2016 United States elections

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2016 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election dayNovember 8, 2016
Incumbent presidentBarack Obama (Democratic)
Next Congress115th
Presidential election
Partisan controlRepublican gain
Popular vote marginDemocratic +2.1%
Electoral vote
Donald John Trump (R)304
Hillary Rodham Clinton (D)227
Others7
2016 United States presidential election in California2016 United States presidential election in Oregon2016 United States presidential election in Washington (state)2016 United States presidential election in Idaho2016 United States presidential election in Nevada2016 United States presidential election in Utah2016 United States presidential election in Arizona2016 United States presidential election in Montana2016 United States presidential election in Wyoming2016 United States presidential election in Colorado2016 United States presidential election in New Mexico2016 United States presidential election in North Dakota2016 United States presidential election in South Dakota2016 United States presidential election in Nebraska2016 United States presidential election in Kansas2016 United States presidential election in Oklahoma2016 United States presidential election in Texas2016 United States presidential election in Minnesota2016 United States presidential election in Iowa2016 United States presidential election in Missouri2016 United States presidential election in Arkansas2016 United States presidential election in Louisiana2016 United States presidential election in Wisconsin2016 United States presidential election in Illinois2016 United States presidential election in Michigan2016 United States presidential election in Indiana2016 United States presidential election in Ohio2016 United States presidential election in Kentucky2016 United States presidential election in Tennessee2016 United States presidential election in Mississippi2016 United States presidential election in Alabama2016 United States presidential election in Georgia2016 United States presidential election in Florida2016 United States presidential election in South Carolina2016 United States presidential election in North Carolina2016 United States presidential election in Virginia2016 United States presidential election in West Virginia2016 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia2016 United States presidential election in Maryland2016 United States presidential election in Delaware2016 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania2016 United States presidential election in New Jersey2016 United States presidential election in New York2016 United States presidential election in Connecticut2016 United States presidential election in Rhode Island2016 United States presidential election in Vermont2016 United States presidential election in New Hampshire2016 United States presidential election in Maine2016 United States presidential election in Massachusetts2016 United States presidential election in Hawaii2016 United States presidential election in Alaska2016 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia2016 United States presidential election in Maryland2016 United States presidential election in Delaware2016 United States presidential election in New Jersey2016 United States presidential election in Connecticut2016 United States presidential election in Rhode Island2016 United States presidential election in Massachusetts2016 United States presidential election in Vermont2016 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege2016.svg
About this image
Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Trump/Pence, blue denotes states won by Clinton/Kaine. Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state. Seven faithless electors cast votes for various individuals.
Senate elections
Overall controlRepublican Hold
Seats contested34 of 100 seats
Net seat changeDemocratic +2
2016 United States Senate election in Alabama2016 United States Senate election in Alaska2016 United States Senate election in Arizona2016 United States Senate election in Arkansas2016 United States Senate election in California2016 United States Senate election in Colorado2016 United States Senate election in Connecticut2016 United States Senate election in Florida2016 United States Senate election in Georgia2016 United States Senate election in Hawaii2016 United States Senate election in Idaho2016 United States Senate election in Illinois2016 United States Senate election in Indiana2016 United States Senate election in Iowa2016 United States Senate election in Kansas2016 United States Senate election in Kentucky2016 United States Senate election in Louisiana2016 United States Senate election in Maryland2016 United States Senate election in Missouri2016 United States Senate election in Nevada2016 United States Senate election in New Hampshire2016 United States Senate election in New York2016 United States Senate election in North Carolina2016 United States Senate election in North Dakota2016 United States Senate election in Ohio2016 United States Senate election in Oklahoma2016 United States Senate election in Oregon2016 United States Senate election in Pennsylvania2016 United States Senate election in South Carolina2016 United States Senate election in South Dakota2016 United States Senate election in Utah2016 United States Senate election in Vermont2016 United States Senate election in Washington2016 United States Senate election in Wisconsin2016 US Senate election results map.svg
About this image
2016 Senate results
     Democratic hold      Republican hold
     Democratic gain
House elections
Overall controlRepublican Hold
Seats contestedAll 435 voting-members and 6 non-voting delegates
Popular vote marginRepublican +1.1%
Net seat changeDemocratic +6
US House 2016.svg
Map of the 2016 House races (delegate races not shown)
     Democratic hold      Republican hold
     Democratic gain      Republican gain
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested14 (12 states, 2 territories)
Net seat changeRepublican +2
2016 Delaware gubernatorial election2016 Indiana gubernatorial election2016 Missouri gubernatorial election2016 Montana gubernatorial election2016 New Hampshire gubernatorial election2016 North Carolina gubernatorial election2016 North Dakota gubernatorial election2016 Oregon gubernatorial election2016 Utah gubernatorial election2016 Vermont gubernatorial election2016 Washington gubernatorial election2016 West Virginia gubernatorial election2016 American Samoa gubernatorial election2016 Puerto Rico gubernatorial election2016 gubernatorial election results map.svg
About this image
Map of the 2016 gubernatorial elections
     Democratic hold      Republican hold
     Democratic gain      Republican gain
Then-incumbent President Barack Obama casts his vote early in Chicago on October 7, 2016

The 2016 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. Republican businessman Donald Trump defeated Democratic former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the presidential election, while Republicans retained control of Congress.

