United States national rugby sevens team

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This article is about the U.S. national team. For the Las Vegas tournament, see USA Sevens.
United States
Union USA Rugby
Nickname(s) The Eagles
Coach(es) Mike Friday
Captain(s) Madison Hughes
Most caps Zack Test (62)
Top scorer Madison Hughes (764)
Most tries Zack Test (143)
Team kit
Change kit
World Cup Sevens
Appearances 6 (First in 1993)
Best result 13th (2001, 2005, 2009, 2013)

The United States national rugby sevens team represents the United States in international rugby sevens competitions. The main competition they play every year is the World Rugby Sevens Series, a series of ten tournaments played around the globe that includes the USA Sevens tournament in Las Vegas every spring. The team also participates in major tournaments every four years, such as the Summer Olympics, the Rugby World Cup Sevens, and the Pan American Games. The national sevens team is organized by USA Rugby, and the team has been led by Head Coach Mike Friday since 2014.

The Eagles have been a core team in the World Series and finished in the top twelve each season since 2008–09. The Eagles' best seasons to date in the Sevens Series have been the 2014–15 and 2015–16 seasons, where they finished sixth both times. The best result in a single Sevens tournament was winning the 2015 London Sevens. The Eagles' best result in the USA Sevens has been to reach the quarterfinals, which they have done in 2009, 2015, and 2016. Successes in quadrennial events include winning bronze medals at the 2011 and 2015 Pan American Games, and winning the 2015 NACRA Championships to clinch a spot in the 2016 Olympic Games.

The United States traditionally used the sevens team to prepare players for the XV-side. The national sevens team has also drawn a number of crossover athletes from American football and track, the most prominent examples being Perry Baker and Carlin Isles. Since January 2012, due to increased attention generated by rugby's return to the Olympics in 2016, the national sevens team has turned professional, with the team extending paid full-time contracts to its core players.

World Rugby Sevens Series[edit]

Early years (1999–2011)[edit]

The World Rugby Sevens Series, which is played every year from October through May, is the principal event in which the U.S. national sevens team plays. The US has competed in the World Series every year since the event's inaugural 1999–2000 season. The U.S. team had some initial success during the early years of the tournament led by Jovesa Naivalu, who held the record for most tries scored until broken by Zack Test. However, the U.S. team struggled in the five seasons from 2002-03 through 2006-07.

The U.S. national rugby sevens team in Wellington for the 2008 New Zealand Sevens

The 2007-08 season was a turning point for the US team, qualifying for 6 of the 8 series tournaments, and notching a notable win against Samoa en route to placing sixth at the 2007 South Africa Sevens. The team was led by Chris Wyles who scored 26 tries on the season, and was the top try scorer at the 2008 USA Sevens with 8 tries. The IRB rewarded the Eagles' success by promoting the US to "core" team status for the 2008-09 season, meaning that the US automatically plays in all 8 tournaments without having to go through qualifying rounds.[1]

The 2008-09 season was the breakout season for the US, finishing 11th on the season. The high point of the team's season was the home tournament, the 2009 USA Sevens. Nese Malifa's 30 points in that tournament helped the US notch wins against Australia and Kenya to reach the semi-finals, their best result ever on home soil.

The 2009-10 season saw continued improvement, with the team finishing the season in 10th place. Led by Matt Hawkins and Nese Malifa, the team finished ninth to win the Bowl in the 2010 USA Sevens. The US then advanced to their first ever Cup final at the 2009 Adelaide Sevens, scoring upset wins against England, Wales and Argentina.

The team took a small step back during the 2010-11 season with a 12th-place finish. A number of key players were unavailable for most or all of the season, including the previous season's leading try scorer Nick Edwards and leading point scorer Nese Malifa. Additionally, a number of competing teams had moved to professional status, leaving the mostly amateur US team struggling to keep pace.

