United States presidential election in Florida, 1988

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United States presidential election in Florida, 1988

← 1984 November 8, 1988 1992 →
Turnout Decrease73%

  1988 Bush.jpg 1988 Dukakis.jpg
Nominee George H. W. Bush Michael Dukakis
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Texas Massachusetts
Running mate Dan Quayle Lloyd Bentsen
Electoral vote 21 0
Popular vote 2,618,885 1,656,701
Percentage 60.87% 38.51%

Florida Presidential Election Results 1988.svg
County Results

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

George H. W. Bush
Republican

The 1988 United States presidential election in Florida took place on November 8, 1988. All fifty states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1988 United States presidential election. Florida voters chose twenty-one electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

Florida was won by incumbent United States Vice President George H. W. Bush of Texas, who was running against Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis. Bush ran with Indiana Senator Dan Quayle as Vice President, and Dukakis ran with Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen.

Florida weighed in for this election as 14% more Republican than the national average. Bush's 60.87% of the popular vote made it his fifth strongest state in the 1988 election after Utah, New Hampshire, Idaho and South Carolina[1].

Partisan background[edit]

The presidential election of 1988 was a very partisan election for Florida, with more than 99 percent of the electorate voting for either the Democratic or Republican parties, and only four candidates appearing on the ballot.[2] Every county in Florida turned out in this election for Bush, except for North Florida’s Gadsden County, which voted narrowly more for Dukakis than Bush.

As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Miami-Dade County, Broward County, Palm Beach County, Alachua County, and Leon County voted for a Republican presidential candidate.[3]

Republican victory[edit]

Bush won the election in Florida with a 22-point sweep-out landslide. This is the last election where Florida voted reliably Republican, afterward becoming a regular swing state. The election results in Florida are also reflective of a nationwide reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party, which took place through the 1980s. Through the passage of some very controversial economic programs, spearheaded by then President Ronald Reagan (called, collectively, "Reaganomics"), the mid-to-late 1980's saw a period of economic growth and stability. The hallmark for Reaganomics was, in part, the wide-scale deregulation of businesses, and tax cuts for the wealthy.[4]

Dukakis ran his campaign on a socially liberal platform, and advocated for higher economic regulation and environmental protection. Bush, alternatively, ran on a campaign of continuing the social and economic policies of former President Reagan – which gained him much support with social conservatives and people living in rural areas.

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in Florida, 1988
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican George H. W. Bush 2,618,885 60.87% 21
Democratic Michael Dukakis 1,656,701 38.51% 0
Libertarian Ron Paul 19,796 0.46% 0
New Alliance Party Lenora Fulani 6,655 0.15% 0
Write-Ins 276 0.01% 0
Totals 4,302,313 100.0% 21

Results by county[edit]

