Ambassadors of the United States

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Flag of ambassadors of the United States of America

The diplomats serving as ambassadors of the United States of America to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, and ambassadors-at-large change regularly for various reasons, such as reassignment or retirement. The United States Department of State provides lists of ambassadors appointed to serve overseas which are updated periodically.[1] (A recent list {pdf} was issued on December 4, 2018.[2]) A listing by country of past chiefs of mission is maintained by the Office of the Historian of the U.S. Department of State.[3] That same office maintains a list of the names and appointment dates of past and present ambassadors-at-large,[4] as well as chiefs of mission to international organizations.[5] This information may also be available in the final pages of the aforementioned periodically updated lists of overseas ambassadors.[1]

The ambassadors are nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate.[6] An ambassador can be appointed during a recess, but he or she can only serve as ambassador until the end of the next session of Congress unless subsequently confirmed.[7] Ambassadors serve "at the pleasure of the President", meaning they can be dismissed at any time.

An ambassador may be a career Foreign Service Officer (career diplomat - CD) or a political appointee (PA). In most cases, career foreign service officers serve a tour of approximately three years per ambassadorship whereas political appointees customarily tender their resignations upon the inauguration of a new president. As embassies fall under the State Department's jurisdiction, ambassadors answer directly to the Secretary of State.

Current U.S. ambassadors[edit]

Note that the information in this list is subject to change due to regular personnel changes resulting from retirements, reassignments, etc. The State Department posts updated lists of ambassadors approximately monthly, accessible via an interactive menu-based website.[1] As of early June 2018 there remained 28 vacant ambassadorships.[8]