Professional era (2011–present)[edit]

The 2011-12 season saw significant changes for the U.S. The team turned professional in January 2012, with contracts for up to 15 players.[2] The change to professional status did not bring immediate improvement. Head coach Al Caravelli resigned, and Alex Magleby was selected as the new head coach. The US finished the 2011-12 season in 11th, a slight improvement over the previous season, even though the team did not reach the quarterfinals of any of the 9 tournaments. Bright spots for the season included the emerging leadership of Shalom Suniula (captain), Zack Test (team leading 21 tries) and Colin Hawley.[3]

The 2012–13 Series saw a slightly different format, with 15 core teams instead of 12, but with the possibility of relegation for the teams that finished in the bottom three. The U.S. got off to a slow start, ranked last among the 15 core teams after the first two legs. The U.S. saw improvement, however, reaching the quarterfinals in five of the last seven tournaments, and finishing in the top 6 during the last three tournaments. The U.S. finished fifth to win the Plate Final at the 2013 Japan Sevens, the first time the U.S. had won a plate since 2001,[4] and followed that feat by again finishing fifth to win the Plate Final at the 2013 Scotland Sevens,[5] with Nick Edwards the leading try-scorer in the tournament with 8 tries. The U.S. finished the season in 11th place, and had two players among the season's top try-scorers: Nick Edwards (20) and Zack Test (18). Coach Alex Magleby stepped down after the season.[6]

USA Rugby sevens team in 2014

The U.S. team fared poorly during the 2013–14 Series under new coach Matt Hawkins, finishing the season in 13th place. Once again, Zack Test led the team with 23 tries and 119 points on the season; other leading scorers included Carlin Isles with 17 tries, including six at the 2014 Wellington Sevens, and newcomer Madison Hughes with 34 goals scored.[7] Hawkins was blamed for the exodus of several veteran players, such as Colin Hawley and Shalom Suniula, and was asked to step down at the end of the season.[8]

The U.S. had its best season ever in the 2014–15 Series under head coach Mike Friday, who was hired in summer 2014.[9] The U.S. finished sixth in the series, its best finish to date. The team capped off the season by winning the 2015 London Sevens after defeating Australia in the cup final, the first time the U.S. has won a World Series tournament.[10] Carlin Isles set a U.S. record with 32 tries for the season and Madison Hughes set a record with 296 points.

The U.S. began the 2015–16 Series by "shocking the world" when it defeated New Zealand for the first time at 2015 Dubai Sevens.[11] The team beat the 12-time World Series champion in pool play and again in the tournament's third-place match[12] before a third victory in as many matches in the 2015 South Africa Sevens Plate Semifinal.[13] The U.S. once again finished the season in sixth, tying its best ever finish. The previous season's scoring records were broken again, as Perry Baker notched 48 tries and Madison Hughes scored 331 points.

Season by season[edit]

Series Season Final Rank Total Points Events Cups Plates Bowls* Shields Leading Try Scorer Leading Points Scorer
1999–2000 18th 0 5 0 0 0 0
2000–01 10th 16 3 0 1 0 0
2001–02 11th 12 7 0 0 1 0
2002–03 19th 1 3 0 0 1 0
2003–04 15th 0 4 0 0 0 2
2004–05 14th 0 2 0 0 0 0
2005–06 15th 0 3 0 0 0 0
2006–07 15th 2 3 0 0 0 1
2007–08 13th 6 6 0 0 0 1 Chris Wyles (26) Chris Wyles (130)
2008–09 11th 24 8 0 0 0 3 Kevin Swiryn (20) Kevin Swiryn (100)
2009-10 10th 32 8 0 0 1[14] 1 Nick Edwards (17) Nese Malifa (120)
2010-11 12th 10 8 0 0 1 2 Zack Test (24) Zack Test (120)
2011-12 11th 41 9 0 0 0 0 Zack Test (21) Zack Test (107)
2012–13 11th 71 9 0 2 0 0 Nick Edwards (20) Shalom Suniula (101)
2013–14 13th 41 9 0 0 0 4 Zack Test (23) Zack Test (119)
2014–15 6th 108 9 1 1 2 0 Carlin Isles (32) Madison Hughes (296)
2015–16 6th 117 10 0 0 0 0 Perry Baker (48) Madison Hughes (331)
2016–17 9th 8 1 0 0 1 0 Perry Baker (5) Madison Hughes (39)
Total - - 107 1 4 7 14 Zack Test (143) Madison Hughes (764)

* – The start of the 2016-17 season saw the plate and shield awards abandoned, with the bowl replaced by the Challenge Trophy. The Eagles won the first ever Challenge Trophy with a 9th-place finish at the 2016 Dubai Sevens.

