United States license plate designs and serial formats
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In the United States, the appearance of license plates is frequently chosen to contain staples, cultures, or slogans associated with the issuing jurisdiction, which are the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia, each of which independently registers motor vehicles.
- 1 Trends in serial formats
- 2 Serial coding
- 3 Current standard-issue passenger plate designs and serial formats
- 4 Plate types no longer issued but still valid
- 5 Diplomatic license plates
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Trends in serial formats
Formats for license plate numbers may be consistent within the state. For example, Delaware and Rhode Island were able to use six-digit all-numeric serials due to their low respective populations, while several populous states use seven-character formats of three letters and four numbers, including 1ABC234 in California and ABC1234, ABC 1234, or ABC-1234 in Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, and Washington. Other formats include Florida, which uses ABC-D12; Illinois, which uses A12-3456, and Maryland, which uses 1AB2345. However, many states, such as Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Hawaii, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Wisconsin, use a 3-letter, 3-number format in the format ABC-123, 123-ABC, or some variant thereof.
License plate numbers are usually assigned in ascending order, beginning with a starting point such as AAA-001. Thus an observer familiar with the sequence can determine roughly when the plate was issued. In a few cases, numbers have been assigned in descending order. For example, when Virginia switched to seven characters for its standard issue in 1993, numbers beginning with AAA-1000 were already in use for extra-cost, optional-issue plates; therefore, the new standard license plates were issued in descending order from ZZZ-9999.
In some states, the month of expiration or the county of registration is incorporated into the plate's serial. The last number on a Massachusetts license plate indicates the month the vehicle's registration expires (for example, 1234 AB would expire in April, the fourth month; 0 indicates October expirations; and X and Y were used for November and December expirations, respectively, on commercial plates and pre-1978 passenger plates), as does the first number or letter on West Virginia plates (1 to 9 and O, N, and D for January through September and October, November, and December expirations, respectively).
County of issuance
Although increasingly few states place the full name of the county of registration explicitly on their standard-issue plates but not as part of the plate serial, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee continue the practice.
In Alabama, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wyoming, a one- or two-digit number representing the county of issue begins a license plate number. Standard-issue Idaho license plate numbers begin with a single-letter or a number-letter code representing the county of issue. County codes have been based on historical population figures, the county names in alphabetical order, or some combination thereof.
Only three places in the United States use letters to designate a residence where a vehicle was registered. In Hawaii, the license plates have a unique letter designation based on the island counties that residents purchased or registered the vehicles from; a vehicle with a registration number beginning with H or Z is registered in Hawai‘i County, one beginning with K is registered in Kaua‘i County, one beginning with M or L is registered in Maui County, and one beginning with any other letter (and not containing H, K, L, M, or Z) is registered in the City and County of Honolulu. In the State of Idaho the first one or two characters are used to designate the county of residence/registration. For example all vehicles registered in Ada county start with 1A, vehicles in Twin Falls County start with 2T and vehicles in Valley county start with V (as there is only one county that starts with the letter V). In the US territory of Guam, the license plates use the first two letters that are coded by village of issuance, for example, "TM-1234" refers to a vehicle that was registered by a person who lives the village of Tamuning.
Florida allows its residents to choose either "Sunshine State" or "In God We Trust" slogans instead of their county, and in Miami-Dade County, all plates are issued with one of these slogans due to the targeting for crimes of cars registered there in the early 1990s. Florida also terminated a practice by which plates registered to rented vehicles had the letter Y or Z as their first digit, which also led to targeting of cars for theft due to the ease of replacement and the softer hit on the affected driver. Georgia, as of 2011, allows drivers to choose the slogan "In God We Trust" in place of the county name where the vehicle is registered.
Indiana and Ohio display two-number county codes, while Kansas plates display two-letter county codes, but none of these three is a part of the plate serial and instead are placed in the corner of the plate in a smaller font size. Texas places the county name on the windshield registration sticker, but it likewise is not part of the plate serial.
