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List of United States cities by crime rate

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The following table of United States cities by crime rate is based on Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports statistics.[1]

The population numbers are based on U.S. Census estimates for the year end. The number of murders includes nonnegligent manslaughter. This list is based on the reporting. In most cases, the city and the reporting agency are identical. However, in some cases such as Charlotte, Honolulu, and Las Vegas, the reporting agency has more than one municipality.

Murder is the only statistic that all agencies are required to report. Consequently, some agencies do not report all the crimes. If components are missing the total is adjusted to 0.

Note about population

Often, one obtains very different results depending on whether crime rates are measured for the city jurisdiction or the metropolitan area.[2]

Information is voluntarily submitted by each jurisdiction and some jurisdictions do not appear in the table because they either did not submit data or they did not meet deadlines.

The FBI website has this disclaimer on population estimates:

For the 2009 population estimates used in this table, the FBI computed individual rates of growth from one year to the next for every city/town and county using 2000 decennial population counts and 2001 through 2009 population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau. Each agency’s rates of growth were averaged; that average was then applied and added to its 2008 Census population estimate to derive the agency’s 2009 population estimate.[3]

Crime rates per 100,000 people

State City Population Violent Crime Murder and

Nonnegligent Manslaughter

Rape Robbery Aggravated Assault Property Crime Burglary Larceny-Theft Motor Vehicle Theft Arson1
New Mexico Albuquerque 559,721 965.8 7.7 72.2 301.2 584.8 6073.2 1071.2 4076.7 925.3 15.9
California Anaheim 349,471 363.7 5.2 36.9 125.6 196.0 2872.3 422.4 1972.4 477.6 8.0
Alaska Anchorage 301,239 1070.9 8.6 171.6 206.1 684.5 3917.5 559.4 2975.0 383.1 35.2
Texas Arlington 387,565 502.1 2.1 53.7 136.5 309.9 3443.6 559.9 2657.1 226.5 7.5
Georgia Atlanta 464,710 1119.6 20.2 36.6 429.3 633.5 5499.3 1028.8 3549.1 921.4 10.8
Colorado Aurora 360,237 460.8 6.7 97.7 124.1 232.3 2936.7 467.2 2119.4 350.0 17.8
Texas Austin 938,728 372.5 2.5 51.9 99.0 219.2 3771.0 532.6 2990.0 248.3 9.7
California Bakersfield 373,887 484.1 5.9 19.0 175.2 284.0 4161.4 1036.9 2484.2 640.3 90.7
Maryland Baltimore 621,252 1535.9 55.4 46.2 694.2 740.1 4980.4 1248.6 2842.3 889.5 41.9
Massachusetts Boston 665,258 706.8 5.7 36.1 233.1 431.9 2316.1 354.3 1769.5 192.3 N/A
New York Buffalo 258,096 1118.6 15.9 67.0 400.2 635.4 4330.2 1076.0 2875.3 378.9 67.0
Arizona Chandler 258,875 189.3 0.4 30.5 44.0 114.3 2083.2 297.4 1686.9 98.9 17.4
North Carolina Charlotte-Mecklenburg 877,817 677.6 6.9 24.6 221.8 424.2 3767.9 769.5 2744.4 253.9 24.6
Illinois Chicago 2,728,695 903.8 17.5 52.5 353.6 480.2 2946.3 482.0 2089.7 374.6 19.6
California Chula Vista 265,215 265.8 2.3 23.8 90.1 149.7 1741.6 267.7 1166.2 307.7 10.2
Ohio Cincinnati 298,478 925.0 22.1 79.1 423.1 400.7 5510.0 1478.5 3642.8 388.6 147.4
Ohio Cleveland* 388,655 1334.3 16.2 124.0 769.3 424.8 5434.4 1787.7 2659.2 987.5 78.2
Colorado Colorado Springs 452,410 438.3 5.5 75.4 83.1 274.3 3648.0 533.6 2732.7 381.7 27.9
Ohio Columbus 847,745 546.3 9.1 95.1 264.2 177.9 3934.3 851.6 2715.6 367.2 47.8
Texas Corpus Christi 324,326 645.0 5.2 86.9 121.5 431.4 3465.6 674.6 2632.8 158.2 18.2
Texas Dallas 1,301,977 694.2 10.4 60.1 320.8 302.8 3440.2 854.2 2002.8 583.3 26.8
Colorado Denver 682,418 673.9 7.8 80.3 180.2 405.6 3529.9 697.8 2192.5 639.6 16.4
Michigan Detroit 673,225 1759.6 43.8 78.7 513.5 1123.5 4093.6 1161.6 2157.2 774.8 125.1
North Carolina Durham 257,911 847.2 13.2 28.7 286.1 519.2 4115.8 1234.5 2644.7 236.5 12.0
Texas El Paso 686,077 366.6 2.5 46.9 59.8 257.4 1914.2 206.8 1591.1 116.3 8.3
Indiana Fort Wayne 259,712 378.9 9.6 37.3 171.7 160.2 3058.4 569.9 2360.7 127.8 18.9
Texas Fort Worth 829,731 525.4 6.7 62.2 118.2 338.2 3585.7 723.7 2589.9 272.1 17.1
California Fresno 520,837 551.2 7.5 32.1 194.3 317.4 4148.3 850.4 2723.3 574.7 49.0
North Carolina Greensboro 285,950 597.0 9.1 25.2 185.3 377.3 3568.5 828.5 2551.5 188.5 34.6
Nevada Henderson 282,554 168.5 1.4 34.7 63.7 68.7 1893.1 479.9 1225.6 187.6 7.1
Hawaii Honolulu 999,307 243.9 1.5 31.8 89.7 120.9 3110.7 428.7 2294.6 387.4 23.1