Trump won his party's nomination after defeating Ted Cruz and several other candidates in the 2016 Republican presidential primaries. With Democratic President Barack Obama term-limited, Clinton defeated Bernie Sanders in the 2016 Democratic presidential primaries. Trump won the general election with 304 of the 538 electoral votes, though Clinton won the popular vote by a margin of 2.1 percentage points. The United States government's intelligence agencies later concluded that the Russian government had interfered in the elections.

Democrats won a net gain of two seats in the Senate and six seats in the House of Representatives, but Republicans retained control of both chambers. In the gubernatorial elections, Republicans won a net gain of two seats. Various other state, territorial, and local races and referenda were held throughout the year.

Federal elections[edit]

Presidential election[edit]

The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial presidential election. The electoral vote distribution was determined by the 2010 census from which presidential electors electing the President and Vice President were chosen; a simple majority (270) of the 538 electoral votes were required to win. Former President Barack Obama, a member of the Democratic Party, was ineligible to be elected to a third term due to term limits established by the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution. Businessman and reality television personality Donald Trump of New York won the Republican Party's presidential nomination on July 19, 2016, after defeating Texas Senator Ted Cruz, Ohio Governor John Kasich, Florida Senator Marco Rubio, and several other candidates in the Republican primary elections.[1] Former Secretary of State, First Lady and New York Senator Hillary Clinton won the Democratic Party's presidential nomination on July 26, 2016, after defeating Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders and others in the Democratic primary elections. This was the first election with a female presidential nominee from a major political party, as well as the first election since 1944 that had major party presidential nominees from the same home state. Clinton won the popular vote, taking 48% of the vote compared to Trump's 46% of the vote, but Trump won the electoral vote and thus the presidency. Libertarian Gary Johnson won 3.3% of the popular vote, the strongest performance by a third party presidential nominee since the 1996 election. Trump won the states of Michigan, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Florida, Ohio, and Iowa, all of which were won by Obama in 2008 and 2012. The election is one of five presidential elections in American history in which the winner of the popular vote did not win the presidency.

Russian interference[edit]

The United States government's intelligence agencies concluded the Russian government interfered in the 2016 United States elections.[1][2][3] A joint US intelligence review stated with high confidence that, "Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US presidential election. In May 2019, Republican Florida Governor Ron DeSantis announced Russians hacked voting databases in two Florida counties prior to the 2016 presidential election and no election results were compromised.[4][5][6]

Congressional elections[edit]

Senate elections[edit]

All seats in Senate Class 3 were up for election. Democrats won a net gain of two seats, but Republicans retained a majority with 52 seats in the 100-member chamber.[7]

House of Representatives elections[edit]

All 435 voting seats in the United States House of Representatives were up for election. Additionally, elections were held to select the delegates for the District of Columbia and the U.S. territories, including the Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico.

Democrats won a net gain of six seats, but Republicans held a 241-to-194 majority following the elections. Nationwide, Republicans won the popular vote for the House of Representatives by a margin of 1.1 percent.[8]

State elections[edit]

Gubernatorial elections[edit]

Regular elections were held for the governorships of 11 U.S. states and two U.S. territories. Additionally, a special election was held in Oregon after the resignation of John Kitzhaber as Governor. Republicans won a net gain of two seats.

Legislative elections[edit]

In 2016, 44 states held state legislative elections; 86 of the 99 chambers were up for election. Only six states did not hold state legislative elections: Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, Virginia, Alabama, and Maryland.[9]

Other elections and ballot measures[edit]

Many states also held elections for other elected offices, such as attorney general. Many states held ballot measures.[10]

Local elections[edit]

Mayoral elections[edit]

Mayoral elections were held in many cities, including:

Table of state, territorial, and federal results[edit]

This table shows the partisan results of Congressional, gubernatorial, presidential, and state legislative races held in each state and territory in 2016. Note that not all states and territories hold gubernatorial, state legislative, and United States Senate elections in 2016; additionally, the territories do not have electoral votes in American presidential elections, and neither Washington, D.C. nor the territories elect members of the United States Senate. Washington, D.C. and the five inhabited territories each elect one non-voting member of the United States House of Representatives. Nebraska's unicameral legislature and the governorship and legislature of American Samoa are officially non-partisan. In the table, offices/legislatures that are not up for election in 2016 are already filled in for the "after 2016 elections" section, although vacancies or party switching could potentially lead to a flip in partisan control.