In most states, plates for vehicles other than passenger cars such as trucks and trailers, may use different numbering formats, either with or without the vehicle type appearing explicitly on the plate.
Persons with disabilities
In the states, special plates displaying the International Symbol of Accessibility are issued to persons with disabilities that entitle them to special parking privileges. Alternately, a placard, which in some jurisdictions can be hung from the rear view mirror, may be issued; the placard has the advantage of being transferred from vehicle to vehicle.
Current standard-issue passenger plate designs and serial formats
The following tables give information on license plates currently being issued, with 2014 or later expiration dates, for private (non-commercial) use on passenger vehicles by the governments of the fifty U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories. Information on serial numbering patterns is also given. Older designs and serial formats previously issued may still be valid for continued usage in certain jurisdictions; these are noted in a separate table below.
In addition to "regular" passenger plates, all jurisdictions also provide plates for other types of vehicles that may only be roughly similar in design and layout. Additionally, there has been an increasing trend in the field of "specialty" plates to promote specific causes or interests. To keep this table as simple as possible, most of these alternate types of plates will not be noted. More information may also be found within the individual articles for each state, as linked within the table. Exceptions to this guideline may be made for specialty plates that are available at no extra cost to the motorist, as these tend to be seen more commonly on the roads.
|Jurisdiction||First issued||Type/slogan||Design||Plate style||Serial format||Image|
|Alabama||January 2, 2014||standard type: black screened serial with lake and forest graphic||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||Numerically coded by county:
|October 2013||optional type: God Bless America||black screened serial on reflective white; stylized U.S. flag at top||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||1234AB5|
|Alaska||January 2010||The Last Frontier||blue on gold with state flag||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123|
|American Samoa||1999||Centennial 2000||blue on reflective white||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||1234|
|Arizona||2008||Grand Canyon State||black on desert landscape||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||ABC1234|
|Arkansas||2006||The Natural State||black on a diamond background, representing Crater of Diamonds State Park in Murfreesboro||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123 ABC|
|California||late 2011||dmv.ca.gov||dark blue on white with red state name graphic and slogan printed in red at the bottom||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||1ABC234|
|Colorado||2000||dark green on reflective white grey and green Rocky Mountains scene graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123-ABC, ABC-123 (the second serial set is limited to characters that were unused previously, such as Q).|
|Connecticut||2000||Constitution State||dark blue on blue and white gradient fade||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||AB•12345 (2015–present)
|Delaware||1969||The First State||gold on navy blue||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||123456 (variable number of digits)|
|District of Columbia||July 2013||standard type: Taxation without Representation; jurisdiction name displayed as "District of Columbia"||blue on reflective white with red flag separator||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||AB-1234|
|2001||optional type: www.washingtondc.gov||Screened serial Reflective sheeting|
|Florida||December 2003||standard type: myFLORIDA.com with county name or "Sunshine State"||green on reflective white with state map and citrus orange graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC D12 (2009–present) 123 ABC (2006 to 2009) A12 3BC (2003 to 2009)|
|October 1, 2008||optional type: myFLORIDA.com with "In God We Trust" slogan||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123 4AB|
|Georgia||May 2012||standard type: Peach State with county name or "In God We Trust" sticker||black on reflective blue with hills, peach tree, and peaches||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||ABC1234|
|May 2012||optional type: GEORGIA with county name or "In God We Trust" sticker||black on reflective white||Screened serial Reflective sheeting|
|Guam||February 27, 2009||Tano Y Chamorro||black on reflective white with grey latte stone and three red bougainvillea flowers at center||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by municipality of issuance: AB 1234|
|Hawaii||1991||Aloha State||black on reflective white with rainbow graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by county of issuance:|
