United States presidential election in California, 1912

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United States presidential election in California, 1912
California
← 1908 November 5, 1912 1916 →
  President Theodore Roosevelt, 1904.jpg Woodrow Wilson-H&E.jpg Eugene V. Debs, bw photo portrait, 1897.jpg
Nominee Theodore Roosevelt Woodrow Wilson Eugene V. Debs
Party Progressive Democratic Socialist
Home state New York New Jersey Indiana
Running mate Hiram Johnson Thomas R. Marshall Emil Seidel
Electoral vote 11 2 0
Popular vote 283,610 283,436 79,201
Percentage 41.83% 41.81% 11.68%

CAPres1912.png
County Results

President before election

William Howard Taft
Republican

Elected President

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic

The 1912 United States presidential election in California refers to how California participated in the 1912 United States presidential election. California narrowly voted for the Progressive nominee, former Republican president Theodore Roosevelt, over the Democratic nominee, New Jersey Governor Woodrow Wilson, though two electors cast their votes for Wilson. The incumbent, Republican William Howard Taft, did not appear on the ballot and was a write-in candidate.[a]

This was the closest Presidential election in California history, with Roosevelt winning by just 174 votes out of 677,944 cast, a margin of 0.02567 percent. It remains the fourth-closest presidential race in any state in history, with the only closer one since being the controversial Florida election of 2000, and the only others being two in Maryland in 1832 and 1904, the latter of which also involved Theodore Roosevelt.[b]

Although Wilson narrowly failed to win the state, he did become the first Democrat to carry Napa, Solano[c] and Marin Counties since James Buchanan in 1856, the first to carry Sacramento County and Sierra County since Stephen A. Douglas in 1860, the first to win San Diego County since 1868, the first to ever carry Ventura County, which had been created in 1872, and the first to carry Sutter County since 1876.[1] Since this election, Solano County has voted Democratic in all but six Republican landslide elections of 1920, 1924, 1928, 1972, 1980 and 1984.

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in California, 1912[2]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Progressive Theodore Roosevelt 283,610 41.83% 11
Democratic Woodrow Wilson 283,436 41.81% 2
Socialist Eugene V. Debs 79,201 11.68% 0
Prohibition Eugene W. Chafin 23,366 3.45% 0
No party Write-ins 4,417 0.65% 0
No party William Howard Taft (inc.) (write-in) 3,914 0.58% 0
Invalid or blank votes
Totals 677,944 100.00% 13
Voter turnout

Results by county[edit]

