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2020 United States presidential election

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2020 United States presidential election

← 2016 November 3, 2020 2024 →

538 members of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
Opinion polls

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About this image
The electoral map for the 2020 election, based on populations from the 2010 Census.

Incumbent President

Donald Trump
Republican



The 2020 United States presidential election is scheduled for Tuesday, November 3, 2020. It will be the 59th quadrennial presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn on December 14, 2020,[1] will either elect a new president and vice president or re-elect the incumbents. The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses are scheduled to be held during the first six months of 2020. This nominating process is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots selecting a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention, who then in turn elect their party's nominees for president and vice president.

Donald Trump, the 45th and incumbent president, has launched a reelection campaign for the Republican primaries; several state Republican Party organizations have cancelled their primaries in a show of support for his candidacy.[2] 29 major candidates launched campaigns for the Democratic nomination, which became the largest field of candidates for any political party in the post-reform period of American politics. The winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20, 2021.

Background

Procedure

Article Two of the United States Constitution states that for a person to serve as president the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old and a United States resident for at least 14 years. Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the various political parties of the United States, in which case each party develops a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. The primary elections are usually indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The presidential nominee typically chooses a vice presidential running mate to form that party's ticket, who is then ratified by the delegates (with the exception of the Libertarian Party, which nominates its vice presidential candidate by delegate vote regardless of the presidential nominee's preference). The general election in November is also an indirect election, in which voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College; these electors then directly elect the president and vice president.[3] If no candidate receives the minimum 270 electoral votes needed to win the election, the United States House of Representatives will select the president from the three candidates who received the most electoral votes, and the United States Senate will select the vice president from the candidates who received the two highest totals.

In August 2018, the Democratic National Committee voted to disallow superdelegates from voting on the first ballot of the nominating process, beginning with the 2020 election. This would require a candidate to win a majority of pledged delegates from the assorted primary elections in order to win the party's nomination. The last time this did not occur was the nomination of Adlai Stevenson II at the 1952 Democratic National Convention.[4]

Several Republican state committees are reportedly contemplating scrapping their 2020 primary/caucus, while others have already preemptively done so.[5] They have cited the fact that Republicans canceled several state primaries when George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush sought a second term in 1992 and 2004, respectively; and Democrats scrapped some of their primaries when Bill Clinton and Barack Obama were seeking reelection in 1996 and 2012, respectively.[6][7]

On August 26, 2019, the Maine legislature passed a bill adopting ranked-choice voting both for presidential primaries and for the general election.[8][9] On September 6, 2019, Governor Janet Mills allowed the bill to become law without her signature, which delayed it from taking effect until after the 2020 Democratic primary in March, but puts Maine on track to be the first state to use ranked-choice voting for a presidential general election. The law continues the use of the congressional district method for the allocation of electors, as Maine and Nebraska have used in recent elections.[10] The change could potentially delay the projection of the winner(s) of Maine's electoral votes for days after election day,[11] and will also complicate interpretation of the national popular vote.[12]

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution states that an individual cannot be elected to the presidency more than twice. This prohibits former presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama from being elected president again. Former president Jimmy Carter, having served only a single term as president, is not constitutionally prohibited from being elected to another term in the 2020 election, though he has no plans to do so, saying, "95 is out of the question. I'm having a hard time walking. I think the time has passed for me to be involved actively in politics, much less run for president."[13]

Trump impeachment

This is the first time since the modern presidential primaries were established in 1911 that a sitting president has been subjected to impeachment at the same time the primary season is underway.[14]

On October 31, 2019, the House of Representatives voted procedures governing public hearings regarding a possible impeachment of President Trump. These hearings began in mid-November 2019.[15] The House then voted to impeach the president on December 18.[16][17]

A trial in the Senate held in early 2020 would affect those senators running for the Democratic presidential nomination, since they would be called to attend the trial instead of stumping on the campaign trail.[18] The Democratic National Committee is open to rescheduling any Democratic debates should conflicts occur.[19] A Senate vote to remove Trump from office would also likely occur in the middle of the Republican primaries with Trump already on the ballot. A second Senate vote would be required to completely ban him from running for reelection in 2020 or from holding any other federal office in the future.[20]

Demographic trends

The age group of what will then be people in the 18 to 45-year-old bracket is expected to represent just under 40 percent of the United States' eligible voters in 2020. It is expected that more than 30 percent of eligible American voters will be nonwhite.[21]