|Idaho||2008||Famous Potatoes||black on reflective white with red gradient and dark blue mountain scene||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by county of issuance:
|Illinois||July 2001||Land of Lincoln||red on blue gradient fade with Abraham Lincoln portrait graphic in center||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||A12 3456 (2006–present) 123 4567 (2001–2006)|
|Indiana||January 2013||standard type: Bicentennial 1816–2016||black on white with yellow gradient and blue outline of state, stars, and "200"||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||123A
|optional type: In God We Trust||black on white with American flag graphic||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||ABC123|
|Iowa||late 2011||black on reflective white farm scene foreground and city skyline background||Screened serial Reflective sheeting ||ABC 123 (December 2012 – present) 123 ABC (2011–2012)|
|Kansas||April 2007||dark blue on light blue gradient with state seal graphic and county code sticker||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123 ABC|
|Kentucky||2005||standard type: Unbridled Spirit||dark blue on light blue graident with county name sticker||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123 ABC|
|2011||optional type: In God We Trust|
|Louisiana||2014||www.louisianatourism.com Bicentennial, Battle of New Orleans, 1815–2015||blue on reflective white with silhouette of Andrew Jackson on horse at left||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC123|
|Maine||1999||Vacationland||black on reflective white with a chickadee and pine tassel graphic at left||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||1234 AB (variable number of digits preceding space)|
|Maryland||June 2010||War of 1812||blue on reflective white with Star-Spangled Banner flying over Fort McHenry at left||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||1AB2345|
|Massachusetts||1988||The Spirit of America||red on reflective white||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by month of expiration:
|Michigan||2013||standard type: Pure Michigan||blue on reflective white with blue wave at bottom||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 1234|
|2007||optional type: Spectacular Peninsulas||green and blue with Great Lakes outline on reflective white with black characters||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||1AB C23|
|2014||optional type: The Mackinac Bridge||white to yellow fade and blue with stylized Mackinac Bridge in background with black characters||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123|
|Minnesota||June 2009||Explore Minnesota.com, 10,000 Lakes||black on reflective white with lake scene graphic||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||123-ABC|
|Mississippi||October 2012||"Birthplace of America's Music"||dark blue on guitar graphic and "Celebrating Mississippi's Creative Culture" with county name||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123|
|Missouri||June 2008||Show Me State||dark blue on light blue gradient fade with state outline and bluebird graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by month of expiration: AB1 C2D|
|Montana||January 2010||standard issue: Treasure State||white on blue with white state outline||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by county of issuance:
|optional issues: replica 1989 Centennial base replica 1991 "Big Sky" base replica 2000 base replica 2006 "Big Sky Country" base||blue on white with gold and maroon graphics||ABC123|
|black on light blue gradient with multicolor state outline||Coded by county of issuance:
|black on light blue with blue and tan graphics|
|black on light blue gradient with multicolor state outline|
|Nebraska||January 2011||nebraska.gov||green on white with western meadowlark and goldenrod||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123
Or coded by county of issuance:
|Nevada||April 2015||The Silver State||dark blue on sunset graphic||Embossed or screened serial Reflective sheeting||12A•345|
|New Hampshire||January 1999||Live Free or Die||green on Old Man of the Mountain graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123 4567 (2000–present) 123 456 (1999)|
|New Jersey||2007||Garden State||black on yellow gradient fade||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||D12-ABC (2010–present) ABC-12D (2007–2010)|
|New Mexico||1989||Land of Enchantment||red on yellow with turquoise yucca graphics and red Zia sun symbol||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123-ABC|
|2010||upper: Centennial 1912–2012 lower: Land of Enchantment||yellow on turquoise with large yellow and red Zia sun symbol||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-123|
|New York||2010||Empire State||dark blue on reflective gold||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-1234|
|North Carolina||2011||First in Flight||blue on white with Wright Flyer graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-1234|