Texas Houston 2,275,221 966.7 13.3 43.3 451.7 458.3 4397.5 872.8 2928.7 596.0 29.5
Indiana Indianapolis 863,675 1288.0 17.1 78.4 440.2 752.3 4790.8 1283.5 2929.5 577.9 N/A
California Irvine 258,198 55.8 0.8 10.5 22.1 22.5 1498.1 202.6 1217.7 77.8 3.1
Florida Jacksonville 867,258 648.3 11.2 54.3 161.2 421.6 3673.0 701.3 2704.6 267.0 8.2
New Jersey Jersey City 265,159 521.6 10.2 36.6 207.0 267.8 1594.9 368.1 998.6 228.2 23.4
Missouri Kansas City 473,373 1417.3 23.0 77.3 359.8 957.2 4441.3 1029.0 2587.6 824.7 41.8
Texas Laredo 256,280 379.3 3.1 51.9 63.2 261.0 3370.9 405.8 2843.8 121.4 34.3
Nevada Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department 1,562,134 920.7 8.1 70.9 320.7 521.0 2995.3 952.3 1537.0 506.0 8.6
Kentucky Lexington 314,077 332.4 4.8 51.9 162.7 113.0 3949.7 797.6 2834.0 318.1 15.0
Nebraska Lincoln 276,585 370.6 0.4 69.8 77.4 223.1 3265.9 480.1 2655.2 130.5 32.9
California Long Beach 476,318 580.7 7.6 37.2 221.3 314.7 3010.0 649.6 1766.3 594.1 14.5
California Los Angeles 3,962,726 634.8 7.1 55.7 225.9 346.0 2359.6 407.8 1544.2 407.6 28.5
Kentucky Louisville Metro 680,550 631.8 11.9 30.1 227.0 362.8 4166.0 922.3 2769.8 473.9 N/A
Tennessee Memphis 657,936 1740.1 20.5 80.6 475.9 1163.2 5630.8 1561.2 3655.2 414.3 45.9
Arizona Mesa 471,034 418.7 3.4 51.2 86.6 277.5 2527.4 471.1 1881.2 175.1 17.0
Florida Miami 437,969 1021.3 17.1 18.3 383.8 602.1 4367.4 709.9 3132.9 524.7 20.8
Wisconsin Milwaukee 600,400 1596.1 24.2 72.6 624.4 874.9 4264.2 912.9 2122.1 1229.2 37.1
Minnesota Minneapolis 413,479 1062.9 11.4 98.4 458.5 494.6 4193.9 859.8 2918.9 415.3 28.1
Alabama Mobile2 250,346 610.8 9.6 46.3 160.6 394.3 4311.6 882.0 3186.4 243.3 N/A
Tennessee Nashville Metropolitan 658,029 1101.0 10.9 77.0 280.7 732.3 3805.8 779.9 2805.8 220.1 8.1
Louisiana New Orleans 393,447 949.6 41.7 104.0 380.5 423.4 3874.2 736.6 2497.9 639.7 9.1
New York New York 8,550,861 585.8 4.1 26.2 198.2 357.2 1518.7 164.9 1267.4 86.4 N/A
New Jersey Newark* 279,110 1077.7 33.3 17.6 688.6 338.2 2851.2 622.0 1365.1 864.2 14.0
California Oakland 419,481 1442.5 20.3 67.9 784.3 570.0 5856.8 794.6 3539.1 1523.1 42.7
Oklahoma Oklahoma City 630,621 765.6 11.6 76.1 189.0 488.9 3956.1 923.4 2573.3 459.4 14.7
Nebraska Omaha 452,252 515.0 10.6 38.5 144.8 321.1 3595.6 477.6 2555.7 562.3 17.9
Florida Orlando 268,438 940.6 11.9 67.8 194.5 666.4 6015.5 1267.0 4309.0 439.6 14.5
Pennsylvania Philadelphia 1,567,810 1029.0 17.9 84.3 431.5 495.3 3147.4 515.6 2310.7 321.1 21.0
Arizona Phoenix 1,559,744 593.8 7.2 65.1 193.6 327.8 3491.3 820.5 2198.3 472.5 N/A
Pennsylvania Pittsburgh 306,870 706.2 18.6 26.7 279.6 381.3 3224.5 715.9 2312.7 195.8 56.0
Texas Plano 282,968 153.0 1.4 32.2 41.0 78.5 1799.1 260.1 1442.9 96.1 6.7
Oregon Portland* 615,672 472.8 4.2 42.6 137.6 288.5 5234.8 673.4 4013.0 548.3 27.0
North Carolina Raleigh** 428,993 392.3 2.8 18.4 141.0 230.1 3063.0 735.9 2162.7 164.3 12.6
California Riverside 323,064 446.0 3.1 42.4 161.0 239.6 3259.7 505.5 2211.3 542.9 22.0
California Sacramento 489,717 737.4 8.8 21.4 239.7 467.4 3369.5 758.2 2014.4 596.9 28.6
Texas San Antonio 1,463,586 587.2 6.4 71.7 135.7 373.4 5029.5 794.8 3812.8 422.0 17.8
California San Diego 1,400,467 398.6 2.6 40.4 98.4 257.1 2082.0 366.2 1351.9 363.9 12.4
California San Francisco 863,782 776.8 6.1 39.8 417.9 312.9 6138.0 600.4 4737.1 800.5 31.5
California San Jose 1,031,458 329.6 2.9 36.4 110.5 179.8 2427.1 474.7 1273.7 678.7 9.0
California Santa Ana 337,304 482.1 3.6 45.7 155.1 277.8 2155.3 269.5 1332.3 553.5 11.0
Washington Seattle 683,700 598.7 3.4 21.1 224.1 350.2 5522.0 1122.9 3831.9 567.2 13.5
Missouri St. Louis 317,095 1817.1 59.3 82.9 564.5 1110.4 6316.1 1325.2 3998.8 992.1 70.3
Minnesota St. Paul 300,721 703.3 5.3 67.8 237.4 392.7 3282.1 706.6 1994.2 581.3 39.9
Florida St. Petersburg 255,821 741.9 5.5 53.2 224.0 459.3 5622.7 906.5 4120.9 595.3 25.0
California Stockton 304,890 1352.0 16.1 44.3 375.2 916.4 4263.2 948.2 2662.9 652.0 33.8
Florida Tampa 364,383 630.7 9.3 21.1 184.1 416.0 2295.9 503.0 1629.3 163.6 14.8
Ohio Toledo 279,552 1128.9 8.6 81.6 322.7 716.1 4475.0 1476.3 2676.8 321.9 N/A
Arizona Tucson 529,675 655.5 5.9 79.7 199.9 370.0 6642.8 691.7 5586.8 364.2 22.1
Oklahoma Tulsa 401,520 903.6 13.7 90.9 212.7 586.3 5203.2 1372.8 3170.2 660.2 43.3
Virginia Virginia Beach 452,797 138.3 4.2 22.7 59.6 51.7 2205.6 211.1 1898.4 96.1 21.0
District Of Columbia Washington 672,228 1202.6 24.1 73.5 506.4 598.6 4516.2 442.0 3599.1 475.1 N/A
Kansas Wichita 389,824 984.8 6.9 89.5 188.0 700.3 5041.2 892.7 3623.9 524.6 33.1