A bipartisan report indicates that changes in voter demographics since the 2016 election could impact the results of the 2020 election. African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and other ethnic minorities, as well as "whites with a college degree", are expected to all increase their percentage of national eligible voters by 2020, while "whites without a college degree" will decrease. This shift is potentially an advantage for the Democratic nominee; however, due to geographical differences, this could still lead to President Trump (or a different Republican nominee) winning the Electoral College while still losing the popular vote, possibly by an even larger margin than in 2016.[22]

Simultaneous elections

The presidential election will occur simultaneously with elections to the Senate and the House of Representatives. Gubernatorial and legislative elections will also be held in several states. Following the election, the United States House will redistribute the seats among the 50 states based on the results of the 2020 United States Census, and the states will conduct a redistricting of Congressional and state legislative districts. In most states the governor and the state legislature conduct the redistricting (although some states have redistricting commissions), and often a party that wins a presidential election experiences a coattail effect which also helps other candidates of that party win elections.[23] Therefore, the party that wins the 2020 presidential election could also win a significant advantage in the drawing of new Congressional and state legislative districts that would stay in effect until the 2032 elections.[24]

Republican Party nominations

Donald Trump is formally seeking re-election.[25][26] His re-election campaign has been ongoing since his victory in 2016, leading pundits to describe his tactic of holding rallies continuously throughout his presidency as a "never-ending campaign".[27] On January 20, 2017, at 5:11 p.m., he submitted a letter as a substitute of FEC Form 2, by which he reached the legal threshold for filing, in compliance with the Federal Election Campaign Act.[28]

Beginning in August 2017, reports arose that members of the Republican Party were preparing a "shadow campaign" against Trump, particularly from the moderate or establishment wings of the party. Then-Arizona senator John McCain said, "Republicans see weakness in this president."[29][30] Maine senator Susan Collins, Kentucky senator Rand Paul, and former New Jersey governor Chris Christie all expressed doubts in 2017 that Trump would be the 2020 nominee, with Collins stating "it's too difficult to say."[31][32] Senator Jeff Flake claimed in 2017 that Trump was "inviting" a primary challenger by the way he was governing.[33] Longtime political strategist Roger Stone, however, predicted in May 2018 that Trump might not seek a second term were he to succeed in keeping all his campaign promises and "mak[ing] America great again".[34]

The Republican National Committee unofficially endorsed Trump on January 25, 2019.[35]

Former Massachusetts governor Bill Weld became Trump's first major challenger in the Republican primaries following an announcement on April 15, 2019.[36] Weld, who was the Libertarian Party's nominee for vice president in 2016, is considered a long shot because his libertarian views on several political positions such as abortion rights, gay marriage and marijuana legalization conflict with traditionalist conservative positions.[37] Former Illinois representative Joe Walsh launched a primary challenge on August 25, 2019, saying, "I'm going to do whatever I can. I don't want [Trump] to win. The country cannot afford to have him win. If I'm not successful, I'm not voting for him."[38] On September 8, 2019, former South Carolina governor and representative Mark Sanford officially announced that he would be another Republican primary challenger to Trump.[39] He dropped out of the race on November 12.[40]

Declared major candidates

Name Born Experience Home
state
Campaign
Announcement date
Bound
delegates
(hard count)[41]
Popular
vote[41]
Contests won[a]
Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg
Donald Trump
June 14, 1946
(age 73)
Queens, New York
President of the United States (2017–present)
Businessman, television personality, real estate developer
Flag of Florida.svg
Florida[43]
TrumpPenceKAG.png
Campaign
Campaign (informal): February 17, 2017
Campaign (official): June 18, 2019

FEC filing[44]
19
(0.78%)
None
(0%)
1
Hawaii[45]
Rocky De La Fuente1 (2) (cropped).jpg
Rocky De La Fuente
October 10, 1954
(age 65)
San Diego, California
Businessman and real estate developer
Reform nominee for President in 2016
Perennial candidate
Flag of California.svg
California
Rocky De La Fuente 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
Campaign: May 16, 2019
FEC filing[46]
0
(0%)
None
(0%)
0
Congressman Joe Walsh, Nationally Syndicated Radio Host on Stairs (cropped).jpg
Joe Walsh
December 27, 1961
(age 58)
North Barrington, Illinois
U.S. representative from IL-08 (2011–2013)
Conservative talk radio host
Flag of Illinois.svg
Illinois
Joe Walsh 2020 Logo-black.svg
Campaign
Campaign: August 25, 2019
FEC filing[47]
0
(0%)
None
(0%)
0
William Weld (27787013954) (cropped).jpg
Bill Weld
July 31, 1945
(age 74)
Smithtown, New York
Governor of Massachusetts (1991–1997)
Libertarian nominee for Vice President in 2016
Nominee for U.S. Senate from Massachusetts in 1996
Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Bill Weld campaign 2020.png
Campaign
Exploratory committee: February 15, 2019
Campaign: April 15, 2019

FEC filing[48]
0
(0%)
None
(0%)
0

Notable candidates Bob Ely and Zoltan Istvan are both on the ballot in five states or more.