Host country List Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
 Afghanistan List John Bass CD Kabul [1] September 28, 2017
 Albania List Vacant since July 2018
Leyla Moses-Ones, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[9]
(N/A) Tirana [2]
 Algeria List John Desrocher CD Algiers August 3, 2017
 Andorra[10] List Richard Duke Buchan III PA Madrid November 2, 2017
 Angola List Nina Maria Fite CD Luanda November 2, 2017
 Antigua and Barbuda[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Argentina List Edward C. Prado PA Buenos Aires March 22, 2018
 Armenia List Vacant since October 2018[12]
Rafik Mansour Chargé d'Affaires a.i[13]
CD Yerevan [3]
 Australia List Vacant since September 2016 [14]
James Carouso, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[15]
(N/A) Canberra [4]
 Austria List Trevor Traina PA Vienna [5] March 22, 2018
 Azerbaijan List Vacant since April 2018 [16]
William R. Gill, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[17]
Baku
The Bahamas Bahamas List Vacant since November 21, 2011
Stephanie L. Bowers, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Doug Manchester nominated[18][19][20]
(N/A) Nassau
 Bahrain List Justin Siberell CD Manama [6] September 28, 2017
 Bangladesh List Marcia Bernicat CD Dhaka [7] November 18, 2014
 Barbados[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Belarus List Vacant since March 12, 2008[21]
Jenifer H. Moore, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[22]
(N/A) Minsk
 Belgium List Ronald Gidwitz PA Brussels June 28, 2018
 Belize List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Adrienne Galanek, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Belmopan
 Benin List Lucy Tamlyn CD Cotonou October 8, 2015
 Bhutan The United States does not maintain formal diplomatic relations with Bhutan. Informal contact through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.
 Bolivia List Vacant since September 10, 2008[23]
Peter Brennan, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) La Paz
 Bosnia and Herzegovina List Maureen Cormack CD Sarajevo [8] November 19, 2014
 Botswana List Earl Miller CD Gaborone November 19, 2014
 Brazil List P. Michael McKinley CD Brasilia September 8, 2016
 Brunei List Craig Allen CD Bandar Seri Begawan November 18, 2014
 Bulgaria List Eric S. Rubin CD Sofia December 9, 2015
 Burkina Faso List Andrew Robert Young CD Ouagadougou September 28, 2016
 Burma (Myanmar)[24] List Scot Marciel CD Rangoon [9] February 9, 2016
 Burundi List Anne Casper CD Bujumbura June 29, 2016
 Cambodia List William A. Heidt CD Phnom Penh August 5, 2015
 Cameroon List Peter Barlerin CD Yaoundé November 2, 2017
 Canada List Kelly Knight Craft PA Ottawa [10] August 3, 2017
 Cape Verde List Donald Helfin CD Praia December 12, 2014
 Central African Republic[25][26][27] List Jeffrey Hawkins CD Bangui October 8, 2015
 Chad List Geeta Pasi CD N'Djamena June 29, 2016
 Chile List Carol Z. Perez CD Santiago July 14, 2016
 China List Terry Branstad PA Beijing [11] May 22, 2017
 Colombia List Kevin Whitaker CD Bogotá April 1, 2014
 Comoros[28] List Robert Yamate CD Antananarivo November 19, 2014
Republic of the Congo Congo-Brazzaville List Todd Haskell CD Brazzaville May 18, 2017
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo-Kinshasa List Vacant since December 31, 2016
Jennifer Haskell, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
CD Kinshasa
 Costa Rica List Sharon Day PA San José August 3, 2017
 Croatia List Robert Kohorst PA Zagreb November 2, 2017
 Cuba List Vacant since October 28, 1960
Mara Tekach, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Havana [12]
 Cyprus List Kathleen A. Doherty CD Nicosia August 5, 2015
 Czech Republic List Steve King PA Prague [13] October 5, 2017
 Denmark List Carla Sands PA Copenhagen [14] November 2, 2017
 Djibouti List Larry André Jr. CD Djibouti November 2, 2017
 Dominica[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Dominican Republic List Robin Bernstein PA Santo Domingo June 28, 2018
 East Timor List Kathleen M. Fitzpatrick CD Dili November 2, 2017
 Ecuador List Todd C. Chapman CD Quito December 9, 2015
 Egypt List Vacant since July 1, 2017
Thomas H. Goldberger, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Cairo
 El Salvador List Jean Elizabeth Manes (N/A) San Salvador December 9, 2015
 Equatorial Guinea List Julie Furuta-Toy CD Malabo [15] October 22, 2015
 Eritrea List Vacant since July 19, 2010
Natalie E. Brown, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Asmara
 Estonia List James Desmond Melville, Jr. CD Tallinn [16] August 5, 2015
 Ethiopia List Michael A. Raynor CD Addis Ababa August 3, 2017
 Fiji[29] List Vacant since March, 2018
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Suva
 Finland List Robert Pence PA Helsinki March 22, 2018
 France[30] List Jamie Luskin McCourt[31] PA Paris [17] November 2, 2017
 Gabon[32] List Cynthia Akuetteh CD Libreville July 30, 2014
 Gambia List Patricia Alsup CD Banjul October 8, 2015
 Georgia List Ian Kelly CD Tbilisi [18] June 24, 2015
 Germany List Richard Grenell PA Berlin [19] May 3, 2018
 Ghana List Robert P. Jackson CD Ghana October 22, 2015
 Greece List Geoffrey Pyatt CD Athens [20] July 14, 2016
