United States presidential election in Arkansas, 1932

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United States presidential election in Arkansas, 1932

← 1928 November 8, 1932 1936 →

  Franklin D. Roosevelt - NARA - 196715.jpg HerbertHoover.jpg
Nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt Herbert Hoover
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York California
Running mate John N. Garner Charles Curtis
Electoral vote 9 0
Popular vote 189,529 27,465
Percentage 86.44% 12.53%

Arkansas Presidential Election Results 1932.svg
County Results
Roosevelt
  50-60%
  60-70%
  70-80%
  80-90%
  >90%


President before election

Herbert Hoover
Republican

Elected President

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

The 1932 United States presidential election in Arkansas was held on November 8, 1932 as part of the concurrent United States presidential election held throughout all forty-eight contemporary states. Arkansas voters chose nine electors, or representatives to the Electoral College, who voted for President and Vice-President.

Background[edit]

Except for the Unionist Ozark counties of Newton and Searcy where Republicans controlled local government, Arkansas since the end of Reconstruction had been a classic one-party Democratic “Solid South” state.[1] Disfranchisement of effectively all Negroes and most poor whites had meant that outside those two aberrant counties, the Republican Party was completely moribund and Democratic primaries the only competitive elections.

The 1920s did see a minor change in this, as increased voting by poor Ozark whites as a protest against Woodrow Wilson’s internationalist foreign policy meant that Warren G. Harding was able to win almost forty percent of the statewide vote;[2] however despite his national landslide Calvin Coolidge in 1924 could not do any more than win the two traditional Unionist GOP counties. 1928 saw the rest of the Outer South and North Alabama bolt the anti-Prohibition Catholic Al Smith, but the presence of Arkansas Senator Joseph Taylor Robinson as running mate meant that within Arkansas only the most northwesterly counties with ordinarily substantial Republican votes would suffer the same fate.[3]

The following years saw Arkansas plunge into the Great Depression, followed almost immediately by a major drought from the summer of 1930s until the winter of 1931/1932.[4] This came on top of a long depression in agriculture, which was still the dominant player in Arkansas’ economy and was backed up by the “Great Migration” of the state’s agricultural labor force to northeastern and midwestern cities.[5]

Vote[edit]

With the Depression not improving, Arkansas gave extremely heavy support to Democrat Franklin Roosevelt in the 1932 election.[6] Roosevelt won every county in the state, becoming the first Democrat to win Searcy County since before the Civil War and only the second to win adjacent Newton County.[7]

Results[edit]

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral
vote
Running mate
Count Percentage Vice-presidential candidate Home state Electoral vote
Franklin D. Roosevelt Democrat New York 189,529 86.44% 9 John Nance Garner Texas 9
Herbert Hoover Republican California 27,465 12.53% 0 Charles Curtis Kansas 0
Norman Thomas Socialist New York 1,166 0.53% 0 James H. Maurer Pennsylvania 0
William Hope Harvey Liberty Arkansas 952 0.43% 0 Frank Hemenway Washington 0
William Z. Foster Communist Illinois 157 0.07% 0 James W. Ford Alabama 0
Total 219,269 100% 9 9
Needed to win 266 266

Results by county[edit]

Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Democratic
Herbert Clark Hoover
Republican
Norman Mattoon Thomas[8]
Socialist
William Hope Harvey[8]
Liberty
William Z. Foster
Communist
Margin Total votes cast[a][10]
County # % # % # % # % # % # % #
Arkansas 2,867 84.45% 494 14.55% 19 0.56% 14 0.41% 1 0.03% 2,373 69.90% 3,395
Ashley 2,537 92.83% 188 6.88% 5 0.18% 3 0.11% 0 0.00% 2,349 85.95% 2,733
Baxter 1,039 82.85% 194 15.47% 13 1.04% 8 0.64% 0 0.00% 845 67.38% 1,254
Benton 3,775 72.62% 1,275 24.53% 34 0.65% 110 2.12% 4 0.08% 2,500 48.10% 5,198
Boone 2,644 78.11% 697 20.59% 12 0.35% 32 0.95% 0 0.00% 1,947 57.52% 3,385
Bradley 1,985 93.76% 125 5.90% 5 0.24% 1 0.05% 1 0.05% 1,860 87.86% 2,117
Calhoun 1,235 94.85% 59 4.53% 4 0.31% 4 0.31% 0 0.00% 1,176 90.32% 1,302
Carroll 2,150 73.10% 758 25.77% 5 0.17% 26 0.88% 2 0.07% 1,392 47.33% 2,941
Chicot 1,680 94.38% 98 5.51% 0 0.00% 1 0.06% 1 0.06% 1,582 88.88% 1,780
Clark 3,037 93.88% 183 5.66% 6 0.19% 9 0.28% 0 0.00% 2,854 88.22% 3,235
Clay 1,891 82.00% 397 17.22% 11 0.48% 5 0.22% 2 0.09% 1,494 64.79% 2,306
Cleburne 1,750 88.29% 204 10.29% 14 0.71% 12 0.61% 2 0.10% 1,546 78.00% 1,982
Cleveland 1,440 93.87% 92 6.00% 1 0.07% 1 0.07% 0 0.00% 1,348 87.87% 1,534
Columbia 2,420 96.22% 85 3.38% 5 0.20% 5 0.20% 0 0.00% 2,335 92.84% 2,515
Conway 2,530 89.24% 285 10.05% 9 0.32% 9 0.32% 2 0.07% 2,245 79.19% 2,835
Craighead 4,412 87.09% 606 11.96% 33 0.65% 12 0.24% 3 0.06% 3,806 75.13% 5,066
Crawford 2,962 77.46% 809 21.16% 31 0.81% 18 0.47% 4 0.10% 2,153 56.30% 3,824
Crittenden 2,411 98.25% 37 1.51% 5 0.20% 1 0.04% 0 0.00% 2,374 96.74% 2,454
Cross 2,066 95.47% 87 4.02% 6 0.28% 4 0.18% 1 0.05% 1,979 91.45% 2,164
Dallas 2,139 93.16% 150 6.53% 6 0.26% 1 0.04% 0 0.00% 1,989 86.63% 2,296
Desha 1,549 94.51% 81 4.94% 9 0.55% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1,468 89.57% 1,639
Drew 1,760 89.39% 198 10.06% 6 0.30% 5 0.25% 0 0.00% 1,562 79.33% 1,969
Faulkner 2,749 84.77% 437 13.48% 9 0.28% 45 1.39% 3 0.09% 2,312 71.29% 3,243
Franklin 1,896 84.83% 275 12.30% 47 2.10% 14 0.63% 3 0.13% 1,621 72.53% 2,235
Fulton 1,235 83.84% 237 16.09% 1 0.07% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 998 67.75% 1,473
Garland 4,252 83.60% 833 16.38% 1 0.02% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 3,419 67.22% 5,086
Grant 1,626 96.50% 55 3.26% 1 0.06% 2 0.12% 1 0.06% 1,571 93.23% 1,685
Greene 3,277 91.43% 274 7.65% 28 0.78% 2 0.06% 3 0.08% 3,003 83.79% 3,584
Hempstead 2,840 89.90% 317 10.03% 2 0.06% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2,523 79.87% 3,159
Hot Spring 2,542 90.59% 237 8.45% 14 0.50% 10 0.36% 3 0.11% 2,305 82.15% 2,806
Howard 1,703 91.02% 165 8.82% 3 0.16% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1,538 82.20% 1,871
Independence 2,427 86.34% 371 13.20% 3 0.11% 10 0.36% 0 0.00% 2,056 73.14% 2,811
Izard 1,227 85.27% 200 13.90% 8 0.56% 3 0.21% 1 0.07% 1,027 71.37% 1,439
Jackson 2,521 92.58% 193 7.09% 5 0.18% 2 0.07% 2 0.07% 2,328 85.49% 2,723
Jefferson 5,248 92.23% 419 7.36% 13 0.23% 8 0.14% 2 0.04% 4,829 84.87% 5,690
Johnson 1,557 81.60% 284 14.88% 42 2.20% 22 1.15% 3 0.16% 1,273 66.72% 1,908
Lafayette 1,495 90.50% 151 9.14% 3 0.18% 3 0.18% 0 0.00% 1,344 81.36% 1,652
Lawrence 3,056 89.54% 293 8.58% 28 0.82% 35 1.03% 1 0.03% 2,763 80.96% 3,413
Lee 1,635 97.44% 39 2.32% 1 0.06% 3 0.18% 0 0.00% 1,596 95.11% 1,678
Lincoln 1,301 96.30% 49 3.63% 1 0.07% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1,252 92.67% 1,351
Little River 1,399 91.80% 118 7.74% 4 0.26% 1 0.07% 2 0.13% 1,281 84.06% 1,524
Logan 2,493 78.54% 645 20.32% 23 0.72% 11 0.35% 2 0.06% 1,848 58.22% 3,174
Lonoke 2,951 94.04% 175 5.58% 7 0.22% 1 0.03% 4 0.13% 2,776 88.46% 3,138
Madison 2,803 55.01% 2,197 43.12% 39 0.77% 50 0.98% 6 0.12% 606 11.89% 5,095
Marion 1,282 80.18% 235 14.70% 40 2.50% 29 1.81% 13 0.81% 1,047 65.48% 1,599
Miller 3,876 91.57% 322 7.61% 20 0.47% 11 0.26% 4 0.09% 3,554 83.96% 4,233
Mississippi 5,776 93.12% 364 5.87% 46 0.74% 12 0.19% 5 0.08% 5,412 87.25% 6,203
Monroe 1,753 90.59% 170 8.79% 9 0.47% 0 0.00% 3 0.16% 1,583 81.81% 1,935
Montgomery 1,495 85.97% 211 12.13% 12 0.69% 21 1.21% 0 0.00% 1,284 73.84% 1,739
Nevada 2,358 91.97% 197 7.68% 4 0.16% 1 0.04% 4 0.16% 2,161 84.28% 2,564
Newton 941 62.32% 540 35.76% 26 1.72% 3 0.20% 0 0.00% 401 26.56% 1,510
Ouachita 3,118 87.66% 432 12.15% 3 0.08% 3 0.08% 1 0.03% 2,686 75.51% 3,557
Perry 1,347 91.38% 123 8.34% 3 0.20% 0 0.00% 1 0.07% 1,224 83.04% 1,474
Phillips 2,976 94.66% 142 4.52% 0 0.00% 26 0.83% 0 0.00% 2,834 90.14% 3,144
Pike 1,480 89.21% 176 10.61% 1 0.06% 2 0.12% 0 0.00% 1,304 78.60% 1,659
Poinsett 4,312 93.01% 252 5.44% 48 1.04% 6 0.13% 18 0.39% 4,060 87.58% 4,636
Polk 1,568 83.67% 223 11.90% 29 1.55% 54 2.88% 0 0.00% 1,345 71.77% 1,874
Pope 2,391 88.49% 280 10.36% 11 0.41% 18 0.67% 2 0.07% 2,111 78.13% 2,702
Prairie 1,743 91.21% 158 8.27% 5 0.26% 4 0.21% 1 0.05% 1,585 82.94% 1,911
Pulaski 14,049 85.46% 2,281 13.87% 71 0.43% 29 0.18% 10 0.06% 11,768 71.58% 16,440
Randolph 2,021 90.10% 206 9.18% 2 0.09% 12 0.53% 2 0.09% 1,815 80.92% 2,243
St. Francis 2,191 92.56% 130 5.49% 33 1.39% 12 0.51% 1 0.04% 2,061 87.07% 2,367
Saline 1,990 93.47% 107 5.03% 18 0.85% 9 0.42% 5 0.23% 1,883 88.45% 2,129
Scott 1,042 79.42% 174 13.26% 27 2.06% 65 4.95% 4 0.30% 868 66.16% 1,312
Searcy 947 52.38% 846 46.79% 11 0.61% 3 0.17% 1 0.06% 101 5.59% 1,808
Sebastian 4,937 78.87% 1,268 20.26% 24 0.38% 25 0.40% 6 0.10% 3,669 58.61% 6,260
Sevier 2,009 91.61% 162 7.39% 10 0.46% 12 0.55% 0 0.00% 1,847 84.22% 2,193
Sharp 1,334 89.89% 142 9.57% 8 0.54% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1,192 80.32% 1,484
Stone 1,100 79.14% 261 18.78% 8 0.58% 20 1.44% 1 0.07% 839 60.36% 1,390
Union 5,429 94.61% 245 4.27% 53 0.92% 10 0.17% 1 0.02% 5,184 90.35% 5,738
Van Buren 1,456 77.04% 413 21.85% 14 0.74% 6 0.32% 1 0.05% 1,043 55.19% 1,890
Washington 4,971 75.36% 1,502 22.77% 64 0.97% 48 0.73% 11 0.17% 3,469 52.59% 6,596
White 3,251 87.75% 430 11.61% 19 0.51% 4 0.11% 1 0.03% 2,821 76.14% 3,705
Woodruff 1,864 92.19% 135 6.68% 18 0.89% 3 0.15% 2 0.10% 1,729 85.51% 2,022
Yell 2,010 87.77% 272 11.88% 7 0.31% 1 0.04% 0 0.00% 1,738 75.90% 2,290
Totals 189,529 86.44% 27,465 12.53% 1,166 0.53% 952 0.43% 157 0.07% 162,064 73.91% 219,269