|North Dakota||2015||Legendary||black on light blue gradient fade to sunrise with prairie scene and buffalo graphic||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||123 ABC|
|Northern Mariana Islands||1989||Hafa Adai||dark blue on white with seal in center||Embossed or Screened serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123|
|Ohio||June 7, 2010||Birthplace of Aviation||blue on white various slogans in gray with a red border||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 1234|
|Oklahoma||2009||Native America||dark red on white and blue with photograph of Sacred Rain Arrow sculpture||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||123ABC|
|Oregon||1990||dark blue on fir tree and mountain graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123 ABC (2004–present) ABC 123 (1990–2004)|
|Pennsylvania||2006||visitPA.com||blue on white with yellow and blue bars||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-1234|
|Puerto Rico||2011||Puerto Rico Does It Better/Puerto Rico Lo Hace Mejor||black on white with green gradient at bottom and grey building in background||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-123|
|Rhode Island||1996 – September 2015||Ocean State||dark blue on stylized grey and white ocean wave graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123-456 (2007–present AB-123 and 12345 (1996–2007)|
|September 2015||Beautiful Rhode Island (top), Ocean State (Bottom)||white on dark blue with the Reliance in the upper left corner||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||123-456 (2007–present), 12345 and AB-123 (1996–2007)|
|South Carolina||summer 2008||standard type: travel2sc.com||black on orange, white, and blue gradient with palmetto tree in center||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123|
|February 14, 2003||optional type: In God We Trust||black on multicolored background||Embossed or screened serial Reflective sheeting||123 4AB|
|South Dakota||2006||Great Faces. Great Places.||blue on Mount Rushmore graphic||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by county of issuance:
|Tennessee||2011||www.tnvacation.com||black on mountain scene with county name sticker||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||A12-34B|
|Texas||July 2012||The Lone Star State||black on white with 5-point star in the upper left corner.||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-1234|
|Utah||late 2007||Greatest Snow on Earth and Life Elevated||dark blue on skier graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||A12 3BC|
|Life Elevated||dark blue on graphic of Delicate Arch||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||A12 3BC|
|Vermont||1985||Green Mountain State||white on green with small white tree in top left corner||Debossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123 (1990–present) 12AB3 (1989) 1AB23 (1988) 123A4 (1986–1987) 1A234 (1985)|
|U.S. Virgin Islands||2005||America's Caribbean||black on beach scene graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by island of issuance: ABC 123, ABC 123 (for St. John)|
|Virginia||March 1, 2014||Virginia is for Lovers||blue on white||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-1234|
|Washington||1987||Evergreen State||dark blue on white with light blue Mount Rainier graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC1234 (2010–present) 123-ABC (1987–2010)|
|West Virginia||2006||Wild, Wonderful||blue on white with state name in dark blue bar||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by month of expiration:
|Wisconsin||June 2000||America's Dairyland||black on reflective white with stylized lake and farm graphic||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123-ABC|
|Wyoming||2008||black on Grand Tetons graphic||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by county of issuance:
Plate types no longer issued but still valid
|This section is outdated. (November 2013)|
Plates with the following designs and serial formats are no longer being issued but may still be valid for use in certain instances. This table does not include year of manufacture registrations.
|Jurisdiction||Dates issued||Type||Plate style||Serial format||Status||Image|
|early 2007 – October 2013||optional type: God Bless America||dark blue on American flag background||AB12345 12345AB||Being replaced upon expiration, October 2013 to October 2014.|
|Alaska||1981–late 2004||"The Last Frontier"; blue on gold with state flag||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123||Valid.|
|late 1997–late 2004||"Gold Rush Centennial"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123|
|January 2, 2008 – December 31, 2009||"Celebrating Statehood 1959–2009"; dark blue on mountain landscape background||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC123|
|Arizona||1980–1996||white on maroon||Embossed serial Reflective characters on nonreflective background||ABC-123||Valid.|
|1996–late 2007||desert scene with embossed serials||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123•ABC|