George Herbert Walker Bush
Republican
Michael Stanley Dukakis
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % #
Alachua 30,153 50.08% 29,396 48.82% 664 1.10% 757 1.26% 60,213
Baker 3,418 71.49% 1,355 28.34% 8 0.17% 2,063 43.15% 4,781
Bay 31,796 72.51% 11,603 26.46% 452 1.03% 20,193 46.05% 43,851
Bradford 4,221 63.61% 2,386 35.96% 29 0.44% 1,835 27.65% 6,636
Brevard 104,854 70.30% 43,004 28.83% 1,301 0.87% 61,850 41.47% 149,159
Broward 220,316 50.00% 218,274 49.54% 2,015 0.46% 2,042 0.46% 440,605
Calhoun 2,422 64.01% 1,329 35.12% 33 0.87% 1,093 28.88% 3,784
Charlotte 28,893 63.98% 15,974 35.37% 292 0.65% 12,919 28.61% 45,159
Citrus 21,072 62.95% 12,184 36.40% 218 0.65% 8,888 26.55% 33,474
Clay 25,942 76.67% 7,773 22.97% 122 0.36% 18,169 53.70% 33,837
Collier 38,920 74.87% 12,769 24.57% 291 0.56% 26,151 50.31% 51,980
Columbia 7,761 65.13% 4,073 34.18% 82 0.69% 3,688 30.95% 11,916
Dade 270,937 55.26% 216,970 44.26% 2,358 0.48% 53,967 11.01% 490,265
DeSoto 4,243 65.64% 2,181 33.74% 40 0.62% 2,062 31.90% 6,464
Dixie 2,031 59.79% 1,366 40.21% 0 0.00% 665 19.58% 3,397
Duval 128,081 62.79% 74,894 36.72% 1,004 0.49% 53,187 26.07% 203,979
Escambia 64,959 68.05% 29,977 31.40% 524 0.55% 34,982 36.65% 95,460
Flagler 6,504 60.32% 4,244 39.36% 34 0.32% 2,260 20.96% 10,782
Franklin 1,913 58.52% 1,283 39.25% 73 2.23% 630 19.27% 3,269
Gadsden 5,992 47.64% 6,372 50.66% 213 1.69% -380 -3.02% 12,577
Gilchrist 1,855 61.59% 1,137 37.75% 20 0.66% 718 23.84% 3,012
Glades 1,547 59.66% 1,034 39.88% 12 0.46% 513 19.78% 2,593
Gulf 3,042 62.44% 1,688 34.65% 142 2.91% 1,354 27.79% 4,872
Hamilton 2,062 60.72% 1,318 38.81% 16 0.47% 744 21.91% 3,396
Hardee 3,640 66.96% 1,688 31.05% 108 1.99% 1,952 35.91% 5,436
Hendry 3,965 65.70% 2,036 33.74% 34 0.56% 1,929 31.96% 6,035
Hernando 21,195 57.50% 15,437 41.88% 231 0.63% 5,758 15.62% 36,863
Highlands 16,723 67.05% 8,091 32.44% 127 0.51% 8,632 34.61% 24,941
Hillsborough 150,151 59.89% 99,014 39.49% 1,551 0.62% 51,137 20.40% 250,716
Holmes 4,225 71.61% 1,639 27.78% 36 0.61% 2,586 43.83% 5,900
Indian River 24,630 69.71% 10,451 29.58% 252 0.71% 14,179 40.13% 35,333
Jackson 8,405 62.20% 5,008 37.06% 100 0.74% 3,397 25.14% 13,513
Jefferson 2,326 52.89% 2,055 46.73% 17 0.39% 271 6.16% 4,398
Lafayette 1,451 66.41% 722 33.04% 12 0.55% 729 33.36% 2,185
Lake 37,327 68.40% 16,766 30.72% 479 0.88% 20,561 37.68% 54,572
Lee 87,303 67.71% 40,725 31.59% 908 0.70% 46,578 36.12% 128,936
Leon 36,055 51.39% 33,472 47.71% 631 0.90% 2,583 3.68% 70,158
Levy 5,253 59.75% 3,434 39.06% 104 1.18% 1,819 20.69% 8,791
Liberty 1,421 65.27% 709 32.57% 47 2.16% 712 32.71% 2,177
Madison 2,563 56.59% 1,951 43.08% 15 0.33% 612 13.51% 4,529
Manatee 51,187 65.53% 26,624 34.08% 302 0.39% 24,563 31.45% 78,113
Marion 41,501 66.38% 20,685 33.09% 334 0.53% 20,816 33.29% 62,520
Martin 31,279 72.60% 11,488 26.66% 316 0.73% 19,791 45.94% 43,083
Monroe 15,928 60.32% 10,157 38.47% 320 1.21% 5,771 21.86% 26,405
Nassau 8,374 66.59% 4,143 32.95% 58 0.46% 4,231 33.65% 12,575
Okaloosa 40,389 80.04% 9,753 19.33% 320 0.63% 30,636 60.71% 50,462
Okeechobee 4,736 60.79% 3,007 38.60% 48 0.62% 1,729 22.19% 7,791
Orange 117,237 67.86% 54,023 31.27% 1,510 0.87% 63,214 36.59% 172,770
Osceola 21,355 68.05% 9,812 31.27% 214 0.68% 11,543 36.78% 31,381
Palm Beach 181,495 55.47% 144,199 44.07% 1,523 0.47% 37,296 11.40% 327,217
Pasco 63,820 55.59% 50,385 43.89% 598 0.52% 13,435 11.70% 114,803
Pinellas 211,049 57.76% 152,420 41.72% 1,901 0.52% 58,629 16.05% 365,370
Polk 77,104 66.45% 38,249 32.96% 687 0.59% 38,855 33.48% 116,040
Putnam 11,624 57.24% 8,575 42.23% 108 0.53% 3,049 15.01% 20,307
St. Johns 19,228 70.14% 8,029 29.29% 158 0.58% 11,199 40.85% 27,415
St. Lucie 32,319 64.54% 17,446 34.84% 314 0.63% 14,873 29.70% 50,079
Santa Rosa 18,973 77.85% 5,254 21.56% 143 0.59% 13,719 56.29% 24,370
Sarasota 84,602 66.40% 42,099 33.04% 708 0.56% 42,503 33.36% 127,409
Seminole 60,401 72.20% 22,635 27.06% 622 0.74% 37,766 45.14% 83,658
Sumter 5,936 59.98% 3,900 39.41% 60 0.61% 2,036 20.57% 9,896
Suwannee 5,863 64.27% 3,129 34.30% 130 1.43% 2,734 29.97% 9,122
Taylor 4,057 69.06% 1,763 30.01% 55 0.94% 2,294 39.05% 5,875
Union 1,644 69.99% 691 29.42% 14 0.60% 953 40.57% 2,349
Volusia 74,195 56.56% 55,469 42.28% 1,518 1.16% 18,726 14.27% 131,182
Wakulla 3,158 65.72% 1,605 33.40% 42 0.87% 1,553 32.32% 4,805
Walton 7,490 69.30% 3,235 29.93% 83 0.77% 4,255 39.37% 10,808
Washington 4,374 66.64% 2,144 32.66% 46 0.70% 2,230 33.97% 6,564
Totals 2,618,885 60.87% 1,656,701 38.51% 26,727 0.62% 962,184 22.36% 4,302,313

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1988 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  2. ^ "1988 Presidential General Election Results – Florida". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-02-02.
  3. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  4. ^ "Since 1980s, the Kindest of Tax Cuts for the Rich". The New York Times. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2013-07-21.