 Grenada[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Guatemala List Luis Arreaga CD Guatemala October 4, 2017
 Guinea-Bissau[33] List Tulinabo S. Mushingi CD Bissau VPP May 18, 2017
Guinea Guinea-Conakry List Dennis Hankins CD Conakry October 22, 2015
 Guyana List Perry Holloway CD Georgetown August 5, 2015
 Haiti List Michele J. Sison CD Port-au-Prince November 2, 2017
 Holy See (Vatican City) List Callista Gingrich PA Vatican [21] October 16, 2017
 Honduras List Vacant since June 2017
Heide B. Fulton, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Tegucigalpa
 Hungary List Vacant since January 20, 2017
David J. Kostelancik, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Budapest
 Iceland List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Jill Esposito, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Reykjavik
 India List Kenneth Juster PA New Delhi [22] November 2, 2017
 Indonesia List Joseph R. Donovan Jr. CD Jakarta [23] September 28, 2016
 Iran List No diplomatic relations since April 7, 1980. Informal contact via the U.S. Interests Section in the Swiss embassy.
Virtual Embassy Tehran open since December 2011.
 Iraq List Douglas Alan Silliman CD Baghdad [24] July 14, 2016
Republic of Ireland Ireland List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Reece Smyth, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Dublin [25]
 Israel List David M. Friedman PA Jerusalem [26] March 23, 2017
 Italy[34] List Lewis Eisenberg PA Rome [27] August 3, 2017
 Ivory Coast List Vacant since August 2016
Andrew Haviland, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Abidjan
 Jamaica List Vacant since July 2017
Eric Khant, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Kingston
 Japan List William F. Hagerty PA Tokyo [28] July 13, 2017
 Jordan List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Henry Wooster Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Amman
 Kazakhstan List George Krol CD Astana November 20, 2014
 Kenya List Robert Godec CD Nairobi [29] June 24, 2015
 Kuwait List Lawrence Robert Silverman CD Kuwait City July 14, 2016
 Kyrgyzstan List Donald Lu CD Bishkek September 18, 2018
 Laos List Rena Bitter CD Vientiane September 28, 2016
 Latvia List Nancy Pettit CD Riga June 24, 2015
 Lebanon List Elizabeth Holzhall Richard CD Beirut May 17, 2016
 Lesotho List Rebecca Eliza Gonzales CD Maseru November 16, 2017
 Liberia List Christine A. Elder CD Monrovia May 17, 2016
 Libya List Vacant since January, 2018
Stephanie T. Williams Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Tripoli
 Liechtenstein[35] List Ed McMullen PA Bern November 2, 2017
 Lithuania List Anne Hall CD Vilnius July 14, 2016
 Luxembourg List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Kerri S. Hannan Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Luxembourg
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia List Jess Baily CD Skopje December 16, 2014
 Madagascar[28] List Robert Yamate CD Antananarivo November 19, 2014
 Malawi List Virginia E. Palmer CD Lilongwe December 12, 2014
 Malaysia List Kamala Shirin Lakhdhir CD Kuala Lumpur December 9, 2016
 Maldives[36] List Atul Keshap CD Colombo August 5, 2015
 Mali List Paul Folmsbee CD Bamako May 23, 2015
 Malta List G. Kathleen Hill CD Attard [30] December 9, 2015
 Marshall Islands List Karen B. Stewart CD Majuro May 17, 2016
 Mauritania List Michael Dodman CD Nouakchott November 2, 2017
 Mauritius[37] List David Dale Reimer CD Port Louis November 2, 2017
 Mexico List Vacant since May 5, 2018
William H. Duncan, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Mexico City [31]
Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia List Robert Riley CD Kolonia May 17, 2016
 Moldova List James Pettit CD Chişinău [32] November 20, 2014
 Monaco[30][38] List Jamie Luskin McCourt PA Paris November 2, 2017
 Mongolia List Vacant since January, 2018
Manuel P. Micaller Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Ulaanbaatar [33]
 Montenegro List Margaret A. Uyehara CD Podgorica December 16, 2014
 Morocco List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Stephanie Miley, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Rabat
 Mozambique List H. Dean Pittman CD Maputo November 19, 2015
 Namibia List Lisa A. Johnson CD Windhoek November 16, 2017
 Nauru[29] List Vacant since March 2018
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Suva
   Nepal List Alaina B. Teplitz CD Kathmandu August 5, 2015
 Netherlands List Pete Hoekstra PA The Hague [34] November 9, 2017
 New Zealand[39] List Scott Brown PA Wellington [35] June 8, 2017
 Nicaragua List Laura Farnsworth Dogu CD Managua August 5, 2015
 Niger List Eric P. Whitaker CD Niamey November 2, 2017
 Nigeria List W. Stuart Symington CD Abuja September 28, 2016
 North Korea The United States does not maintain diplomatic relations with North Korea. Limited consular matters handled by the Swedish embassy.[40]
 Norway List Kenneth Braithwaite PA Oslo [36] December 21, 2017
 Oman List Marc Jonathan Sievers CD Muscat November 19, 2015
 Pakistan List David Hale CD Islamabad [37] August 5, 2015
 Palau[41] List Amy J. Hyatt CD Koror December 12, 2014
 Panama List Vacant since January 12, 2018
