1960 United States presidential election in New Hampshire

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United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1960

← 1956 November 8, 1960 1964 →
  VP-Nixon.png John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg
Nominee Richard Nixon John F. Kennedy
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California Massachusetts
Running mate Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. Lyndon B. Johnson
Electoral vote 4 0
Popular vote 157,989 137,772
Percentage 53.4% 46.6%

New Hampshire Election Results by County, 1960.svg
County Results
  Kennedy—50-60%
  Nixon—50-60%
  Nixon—60-70%
  Nixon—70-80%

President before election

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican

Elected President

John F. Kennedy
Democratic

The 1960 United States presidential election in New Hampshire took place on November 8, 1960, as part of the 1960 United States presidential election, which was held throughout all 50 states. Voters chose four representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

New Hampshire was won by the Republican nominees, incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon of California, and his running mate Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. of Massachusetts. Nixon and Lodge defeated the Democratic nominees, Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts and his running mate Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas.

Nixon took 53.42 percent of the vote to Kennedy's 46.58 percent, a margin of 6.84 percent.

Kennedy swept the entire Northeastern United States, with the exception of the three Upper New England states, although Kennedy was much stronger in New Hampshire and the result was much closer than in neighboring Vermont and Maine

Although the statewide result was close, Nixon won seven of the state's counties while Kennedy won three.

Since Franklin Roosevelt won them in 1932, the counties of Hillsborough County, Strafford County, and Coos County had become reliable New Deal Democratic base counties, voting for Roosevelt all four times as well as for Harry S. Truman. The counties had been won back by the GOP when Dwight Eisenhower swept the state in his nationwide landslide of 1956. However, they reverted to the Democratic Party in 1960, allowing Kennedy to take nearly 47 percent statewide compared to the 34% Democrat Adlai Stevenson had received in the state in 1956.

Kennedy's most substantial victory was in heavily populated Hillsborough County, home to Manchester and Nashua, which went to Kennedy by a decisive 58–42 margin.

Carroll County had long been the most Republican county in New Hampshire, voting over eighty percent Republican in 1952 and 1956, and in 1960 it would remains Nixon’s strongest county in the region, with Nixon taking over seventy percent of the vote.

As Kennedy narrowly edged out Nixon to win the 1960 election nationally, New Hampshire's results would make the state seven percent more Republican than the national average.

Primaries[edit]

Both the Republican and Democratic parties held primaries on March 8.[1]

Democratic primary[edit]

Kennedy had flirted with the New Hampshire primary once before. In 1956 he had briefly considered running as a New England favorite son, with the aim of unifying the state's delegation behind Adlai Stevenson II.[1]

At the start of 1957, Kennedy staffer Ted Sorenson reached out to Bernard L. Boutin (mayor of Laconia, and New Hampshire's representative to the Democratic National Committee) and arranged a meeting between him and Kennedy. Kennedy informed Boutin that he was very seriously exploring a presidential campaign for 1960 and managed to secure his support.[1]

In the following years, money from the Kennedy campaign flowed into the state and Kennedy and his allies continued to visit the state.[1] New Hampshire and a reputation as a state which rewarded campaigning efforts. This meant that Kennedy's status as a native of a neighboring state would not, a lone, give him much of an advantage.[1]

In 1958, Kennedy and several members of his family conducted visits to the state.[1] His mother Rose spoke at several colleges and even attended a Concord Bar Mitzvah.[1] His brother Ted gave a speech in rudimentary french to a french-speaking crowd in Suncook.[1] His sisters Eunice, Jean, and Patricia also appeared in the state.[1]

Other potential candidates, such as Lyndon B. Johnson, Stuart Symington, and Hubert Humphrey also made exploratory visits to the state.[1] However, Boutin had established a comprehensive support network for Kennedy in the state which proved strong enough to ward off these candidates.[1]

Three fringe candidates stepped forth to run in the primary. These were Lawrence Daly and country music singer Elton Britt, and ballpoint pen manufacturer Paul Fischer.[1] Boutin managed to successfully challenge the validity of signatures on Daly and Britt's candidature petitions, quickly quashing their candidacies.[1] Paul C. Fisher, who was running on radical tax reform, remained Kennedy's only challenger on the ballot.[1]

Ahead of the primary local Republicans attacked Kennedy, including Governor Wesley Powell, and the New Hampshire Union Leader ran fiercely negative coverage.[1] Nevertheless, Kennedy won handily.[1]

New Hampshire Democratic Presidential Primary Results – 1960[2][1]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic John F. Kennedy 43,372 85.3%
Democratic Paul C. Fisher 6,853 13.5%
Democratic Others 674 1.3%
Totals 50,898 100.00%

Republican primary[edit]

Nixon faced no opponents on the ballot, but several individuals did receive write-in votes.[2]

New Hampshire Republican Presidential Primary Results – 1960[2]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Richard Nixon 65,204 89.3%
Republican Nelson Rockefeller 2,745 3.8%
Democratic John F. Kennedy 2,196 3.0%
Republican Others 2,886 4.0%
Totals 73,031 100.00%

General election[edit]

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1960[3]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Richard Nixon 157,989 53.42% 4
Democratic John F. Kennedy 137,772 46.58% 0
Totals 295,761 100.00% 4
Voter Turnout (Voting age/Registered) 79%/84%

Results by county[edit]

County Nixon# Nixon% Kennedy# Kennedy% Total votes cast
Belknap 9,156 61.92% 5,630 38.08% 14,786
Carroll 7,487 79.61% 1,918 20.39% 9,405
Cheshire 11,594 57.22% 8,668 42.78% 20,262
Coös 7,797 42.72% 10,455 57.28% 18,252
Grafton 14,454 64.89% 7,821 35.11% 22,275
Hillsborough 38,430 42.43% 52,135 57.57% 90,565
Merrimack 20,395 60.57% 13,278 39.43% 33,673
Rockingham 28,032 62.16% 17,063 37.84% 45,095
Strafford 13,539 48.57% 14,335 51.43% 27,874
Sullivan 7,105 52.34% 6,469 47.66% 13,574
Totals 157,989 53.42% 137,772 46.58% 295,761

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Oliphant, Thomas; Wilkie, Curtis (2017). The road to Camelot: Inside JFK's Five-Year Campaign. Simon & Schuster.
  2. ^ a b c "RESULTS OF 1960 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION PRIMARIES". John F. Kennedy presidential library. Retrieved January 18, 2019.
  3. ^ "1960 Presidential General Election Results - New Hampshire". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-11-16.

See also[edit]