United States presidential election in Arizona, 1920
|Elections in Arizona|
The 1920 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 2, 1920 as part of the 1920 General Election in which all 48 states participated. Arizona voters chose three electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting Democratic nominee James M. Cox and his running mate, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Roosevelt, against Republican challenger U.S. Senator Warren G. Harding and his running mate, Governor Calvin Coolidge.
By the beginning of 1920 skyrocketing inflation and Wilson’s focus upon his proposed League of Nations at the expense of domestic policy had helped make the incumbent President very unpopular – besides which Wilson also had major health problems that had left First Lady Edith effectively running the nation. Political unrest seen in the Palmer Raids and the “Red Scare” further added to the unpopularity of the Democratic Party, since this global political turmoil produced considerable fear of alien revolutionaries invading the country. Demand in the West for exclusion of Asian immigrants became even stronger than it had been before, and the factionalism that would almost destroy the Democratic Party later in the decade had already simmered.
Resultant opposition to the Democrats allowed Warren Harding to win the election in Arizona with 55.91 percent of the vote to James Cox’ 43.72 percent. This was the first Republican presidential victory in Arizona as a whole, and in all but three of the state’s fourteen contemporary counties: Pima County, which Charles Evans Hughes had won in 1916, Graham County, where no Republican would win until Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956, and Greenlee County, which no Republican would carry until George W. Bush in 2000.
|United States presidential election in Arizona, 1920|
|Party||Candidate||Running mate||Votes||Percentage||Electoral votes|
|Republican||Warren G. Harding||Calvin Coolidge||37,016||55.91%||3|
|Democratic||James M. Cox||Franklin D. Roosevelt||29,546||43.72%||0|
|Socialist||Eugene Debs||Seymour Stedman||222||0.33%||0|
|Farmer-Labor||Parley P. Christensen||Max S. Hayes||15||0.02%||0|
|Prohibition||Aaron S. Watkins||—||4||0.01%||0|
Results by county
|County||Harding#||Harding%||Cox#||Cox%||Others#||Others%||Total votes cast|
- Goldberg, David Joseph; Discontented America: The United States in the 1920s, p. 44 ISBN 0801860059
- Leuchtenburg, William E.; The Perils of Prosperity, 1914-1932, p. 75 ISBN 0226473724
- Vought, Hans P. ; The Bully Pulpit and the Melting Pot: American Presidents And The Immigrant, 1897-1933, p. 167 ISBN 0865548870
- ‘Arizona and the West’, Journal of the Southwest 14(1972), p. 89
- Menendez Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, p. 121 ISBN 0786422173
- Robinson, Edgar Eugene; The Presidential Vote; 1896-1932 (second edition); pp. 138-139 Published 1947 by Stanford University Press
- Robinson; The Presidential Vote, p. 379