Roxanne Cabral, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Panama City
 Papua New Guinea[42] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
 Paraguay List M. Lee McClenny (N/A) Asunción December 21, 2017
 Peru List Krishna Urs CD Lima August 3, 2017
 Philippines[41] List Sung Y. Kim CD Manila [38] September 28, 2016
 Poland List Georgette Mosbacher N/A Warsaw [39] September 6, 2018
 Portugal List George Edward Glass PA Lisbon [40] August 3, 2017
 Qatar List Vacant since June 20, 2017
William Grant, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[43]
(N/A) Doha
 Romania List Hans G. Klemm CD Bucharest August 5, 2015
 Russia List Jon Huntsman Jr. PA Moscow [41] October 3, 2017
 Rwanda List Erica Barks-Ruggles CD Kigali November 17, 2014
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Saint Lucia[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[11] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Samoa[39] List Scott Brown PA Matafele Apia June 8, 2017
 San Marino[34] List Lewis Eisenberg PA Florence [42]
San Marino VPP
August 3, 2017
 São Tomé and Príncipe[32] List Cynthia Akuetteh CD Libreville July 30, 2014
 Saudi Arabia List Vacant since January 9, 2017
Christopher Henzel, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Riyadh
 Senegal[33] List Tulinabo S. Mushingi CD Dakar May 18, 2017
 Serbia List Kyle Randolph Scott CD Belgrade December 9, 2015
 Seychelles[37] List David Dale Reimer CD Port Louis November 2, 2017
 Sierra Leone List Maria Brewer CD Freetown August 3, 2017
 Singapore List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Stephanie Syptak-Ramnath, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Singapore
 Slovakia List Adam Sterling CD Bratislava May 17, 2016
 Slovenia List Brent Hartley CD Ljubljana November 20, 2014
 Solomon Islands[42] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
 Somalia[44][45] List Vacant since October, 2017
Martin Dale, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Somalia VPP
 South Africa List Vacant since December 16, 2016
Jessye Lapenn, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Pretoria [43]
 South Korea List Harry B. Harris Jr. (N/A) Seoul [44] June 28, 2018
 South Sudan List Mary Catherine Phee CD Juba [45] June 24, 2015
 Spain[10] List Duke Buchan PA Madrid November 2, 2017
 Sri Lanka[36] List Atul Keshap CD Colombo August 5, 2015
 Sudan[46] List Vacant since February 7, 1996
Jerry P. Lanier, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Khartoum
 Suriname List Karen L. Williams CD Paramaribo August 22, 2018
 Swaziland List Lisa J. Peterson CD Mbabane November 19, 2015
 Sweden List Vacant since January 20, 2017
David Lindwall, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Stockholm
  Switzerland[35] List Ed McMullen PA Bern November 2, 2017
 Syria[47] List Vacant since February 28, 2014
Michael Ratney, Special Envoy
(N/A) Damascus
 Taiwan Since January 19, 1979, diplomatic relations have been carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan
Taipei Office
 Tajikistan List Vacant since October 2017 (N/A) Dushanbe
 Tanzania List Vacant since October 2016
Inmi Patterson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Dar es Salaam [46]
 Thailand List Glyn T. Davies CD Bangkok [47] August 5, 2015
 Togo List David Gilmour CD Lomé October 8, 2015
 Tonga[29] List Vacant since March 2018
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Tonga
 Trinidad and Tobago List Vacant since January 20, 2017
John McIntyre, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Port of Spain
 Tunisia List Daniel Rubinstein CD Tunis October 8, 2015
 Turkey List Vacant since October 15, 2017
Philip Kosnett, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Ankara
 Turkmenistan List Allan Mustard CD Ashgabat November 19, 2014
 Tuvalu[29] List Vacant since March 2018
Michael Goldman, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Suva
 Uganda List Deborah R. Malac CD Kampala November 19, 2015
 Ukraine List Marie L. Yovanovitch CD Kiev [48] July 14, 2016
 United Arab Emirates List Barbara Leaf CD Abu Dhabi [49] November 17, 2014
 United Kingdom[48] List Woody Johnson PA London [50] August 3, 2017
 Uruguay List Kelly Keiderling/Kenn George CD Montevideo May 17, 2016/June 28, 2018
 Uzbekistan List Pamela Spratlen CD Tashkent November 20, 2014
 Vanuatu[42] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
 Venezuela List Vacant since July 16, 2010
Lee McClenny, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[49]
(N/A) Caracas [51]
 Vietnam List Daniel J. Kritenbrink CD Hanoi October 26, 2017
 Yemen List Vacant since February 12, 2015
Richard H. Riley, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Sana’a
 Zambia List Daniel Lewis Foote CD Lusaka November 2, 2017
 Zimbabwe List Brian A. Nichols CD Harare June 28, 2018
 Abkhazia The Republic of Abkhazia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.
 Northern Cyprus The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.
 Palestine The Palestinian State is not recognized by the United States.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States[50]
 South Ossetia The Republic of South Ossetia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.

