United States presidential election in Florida, 1932

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United States presidential election in Florida, 1932

← 1928 November 8, 1932 1936 →

  FDR in 1933.jpg HerbertHoover.jpg
Nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt Herbert Hoover
Party Democratic Republican
Home state New York California
Running mate John Garner Charles Curtis
Electoral vote 7 0
Popular vote 206,307 69,170
Percentage 74.49% 24.98%

Florida Presidential Election Results 1932.svg
County Results[1]
Roosevelt
  50-60%
  60-70%
  70-80%
  80-90%
  >90%


President before election

Herbert Hoover
Republican

Elected President

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

The 1932 United States presidential election in Florida was held on November 8, 1932, as part of the concurrent United States presidential election held in all forty-eight contemporary states. Florida voters chose seven electors, or representatives to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Background[edit]

Ever since the disfranchisement of blacks at the beginning of the 1890s, Florida had been a one-party state ruled by the Democratic Party. The disfranchisement of blacks and poor whites by poll taxes in 1889[2] had left the Republican Party – between 1872 and 1888 dependent upon black votes – virtually extinct.

With the single exception of William Howard Taft's win in Calhoun County in 1908[3] the Democratic Party won every county in Florida in every presidential election from 1892[a] until 1916. Only twice – and never for more than one term – did any Republican serve in either house of the state legislature between 1896 and 1928. Despite this Democratic dominance and the restrictions on the franchise of the poorer classes due to the poll tax, significant socialist movements were to develop and persist in Tampa[4] and to a lesser extent over other parts of the state, especially against the powerful Ku Klux Klan.[5] There was also a powerful Prohibitionist movements in older North Florida, which saw the Prohibition Party even win the governorship for one term under the notorious anti-Catholic minister Sidney J. Catts.

The 1920, aided by a growing "Presidential Republican" vote from migrants from the northern states in southern Florida, saw the GOP increase its vote totals above those from traditional Unionists (which Florida entirely lacked) in Texas, Arkansas, Alabama or Georgia.[6] In 1928, Florida, especially the western Panhandle pineywoods, turned dramatically away from the Democratic Party due to the nomination of Catholic Al Smith, with the result that Herbert Hoover became the first Republican to win a statewide election since the end of Reconstruction.[6]

Vote[edit]

The influence of the Great Depression completely reserved the Republican trend in Florida Presidential elections of the 1920s. Absent the religious issue that controlled the 1928 election, Florida resumed typical "Solid South" voting behaviour, although the urban Republican trend of the 1920s was not wholly reversed, as seen in Hoover gaining over forty percent of the ballots in the growing urban counties of Orange and Pinellas. Franklin D. Roosevelt won against Herbert Hoover by 137,137 votes or by 49.64 percentage points and received all 7 of the electoral votes.[7]

Results[edit]

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral
vote
Running mate
Count Percentage Vice-presidential candidate Home state Electoral vote
Franklin D. Roosevelt Democratic New York 206,307 74.49% 7 John Nance Garner Texas 7
Herbert Hoover Republican California 69,170 24.98% 0 Charles Curtis Kansas 0
Norman Thomas Write-in New York 775 0.28% 0 James Maurer Pennsylvania 0
Various candidates[b] Write-ins 692 0.25% 0 0
Total 276,944 100% 7 7
Needed to win 266 266

Results by county[edit]

Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Democratic
Herbert Hoover
Republican
Various candidates
Write-ins
Margin Total votes cast[8]
County # % # % # % # % #
Alachua 3,506 78.10% 983 21.90% 2,523 56.20% 4,489
Baker 1,278 93.63% 87 6.37% 1,191 87.25% 1,365
Bay 2,692 86.25% 429 13.75% 2,263 72.51% 3,121
Bradford 1,317 86.25% 210 13.75% 1,107 72.50% 1,527
Brevard 1,852 65.95% 956 34.05% 896 31.91% 2,808
Broward 3,293 65.73% 1,717 34.27% 1,576 31.46% 5,010
Calhoun 1,331 91.16% 129 8.84% 1,202 82.33% 1,460
Charlotte 954 70.67% 396 29.33% 558 41.33% 1,350
Citrus 1,209 89.16% 147 10.84% 1,062 78.32% 1,356
Clay 1,285 69.80% 556 30.20% 729 39.60% 1,841
Collier 424 91.97% 37 8.03% 387 83.95% 461
Columbia 2,497 93.49% 174 6.51% 2,323 86.97% 2,671
Dade 17,820 65.84% 9,244 34.16% 8,576 31.69% 27,064
De Soto 1,624 76.24% 506 23.76% 1,118 52.49% 2,130
Dixie 1,096 95.22% 55 4.78% 1,041 90.44% 1,151
Duval 19,038 75.75% 6,096 24.25% 12,942 51.49% 25,134
Escambia 6,182 78.85% 1,658 21.15% 4,524 57.70% 7,840
Flagler 475 83.48% 94 16.52% 381 66.96% 569
Franklin 958 90.63% 99 9.37% 859 81.27% 1,057
Gadsden 1,865 94.67% 105 5.33% 1,760 89.34% 1,970
Gilchrist 814 93.46% 57 6.54% 757 86.91% 871
Glades 528 78.11% 148 21.89% 380 56.21% 676
Gulf 648 95.58% 30 4.42% 618 91.15% 678
Hamilton 1,161 91.35% 110 8.65% 1,051 82.69% 1,271
Hardee 2,485 81.45% 566 18.55% 1,919 62.90% 3,051
Hendry 683 80.73% 163 19.27% 520 61.47% 846
Hernando 1,097 80.96% 258 19.04% 839 61.92% 1,355
Highlands 1,525 64.18% 851 35.82% 674 28.37% 2,376
Hillsborough 19,143 80.25% 4,711 19.75% 14,432 60.50% 23,854
Holmes 2,701 86.29% 429 13.71% 2,272 72.59% 3,130
Indian River 1,308 74.57% 446 25.43% 862 49.14% 1,754
Jackson 4,832 88.97% 599 11.03% 4,233 77.94% 5,431
Jefferson 1,418 94.60% 81 5.40% 1,337 89.19% 1,499
Lafayette 929 97.18% 27 2.82% 902 94.35% 956
Lake 3,070 62.18% 1,867 37.82% 1,203 24.37% 4,937
Lee 2,557 72.44% 973 27.56% 1,584 44.87% 3,530
Leon 2,950 92.13% 252 7.87% 2,698 84.26% 3,202
Levy 1,621 92.95% 123 7.05% 1,498 85.89% 1,744
Liberty 682 95.65% 31 4.35% 651 91.30% 713
Madison 1,602 87.88% 221 12.12% 1,381 75.75% 1,823
Manatee 2,894 69.33% 1,280 30.67% 1,614 38.67% 4,174
Marion 3,208 76.93% 962 23.07% 2,246 53.86% 4,170
Martin 825 68.52% 379 31.48% 446 37.04% 1,204
Monroe 2,838 89.41% 336 10.59% 2,502 78.83% 3,174
Nassau 1,206 80.29% 296 19.71% 910 60.59% 1,502
Okaloosa 2,137 90.21% 232 9.79% 1,905 80.41% 2,369
Okeechobee 802 89.91% 90 10.09% 712 79.82% 892
Orange 4,877 58.07% 3,522 41.93% 1,355 16.13% 8,399
Osceola 1,656 64.64% 906 35.36% 750 29.27% 2,562
Palm Beach 7,734 65.88% 4,006 34.12% 3,728 31.75% 11,740
Pasco 2,504 75.65% 806 24.35% 1,698 51.30% 3,310
Pinellas 9,670 57.93% 7,024 42.07% 2,646 15.85% 16,694
Polk 9,463 73.06% 3,490 26.94% 5,973 46.11% 12,953
Putnam 2,309 71.71% 911 28.29% 1,398 43.42% 3,220
St. John's 3,344 72.55% 1,265 27.45% 2,079 45.11% 4,609
St. Lucie 1,602 80.42% 390 19.58% 1,212 60.84% 1,992
Santa Rosa 2,806 89.91% 315 10.09% 2,491 79.81% 3,121
Sarasota 1,912 74.14% 667 25.86% 1,245 48.27% 2,579
Seminole 2,142 69.32% 948 30.68% 1,194 38.64% 3,090
Sumter 2,138 88.57% 276 11.43% 1,862 77.13% 2,414
Suwannee 2,123 92.87% 163 7.13% 1,960 85.74% 2,286
Taylor 1,447 91.76% 130 8.24% 1,317 83.51% 1,577
Union 897 93.73% 60 6.27% 837 87.46% 957
Volusia 7,386 62.53% 4,425 37.47% 2,961 25.07% 11,811
Wakulla 1,036 98.11% 20 1.89% 1,016 96.21% 1,056
Walton 2,477 89.04% 305 10.96% 2,172 78.07% 2,782
Washington 2,424 87.54% 345 12.46% 2,079 75.08% 2,769
Totals 206,307 74.49% 69,170 24.98% 1,466[c] 0.53% 137,137 49.52% 276,943

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In the 1892 Presidential election, Republican Benjamin Harrison was not on the ballot and the party backed Populist James B. Weaver.
  2. ^ These votes were listed in America at the Polls state-wide, but not in Dave Leip's Atlas.
  3. ^ These write-in votes were given only as a statewide total, not by county

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://results.elections.myflorida.com/Index.asp?ElectionDate=11/8/2016&DATAMODE=
  2. ^ Silbey, Joel H. and Bogue, Allan G.; The History of American Electoral Behavior, p. 210 ISBN 140087114X
  3. ^ Robinson, Edgar Eugene; The Presidential Vote; 1896-1932 (second edition); pp. 156-157 Published 1947 by Stanford University Press
  4. ^ Ford, Edward J.; 'Life on the Campaign Trail: a Political Anthropology of Local Politics' (thesis), published 2008 by University of South Florida, pp. 114-118
  5. ^ Gregory, Raymond F.; Norman Thomas: The Great Dissenter, pp. 150-151 ISBN 0875866239
  6. ^ a b Phillips, Kevin; The Emerging Republican Majority, pp. 210-211, 261 ISBN 9780691163246
  7. ^ Leip, David. "1932 Presidential General Election Results – Florida". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  8. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 85-86 ISBN 0405077114