Current season[edit]

Leg Date Finish Record
(W-L-D)
Leading Try Scorer Leading Points Scorer Dream Team
selection
Dubai December 2016 9th 4 – 2 Baker, PerryPerry Baker (5) Hughes, MadisonMadison Hughes (39)
South Africa December 2016
New Zealand January 2017
Australia February 2017
United States March 2017
Canada March 2017
Hong Kong April 2017
Singapore April 2017
France May 2017
England May 2017

Current team[edit]

A pool of American full-time professional rugby players train year round as a team at the Olympic Training Center in San Diego.[2][15] The twelve players selected for tournament rosters are generally drawn from this training squad. For special tournaments, however, the U.S. sometimes draws from American players who are playing rugby professionally abroad.

USA Rugby and the U.S. Olympic Committee have made funds available since January 2012 to provide full-time salaried contracts to players. Up until 2011, players had been part-time semi-pro players paid a stipend for their participation. USA Rugby CEO Nigel Melville stated that a full-time sevens team is a crucial step as USA Rugby prepares for rugby's return to the Olympics in 2016.

Squad[edit]

The table below shows the U.S. roster assembled for the most recent tournament. The statistics (events, points, and tries) refer to statistics generated in World Rugby Sevens Series tournaments.

Current squad (2016 South Africa Sevens)
Player Age Events Points Tries
Baker, PerryPerry Baker (c) 30 20 405 81
Niua, FolauFolau Niua 31 41 392 41
Unufe, MakaMaka Unufe 25 24 200 40
Barrett, DannyDanny Barrett 26 24 177 35
Durutalo, AndrewAndrew Durutalo 29 31 154 30
Iosefo, MartinMartin Iosefo 26 14 80 16
Tomasin, StephenStephen Tomasin 22 5 59 11
Leuta, MataiMatai Leuta 26 9 25 5
Pati, DonDon Pati 26 1 5 1
Gletzer, AlecAlec Gletzer 25 1 0 0
Welmers, AnthonyAnthony Welmers 24 0 0 0
Williams, KevonKevon Williams 25 1 0 0

The following shows regular squad players who are not on the latest roster but are expected to return to the squad later this season:

Player Age Events Points Tries Notes
Test, ZackZack Test 27 60 691 137 Post-Olympic break. Expected to return in January.[16]
Hughes, MadisonMadison Hughes (c) 24 24 764 56 Post-Olympic break. Expected to return in January.[17]
Isles, CarlinCarlin Isles 27 28 380 76 Injured. Expected to return in January.[16]
Bender, GarrettGarrett Bender 25 22 55 11 Post-Olympic break. May return in January.[16]
Pinkelman, BenBen Pinkelman 22 5 30 6 Injured. Expected to return in March.[16]

Coaches[edit]

Position Name
Head Coach Mike Friday[18]
Assistant Coach Chris Brown[19]
Performance Director Alex Magleby

Tournament history[edit]

Summer Olympics[edit]

1900–1924[edit]

Olympics Host USA Record USA Finish Leading Try Scorer
1900 France Paris, France DNP
1908 England London, England DNP
1920 Belgium Antwerp, Belgium[20] 1–0 Gold Joseph Hunter (1)
1924 France Paris, France[21] 2–0 Gold Linn Farrish (2)

The United States participated in two of the four rugby XV tournaments held at the Summer Olympics from 1900 to 1924. The United States won two gold medals, making it the most successful country in the history of Olympic rugby. Furthermore, as rugby has not been played at the Olympics since 1924, the United States is the defending Olympic rugby champion, with its back-to-back golds in 1920 and 1924.

2016–present[edit]

US Rugby at the Summer Olympics
Games Host Record Finish Most tries Most points
2016 Brazil Rio, Brazil 3–2 9th C. Isles (6) C. Isles (30)
US Olympic Qualifying
Games Date Venue Record Position
2016 June 2015 United States Cary, NC, USA 5–0 1st

Rugby returned to the Summer Olympics at the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. The U.S. defeated Canada 21–5 in the final of the 2015 NACRA Men's Sevens Championships to qualify for the 2016 Olympics.[22] At the 2016 Olympics, the U.S. went 1–2 in pool play, narrowly missing the quarterfinals due to a 14–17 loss to Argentina. The U.S. finished in ninth place, with Carlin Isles scoring six tries (all against Brazil and Spain) and Danny Barrett scoring four tries.