Ambassadors to international organizations[edit]

Current ambassadors from the United States to international organizations:

Host organization List Location Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
African Union List Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Mary Beth Leonard CD Addis Ababa June 29, 2016
Association of Southeast Asian Nations List Jakarta, Indonesia Vacant since January 20, 2017
Jane Bocklage, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Jakarta
Conference on Disarmament List Geneva, Switzerland Robert Wood CD Geneva July 15, 2014
European Union List Brussels, Belgium Gordon Sondland PA Brussels [52] June 29, 2018
International Civil Aviation Organization List Montreal, Quebec, Canada Vacant since January 20, 2017
Sam Kotis, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Montreal
North Atlantic Treaty Organization List Brussels, Belgium Kay Bailey Hutchison PA Brussels August 3, 2017
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development List Paris, France Vacant since January 20, 2017
Peter Haas, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Paris
Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons List The Hague, Netherlands Kenneth Ward CD The Hague December 7, 2015
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe List Vienna, Austria Vacant since January 20, 2017
Katie Marie Byrnes, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Vienna [53]
Organization of American States List Washington, D.C., United States Carlos Trujillo PA Washington, D.C. March 22, 2018
United Nations List New York, United States Nikki Haley[51] PA New York City January 24, 2017
United Nations (Deputy) List Washington, D.C., United States Michele J. Sison CD Washington, D.C. November 19, 2014
United Nations (Management and Reform) List New York, United States Vacant since January 20, 2017 (N/A) New York City
United Nations (Special Political Affairs) List New York, United States Vacant since January 20, 2017 (N/A) New York City
United Nations Economic and Social Council List New York, United States Kelley Eckels Currie (N/A) New York City August 3, 2017
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization List Paris, France Vacant since January 20, 2017
Chris Hegadorn, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Paris
United Nations Human Rights Council List Geneva, Switzerland Vacant since January 20, 2017
Theodore Allegra, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Geneva
United Nations International Organizations in Geneva List Geneva, Switzerland Vacant since January 20, 2017
Theodore Allegra, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Geneva
United Nations International Organizations in Nairobi List Nairobi, Kenya Robert F. Godec CD Nairobi January 2, 2013
United Nations International Organizations in Rome List Rome, Italy Vacant since August 9, 2016
Thomas M. Duffy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Rome
United Nations International Organizations in Vienna List Vienna, Austria Vacant since August 4, 2014
Andrew Schofer, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Vienna