Withdrawn candidate(s)

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign
announced
Campaign
suspended
Article Ref.
Mark Sanford (12370) (cropped).jpg
Mark Sanford
May 28, 1960
(age 59)
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
U.S. representative from SC-01 (1995–2001, 2013–2019)
Governor of South Carolina (2003–2011)
Flag of South Carolina.svg
South Carolina
September 8, 2019 November 12, 2019 Mark Sanford 2020.png
Campaign
FEC filing[49]
[39][50]

Endorsements

Democratic Party nominations

After Hillary Clinton's loss in the previous election, the Democratic Party was seen largely as leaderless[51] and fractured between the centrist Clinton wing and the more progressive Sanders wing of the party, echoing the rift brought up in the 2016 primary election.[52][53]

This divide between the establishment and progressive wings of the party has been reflected in several elections leading up to the 2020 primaries, most notably in 2017 with the election for DNC chair between moderate-backed Tom Perez and progressive-backed Keith Ellison:[54] Perez was elected chairman, and Ellison was appointed the deputy chair, a largely ceremonial role. In 2018, several U.S. House districts that Democrats hoped to gain from the Republican majority had contentious primary elections. These clashes were described by Politico's Elena Schneider as a "Democratic civil war."[55] Meanwhile, there has been a general shift to the left in regards to college tuition, healthcare, and immigration among Democrats in the Senate, likely to build up credentials for the upcoming primary election.[56][57]

The 2020 primary field has broken the record for the largest field under the modern presidential primary system previously set in the 2016 GOP primary, which consisted of 17 major candidates.[58] Several female candidates entered the race, increasing the likelihood of the Democrats nominating a woman for the second time in a row.[59]

The topic of age has been brought up among the three candidates widely considered to be the front-runners: former Vice President Joe Biden, Massachusetts senator Elizabeth Warren, and Vermont senator Bernie Sanders, who will be 78, 71, and 79 respectively on inauguration day. Former Democratic Senate leader Harry Reid described the trio as "an old folks' home", expressing a need for fresh faces to step up and lead the party.[60]

There are 12 major candidates running active campaigns as of January 13, 2020.[61]

Declared major candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Michael Bennet by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Michael Bennet
November 28, 1964
(age 55)
New Delhi, India
U.S. senator from Colorado (2009–present) Flag of Colorado.svg
Colorado
Michael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: May 2, 2019
FEC filing[62]
[63]

Joe Biden
November 20, 1942
(age 77)
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Vice President of the United States (2009–2017)
U.S. senator from Delaware (1973–2009)
Candidate for President in 1988 and 2008
Flag of Delaware.svg
Delaware
Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: April 25, 2019
FEC filing[64]
[65]

Michael Bloomberg
February 14, 1942
(age 77)
Boston, Massachusetts
Mayor of New York City, New York (2002–2013)
CEO of Bloomberg L.P.
Flag of New York.svg
New York
Mike Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee: November 21, 2019
Campaign: November 24, 2019

FEC filing[66]
[67]
Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Pete Buttigieg
January 19, 1982
(age 38)
South Bend, Indiana
Mayor of South Bend, Indiana (2012–2020) Flag of Indiana.svg
Indiana
Pete for America logo (Strato Blue).svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee: January 23, 2019
Campaign: April 14, 2019