Rugby World Cup Sevens[edit]

Tournament Host W/L Record Finish[23]
1993 Scotland Scotland 1–4 17th-T (Group Stage)
1997 Hong Kong Hong Kong 4–3 17th (Bowl Champ)
2001 Argentina Argentina 2–4 13th-T (Plate QF)
2005 Hong Kong Hong Kong 2–4 13th-T (Plate QF)
2009 United Arab Emirates Dubai 1–3 13th-T (Plate QF)
2013 Russia Moscow 1–3 13th-T (Plate QF)
2018 United States San Jose and San Francisco TBD TBD

Pan American Games[edit]

The U.S. has played rugby sevens at every Pan Am Games since the sport was introduced at the 2011 Games. At the 2011 Games, the U.S. lost 19–21 to Canada in the semifinals before defeating Uruguay 19–17 for the bronze. At the 2015 Games, the U.S. again lost to Canada 19–26 in the semifinals and defeated Uruguay 40–12 to capture their second consecutive bronze.[24]

Year Host Record
(W-L-D)
Finish Most tries Most points
2011 Mexico Guadalajara, Mexico 3–2–1 3rd Maka Unufe (5) Folau Niua (41)
2015 Canada Toronto, Canada 5–1 3rd Carlin Isles (6) Madison Hughes (31)
2019 Peru Lima, Peru

World Games[edit]

Games Host U.S. Record U.S. Finish
2001 Japan Akita, Japan[25] DNP
2005 Germany Duisburg, Germany[26] 1–5 6th
2009 Taiwan Kaohsiung, Taiwan[27] 2–4 5th
2013 Colombia Cali, Colombia DNP

Other International Competitions[edit]

Year Event Result
1986 Hong Kong Sevens[28] Plate Champions
1988 Hong Kong Sevens[28] Plate Champions
1994 Hong Kong Sevens[29] Plate Final
2000 Rugby World Cup Sevens Qualifier – Chile Qualified for RWC 7s
2004 NAWIRA Championship Champions
2006 Bangkok International Rugby Sevens[30] Cup Champions
2006 Singapore Cricket Club International Rugby Sevens[31] Cup Quarterfinals
2007 Singapore Cricket Club International Rugby Sevens[32] Plate Champions
2008 NAWIRA RWC 7s Qualifier Cup Champions
2010* Digicel Suva Rugby Festival International Sevens[33] Cup Semifinals[34]
2015 NACRA Sevens/Olympic Regional Qualifier Cup Champions

* – Played as the USA Cougars[35]

Player records[edit]

The following tables show the U.S. career leaders in major statistical categories in the World Rugby Sevens Series.

Notes:

  • These figures include only the World Rugby Sevens Series, and do not include other events such as the Rugby World Cup Sevens.
  • These statistics are taken from the World Rugby Squad Lists. These are released before each tournament and consequently do not include statistics from the player's last tournament.

Points[edit]

Points scored
No. Player Years Events Points
1 Hughes, MadisonMadison Hughes 2013– 24 764
2 Test, ZackZack Test 2009– 62 721
3 Naqica, JoneJone Naqica 2002–09 25 411
4 Baker, PerryPerry Baker 2014– 20 405
5 Niua, FolauFolau Niua 2011– 40 392
6 Isles, CarlinCarlin Isles 2013– 28 390
7 Suniula, ShalomShalom Suniula 2008–14 41 334
8 Malifa, NeseNese Malifa 2007–12 17 327
9 Hawkins, MattMatt Hawkins 2007–13 37 280
10 Edwards, NickNick Edwards 2009–15 33 265

Tries[edit]

Tries scored
No. Player Years Events Tries
1 Test, ZackZack Test 2009– 62 143
2 Baker, PerryPerry Baker 2014– 20 81
3 Isles, CarlinCarlin Isles 2013– 27 78
4-tie Hawkins, MattMatt Hawkins 2007–13 37 56
4-tie Hughes, MadisonMadison Hughes 2013– 24 56
6 Edwards, NickNick Edwards 2009–15 33 53
7 Naivalu, JovesaJovesa Naivalu 1999–08 14 47
8 Wyles, ChrisChris Wyles 2007–09 10 44
9-tie Niua, FolauFolau Niua 2011– 40 41
9-tie Palefau, MikeMike Palefau 41