Subdivision and PVI[18] Before 2016 elections[19] After 2016 elections[20]
Subdivision PVI Governor State leg. US Senate US House Pres. Governor State leg. US Senate US House
Alabama R+14 Rep Rep Rep Rep 6–1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 6–1
Alaska R+12 Ind Rep Rep Rep 1–0 Rep Ind Rep Rep Rep 1–0
Arizona R+7 Rep Rep Rep Rep 5–4 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 5–4
Arkansas R+14 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4–0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 4–0
California D+9 Dem Dem Dem Dem 39–14 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 39–14
Colorado D+1 Dem Split Split Rep 4–3 Dem Dem Split Split Rep 4–3
Connecticut D+7 Dem Dem Dem Dem 5–0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 5–0
Delaware D+8 Dem Dem Dem Dem 1–0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 1–0
Florida R+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 17–10 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 16–11
Georgia R+6 Rep Rep Rep Rep 10–4 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 10–4
Hawaii D+20 Dem Dem Dem Dem 2–0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 2–0
Idaho R+18 Rep Rep Rep Rep 2–0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 2–0
Illinois D+8 Rep Dem Split Dem 10–8 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 11–7
Indiana R+5 Rep Rep Split Rep 7–2 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 7–2
Iowa D+1 Rep Split Rep Rep 3–1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 3–1
Kansas R+12 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4–0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 4–0
Kentucky R+13 Rep Split Rep Rep 5–1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 5–1
Louisiana R+12 Dem Rep Rep Rep 5–1 Rep Dem Rep Rep Rep 5–1
Maine D+5 Rep Split Split R/I[a] Split 1–1 Dem Rep Split Split R/I[a] Split 1–1
Maryland D+10 Rep Dem Dem Dem 7–1 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 7–1
Massachusetts D+10 Rep Dem Dem Dem 9–0 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 9–0
Michigan D+4 Rep Rep Dem Rep 9–5 Rep Rep Rep Dem Rep 9–5
Minnesota D+2 Dem Split Dem Dem 5–3 Dem Dem Rep Dem Dem 5–3
Mississippi R+9 Rep Rep Rep Rep 3–1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 3–1
Missouri R+5 Dem Rep Split Rep 6–2 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 6–2
Montana R+7 Dem Rep Split Rep 1–0 Rep Dem Rep Split Rep 1–0
Nebraska R+12 Rep NP Rep Rep 2–1 Rep Rep NP Rep Rep 3–0
Nevada D+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 3–1 Dem Rep Dem Split Dem 3–1
New Hampshire D+1 Dem Rep Split Split 1–1 Dem Rep Rep Dem Dem 2–0
New Jersey D+6 Rep Dem Dem Split 6–6 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 7–5
New Mexico D+4 Rep Split Dem Dem 2–1 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 2–1
New York D+11 Dem Split[b] Dem Dem 18–9 Dem Dem Split Dem Dem 18–9
North Carolina R+3 Rep Rep Rep Rep 10–3 Rep Dem Rep Rep Rep 10–3
North Dakota R+10 Rep Rep Split Rep 1–0 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 1–0
Ohio R+1 Rep Rep Split Rep 12–4 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 12–4
Oklahoma R+19 Rep Rep Rep Rep 5–0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 5–0
Oregon D+5 Dem Dem Dem Dem 4–1 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 4–1
Pennsylvania D+1 Dem Rep Split Rep 13–5 Rep Dem Rep Split Rep 13–5
Rhode Island D+11 Dem Dem Dem Dem 2–0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 2–0
South Carolina R+8 Rep Rep Rep Rep 6–1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 6–1
South Dakota R+10 Rep Rep Rep Rep 1–0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 1–0
Tennessee R+12 Rep Rep Rep Rep 7–2 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 7–2
Texas R+10 Rep Rep Rep Rep 25–11 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 25–11
Utah R+22 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4–0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 4–0
Vermont D+16 Dem Dem Split D/I[c] Dem 1–0 Dem Rep Dem Split D/I[c] Dem 1–0
Virginia Even Dem Rep Dem Rep 8–3 Dem Dem Rep Dem Rep 7–4
Washington D+5 Dem Split[b] Dem Dem 6–4 Dem Dem Split Dem Dem 6–4
West Virginia R+13 Dem Rep Split Rep 3–0 Rep Dem Rep Split Rep 3–0
Wisconsin D+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 5–3 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 5–3
Wyoming R+22 Rep Rep Rep Rep 1–0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 1–0
United States Even Rep 31–18 Rep 30–11 Rep 54–46[d] Rep 247–188 Rep Rep 33–16 Rep 32–13 Rep 52–48[d] Rep 241–194
Washington, D.C. D+40 Dem[e] Dem N/A Dem Dem Dem[e] Dem N/A Dem
American Samoa N/A NP/I[f] NP Rep N/A NP/D[g] NP Rep
Guam Rep Dem Dem Rep Dem Dem
N. Mariana Islands Rep Split Ind[h] Rep Rep Ind[h]
Puerto Rico PDP/D[i] PDP PNP/D[j] PNP/D[k] PNP PNP/R[l]
U.S. Virgin Islands Ind Dem Dem Ind Dem Dem
Subdivision PVI Governor State leg. US Senate US House Pres. Governor State leg. US Senate US House
Subdivision and PVI Before 2016 elections After 2016 elections

