United States elections, 2016

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2016 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election day November 8, 2016
Senate elections
Seats contested 34 seats of Class III
Color coded map of 2016 Senate races
Map of the 2016 Senate races
Dark blue: Incumbent Democrat
Light blue: Retiring Democrat
Dark red: Incumbent Republican
Light red: Retiring Republican
Gray: no election
House elections
Seats contested All 435 voting-member seats to the 115th Congress and all 6 non-voting delegate seats
US House 2016 open seats.svg

Map of the 2016 House races (delegate races not shown)
Democratic-held seats:      Retiring      Not retiring

Republican-held seats:      Retiring      Not retiring
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested 12 state governorships, 2 territorial governorships
Color coded map of 2016 Gubernatorial races
Map of the 2016 gubernatorial races
Light red: Term-limited or Retiring Republican
Dark red: Incumbent Republican
Light blue: Term-limited or Retiring Democrat
Dark blue: Incumbent Democrat
Gray: no election

The 2016 United States elections will be held (for the most part) on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. During this presidential election year, the President of the United States and Vice President will be elected. In addition, elections will be held for all 435 voting-member seats in the United States House of Representatives (as well as all 6 non-voting delegate seats) and 34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate. Twelve state governorships, two territorial governorships, and numerous other state and local elections will also be contested.

Federal elections[edit]

Presidential election[edit]

The United States presidential election of 2016 will be the 58th quadrennial U.S. presidential election. The current electoral vote distribution was determined by the 2010 census. Presidential electors who will elect the President and Vice President of the United States will be chosen; a simple majority (270) of the 538 electoral votes are required to win the election. The incumbent president, Democrat Barack Obama, is ineligible to be elected to a third term due to term limits established by the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution. Businessman and reality television personality Donald Trump of New York became the Republican Party's presidential nominee on July 19, 2016, after defeating Texas Senator Ted Cruz, Ohio Governor John Kasich, Florida Senator Marco Rubio and several other candidates in the Republican primary elections.[1] Former Secretary of State and New York Senator Hillary Clinton became the Democratic Party's presidential nominee on July 26, 2016 after defeating Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders. This is the first election with a female candidate from a major political party. It is also the first election since 1944 that had major party candidates from the same home state. Assuming Barack Obama serves out his full term, the winner of this election will become the 45th President of the United States.

Congressional elections[edit]

Senate elections[edit]

All seats in Senate Class III will be up for election. Additionally, special elections may be held to fill vacancies in the other two Senate Classes. Democrats may be better positioned to make gains in this cycle, due to the number of Republican Senators in Democratic-leaning states.[1]

House of Representatives elections[edit]

All 435 voting seats in the United States House of Representatives will be up for election. Additionally, elections will be held to select the Delegate for the District of Columbia as well as the delegates from U.S. territories. This includes the Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, who serves a four-year term.

State elections[edit]

Gubernatorial elections[edit]

Elections will be held for the governorships of twelve of the fifty U.S. states and two U.S. territories. A special election is being held in Oregon after the resignation of John Kitzhaber as Governor. Special elections may be held for vacancies in the other states and territories, if required by respective state/territorial constitutions.

Legislative elections[edit]

In 2016, 44 states are holding state legislative elections; 86 of the 99 chambers are up for election. Only six states are not holding state legislative elections: Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, and Virginia hold legislative elections in odd-numbered years, while Alabama and Maryland holds their next legislative elections in 2018.[2]

Other elections and ballot measures[edit]

Many states will also hold elections for other elected offices, such as attorney general. Many states will also hold ballot measures.

Local elections[edit]

Mayoral elections[edit]

Mayoral elections will take place in many cities, including:

Table of state, territorial, and federal results[edit]

This table shows the partisan results of Congressional, gubernatorial, presidential, and state legislative races held in each state and territory in 2016. Note that not all states and territories hold gubernatorial, state legislative, and United States Senate elections in 2016; additionally, the territories do not have electoral votes in American presidential elections, and neither Washington, D.C. nor the territories elect members of the United States Senate. Washington, D.C. and the five inhabited territories each elect one non-voting member of the United States House of Representatives. Nebraska's unicameral legislature and the governorship and legislature of American Samoa are officially non-partisan. In the table, offices/legislatures that are not up for election in 2016 are already filled in for the "after 2016 elections" section, although vacancies and/or party switching could potentially lead to a flip in partisan control.