Appearances[edit]

Events
No. Player Years Events
1 Test, ZackZack Test 2009– 62
2-tie Suniula, ShalomShalom Suniula 2008–14 41
2-tie Niua, FolauFolau Niua 2011– 41
4 Hawkins, MattMatt Hawkins 2007–13 37
5 Edwards, NickNick Edwards 2009–15 33
6 Durutalo, AndrewAndrew Durutalo 31
7 Isles, CarlinCarlin Isles 2013– 28
8 Palefau, MikeMike Palefau 2005–14 28
9 Hawley, ColinColin Hawley 2010–13 26
10 Bokhoven, MarkMark Bokhoven 26

Kicking[edit]

Goals kicked
No. Player Years Events Goals
1 Hughes, MadisonMadison Hughes 2013– 24 250
2 Naqica, JoneJone Naqica 2002–09 25 114
3 Suniula, ShalomShalom Suniula 2008–14 41 114
4 Malifa, NeseNese Malifa 2007–12 17 108
5 Niua, FolauFolau Niua 2011– 40 94
6 Enosa, TaiTai Enosa 2009–13 16 45

Updated: December 4, 2016

Previous head coaches[edit]

Coach Tenure Best Series Finish Best Tournament Finish
Al Caravelli 2006–2012 10th (2009–10) 2nd (2009 Adelaide Sevens)
Alexander Magleby 2012–2013 11th (2011–12, 2012-13) 5th (multiple)
Matt Hawkins 2013–2014 13th (2013-2014) 6th (2014 Japan Sevens)
Mike Friday 2014–present 6th (2014–15, 2015–16) 1st (2015 London Sevens)

Honors[edit]

These statistics are sourced from USA Rugby's Database:[36]

Top Three Finish

Potential for development[edit]

The country's then national team coach, Al Caravelli, explained the U.S. team's potential in a 2008 interview: "I've found over a thousand athletes that can run 10.2 seconds at one hundred meters and weigh over 200 pounds [91 kg]. I don't know if they can catch and pass yet but if . . . we can attract those types of athletes then we can continue to promote the sport in the United States."[54]

An article in The Guardian in 2014 noted that the inclusion of sevens in the Olympics had greatly expanded funding available to the sport, and that the large pool of American football and basketball players who may be unable to earn professional contracts in the NFL and NBA meant there were many sportsmen who had skills and strengths they could transfer to rugby union.[55]