FEC filing[68]
[69]
John Delaney 2019 crop.jpg
John Delaney
April 16, 1963
(age 56)
Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
U.S. representative from MD-06 (2013–2019) Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
John Delaney 2020 logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: July 28, 2017
FEC filing[70]
[71]
Tulsi Gabbard August 2019.jpg
Tulsi Gabbard
April 12, 1981
(age 38)
Leloaloa, American Samoa
U.S. representative from HI-02 (2013–present) Flag of Hawaii.svg
Hawaii
Tulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaign logo black.svg
Campaign
Campaign: January 11, 2019
FEC filing[72]
[73]
Amy Klobuchar 2019 (cropped).jpg
Amy Klobuchar
May 25, 1960
(age 59)
Plymouth, Minnesota
U.S. senator from Minnesota (2007–present) Flag of Minnesota.svg
Minnesota
Amy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: February 10, 2019
FEC filing[74]
[75]
Deval Patrick 2016.jpg
Deval Patrick
July 31, 1956
(age 63)
Chicago, Illinois
Governor of Massachusetts (2007–2015) Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Devallogo2020.png
Campaign
Campaign: November 14, 2019
FEC filing[76]
[77]
Bernie Sanders July 2019 (cropped).jpg
Bernie Sanders
September 8, 1941
(age 78)
Brooklyn, New York
U.S. senator from Vermont (2007–present)
U.S. representative from VT-AL (1991–2007)
Mayor of Burlington, Vermont (1981–1989)
Candidate for President in 2016
Flag of Vermont.svg
Vermont
Bernie Sanders 2020 logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: February 19, 2019
FEC filing[78]
[79]
Tom Steyer by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Tom Steyer
June 27, 1957
(age 62)
Manhattan, New York
Hedge fund manager
Founder of Farallon Capital, Beneficial State Bank, and NextGen America
Flag of California.svg
California
Tom Steyer 2020 logo (black text).svg
Campaign
Campaign: July 9, 2019
FEC filing[80]
[81]
Elizabeth Warren by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Elizabeth Warren
June 22, 1949
(age 70)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
U.S. senator from Massachusetts (2013–present)
Special Advisor for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (2010–2011)
Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Elizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
December 31, 2018
Campaign: February 9, 2019

FEC filing[82]
[83]
Andrew Yang by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Andrew Yang
January 13, 1975
(age 45)
Schenectady, New York
Entrepreneur
Founder of Venture for America
Presidential Ambassador for Global Entrepreneurship (2015–2017)
Flag of New York.svg
New York
Andrew Yang 2020 logo.svg
Campaign
Campaign: November 6, 2017
FEC filing[84]
[85]

Withdrawn candidates

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign
announced
Campaign
suspended
Article Ref.
MAJ Richard Ojeda.jpg
Richard Ojeda
September 25, 1970
(age 49)
Rochester, Minnesota
West Virginia state senator from WV-SD07 (2016–2019)  West Virginia November 11, 2018 January 25, 2019
(running for U.S. Senate)[86]

Campaign
FEC filing[87]

[88][89]
Eric Swalwell (48016282941) (cropped).jpg
Eric Swalwell
November 16, 1980
(age 39)
Sac City, Iowa
U.S. representative from CA-15 (2013–present)  California April 8, 2019 July 8, 2019
(running for re-election)[90]
Eric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[91]
[92][93]

Mike Gravel
May 13, 1930
(age 89)
Springfield, Massachusetts
U.S. senator from Alaska (1969–1981)
Candidate for President in 2008
Candidate for Vice President of the United States in 1972
 California April 2, 2019
Exploratory committee: March 19, 2019
August 6, 2019
(Endorsed Gabbard and Sanders
Gravel Mg web logo line two color.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[94]
[95][96]
John Hickenlooper by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Hickenlooper
February 7, 1952
(age 67)
Narberth, Pennsylvania
Governor of Colorado (2011–2019)
Mayor of Denver, Colorado (2003–2011)
 Colorado March 4, 2019 August 15, 2019
(running for U.S. Senate)
(Endorsed Bennet)[97]
John Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
FEC filing[98]
[99][100]
Jay Inslee by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Jay Inslee
February 9, 1951
(age 68)
Seattle, Washington
Governor of Washington (2013–present)
U.S. representative from WA-01 (1999–2012)
 Washington March 1, 2019 August 21, 2019
(running for re-election)[101]

Campaign
FEC filing[102]
[103][104]
Seth Moulton August 2019.jpg
Seth Moulton
October 24, 1978
(age 41)
Salem, Massachusetts
U.S. representative from MA-06 (2015–present)  Massachusetts April 22, 2019 August 23, 2019
(running for re-election)[105]

