United States at the Olympics
|United States at the
|NOC||United States Olympic Committee|
|Other related appearances|
|1906 Intercalated Games|
The United States of America have sent athletes to every celebration of the modern Olympic Games, except the 1980 Summer Olympics, during which it led a boycott. The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is the National Olympic Committee for the United States.
U.S. athletes have won a total of 2,521 medals (1,022 of them being gold) at the Summer Olympic Games and another 282 at the Winter Olympic Games. Most medals have been won in athletics (track and field) (801, 32%) and swimming (553, 22%). Thomas Burke was the first athlete to represent the United States at the Olympics. He took first place in both the 100 meters and the 400 meters of the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. American track and field athlete James Connolly was the first modern Olympic champion. He took first place in the triple jump which was the first opening day final event at the 1896 Summer Olympics. American swimmer Michael Phelps is the most-decorated Olympic athlete of any nation, with 28 medals (including 23 golds).
The United States has won gold at every games at which it has competed, more gold and overall medals than any other country in the Summer Games and also has the second-most gold and overall medals at the Winter Games, trailing only Norway. From the mid-20th century to the late 1980s, the United States mainly competed with the Soviet Union at Summer Games and with the Soviet Union, Norway, and East Germany at the Winter Games. However, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it now primarily contends with China at the Summer Games for both the overall medal count and the gold medal count and with Norway at the Winter Games for the overall medal count.
The United States has topped the total medal count at 17 Summer Olympics and two Winter Olympics: 1932 in Lake Placid and 2010 in Vancouver. At the 2010 games, the United States set a record for the most total medals (37) of any country at a single Winter Olympics.
The United States have hosted the Games on eight occasions, more than any other country:
|1904 Summer Olympics||St. Louis, Missouri||1 July – 23 November||12||651||91|
|1932 Winter Olympics||Lake Placid, New York||7 – 15 February||17||252||14|
|1932 Summer Olympics||Los Angeles, California||30 July – 14 August||37||1,332||117|
|1960 Winter Olympics||Squaw Valley, California||2 – 20 February||30||665||27|
|1980 Winter Olympics||Lake Placid, New York||13 – 24 February||37||1,072||38|
|1984 Summer Olympics||Los Angeles, California||28 July – 12 August||140||6,829||221|
|1996 Summer Olympics||Atlanta, Georgia||19 July – 4 August||197||10,318||271|
|2002 Winter Olympics||Salt Lake City, Utah||8 – 24 February||77||2,399||78|
- *Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
Medals by Summer Games
Medals by Winter Games
Medals by summer sport
Updated on March 1, 2017
Medals by winter sport
Leading in that sport
Updated on March 1, 2014
Amateurism and professionalism
The exclusion of professionals caused several controversies throughout the history of the modern Olympics. The 1912 Olympic pentathlon and decathlon champion Jim Thorpe was stripped of his medals when it was discovered that he had played semi-professional baseball before the Olympics. His medals were posthumously restored by the IOC in 1983 on compassionate grounds.
The advent of the state-sponsored "full-time amateur athlete" of the Eastern Bloc countries eroded the ideology of the pure amateur, as it put the self-financed amateurs of the Western countries at a disadvantage. The Soviet Union entered teams of athletes who were all nominally students, soldiers, or working in a profession, but many of whom were in reality paid by the state to train on a full-time basis. As a result, the Olympics has shifted away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Pierre de Coubertin, to allowing participation of professional athletes.
- Warren Wofford was the flagbearer in the (Equestrian) parade in Stockholm for the Olympics Equestrian Sports Association events held there because a quarantine imposed on horses prevented equestrian events from taking place in Australia
- First woman to carry the flag at the Olympics for United States
- "Jim Thorpe Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
- Benjamin, Daniel (1992-07-27). "Traditions Pro Vs. Amateur". Time. Retrieved 2009-03-18.
- Schantz, Otto. "The Olympic Ideal and the Winter Games Attitudes Towards the Olympic Winter Games in Olympic Discourses—from Coubertin to Samaranch" (PDF). Comité International Pierre De Coubertin. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 5, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2008.