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ These results differ from those in Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas and used in the main United States presidential election, 1932 article.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Urwin, Cathy Kunzinger; Agenda for Reform: Winthrop Rockefeller as Governor of Arkansas, 1967-71, p. 32 ISBN 1557282005
  2. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 211, 287 ISBN 978-0-691-16324-6
  3. ^ Barnes, Kenneth C.; Anti-Catholicism in Arkansas: How Politicians, the Press, the Klan, and Religious Leaders Imagined an Enemy, 1910–1960, pp. 164-165 ISBN 168226016X
  4. ^ Whayne, Jeannie M.; DeBlack, Thomas A.; Sabo, George and Arnold, Morris S.; Arkansas: A Narrative History, pp. 341-342 ISBN 155728993X
  5. ^ Whayne, DeBlack, Sabo and Arnold; Arkansas, pp. 313-316
  6. ^ Grantham, Dewey W.; The Life and Death of the Solid South: A Political History, p. 102 ISBN 0813148723
  7. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, p. 87 ISBN 0786422173
  8. ^ a b Géoelections; 1932 Presidential Election Popular Vote (.xlsx file for €15 on request)
  9. ^ "1932 Presidential General Election Data – National". Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas.
  10. ^ Robinson, Edgar Eugene; The Presidential Vote 1896-1932, pp. 139-145 ISBN 9780804716963