|California||1963–1969||yellow on black||Embossed serial Non-reflective background||ABC 123||Valid.|
|1969–1980||yellow on blue||Embossed serial Non-reflective background||123 ABC|
|1980 – January 1987||1ABC234|
|January 1987 – October 1987||"The Golden State"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting|
|October 1987–1995||blue on white with red embossed state name||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting|
|1995–1998, 2000–2011||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||blue on white with red screened state name|
|1998–2000||"Sesquicentennial – 150 Years"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting|
|Colorado||1978–2000||embossed mountain scene||Reflective embossed serial Non-reflective background||Coded by county of issuance: AB-1234, ABC-123, ABC1234||Valid.|
|Delaware||white on black||up to 12–345||Valid.|
|silver on black||up to 123456|
|yellow on blue without slogan||up to 123456|
|District of Columbia||"A Capital City"||123–456||Valid.|
|"Celebrate & Discover"||1991 – November 2000||AB-1234 (1997–2000) 123–456 (1991–1997)|
|2001||blue on reflective white with red flag separator and "WWW.Washingtondc.gov"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||BB-1234|
|2001 – July 2013||blue on reflective white with red flag separator and "Taxation without Representation" with jurisdiction name displayed as "Washington, D.C."||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||AB-1234|
|Florida||December 2003–early 2009||green on reflective white with state map, citrus orange graphic, and myFLORIDA.com with county name||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||A12 3BC||Being replaced on a ten-year rolling basis.|
|December 2003–2006||green on reflective white with state map, citrus orange graphic, and myFLORIDA.com with "Sunshine State" slogan|
|Georgia||1997 – December 2003||"...on my mind"||123 ABC 12345 QA 1234 AB 1234 ABC||Valid.|
|December 2003 – May 2007||www.GEORGIA.gov||ABC 1234|
|May 2007 – May 2012||GEORGIA.gov||ABC 1234|
|Guam||black on reflective white with map graphic in center, "Tano Y Chamorro"||Coded by municipality of issuance:
|Idaho||dark blue on reflective white with red gradient and dark blue mountain scene, "Famous Potatoes"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by county of issuance:
|Iowa||1997-late 2011||blue on reflective white farm scene foreground and skyline background||Embossed or screened serial Reflective sheeting||123 ABC||Valid.|
|Kansas||January 2001 – April 2007||state capitol||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123||Valid.|
|Louisiana||1993–2001, 2004–2005||"Sportsman's Paradise" without pelican||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123||Valid.|
|January 2002-early 2004||"Louisiana Purchase Bicentennial 1803–2003" written in early 18th-century lettering and has the Louisiana Purchase Bicentennial logo as the separator||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting|
|2005–2011, 2013||"Sportsman's Paradise"; black on yellow-pink gradient with pelican graphic in center||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting|
|2011–2013||"200 Years"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC123|
|Maryland||February 1986–early 2005||no slogan||1AB C23 (2004–2005)
ABC 123 (1986–2004)
|early 2005 – June 2010||www.Maryland.gov||black on reflective white with state crest in center||1AB C23|
|Massachusetts||green on white (coded by month of expiration) "The Spirit of America" (coded by month of expiration)||123-450
|Michigan||1996–2007||optional type: "Great Lakes Splendor"||1AB C23||Valid|
|1996||optional type: "World's Motor Capital"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 12 12 ABC||Valid|
|2007–2013||optional type: "www.Michigan.gov"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 1234||Valid|
|2013–2014||optional type: The Mackinac Bridge yellow to orange fade and blue with stylized Mackinac Bridge in background with white characters.||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123||Valid|
|Minnesota||circa 2000–2008||blue on reflective white with lake scene graphic, "Explore Minnesota; 10,000 lakes"; second slogan displayed in small blue gradient across bottom of plate||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-123||Being replaced on a seven-year rolling basis.|
|2008–2009||black on reflective white with lake scene graphic, "Explore Minnesota; 10,000 lakes"||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||123-ABC|
|Montana||2006–2009||black on grey and white gradient with mountain graphic; "Big Sky Country"||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||Coded by county of issuance:
||Valid if permanently registered.|
|Nevada||white on blue||A12345, AB1234, ABC123, 123ABC|
|New Jersey||1959–1969, 1970–1973||black on tan, non-reflective, state abbreviated "N. J."||ABC-123||Valid.|
|1969–1970||black on tan, reflective, state abbreviated "N. J."||ABC-123|