Subdivision and PVI[8] Before 2016 elections[9] After 2016 elections
Subdivision PVI Governor State leg. US Senate US House Pres. Governor State leg. US Senate US House
Alabama R+14 Rep Rep Rep Rep 6-1 Rep Rep
Alaska R+12 Ind Rep Rep Rep 1-0 Ind
Arizona R+7 Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-4 Rep
Arkansas R+14 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0 Rep
California D+9 Dem Dem Dem Dem 39-14 Dem Dem[10]
Colorado D+1 Dem Split Split Rep 4-3 Dem
Connecticut D+7 Dem Dem Dem Dem 5-0 Dem
Delaware D+8 Dem Dem Dem Dem 1-0 Dem
Florida R+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 17-10 Rep
Georgia R+6 Rep Rep Rep Rep 10-4 Rep
Hawaii D+20 Dem Dem Dem Dem 2-0 Dem
Idaho R+18 Rep Rep Rep Rep 2-0 Rep
Illinois D+8 Rep Dem Split Dem 10-8 Rep
Indiana R+5 Rep Rep Split Rep 7-2
Iowa D+1 Rep Split Rep Rep 3-1 Rep
Kansas R+12 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0 Rep
Kentucky R+13 Rep Split Rep Rep 5-1 Rep
Louisiana R+12 Dem Rep Rep Rep 5-1 Dem Rep
Maine D+5 Rep Split Split R/I[11] Split 1-1 Rep Split R/I[11]
Maryland D+10 Rep Dem Dem Dem 7-1 Rep Dem
Massachusetts D+10 Rep Dem Dem Dem 9-0 Rep Dem
Michigan D+4 Rep Rep Dem Rep 9-5 Rep Dem
Minnesota D+2 Dem Split Dem Dem 5-3 Dem Dem
Mississippi R+9 Rep Rep Rep Rep 3-1 Rep Rep Rep
Missouri R+5 Dem Rep Split Rep 6-2
Montana R+7 Dem Rep Split Rep 1-0 Split
Nebraska R+12 Rep NP Rep Rep 2-1 Rep NP Rep
Nevada D+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 3-1 Rep
New Hampshire D+1 Dem Rep Split Split 1-1
New Jersey D+6 Rep Dem Dem Split 6-6 Rep Dem Dem
New Mexico D+4 Rep Split Dem Dem 2-1 Rep Dem
New York D+11 Dem Split[12] Dem Dem 18-9 Dem
North Carolina R+3 Rep Rep Rep Rep 10-3
North Dakota R+10 Rep Rep Split Rep 1-0
Ohio R+1 Rep Rep Split Rep 12-4 Rep
Oklahoma R+19 Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-0 Rep
Oregon D+5 Dem Dem Dem Dem 4-1
Pennsylvania D+1 Dem Rep Split Rep 13-5 Dem
Rhode Island D+11 Dem Dem Dem Dem 2-0 Dem Dem
South Carolina R+8 Rep Rep Rep Rep 6-1 Rep
South Dakota R+10 Rep Rep Rep Rep 1-0 Rep
Tennessee R+12 Rep Rep Rep Rep 7-2 Rep Rep
Texas R+10 Rep Rep Rep Rep 25-11 Rep Rep
Utah R+22 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0
Vermont D+16 Dem Dem Split D/I[13] Dem 1-0
Virginia Even Dem Rep Dem Rep 8-3 Dem Rep Dem
Washington D+5 Dem Split[12] Dem Dem 6-4
West Virginia R+13 Dem Rep Split Rep 3-0 Split
Wisconsin D+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 5-3 Rep
Wyoming R+22 Rep Rep Rep Rep 1-0 Rep Rep
United States Even Rep 31-18 Rep 30-11 Rep 54-46[14] Rep 247-188
Washington, D.C. D+40 Dem[15] Dem N/A Dem Dem[15] N/A
American Samoa N/A NP NP Rep N/A NP NP
Guam Rep Dem Dem Rep
N. Mariana Islands Rep Split Ind Rep
Puerto Rico PDP PDP PNP/Dem
U.S. Virgin Islands Ind Dem Dem Ind
Subdivision PVI Governor State leg. US Senate US House Pres. Governor State leg. US Senate US House
Subdivision and PVI Before 2016 elections After 2016 elections


  1. ^ Kondik, Kyle (February 28, 2013) [1], Sabato's Crystal Ball. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
  2. ^ Warnock, Kae (11 March 2016). "2016 LEGISLATIVE RACES BY STATE AND LEGISLATIVE CHAMBER". National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Baltimore Mayor Rawlings-Blake says she won't seek re-election". Fox News. Retrieved September 14, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Caldwell Has $1.6M For Re-Election". Honolulu Civil Beat. February 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Tom Barrett, Bob Donovan finalists for Milwaukee mayor race". WTMJ. February 16, 2016. 
  6. ^ Theen, Andrew (October 26, 2015). "Portland Mayor Charlie Hales withdraws re-election bid". OregonLive. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Sacramento Mayor Kevin Johnson won't run for another term". Los Angeles Times. October 21, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Partisan Voter Index by State, 1994-2014" (PDF). Cook Political Report. Retrieved 19 May 2016.  PVI in 2014
  9. ^ "2016 State and Legislative Partisan Composition" (PDF). National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  10. ^ California held an open primary, where all candidates from all parties competed. The top two candidates will compete against each other for the seat in the general election. The top two were both Democrats, meaning there are only Democrats competing for the seat in the general election.
  11. ^ a b One of Maine's Senators is a Republican, the other (Angus King) is an independent who has caucused with the Democrats in since taking office in 2013.
  12. ^ a b In New York and Washington, Democrats control the House and a coalition of Republicans and Democrats control the Senate.
  13. ^ One of Vermont's Senators is a Democrat, the other (Bernie Sanders) was elected as an independent but has caucused with the Democrats since taking office in 2007.
  14. ^ Two independents caucus with the Democrats in the 114th United States Congress, while there are 44 Senators who were elected as Democrats.
  15. ^ a b Washington, D.C. does not elect a governor, but it does elect a mayor.