United States presidential election in Arizona, 1920

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United States presidential election in Arizona, 1920
Arizona
← 1916 November 2, 1920 1924 →
  Warren G Harding portrait as senator June 1920.jpg James M. Cox 1920.jpg
Nominee Warren G. Harding James M. Cox
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Ohio Ohio
Running mate Calvin Coolidge Franklin D. Roosevelt
Electoral vote 3 0
Popular vote 37,016 29,546
Percentage 55.61% 44.39%

Arizona presidential election results 1920.svg
County Results
  Harding—60-70%
  Harding—50-60%
  Cox—50-60%

President before election

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic

Elected President

Warren G. Harding
Republican

The 1920 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 2, 1920 as part of the 1920 General Election in which all 48 states participated. Arizona voters chose three electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting Democratic nominee James M. Cox and his running mate, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Roosevelt, against Republican challenger U.S. Senator Warren G. Harding and his running mate, Governor Calvin Coolidge.

By the beginning of 1920 skyrocketing inflation and Wilson’s focus upon his proposed League of Nations at the expense of domestic policy had helped make the incumbent President very unpopular[1] – besides which Wilson also had major health problems that had left First Lady Edith effectively running the nation. Political unrest seen in the Palmer Raids and the “Red Scare” further added to the unpopularity of the Democratic Party, since this global political turmoil produced considerable fear of alien revolutionaries invading the country.[2] Demand in the West for exclusion of Asian immigrants became even stronger than it had been before,[3] and the factionalism that would almost destroy the Democratic Party later in the decade had already simmered.[4]

Resultant opposition to the Democrats allowed Warren Harding to win the election in Arizona with 55.91 percent of the vote to James Cox’ 43.72 percent. This was the first Republican presidential victory in Arizona as a whole, and in all but three of the state’s fourteen contemporary counties: Pima County, which Charles Evans Hughes had won in 1916, Graham County, where no Republican would win until Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956, and Greenlee County, which no Republican would carry until George W. Bush in 2000.[5]

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in Arizona, 1920[6]
Party Candidate Running mate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Warren G. Harding Calvin Coolidge 37,016 55.91% 3
Democratic James M. Cox Franklin D. Roosevelt 29,546 43.72% 0
Socialist Eugene Debs Seymour Stedman 222[7] 0.33% 0
Farmer-Labor Parley P. Christensen Max S. Hayes 15[7] 0.02% 0
Prohibition Aaron S. Watkins 4[7] 0.01% 0
Totals 66,562 100.00% 3

Results by county[edit]

County Harding# Harding% Cox# Cox% Others# Others% Total votes cast[6]
Apache 679 52.15% 618 47.47% 5 0.38% 1,302
Cochise 5,341 54.66% 4,430 45.34% 0 0.00% 9,771
Coconino 1,342 63.21% 781 36.79% 0 0.00% 2,123
Gila 3,311 52.31% 2,894 45.72% 125 1.97% 6,330
Graham 1,062 45.72% 1,261 54.28% 0 0.00% 2,323
Greenlee 905 43.97% 1,131 54.96% 22 1.07% 2,058
Maricopa 11,336 56.23% 8,825 43.77% 0 0.00% 20,161
Mohave 996 55.61% 722 40.31% 73 4.08% 1,791
Navajo 1,078 50.97% 1,031 48.75% 6 0.28% 2,115
Pima 3,392 58.01% 2,455 41.99% 0 0.00% 5,847
Pinal 1,493 53.96% 1,264 45.68% 10 0.36% 2,767
Santa Cruz 850 54.63% 706 45.37% 0 0.00% 1,556
Yavapai 3,625 61.69% 2,251 38.31% 0 0.00% 5,876
Yuma 1,606 57.71% 1,177 42.29% 0 0.00% 2,783
Totals 37,016 55.91% 29,546 43.72% 241 0.36% 66,203

References[edit]

  1. ^ Goldberg, David Joseph; Discontented America: The United States in the 1920s, p. 44 ISBN 0801860059
  2. ^ Leuchtenburg, William E.; The Perils of Prosperity, 1914-1932, p. 75 ISBN 0226473724
  3. ^ Vought, Hans P. ; The Bully Pulpit and the Melting Pot: American Presidents And The Immigrant, 1897-1933, p. 167 ISBN 0865548870
  4. ^ ‘Arizona and the West’, Journal of the Southwest 14(1972), p. 89
  5. ^ Menendez Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, p. 121 ISBN 0786422173
  6. ^ a b Robinson, Edgar Eugene; The Presidential Vote; 1896-1932 (second edition); pp. 138-139 Published 1947 by Stanford University Press
  7. ^ a b c Robinson; The Presidential Vote, p. 379