|1973–1977||black on tan, non-reflective, state abbreviated "N. J."||123-ABC|
|1977–1979||black on tan, non-reflective, full state name||123-ABC|
|1979–1985||buff on blue, non-reflective||123-ABC|
|1992–1993||black on yellow and white gradient, reflective, sticker boxes||ABC1234|
|1999–2007||black on yellow and white gradient with sticker boxes||ABC-12D|
|New Mexico||1999–2010||Land of Enchantment hot air balloon||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||NM1234 1NM234 12NM34 123NM4 1234NM' AB 123 ABC123||Valid.|
|New York||2001–2010||dark blue on reflective white with blue bars (upper blue bar has the state name over a skyline of Niagara Falls, the Adirondack Mountains, and New York City; lower bar includes the words "The Empire State" in white)||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-1234||Valid.|
|North Carolina||2007–2011||red on reflective white with blue and red graphics, "First in Flight"||ABC-1234||Valid.|
|North Dakota||1993–2015||black on light blue gradient fade with prairie scene graphic, "Discover The Spirit"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-123||Valid until June 30, 2016|
|Northern Marianas Islands||
|Ohio||1996–1998||dark blue on gold gradient fade "The Heart of it All"||ABC 1234||Valid.|
|1998–2001||dark blue on gold gradient fade "The Birthplace of Aviation"||ABC 1234|
|2001–2003||red, white, and blue "Ohio Bicentennial"||AB12CD|
|2004–2010||dark blue on reflective white with state seal ("Sunburst") graphic and red and blue bars||ABC 1234|
|2010–2013||"Beautiful Ohio": dark blue on rolling hills with farm, distant skyline, and airborne biplane||ABC 1234|
|Oregon||1956–1959||gold on blue||1A-1234||Valid.|
|1959–1964||gold on blue with "Pacific Wonderland" slogan|
|1964–1974||gold on blue||ABC 123 (A-M corresponds to January–December, skipping I)|
|1974–1988||blue on gold||ABC 123 (A-M corresponds to January–December, skipping I; N and later series had no month correlation)|
|1988–1990||blue on light green tree graphic||ABC 123 (A-M corresponds to January–December, skipping I, N-series had no month correlation)|
|Pennsylvania||1999–2004||blue on blue, white and yellow gradient, "www.state.pa.us"||ABC-1234||Valid.|
|Puerto Rico||1986–2007||standard issue: black on reflective white with Fortaleza graphic, "Isla del Encanto"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123||valid|
|optional issue: black on reflective flag graphics, "Cincuentenario 1952–2002"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123|
|2007–2011||standard issue: black on reflective blue with Fortaleza graphic, "Isla del Encanto"||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123 ABC-123|
|Tennessee||2006–2011||black on mountain scene with "The Volunteer State" and county name sticker||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||123-ABC||valid|
|Texas||2009–2012||black on Davis Mountains and sky background with a lone star and streaks of red and blue in the upper-left corner||Screened serial Reflective sheeting||AB1-C234||Valid.|
|U.S. Virgin Islands||
|Utah||1972–1985||black on white||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC 123 ABC-123||Valid.|
|1985–2008||blue on white with skier graphic, "Ski Utah!", and "Greatest Snow on Earth"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123 ABC|
|1992–2008||dark blue on Delicate Arch background; "Centennial"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123 ABC|
|2002||2002 Winter Olympics commemorative plate with snowflake logo above "Salt Lake 2002" and the Olympic rings; "Olympic Winter 2002"||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||123A4|
|Virginia||1979–1994||dark blue on white with blue state name in sentence case||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-1234 (1994)
|1994 – July 2002; 2007 – February 28, 2014||dark blue on white with blue state name in all capital letters||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-1234|
|July 2002–2006||400th Anniversary||Embossed serial Reflective sheeting||ABC-1234|
America's 400th Anniversary
|Embossed serial Reflective sheeting|
|West Virginia||December 2002–early 2006||blue on reflective white with state name in dark blue bar, "Wild, Wonderful / www.callwv.com"||Coded by month of expiration:
Diplomatic license plates
Until 2007, plates issued to cars based in the District of Columbia follow the pattern of a letter identify the status of the owner, followed by the two-letter country code, followed by a four-digit number (S LL NNNN). For member countries of the Organization of American States (OAS), a subset of that numbering pattern is allotted to vehicles based at those countries' missions to the OAS. Plates issued to cars based at the United Nations in New York City are reversed, with the four-digit number first, followed by the two-letter country code, followed by the status code (NNNN LL S). This is because representatives of certain countries are limited to travel to certain radii from their base, and the system allows the city of assignment to be identified easily.