Ambassadors-at-Large[edit]

Current Ambassadors-at-Large from the United States with worldwide responsibility:[52][53]

Portfolio List Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
Counterterrorism (Coordinator) List Nathan Alexander Sales PA [54] August 3, 2017
Global AIDS Combat (Coordinator) List Deborah L. Birx PA [55] April 4, 2014
Global Criminal Justice List Todd F. Buchwald CD [56] December 30, 2015
Global Women's Issues List Vacant (N/A) [57]
International Religious Freedom List Sam Brownback PA [58] January 24, 2018
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (Director) List Susan P. Coppedge PA [59] October 19, 2015

Other Chiefs of Mission[edit]

Senior diplomatic representatives of the United States hosted in posts other than embassies. Unlike other consulates, these persons report directly to the Secretary of State.

Host country List Ambassador Title Website Appointed
 Curaçao[54] List Margaret Hawthorne Consul General and Chief of Mission Curaçao April 2016
 Hong Kong[55] List Kurt Tong Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong [60] August 27, 2016
 Jerusalem[56] List Donald Blome Consul General and Chief of Mission Jerusalem [61] July 27, 2015
 Macau[55] List Kurt Tong Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong [62] August 27, 2016
 Taiwan List Kin W. Moy Director Taipei [63] June 8, 2015

Special Envoys, Representatives and Coordinators[edit]

These diplomatic officials report directly to the Secretary of State. Many oversee a portfolio not restricted to one nation, often an overall goal, and are not usually subject to Senate confirmation.[57][53][58]