County Roosevelt Votes Wilson Votes Debs Votes Chafin Votes Others Votes
Riverside 50.94% 5,146 29.33% 2,963 10.25% 1,036 8.25% 834 1.23% 124
Alameda 47.47% 31,542 36.75% 24,418 14.04% 9,332 1.75% 1,160 0.00% 0
Santa Clara 46.97% 10,868 39.64% 9,173 8.94% 2,068 3.56% 824 0.89% 206
Santa Barbara 46.78% 3,395 38.84% 2,819 8.53% 619 4.92% 357 0.94% 68
Los Angeles 45.73% 75,593 33.34% 55,110 12.04% 19,895 4.95% 8,190 3.94% 6,508
Orange 45.03% 5,143 38.58% 4,406 7.85% 896 7.46% 852 1.09% 124
Alpine 45.00% 36 42.50% 34 2.50% 2 0.00% 0 10.00% 8
Del Norte 44.60% 376 38.32% 323 12.34% 104 4.74% 40 0.00% 0
Placer 43.91% 1,913 41.84% 1,823 11.04% 481 2.87% 125 0.34% 15
Yuba 43.36% 1,132 47.57% 1,242 7.12% 186 1.30% 34 0.65% 17
Marin 42.97% 2,750 44.52% 2,849 11.45% 733 1.06% 68 0.00% 0
Plumas 42.78% 762 41.66% 742 13.25% 236 1.68% 30 0.62% 11
Santa Cruz 42.77% 3,059 40.20% 2,875 12.47% 892 4.52% 323 0.04% 3
San Luis Obispo 42.73% 2,373 40.48% 2,248 12.68% 704 3.85% 214 0.25% 14
Fresno 42.71% 8,839 42.96% 8,891 11.01% 2,278 2.85% 590 0.47% 98
Ventura 42.52% 2,055 43.62% 2,108 8.81% 426 3.50% 169 1.55% 75
Napa 42.52% 2,432 46.55% 2,662 8.36% 478 2.20% 126 0.37% 21
Contra Costa 42.38% 3,539 39.40% 3,290 15.57% 1,300 2.17% 181 0.48% 40
Tulare 42.21% 4,283 42.31% 4,293 12.15% 1,233 2.61% 265 0.72% 73
Humboldt 42.20% 3,609 33.76% 2,887 20.83% 1,781 2.07% 177 1.15% 98
Imperial 42.17% 1,420 38.46% 1,295 13.25% 446 5.73% 193 0.39% 13
Monterey 42.02% 3,081 46.26% 3,392 7.60% 557 4.11% 301 0.01% 1
Solano 41.95% 3,353 45.66% 3,650 9.77% 781 2.11% 169 0.50% 40
Sierra 41.71% 483 44.47% 515 11.49% 133 1.12% 13 1.21% 14
Sutter 41.11% 846 51.65% 1,063 3.84% 79 3.16% 65 0.24% 5
San Benito 40.96% 1,054 48.70% 1,253 6.96% 179 2.88% 74 0.51% 13
Sonoma 40.89% 5,806 45.78% 6,500 10.52% 1,494 2.58% 367 0.23% 32
San Mateo 40.44% 2,825 46.47% 3,246 11.84% 827 1.15% 80 0.10% 7
San Bernardino 40.42% 6,202 38.03% 5,835 12.39% 1,901 8.04% 1,233 1.12% 172
Stanislaus 39.78% 3,143 39.58% 3,127 9.48% 749 10.94% 864 0.22% 17
Mendocino 39.61% 2,237 44.39% 2,507 13.31% 752 2.50% 141 0.19% 11
Lassen 39.59% 559 45.61% 644 10.48% 148 2.41% 34 1.91% 27
Sacramento 39.23% 7,534 51.39% 9,869 8.09% 1,553 1.11% 213 0.19% 36
Madera 38.98% 943 47.71% 1,154 9.34% 226 3.68% 89 0.29% 7
San Francisco 38.17% 38,610 48.40% 48,953 12.21% 12,354 1.14% 1,158 0.07% 73
Butte 38.14% 3,365 45.66% 4,028 10.54% 930 5.54% 489 0.11% 10
Glenn 37.21% 906 54.41% 1,325 5.17% 126 2.75% 67 0.45% 11
Merced 37.16% 1,571 46.78% 1,978 10.43% 441 5.39% 228 0.24% 10
San Diego 36.46% 7,922 44.79% 9,731 13.22% 2,873 5.24% 1,139 0.29% 63
Tehama 36.01% 1,218 47.16% 1,595 11.47% 388 4.97% 168 0.38% 13
Kings 35.94% 1,419 49.82% 1,967 10.28% 406 3.95% 156 0.00% 0
Modoc 35.47% 608 54.90% 941 6.94% 119 2.63% 45 0.06% 1
Siskiyou 34.99% 1,740 49.57% 2,465 12.73% 633 2.09% 104 0.62% 31
Shasta 34.93% 1,636 43.55% 2,040 20.03% 938 1.15% 54 0.34% 16
Trinity 34.44% 343 46.29% 461 18.27% 182 0.90% 9 0.10% 1
Nevada 34.40% 1,381 46.11% 1,851 16.14% 648 2.77% 111 0.57% 23
Kern 33.88% 3,647 51.73% 5,569 12.08% 1,300 1.69% 182 0.62% 67
Yolo 33.35% 1,332 56.06% 2,239 7.54% 301 2.83% 113 0.23% 9
San Joaquin 31.40% 4,314 58.00% 7,969 7.24% 995 3.10% 426 0.25% 35
Lake 30.10% 649 51.86% 1,118 12.34% 266 5.71% 123 0.00% 0
Colusa 29.26% 810 63.58% 1,760 4.01% 111 3.03% 84 0.11% 3
Tuolumne 28.76% 755 55.58% 1,459 13.83% 363 1.45% 38 0.38% 10
Mono 28.73% 106 49.32% 182 18.16% 67 2.98% 11 0.81% 3
El Dorado 28.40% 776 59.04% 1,613 10.18% 278 1.79% 49 0.59% 16
Amador 27.33% 684 64.80% 1,622 5.39% 135 2.28% 57 0.20% 5
Inyo 26.49% 431 49.54% 806 18.75% 305 4.73% 77 0.49% 8
Mariposa 26.15% 306 58.89% 689 11.79% 138 1.45% 17 1.71% 20
Calaveras 24.28% 750 60.51% 1869 12.92% 399 2.14% 66 0.16% 5

References[edit]

  1. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 153-155 ISBN 0786422173
  2. ^ "1912 Presidential General Election Results - California". Dave Leip's U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other incumbent Presidents not on the ballot in all states have been Benjamin Harrison in Florida in 1892, Taft in South Dakota during this 1912 election, Harry S. Truman in Alabama in 1948, and Lyndon Johnson in the Yellowhammer State in 1964.
  2. ^ Although Roosevelt won Maryland by fifty-one votes, voters in Maryland in those days voted for individual electors and only one Republican, elector, Charles Bonaparte, survived the tally. The other seven top vote recipients were Democrats.
  3. ^ “Southern Democrat” John Breckinridge (Buchanan’s Vice-President) did carry Solano County in 1860