Campaign
FEC filing[106]
[107][108]
Kirsten Gillibrand August 2019.jpg
Kirsten Gillibrand
December 9, 1966
(age 53)
Albany, New York
U.S. senator from New York (2009–present)
U.S. representative from NY-20 (2007–2009)
 New York March 17, 2019
Exploratory committee: January 15, 2019
August 28, 2019 Gillibrand 2020 logo.png
Campaign
FEC filing[109]
[110][111]
Bill de Blasio by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Bill de Blasio
May 8, 1961
(age 58)
Manhattan, New York
Mayor of New York City, New York (2014–present)  New York May 16, 2019 September 20, 2019 Bill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[112]
[113][114]
Tim Ryan (48639153698) (cropped).jpg
Tim Ryan
July 16, 1973
(age 46)
Niles, Ohio
U.S. representative from OH-13 (2013–present)
U.S. representative from OH-17 (2003–2013)
 Ohio April 4, 2019 October 24, 2019
(running for re-election)
(Endorsed Biden[115]
Timryan2020.png
Campaign
FEC filing[116]
[117][118]
Beto O'Rourke April 2019.jpg
Beto O'Rourke
September 26, 1972
(age 47)
El Paso, Texas
U.S. representative from TX-16 (2013–2019)  Texas March 14, 2019 November 1, 2019 Beto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[119]
[120][121]
Wayne Messam by Marc Nozell (cropped).jpg
Wayne Messam
June 7, 1974
(age 45)
South Bay, Florida
Mayor of Miramar, Florida (2015–present)  Florida March 28, 2019
Exploratory committee: March 13, 2019
November 19, 2019 Wayne Messam 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
FEC filing[122]
[123][124]
Joe Sestak August 2019 (3) (cropped).jpg
Joe Sestak
December 12, 1951
(age 68)
Secane, Pennsylvania
U.S. representative from PA-07 (2007–2011)
Former Vice Admiral of the United States Navy
 Pennsylvania June 23, 2019 December 1, 2019 Campaign
FEC filing[125]
[126][127]
Steve Bullock by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Steve Bullock
April 11, 1966
(age 53)
Missoula, Montana
Governor of Montana (2013–present)
Attorney General of Montana (2009–2013)
 Montana May 14, 2019 December 2, 2019 Steve Bullock 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[128]
[129][130]
Kamala Harris April 2019.jpg
Kamala Harris
October 20, 1964
(age 55)
Oakland, California
U.S. senator from California (2017–present)
Attorney General of California (2011–2017)
 California January 21, 2019 December 3, 2019 Kamala Harris 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[131]
[132][133]
Julian Castro 2019 crop.jpg
Julián Castro
September 16, 1974
(age 45)
San Antonio, Texas
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas (2009–2014)
 Texas January 12, 2019
Exploratory committee: December 12, 2018
January 2, 2020
(Endorsed Warren)
Julian Castro 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[134]
[135][136]
Marianne Williamson November 2019.jpg
Marianne Williamson
July 8, 1952
(age 67)
Houston, Texas
Author
Founder of Project Angel Food
Independent candidate for U.S. House from CA-33 in 2014
 California
January 28, 2019
Exploratory committee:
November 15, 2018
January 10, 2020
(Endorsed Yang)[137]
Marianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[138]
[139][140]
Cory Booker by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Cory Booker
April 27, 1969
(age 50)
Washington, D.C.
U.S. senator from New Jersey (2013–present)
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey (2006–2013)
 New Jersey February 1, 2019 January 13, 2020
(running for re-election)[141]
Cory Booker 2020 Logo.svg
Campaign
FEC filing[142]
[143][144]

Endorsements

Libertarian Party nominations

Declared candidates

Candidate Born Experience Home state Campaign Popular vote Ref
Vermin Supreme August 2019.jpg
Vermin Supreme
June 1961
(age 57)
Rockport, Massachusetts
Performance artist and activist
Candidate for President in 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016
Candidate for Mayor of Detroit, Michigan in 1989
Candidate for Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland in 1987
Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Vermin Supreme A Dictator You Can Trust.svg
Campaign
May 28, 2018
FEC Filing[145]
Running mate: Spike Cohen[146]
26 [147]
Gray - replace this image female.svg
Jo Jorgensen
May 1, 1957
(age 62)
Libertyville, Illinois
Psychology senior lecturer at Clemson University
Nominee for Vice President in 1996
Nominee for U.S. representative from SC-04 in 1992
Flag of South Carolina.svg
South Carolina

November 2, 2019
FEC Filing[148]
17 [149]
Dan-taxation-is-theft-behrman.jpg
Dan Behrman
April 24, 1981
(age 38)
Los Angeles, California
Software engineer, internet personality and podcaster
Nominee for Texas state representative from TX-125 in 2014
Flag of Texas.svg
Texas
Dan "Taxation is Theft" Behrman 2020.png
January 30, 2019
FEC Filing[150]
13 [151]
Jacob Hornberger by Gage Skidmore (cropped) (2).jpg
Jacob Hornberger
January 1, 1950
(age 70)
Laredo, Texas
Founder and President of the Future of Freedom Foundation
Independent candidate for U.S. Senate from Virginia in 2002
Candidate for President in 2000
Flag of Virginia.svg
Virginia
Hornbergerlogo.png
October 29, 2019
FEC Filing[152]
9 [153]
Sam Robb Campaign Photo for 2020 Election (cropped).jpg
Sam Robb
January 2, 1969
(age 51)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Software engineer and author
Former naval officer
Flag of Pennsylvania.svg