Portfolio Officeholder (Title) Website Appointed
Afghanistan and Pakistan Vacant since November 17, 2016 (Special Representative)
Laurel Miller, acting
[64]
Arctic Region Vacant since January 20, 2017 (Special Representative) [65]
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Matthew Matthews (Senior Official) [66] May 17, 2015
Assistance to Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia Alina Romanowski (Coordinator) [67] March 9, 2015
Biological & Toxin Weapons Convention Issues Robert Wood (Special Representative) [68] October 2, 2014
Burma Vacant since November 19, 2014 (Senior Advisor) [69]
Central African Republic Stuart Symington (Special Representative) [70] April 21, 2014
Civil Society and Emerging Democracies Vacant since October 31, 2014 (Coordinator) [71]
Climate Change Vacant since January 20, 2017 (Special Envoy) [72]
Closure of the Guantánamo Detention Facility Vacant since January 20, 2017 (Special Envoy) [73]
Commercial and Business Affairs Vacant (Special Representative)
Margaret Hawley, acting
[74]
Conference on Disarmament Robert Wood (Special Representative) [75] October 2, 2014
Counterterrorism Justin Siberell (Coordinator) [76] July 9, 2012
Cyber Issues Christopher Painter (Coordinator) [77] February 22, 2011
Environment and Water Resources Vacant (Special Representative) [78]
Fissile Material Negotiator Michael Guhin (Senior Cutoff Coordinator) [79] August 10, 2009
Global Coalition to Counter ISIL Brett H. McGurk (Special Presidential Envoy) [80] November 13, 2015
Global Criminal Justice Todd Buchwald (Special Coordinator) [81] December 30, 2015
Global Engagement Center Vacant [82]
Global Food Security Vacant (Special Representative)
Ted Lyng, acting
[83]
Global Health Diplomacy Deborah L. Birx (Special Representative/Ambassador) [84] April 14, 2014
Global Partnerships Vacant (Special Representative)
Thomas Debass, acting
[85]
Global Youth Issues Andy Rabens (Special Advisor) [86] October 19, 2014
Great Lakes Region of Africa Laurence D. Wohlers (Special Envoy) [87] January 2017
Haiti Kenneth Merten (Special Coordinator) [88] August 17, 2015
Holocaust Issues Thomas K. Yazdgerdi (Special Envoy)
Stu Eizenstat (Special Advisor)
[89] August 22, 2016
December 18, 2013
Hostage Affairs James O'Brien (Special Presidential Envoy) [90] August 28, 2015
Human Rights of LGBTI Persons Randy W. Berry (Special Envoy) [91] April 13, 2015
International Communications and Information Policy Vacant (Coordinator/Ambassador) [92]
International Disabilities Rights Vacant (Special Advisor) [93]
International Energy Affairs Vacant (Special Envoy and Coordinator)
Mary Warlick acting
[94]
International Information Programs Vacant (Coordinator)
Jonathan Henick, acting
[95]
International Information Technology Diplomacy Vacant (Senior Coordinator) [96]
International Labor Affairs Vacant (Special Representative) [97]
Iran Nuclear Implementation Vacant(Coordinator) [98]
Israel and the Palestinian Authority Frederick Rudesheim (Security Coordinator) [99] January 2015
Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations Frank Lowenstein (Special Envoy) [100] July 1, 2014
Knowledge Management Vacant (Senior Coordinator) [101]
Libya Vacant since January 20, 2017 (Special Envoy)
Middle East Transitions Vacant (Special Coordinator) [102]
Minsk Vacant (Senior Representative) [103]
Monitor and Combat Anti-semitism Vacant (Special Envoy) [104]
Muslim Communities Vacant (Special Representative) [105]
Nonproliferation and Arms Control Vacant since June 10, 2010 (Special Advisor) [106]
North Korea Policy Joseph Yun (Special Representative) [107] October 17, 2016
North Korean Human Rights Issues Vacant (Special Envoy) [108]
Northern Ireland Issues Vacant (Presidential Representative) [109]
Nuclear Nonproliferation Vacant (Special Representative of the President/Ambassador) [110]
Organization of Islamic Cooperation Vacant since February 13, 2015 (Special Envoy) [111]
Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review Vacant since July 6, 2015 (Special Representative) [112]
Religion and Global Affairs Vacant (Special Representative)
Amy Lillis, acting
[113]
Religious Minorities in the Near East and South/Central Asia Knox Thames (Special Envoy) [114] [115] September 28, 2015
Sanctions Policy Vacant (Coordinator) [116]
Science and Technology Vacant (Advisor) [117]
Secretary Initiatives Vacant (Special Advisor)
Senior Advisor to the Secretary Vacant (Senior Advisor)
Six-Party Talks Vacant since September 2015 (Special Envoy) [118]
Somalia Vacant (Special Representative) [119]
Sudan and South Sudan Vacant (Special Envoy) [120]
Syria Michael Ratney (Special Envoy) [121] July 27, 2015
Threat Reduction Programs Bonnie Jenkins (Coordinator/Ambassador) [122] July 13, 2009
Tibetan Issues Vacant (Special Coordinator) [123]
Transparency Janice Jacobs (Coordinator) September 8, 2015
Ukraine Negotiations Kurt Volker (Special Representative) [124] July 7, 2017

Nations without exchange of ambassadors[edit]

  • Bhutan: According to the U.S. State Department, "The United States and the Kingdom of Bhutan have not established formal diplomatic relations; however, the two governments have informal and cordial relations".[59] Informal contact with the nation of Bhutan is maintained through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.[59]
  • Iran: On April 7, 1980, the United States broke diplomatic relations with Iran after the 1979 Iranian Revolution.[60] On April 24, 1981, the Swiss government assumed representation of U.S. interests in Tehran, and Algeria assumed representation of Iranian interests in the United States.[61] Currently, Iranian interests in the United States are represented by the government of Pakistan. The U.S. Department of State named Iran a "State Sponsor of Terrorism" on January 19, 1984.[62]
  • North Korea: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is not on friendly terms with the United States, and while talks between the two countries are ongoing, there is no exchange of ambassadors. Sweden functions as Protective Power for the United States in Pyongyang and performs limited consular responsibilities for U.S. citizens in North Korea.[63]
  • Taiwan: With the normalization of relations with the People's Republic of China in 1979, the United States has not maintained official diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Relations between Taiwan and the United States are maintained through an unofficial instrumentality, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office, with headquarters in Taipei and field offices in Washington, D.C., and twelve other U.S. cities. The Taipei Office of the American Institute in Taiwan, a non-profit, public corporation, functions as a de facto embassy, performing most consular functions and staffed by Foreign Service Officers who are formally "on leave."[64]

