United States presidential election in Arizona, 1988

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United States presidential election in Arizona, 1988
← 1984 November 8, 1988 1992 →
  George H. W. Bush, Vice President of the United States, official portrait.jpg Dukakis1988rally cropped.jpg
Nominee George H. W. Bush Michael Dukakis
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Texas Massachusetts
Running mate Dan Quayle Lloyd Bentsen
Electoral vote 7 0
Popular vote 702,541 454,029
Percentage 60.0% 38.7%

County Results

President before election

Ronald Reagan

Elected President

George H. W. Bush

The 1988 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 8, 1988. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1988 United States presidential election. Arizona voters chose 7 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the President and Vice President.

Arizona was won by incumbent United States Vice President George H. W. Bush of Texas, who was running against Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis. Bush ran with Indiana Senator Dan Quayle as Vice President, and Dukakis ran with Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen.

Arizona weighed in for this election as 6% more Republican than the national average.

Partisan background[edit]

The presidential election of 1988 was a very partisan election for Arizona, with nearly 99% of the electorate voting for either the Democratic or Republican parties.[1] Nearly every county turned out for Bush, with the exception of Native American Apache County and heavily unionized Greenlee County voting primarily for Dukakis.

As of 2017 this is the last occasion when the counties of Santa Cruz, Pima and Coconino have given a majority to the Republican Party.[2]

Republican victory[edit]

Bush won the election in the traditionally conservative and Republican state of Arizona with a solid 21 point margin. The election results in Arizona are reflective of a nationwide political reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party, which took place through the 1980s. Through the passage of some very controversial economic programs, spearheaded by then President Ronald Reagan (called, collectively, "Reaganomics"), the mid-to-late 1980s saw a period of economic growth and stability. The hallmark for Reaganomics was, in part, the wide-scale deregulation of corporate interests, and tax cuts for the wealthy.[3]

Dukakis ran on a notably socially liberal agenda, and advocated for higher economic regulation and environmental protection. Bush, alternatively, ran on a campaign of continuing the social and economic policies of former President Reagan - which gained him much support with social conservatives and people living in rural areas, who largely associated the Republican Party with the economic growth of the 1980s. Additionally, while the economic programs passed under Reagan, and furthered under Bush and Clinton, may have boosted the economy for a brief period, they are criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United State after 2007, such as the Great Recession.[4]


United States presidential election in Arizona, 1988
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican George H. W. Bush 702,541 59.95% 7
Democratic Michael Dukakis 454,029 38.74% 0
Libertarian Ron Paul 13,351 1.14% 0
New Alliance Party Lenora Fulani 1,662 0.14% 0
Independent Eugene McCarthy 159 0.01% 0
America First David Duke 113 0.01% 0
Totals 1,171,873 100.0% 7

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 
  2. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  3. ^ "Since 1980s, the Kindest of Tax Cuts for the Rich". The New York Times. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 
  4. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-07-21.