|
|8||Charles C. Finucane||February 1955||April 1958|
|9||Hugh M. Milton II||August 1958||January 1961|
|10||Stephen Ailes||February 1961||January 1964|
|11||Paul Robert Ignatius||February 1964||December 1964|
|12||Stanley Rogers Resor||April 1965||July 1965|
|13||David E. McGiffert||November 1965||February 1969|
|14||Thaddeus Beal||March 1969||September 1971|
|15||Kenneth E. BeLieu||September 1971||June 1973|
|16||Herman R. Staudt||October 1973||May 1975|
|17||Norman Ralph Augustine||May 1975||July 1977|
|18||Walter B. LaBerge||July 1977||February 1980|
|19||Harry Spiro, Jr.||1980||1981|
|20||James R. Ambrose||October 1981||February 1988|
|21||Michael P. W. Stone||May 1988||August 1989|
|22||John W. Shannon||August 1989||November 1993|
|23||Joe R. Reeder||November 1993||November 1997|
|24||Robert M. Walker||November 1997||October 1998|
|25||Bernard D. Rostker||November 1998||May 2000|
|26||Gregory R. Dahlberg||May 2000||March 2001|
|27||Les Brownlee||November 2001||December 2004|
|28||Raymond F. DuBois||February 2005||February 2006|
|29||Pete Geren||February 2006||July 2007|
|30||Nelson M. Ford||July 2007||January 2009|
|31||Joseph W. Westphal||September 21, 2009||March 28, 2014|
|32||Brad Carson||March 28, 2014||June 30, 2015|
|–||Eric Fanning (acting)||June 30, 2016||November 3, 2015|
|–||Thomas E. Hawley (acting)||November 3, 2015||December 2015|
|33||Patrick Murphy||January 4, 2016||January 20, 2017|
|–||Karl F. Schneider (acting)||January 20, 2017||August 1, 2017|
|34||Ryan McCarthy||August 1, 2017||September 30, 2019|
|35||James E. McPherson||July 23, 2019 (acting)||March 25, 2020 (acting)|
|March 25, 2020||Incumbent|
- "Under Secretary of the Army - The United States Army". Under Secretary of the Army - The United States Army. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- Kimmons, Sean (April 1, 2020). "McPherson officially sworn in as undersecretary of the Army". Army News Service. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
- "Records of the office of the Secretary of the Army". archives.gov. August 15, 2016. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- "Former Under Secretaries". United States Army. Archived from the original on January 9, 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- "Jimmy Carter: NOMINATIONS SUBMITTED TO THE SENATE Week Ending". www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- "Thomas E. Hawley, a Senior Official, is performing the duties of the Under Secretary of the Army" (PDF). army.mil. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
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