Pennsylvania

Sam Robb Campaign Logo for 2020 candidacy.png

April 1, 2019
FEC Filing[154]

8 [155]
Arvin Vohra on The Tatiana Show (cropped).jpg
Arvin Vohra
May 9, 1979
(age 40)
Silver Spring, Maryland
Vice Chair of the LNC
(2014–2018)

Nominee for U.S. Senate from Maryland in 2016 and 2018
Nominee for U.S. representative from MD-05 in 2012 and MD-04 in 2014
Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
Arvin Vohra 2020 logo.png
July 3, 2018
FEC Filing[156]
6 [157]
Mark Whitney-WM.jpg
Mark Whitney
Podcaster and political satirist
Founder and CEO of TheLaw.net
Flag of California.svg
California

December 20, 2019
FEC Filing[158]
6 [159]
Lincoln Chafee (14103606100 cc56e38ddd h).jpg
Lincoln Chafee
March 26, 1953
(age 66)
Providence, Rhode Island
Independent Governor of Rhode Island (2011–2015)
Republican U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (1999–2007)
Republican Mayor of Warwick, Rhode Island (1993–1999)
Democratic candidate for President in 2016
Flag of Wyoming.svg
Wyoming

Campaign
January 5, 2020
4 [160][161]
Max suit small (cropped).jpg
Max Abramson
April 29, 1976
(age 43)
Kent, Washington
New Hampshire State Representative
(2014–2016; 2018–present)

Nominee for Governor of New Hampshire in 2016
Flag of New Hampshire.svg
New Hampshire
Max Abramson 2020 logo.png
June 30, 2019
FEC Filing[162]
0 [163]
Ken Armstrong POTUS46 Headshot.jpg
Ken Armstrong
April 25, 1957
(age 62)
Pasadena, California
U.S. Coast Guard commissioned officer
(1977–1994)

Former nonprofit executive
Former member of the Honolulu County, Hawaii Neighborhood Board
Flag of Hawaii.svg
Hawaii

May 10, 2019
FEC Filing[164]
0 [165]
Keenan Dunham.jpg
Keenan Dunham
July 16, 1981
(age 38)
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
Chair of the Horry County, South Carolina Libertarian Party
Candidate for President in 2016
Flag of South Carolina.svg
South Carolina

August 26, 2018
FEC Filing[166]
0 [167]
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Erik Gerhardt
Entrepreneur Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
Pennsylvania

May 23, 2019
FEC Filing[168]
0 [169][170]
Kokesh2013 (cropped).jpg
Adam Kokesh
February 1, 1982
(age 37)
San Francisco, California
Libertarian and anti-war political activist
Nominee for U.S. Senate from Arizona in 2018
Republican candidate for U.S. representative from NM-03 in 2010
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona
AdamKokesh2020CampaignLogo.png
July 18, 2013
FEC Filing[171]
0 [172]
John McAfee by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John McAfee
September 18, 1945
(age 74)
Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire,
United Kingdom
Founder and CEO of McAfee, Inc.
(1987–1994)

Candidate for President in 2016
Flag of Tennessee.svg
Tennessee
McAfee 2020 logo.png
Campaign
June 3, 2018
0 [173][174]

Withdrawn candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign Ref.
Zoltan Istvan public profile photo (cropped).jpg
Zoltan Istvan
March 30, 1973
(aged 45)
Los Angeles, California
Transhumanist activist and futurist
Candidate for Governor of California in 2018
Transhumanist nominee for President in 2016
Flag of California.svg
California
Announced campaign:
November 25, 2017

Suspended campaign:
January 11, 2019 (publicly revealed)

(running for the Republican nomination)

[175][176]
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Christopher Marks
Columbia City, Indiana Lawyer and technician Flag of Indiana.svg
Indiana
Announced campaign:
February 7, 2017

Suspended campaign:
August 8, 2019

[177]
Gray - replace this image female.svg
Kim Ruff
Peoria, Arizona Vice chair of the LPRadical Caucus
Write-in candidate for Arizona State Mine Inspector in 2018
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona
Announced campaign:
March 25, 2019

Running mate: John Phillips Jr.

Suspended campaign:
January 11, 2020

[178][179]

Publicly expressed interest

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months.