The status codes used until 2007 were "C" for Foreign Consul; "D" for Diplomat; "S" for Non-Diplomatic Staff; and "A" for a UN employee. The rights of the driver and car under diplomatic immunity are defined by this status code.
The country codes are unique to each particular country, but do not correlate to ISO Country Codes or other standards format. For example in the old system used until 2007, France is "DJ" not "F" and Australia is "XZ" not "AUS". This is to prevent the general public from targeting diplomats from particular countries.
- Current High-Issue License Plates (U.S. and Canada)
- "Alabama County Codes". 15q.net. 2010-10-03. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "License Plates". Licenseplates.cc. 2014-02-06. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
- Same style also was issued from late 2004 until December 2007.
- "License Plates". Licenseplates.cc. 2010-10-10. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration" (PDF). State.ar.us. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "License Plates". Licenseplates.cc. 2010-10-10. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- 12345A1 issued to trucks
- Plus remakes of serials issued on previous bases: 1234, 12345, 123•456, A•123, AB•123, AB•1234
- "District of Columbia: Department of Motor Vehicles – Services – Plates – Taxation without Representation Plates". Dmv.dc.gov. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- except Miami-Dade County
- "DRT launches new license plates"[dead link]
- Plus 12 345, 123 456, AB 1234, ABC 123, A12 345 as remakes of serials issued on previous bases.
- "In The News". Starspangled200.org. 2010-06-14. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- In Douglas, Lancaster, and Sarpy Counties.
- all other counties
- "Nevada License Plates – New Serial". LicencePlates.cc. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- Plus 1234, 12345, and ABC123 as remakes of serials issued on previous base.
- "ALPCA Garden State Region » Blog Archive » New Format Plate Spotted in the Wild!". Alpcagardenstate.org. 2010-07-16. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- Also issued 1982-early 2007.
- "Plate Retention Program 2008". Tax.ok.gov. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/projo/access/1192776441.html?dids=1192776441:1192776441&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Jan+10%2C+2007&author=Bruce+Landis%3BJournal+Staff+Writer&pub=The+Providence+Journal&edition=&startpage=A.1&desc=State%27s+new+license+plates+go+by+the+numbers[dead link]
- "Deseret news article on new Utah plates". Deseretnews.com. 2007-01-26. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- Frey, David. "New West news article on new Utah plates". Newwest.net. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- First letter progressing backwards from Z.
- C: St. Croix, JA: St. John (because of shortage of population), T: St. Thomas
- Progressing forward from VAA-1001.
- Also issued 1995 – December 2000.
- "License Plates". Licenseplates.cc. 2010-10-10. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- Regulation License Plate to Commemorate Louisiana Purchase Bicentennial.
- A12 34B issued to light trucks.
- AB 12345 issued to commercial vehicles.
- "Jim Moini's License Plates". Moini.net. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- Plus ABC-123, 1AB-234, A1B-234, A12-3BC, AB1-23C as remakes of serials issued on previous bases.
- Progressing backwards from ZZZ-9999.
- Taiwan’s representatives in the US are given diplomatic license plates (2015/02/25), Formosa News of Formosa TV. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- 駐美代表處 掛上外交車牌, CNA (ROC). Retrieved February 25, 2015.
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- License Plates of North America, 1969–Present
- licenseplates.cc – lists high and low license plate
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