Notes: * 2014 Data

** 2013 Data

1 The FBI does not publish arson data unless it receives data from either the agency or the state for all 12 months of the calendar year.

2 The population for the city of Mobile, Alabama, includes 55,819 inhabitants from the jurisdiction of the Mobile County Sheriff's Department.

Criticism of ranking crime data

The FBI web site recommends against using its data for ranking because these rankings lead to simplistic and/or incomplete analyses that often create misleading perceptions adversely affecting cities and counties, along with their residents.[4] The FBI web site also recommends against using its data to judge how effective law enforcement agencies are, since there are many factors that influence crime rates other than law enforcement.[5]

In November 2007, the executive board of the American Society of Criminology (ASC) went further than the FBI itself, and approved a resolution opposing not only the use of the ratings to judge police departments, but also opposing any development of city crime rankings from FBI Uniform Crime Reports (UCRs) at all. The resolution opposed these rankings on the grounds that they "fail to account for the many conditions affecting crime rates" and "divert attention from the individual and community characteristics that elevate crime in all cities", though it did not provide sources or further elaborate on these claims. The resolution states the rankings "represent an irresponsible misuse of the data and do groundless harm to many communities" and "work against a key goal of our society, which is a better understanding of crime-related issues by both scientists and the public".[6]

The U.S. Conference of Mayors passed a similar statement, which also committed the Conference to working with the FBI and the U.S. Department of Justice "to educate reporters, elected officials, and citizens on what the (UCR) data means and doesn't mean."[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Crime in the United States by Metropolitan Statistical Area, 2015". FBI. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "Crime Rankings 2011-2012". CQ Press. 
  3. ^ "Table 08, Data Declaration - Crime in the United States 2010". Fbi.gov. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Caution Against Ranking". FBI. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "A Word About UCR Data". FBI. Retrieved 12 October 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Criminologists Condemn City crime rankings (November 16, 2008).PRNewswire. Retrieved 13 January 2008.

External links