The U.S. also sometimes fields a developmental team, the USA Falcons, in several tournaments.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "USA joins Sevens big guns"[permanent dead link] Planet Rugby.
  2. ^ a b USA Rugby, "Eleven Men's Athletes Ink Full-Time Deals with USA Rugby", January 19, 2012.
  3. ^ "IRB, USA Sevens look to build momentum in Glasgow" Archived May 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., IRB Sevens, April 26, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Eagles blank Scotland to win Tokyo Plate Final", USA Rugby, March 31, 2013
  5. ^ Eagles defeat Argentina for second consecutive Plate" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, May 5, 2013
  6. ^ "Magleby stepping down as Eagles Sevens Head Coach after World Cup" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, May 29, 2014
  7. ^ HSBC SEVENS WORLD SERIES XV – BEST PERFORMERS – WS XV (2013–14) Archived October 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Hawkins steps down as Men's Eagles Sevens head coach" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, June 26, 2014.
  9. ^ "Friday appointed Men's Eagles Sevens Head Coach", USA Rugby, July 18, 2014.
  10. ^ "Men's Eagles Sevens end 2014-15 Series with Cup win in London" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, May 17, 2015.
  11. ^ "USA rugby sevens team shocks the world, defeats New Zealand", Washington Post, Jake Russell, December 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "U.S. ends Dubai trip with second defeat of New Zealand, third place title" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, December 5, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. continues roll over New Zealand in Cape Town Plate Semifinal" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, December 13, 2015.
  14. ^ "Born in the USA: Sevens captain pops the question". YouTube. 2010-02-15. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  15. ^ "USA Rugby to contract Sevens players" Archived January 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., November 30, 2011.
  16. ^ a b c d "WHERE HAVE ALL THE OLYMPIANS GONE?", Rugby Today, November 30, 2016.
  17. ^ "Men's Eagles Sevens squad update: Cape Town Read more at https://www.usarugby.org/2016/12/mens-eagles-sevens-squad-update-cape-town/?E66LIsPrm0AvXuoH.99", USA Rugby Press Release, December 5, 2016.
  18. ^ "Friday appointed Men's Eagles Sevens head coach", USA Rugby, Chad Wise, July 18, 2014.
  19. ^ "Chris Brown appointed USA Sevens Assistant coach with former coach Alex Magleby to oversee the program", Ultimate Rugby Sevens, July 6, 2014.
  20. ^ "Rugby at the 1920 Antwerpen Summer Games: Men's Rugby", Sports Reference, Olympic Sports.
  21. ^ "Rugby at the 1924 Olympics."
  22. ^ "Eagles send Canada packing, book trip to Rio de Janeiro", USA Rugby, June 14, 2015.
  23. ^ "RWC Sevens 2009 – Rugby World Cup Sevens History". Rwcsevens.com. 2009-01-08. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  24. ^ "GOLD ELUDES TEAM USA AT PAN AM GAMES", USA Rugby, Colin Flora, July 13, 2015.
  25. ^ "Home". Worldgames-iwga.org. 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  26. ^ "USA Rugby". USA Rugby. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  27. ^ "World Games Day 2: Fiji cruise to Gold Medal". Ultimate Rugby Sevens. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  28. ^ a b Hong Kong Sevens Past Results, Hong Kong Sevens.
  29. ^ "Schedule - Past Results". Archived from the original on February 6, 2010. Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  30. ^ a b "Complete Winners Archive | Bangkok International Rugby Sevens". Bangkoksevens.com. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  31. ^ [1] Archived July 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ [2] Archived November 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  33. ^ [3][dead link]
  34. ^ [4][dead link]
  35. ^ "US Opens With A Win". Archived from the original on January 26, 2010. Retrieved January 21, 2010. 
  36. ^ Men's Eagles Database Archived January 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby.
  37. ^ "Men beat Uruguay, win bronze at Pan American Games", USA Rugby, July 12, 2015
  38. ^ "Eagles send Canada packing, book trip to Rio de Janeiro", USA Rugby, June 14, 2015
  39. ^ "Men's Eagles Sevens end 2014-15 Series with Cup win in London" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, May 17, 2015
  40. ^ "Eagles Win Bronze at Pan Ams" Rugby Mag, October 31, 2011.
  41. ^ "No. 1-ranked Fiji beaten by Eagles in Cell C Nelson Mandela Bay Sevens Plate Final" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, December 14, 2014
  42. ^ "Eagles defeat Argentina for second consecutive Plate" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, May 5, 2013
  43. ^ "US Wins Plate in Singapore". Archived from the original on October 30, 2007. Retrieved December 4, 2009. 
  44. ^ "Eagles move to sixth in Series standings with Bowl win in Tokyo" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, April 5, 2015
  45. ^ "Test earns Dream Team nomination, helps Eagles win Bowl at Gold Coast Sevens", USA Rugby, October 12, 2014
  46. ^ "USA Win Bowl in Australia". Retrieved April 3, 2011. [dead link]
  47. ^ "Bowl Final to USA". Retrieved February 15, 2010. [dead link]
  48. ^ "Eagles defeat Japan, win Shield at Marriott London Sevens" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., USA Rugby, May 11, 2014
  49. ^ "Spain defeat earns second consecutive Shield for Eagles", USA Rugby, February 8, 2014
  50. ^ "USA Sevens: Day Three", USA Rugby, January 26, 2014
  51. ^ "Eagles take Gold Coast Sevens Shield with 22-0 defeat of Portugal, USA Rugby, October 13, 2013
  52. ^ "USA Wins Shield in Wellington". Retrieved February 5, 2011. [dead link]
  53. ^ "Shield for USA". Retrieved February 6, 2010. [dead link]
  54. ^ "Ngwenya flies in for the Eagles" (Press release). International Rugby Board. February 7, 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2008. 
  55. ^ Kitson, Robert (March 25, 2014). "Rugby union takes foothold in US with rise of crossover competitors". theguardian.com. Retrieved March 26, 2014. 

External links[edit]