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b One of Maine's Senators is a Republican, the other (Angus King) is an independent who has caucused with the Democrats since taking office in 2013.
  2. ^ a b In New York and Washington, Democrats control the House and a coalition of Republicans and Democrats control the Senate.
  3. ^ a b One of Vermont's Senators is a Democrat, the other (Bernie Sanders) was elected as an independent but has caucused with the Democrats since taking office in 2007.
  4. ^ a b Including two Independents who caucus with the Democrats.
  5. ^ a b Washington, D.C. does not elect a governor, but it does elect a mayor.
  6. ^ Although elections for governor of American Samoa are non-partisan, Governor Lolo Matalasi Moliga was an Independent when first elected governor in 2014.
  7. ^ With the 2016 election, Governor Lolo Matalasi Moliga affiliated himself with the Democratic Party at the national level.
  8. ^ a b Delegate Gregorio Sablan was elected as an independent, but he has caucused with the Democrats since taking office in 2009.
  9. ^ Governor Alejandro García Padilla is a member of the Popular Democratic Party, but also affiliates with the Democratic Party at the national level.
  10. ^ Resident Commissioner Pedro Pierluisi is member of the New Progressive Party, but he has caucused with the Democrats since taking office in 2009.
  11. ^ Governor Ricardo Rosselló is a member of the New Progressive Party, but also affiliates with the Democratic Party at the national level.
  12. ^ Resident Commissioner Jenniffer González is member of the New Progressive Party, but he has caucused with the Republicans since taking office in 2017.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miller, Greg; Entous, Adam. "Declassified report says Putin 'ordered' effort to undermine faith in U.S. election and help Trump". Washington Post.
  2. ^ Fleitz, Fred (January 7, 2017). "Was Friday's declassified report claiming Russian hacking of the 2016 election rigged?". Fox News.
  3. ^ EICHENWALD, Kurt (January 10, 2017). "Trump, Putin and the hidden history of how Russia interfered in the U.S. presidential election". Newsweek.
  4. ^ "Gov. DeSantis: Russians hacked voting databases in two Florida counties; The GOP governor said the incidents took place in 2016 and no election results were compromised". Associated Press. May 14, 2019. Retrieved May 15, 2019 – via nbcnews.com.
  5. ^ Brendan Farrington (May 14, 2019). "DeSantis: Russians accessed 2 Florida voting databases". apnews.com. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  6. ^ Miles Parks (May 14, 2019). "Florida Governor Says Russian Hackers Breached 2 Counties In 2016". NPR.org. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  7. ^ "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 8, 2016". U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  8. ^ "Election Statistics, 1920 to Present". 2016: United States House of Representatives. p. 84.
  9. ^ Warnock, Kae (March 11, 2016). "2016 Legislative Races by State and Legislative Chamber". National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  10. ^ "2016 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  11. ^ Mayer, Steven. "Karen Goh installed as mayor of Bakersfield". The Bakersfield Californian. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
  12. ^ "Baltimore Mayor Rawlings-Blake says she won't seek re-election". Fox News. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  13. ^ Gossie, Michael (July 15, 2017). "Most Influential Women: Jenn Daniels, Town of Gilbert". AZ Big Media. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  14. ^ Theen, Andrew (October 26, 2015). "Portland Mayor Charlie Hales withdraws re-election bid". OregonLive. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  15. ^ "Mayor Kevin Johnson won't seek re-election". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  16. ^ "Steinberg wins Sacramento mayor's race by wide margin". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  17. ^ "GT Bynum Defeats Incumbent Bartlett For Tulsa Mayor". NewsOn6.com. June 28, 2016. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  18. ^ "Partisan Voter Index by State, 1994–2014" (PDF). Cook Political Report. Retrieved May 19, 2016. PVI in 2014
  19. ^ "2016 State and Legislative Partisan Composition" (PDF). National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  20. ^ "State & Legislative Partisan Composition (2016 Election)" (PDF). National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved January 4, 2016.