Endorsements

Jacob Hornberger
Party officials
Individuals
Organizations
  • Libertarian Party Mises Causus[189]
Newspapers and other media
  • The Liberty Herald, news media website[190]
Adam Kokesh
Federal legislators
Vermin Supreme
State legislators
Municipal officials
  • Spencer Dias, Goffstown, NH budget committee member and Vice Chair of Southern New Hampshire Libertarian Party[193]
  • Richard Manzo, Goffstown, NH budget committee member and Vice Chair of the Libertarian Party of New Hampshire[194]
Party officials
Individuals
Withdrawn
Kim Ruff
State legislators
Individuals

Green Party nominations

On July 24, 2019, the Green Party of the United States officially recognized the campaign of Howie Hawkins.[201] On August 26, 2019, Dario Hunter's campaign was also recognized.[202] The remaining candidates may obtain formal recognition after meeting the established criteria by the party's Presidential Campaign Support Committee.[203]

On October 26, 2019, Hawkins was nominated by Socialist Party USA, in addition to seeking the Green nomination.[204]

Declared candidates

Candidate Experience Home state Campaign Projected Delegates Delegations with Plurality Ref
Candidates formally recognized by GPUS
Hawkins 2010.jpg
Howie Hawkins
Activist; co-founder of the Green Party
Socialist Party USA nominee for President in 2020[205]
Green nominee for Governor of New York in 2010, 2014, 2018
Green nominee for U.S. representative from NY-25 in 2008
Green nominee for U.S. Senate from New York in 2006
Flag of New York.svg
New York
Howie Hawkins 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
April 3, 2019

Campaign: May 28, 2019
FEC filing[206]
0 / 402
0 [207][208][209]
Dario Hunter YCSD (cropped) (cropped).jpg
Dario Hunter
Youngstown Board of Education member (2016–2019) Flag of Ohio.svg
Ohio
Dario Hunter 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
Exploratory committee:
January 21, 2019

Campaign: February 18, 2019
FEC filing[210]
0 / 402
0 [211]
Other candidates
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Dennis Lambert
Documentary filmmaker
Green candidate for U.S. representative from OH-15 in 2016
Green nominee for U.S. representative from OH-06 in 2014
Flag of Ohio.svg
Ohio
Campaign: May 10, 2019
FEC filing[212]
0 / 402
0 [213][214]
Kent Mesplay by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Kent Mesplay
Inspector at the Air Pollution Control District of San Diego County (2001–2015)
Green candidate for President in 2008, 2012 and 2016
Flag of California.svg
California
Campaign: December 14, 2019
Has not filed with the FEC
0 / 402
0 [215]
Sedinam Curry (cropped).png
Sedinam Moyowasifza-Curry
Activist
Green candidate for President in 2016
Flag of California.svg
California
Campaign: July 29, 2015
FEC filing[216]
0 / 402
0 [217]
David Rolde (Green Party US).jpg
David Rolde
Activist Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
Campaign: July 14, 2019
FEC filing[218]
0 / 402
0 [219]
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Chad Wilson
Activist Flag of Tennessee.svg
Tennessee
Campaign: June 8, 2019
[citation needed]
FEC filing[220]
0 / 402
0 [221]

Withdrawn candidates

Name Born Experience Home state Campaign Ref.
Ian Schlakman (cropped).jpg
Ian Schlakman
December 15, 1984
(age 35)
Suffolk County, New York
Former co-chair of the Maryland Green Party
Green nominee for Governor of Maryland in 2018
Green nominee for U.S. representative from MD-02 in 2014
Flag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
Campaign: December 3, 2018
FEC filing[222]
Suspended: October 18, 2019
[223][224]

Endorsements

Howie Hawkins
Local officials
Individuals
Organizations
Dario Hunter
Individuals
International politicians

Other nominations

Party conventions

Map of United States showing Milwaukee, Charlotte, and Austin
Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Charlotte
Charlotte
Austin
Austin
Detroit
Detroit
  Democratic Party
  Republican Party
  Libertarian Party
  Green Party

The 2020 Democratic National Convention is scheduled from July 13 to 16 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[235][236][237]

The 2020 Republican National Convention is planned to be held in Charlotte, North Carolina, from August 24 to 27.[238]

This will be the first time since 2004 that the two major party conventions will be held at least one month apart with the Summer Olympics in between[239] (in 2008 and 2012, the Democratic and Republican conventions were held in back-to-back weeks following the Summer Olympics, while in 2016 both were held before the Rio Games).