Selected past ambassadors[edit]

Many well-known individuals have served the United States as ambassadors, or in formerly analogous positions such as envoy, including several who also became President of the United States (indicated in boldface below). Some notable ambassadors have included:

Ambassadors killed in office[edit]

Eight United States Ambassadors have been killed in office – six of them by armed attack and the other two in plane crashes.[65]

Name Ambassador to Place Country Date of death Killed by
Laurence Steinhardt Canada Ramsayville, Ontario  Canada March 28, 1950 plane crash
John Mein Guatemala Guatemala City  Guatemala August 28, 1968 attack by Rebel Armed Forces
Cleo Noel Sudan Khartoum  Sudan March 2, 1973 attack by Black September Palestinian Terrorists
Rodger Davies Cyprus Nicosia  Cyprus August 19, 1974 attack during Greek Cypriot demonstration
Francis Meloy Lebanon Beirut  Lebanon June 16, 1976 attack by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Adolph Dubs Afghanistan Kabul  Afghanistan February 14, 1979 attack by Settam-e-Melli
Arnold Raphel Pakistan Bahawalpur  Pakistan August 17, 1988 plane crash
Chris Stevens Libya Benghazi  Libya September 11, 2012 attack by Ansar al-Sharia on a U.S. diplomatic mission

Ambassadors to past countries[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "U.S. Ambassadors: Current List of Ambassadorial Appointments Overseas (listings arranged by date)". state.gov. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  2. ^ "Ambassadorial Assignments Overseas" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. December 4, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  3. ^ "Chiefs of Mission Listed by Country". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Ambassadors at Large". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  5. ^ "Chiefs of Mission to International Organizations". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  6. ^ U.S. Senate – Powers & Procedure, Senate.gov; retrieved May 25, 2012.
  7. ^ Henry B. Hogue. "Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-05-25.
  8. ^ Harris, Gardiner (June 6, 2018). "A Growing List of U.S. Diplomats Acting Undiplomatically". nytimes.com. New York Times. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  9. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. Leyla Moses-Ones". September 2018. Archived from the original on September 28, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2018. NOTE: Nominee Kathleen Ann Kavalec is awaiting Senate confirmation as new Ambassador to Albania, www.state.gov/m/dghr/coc/284673.htm (Dec. 2018)
  10. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Spain, resident at Madrid, is also accredited to Andorra.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g The United States Ambassador to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, resident in Bridgetown, Barbados, is concurrently accredited to Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  12. ^ Lynne M. Tracy awaiting Senate confirmation. "PN2548 — Lynne M. Tracy — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  13. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Rafik Mansour". am.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  14. ^ Arthur B. Culvahouse Jr. awaiting Senate confirmation. "PN2645 — Arthur B. Culvahouse Jr. — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  15. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires James Carouso". au.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  16. ^ Earle D. Litzenberger awaiting Senate confirmation. "PN2509 — Earle D. Litzenberger — Department of State". www.congress.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  17. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. William R. Gill". az.usembassy.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  18. ^ "PN462 — Doug Manchester — Department of State (2017-18)". www.congress.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  19. ^ Meyer, Theodoric; Levine, Marianne (May 16, 2018). "Manchester hires lobbyist to salvage ambassador nomination". politico.com. Politico LLC. Archived from the original on July 12, 2017. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  20. ^ "PN1384 — Doug Manchester — Department of State (2018-)". www.congress.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  21. ^ "U.S. Relations With Belarus". state.gov. April 12, 2018. Archived from the original on December 10, 2018. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  22. ^ "Chargé d'affaires Jenifer H. Moore".
  23. ^ President Morales ordered the expulsion of U.S. Ambassador Philip Goldberg as well as all U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration personnel in September 2008. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Bolivian Ambassador in Washington, Gustavo Guzman. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Bolivia
  24. ^ In 1989 the military government of Burma changed the name of the nation to Myanmar, but the United States government—and other Western governments—still refer to the country as Burma in official usage. See Myanmar.
  25. ^ Embassy suspended operations on December 28, 2012. French embassy acted as protecting power from April 25, 2013. Relations resumed from September 15, 2014
  26. ^ Department of State – Central African Republic: Resumption of Operations at Embassy Bangui
  27. ^ 7 FAM 1022 – Bilateral Protecting Power Arrangements
  28. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Antananarivo, is accredited to Madagascar and Comoros.
  29. ^ a b c d One ambassador, resident at Suva, is accredited to Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu. Source U.S. Embassy Suva.
  30. ^ a b As of December 2006, the U.S. ambassador to France is also accredited to Monaco.
  31. ^ O'Sullivan, Jim (Aug 3, 2017). "Jamie McCourt to be nominated as ambassador to France". Boston Globe.
  32. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Libreville, is accredited to Gabon and São Tomé and Príncipe. Source: U.S. State Department
  33. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Dakar, is accredited to Guinea-Bissau and Senegal.
  34. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Rome is also accredited to San Marino. The U.S. Consulate in Florence handles matters concerned with San Marino.
  35. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Bern, is accredited to Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
  36. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Colombo, is accredited to Maldives and Sri Lanka.
  37. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Port Louis, is accredited to Mauritius and Seychelles.
  38. ^ Until December 2006, the United States and Monaco had no formal diplomatic relations (exchange of ambassadors). The U.S. Consul General in Marseille, France, under the authority of the U.S. Ambassador to France, managed relations with Monaco. In December 2006, the United States and Monaco upgraded from consular to full diplomatic relations and Ambassador Craig Stapleton (France) was accredited to Monaco. Source: Department of State: Background notes on Monaco, U.S. Embassy in France: U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Monaco.
  39. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Wellington, is accredited to New Zealand and Samoa.
  40. ^ American citizens who travel to North Korea do so at their own risk and in some cases in violation of U.S. and/or UN sanctions.
  41. ^ a b Until 2005 one ambassador, resident at Manila, was accredited to the Philippines and Palau. Source: CIA World Factbook. Helen Reed-Rowe is the first ambassador to Palau to be confirmed in 2010.
  42. ^ a b c One ambassador, resident at Port Moresby, is accredited to Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu.
  43. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires, a.i. William Grant". November 30, 2017. Archived from the original on October 18, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  44. ^ Managed through the U.S. Embassy in Kenya. The United States has no diplomatic relations with Somalia. The last ambassador to Somalia was James Bishop when the embassy in Mogadishu was closed on January 5, 1991. Source: U.S State Department.
  45. ^ "Virtual Presence Post Somalia".
  46. ^ The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum was closed on February 7, 1996. Timothy Michael Carney was the last ambassador to Sudan. The embassy was reopened on May 23, 2002, with Jeffrey Millington as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim. There has been no U.S. ambassador in Khartoum since then. Source U.S. Department of State.
  47. ^ After formal relations were reestablished in 2010 after five years, the embassy was again suspended on February 6, 2014. Poland became the protecting power until its embassy closed on July 27, at which point the Czech Republic took responsibility.
  48. ^ The ambassador to the U.K. is known as the "Ambassador to the Court of St. James's."
  49. ^ President Chavez ordered the expulsion of the U.S. Ambassador, John Duddy, on September 11, 2008, in solidarity with the Bolivian government's decision to expel the U.S. Ambassador in La Paz. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Venezuelan Ambassador in Washington. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Venezuela
  50. ^ The US neither recognizes Moroccan claims to sovereignty over Western Sahara. Sources: Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Morocco.
  51. ^ Haberman, Maggie (October 9, 2018). "Nikki Haley to Resign as Trump's Ambassador to the U.N." www.nytimes.com. New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2018. Resignation to take effect at end of 2018.
  52. ^ United States Ambassadors at Large
  53. ^ a b Assistant Secretaries and Other Senior Officials
  54. ^ While solely accredited to Curaçao, the Consul General is responsible for all the countries and special municipalities of the former Netherlands Antilles, including Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius.
  55. ^ a b The United States Consul General to Hong Kong, resident in Hong Kong, is concurrently accredited to Macau.
  56. ^ The Consul General to Jerusalem is also responsible for residents in the Palestinian territories.
  57. ^ "Special Envoys, Representatives and Coordinators". American Foreign Service Association. October 26, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
  58. ^ Alphabetical List of Bureaus and Offices
  59. ^ a b "Bhutan (08/04)". United States Department of State.
  60. ^ Goshko, John M.; Walsh, Edward (April 8, 1980). "U.S. Breaks Diplomatic Ties With Iran: Carter Breaks Ties, Orders Ouster of Iranian Diplomats". The Washington Post. p. A1.
  61. ^ "Former No. 2 Iran Diplomat To Be Allowed Back in U.S." The Washington Post. April 25, 1980. p. A27.
  62. ^ "Chapter 3 - State Sponsors of Terrorism Overview". State.gov. Retrieved 2011-09-04.
  63. ^ "The Embassy | SwedenAbroad". swedenabroad.com. Retrieved 2016-10-10.
  64. ^ Roy, Denny (2003). Taiwan: a political history (1. publ. ed.). Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801488054.
  65. ^ "US Ambassadors Killed in the Line of Duty". Associated Press. 2012-09-12. Archived from the original on 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-09-12.

External links[edit]