The 2020 Libertarian National Convention will be held in Austin, Texas, over Memorial Day weekend from May 22 to 25.[240][241]

The 2020 Green National Convention will be held in Detroit, Michigan from July 9 to 12.[242]

The 2020 Constitution Party National Convention is tentatively scheduled to be held in Charlotte, North Carolina in April, although the location may be changed to Atlanta, Georgia.[243]

General election debates

Map of United States showing debate locations
University of Notre Dame Indiana
University of Notre Dame
Indiana
University of Utah Salt Lake City
University of Utah
Salt Lake City
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor
Belmont University Nashville, Tennessee
Belmont University
Nashville, Tennessee
Sites of the 2020 general election debates

On October 11, 2019, the Commission on Presidential Debates announced that three general election debates would be held in the fall of 2020: the first is scheduled to take place on September 29 at the University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana, the second is scheduled to take place on October 15 at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the third is scheduled to take place on October 22 at Belmont University in Nashville, Tennessee. Additionally, one vice presidential debate is scheduled for October 7, 2020, at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City.[244] Trump is reportedly considering skipping the debates.[245]

General election polling

State predictions

Most election predictors use:

  • "tossup": no advantage
  • "tilt" (used sometimes): advantage that is not quite as strong as "lean"
  • "lean": slight advantage
  • "likely" or "favored": significant, but surmountable, advantage (*highest rating given by Fox News)
  • "safe" or "solid": near-certain chance of victory
State PVI[246] Previous
result
Cook
October 29,
2019
[247]
IE
December 19,
2019
[248]
Sabato
November 7,
2019
[249]
Politico
November 19,
2019
[250]
Alabama R+14 62.1% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Alaska R+9 51.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Arizona R+5 48.9% R Tossup Tilt R Tossup Tossup
Arkansas R+15 60.6% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
California D+12 61.7% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Colorado D+1 48.2% D Likely D Safe D Lean D Lean D
Connecticut D+6 54.6% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Delaware D+6 53.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
District of Columbia D+41 90.9% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Florida R+2 49.0% R Tossup Tossup Lean R Tossup
Georgia R+5 50.8% R Lean R Likely R Lean R Lean R
Hawaii D+18 62.2% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Idaho R+19 59.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Illinois D+7 55.8% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Indiana R+9 56.8% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Iowa R+3 51.2% R Lean R Lean R Lean R Lean R
Kansas R+13 56.7% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Kentucky R+15 62.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Louisiana R+11 58.1% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Maine D+3 47.8% D Lean D Lean D
(only statewide
rating given)
Lean D Lean D
ME-1 D+8 54.0% D Safe D Safe D Safe D
ME-2 R+2 51.3% R Lean R Lean R Lean R
Maryland D+12 60.3% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Massachusetts D+12 60.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Michigan D+1 47.5% R Lean D (flip) Tilt D (flip) Lean D (flip) Tossup
Minnesota D+1 46.4% D Lean D Likely D Lean D Lean D
Mississippi R+9 57.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Missouri R+9 56.8% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Montana R+11 56.2% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Nebraska R+14 58.8% R Safe R Safe R
(only statewide
rating given)
Safe R Safe R
NE-1 R+11 56.2% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
NE-2 R+4 47.2% R Lean R Tossup Tossup
NE-3 R+27 73.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Nevada D+1 47.9% D Likely D Lean D Lean D Tossup
New Hampshire EVEN 47.0% D Lean D Lean D Lean D Tossup
New Jersey D+7 55.0% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
New Mexico D+3 48.4% D Safe D Safe D Likely D Likely D
New York D+11 59.0% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
North Carolina R+3 49.8% R Tossup Tossup Lean R Tossup
North Dakota R+16 63.0% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Ohio R+3 51.7% R Lean R Likely R Lean R Lean R
Oklahoma R+20 65.3% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Oregon D+5 50.1% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Pennsylvania EVEN 48.2% R Tossup Tilt D (flip) Tossup Tossup
Rhode Island D+10 54.4% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
South Carolina R+8 54.9% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
South Dakota R+14 61.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Tennessee R+14 60.7% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Texas R+8 52.2% R Likely R Safe R Lean R Lean R
Utah R+20 45.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Likely R
Vermont D+15 56.7% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
Virginia D+1 49.7% D Likely D Safe D Likely D Lean D
Washington D+7 52.5% D Safe D Safe D Safe D Safe D
West Virginia R+19 68.5% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R
Wisconsin EVEN 47.2% R Tossup Tossup Tossup Tossup
Wyoming R+25 67.4% R Safe R Safe R Safe R Safe R

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In bolded states and territories, the leading candidate won the support of an absolute majority of that state's delegation for the first ballot; according to Rule 40(b), eight such states are needed to be eligible.[42] In states and territories that are not bolded, the leading candidate won the support of a simple plurality of delegates.
  2. ^ a b c d This individual is not a Libertarian Party member, but has been the subject of speculation and/or expressed interest in running under this party.

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