United States presidential election in New York, 1924
|Elections in New York State|
The 1924 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 4, 1924. All contemporary 48 states were part of the 1924 United States presidential election. New York voters chose 45 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.
New York was won by incumbent Republican President Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts, who was running against Democratic Ambassador John W. Davis of West Virginia and the Progressive Party's Senator Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin. Coolidge's running mate was former Budget Director Charles G. Dawes of Illinois and Davis ran with Governor Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska, while La Follette ran with Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana.
In a three-way race, Coolidge won with a decisive majority of 55.76% of the vote to Davis's 29.13% and La Follette's 14.55%, a victory margin of 26.63%.
In the midst of a nationwide Republican landslide, New York's results in this election made the state about 2% more Republican than the national average.
Coolidge swept every county in the state of New York, winning every upstate county as well as sweeping all 5 boroughs of New York City, the last time a Republican presidential candidate has done so.
The 1920s were a fiercely Republican decade in American politics, and New York in that era was a fiercely Republican state in presidential elections. The economic boom and social good feelings of the Roaring Twenties under popular Republican leadership virtually guaranteed Calvin Coolidge an easy win in the state against the conservative Southern Democrat John Davis, who had little appeal in Northern states like New York. Coolidge won a strong majority statewide even with the Republican vote being split by the strong third party candidacy of Robert La Follette, a Republican Senator who had run as the Progressive Party candidate and peeled away the votes of many progressive Republicans.
Robert La Follette's Progressive support was strongest in the New York City area, where he took double digit support, and even broke 20% of the vote in the boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, and the Bronx.
Nevertheless, Coolidge won all five boroughs of New York City, and thus easily won the city as a whole with a plurality of the vote. Coolidge won with pluralities of the vote in Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, and Staten Island, and took an absolute majority of the vote in Queens. From his time as Governor of Massachusetts, Coolidge remained, for a Republican, relatively popular with Irish Catholic and other ethnic immigrant communities, helping him to hold on to New York City. Many of these voters would defect to the Democrats for Catholic New Yorker Al Smith in 1928 and become reliable Democratic voters after that. Hence 1924 remains the last election in which a Republican has won the boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, and the Bronx, and also the last election in which a Republican has won New York City as a whole.
Combined with decisive Republican majorities in every county in upstate New York and in Long Island, Coolidge easily dominated New York State's election returns in 1924. No Republican since has been able to outperform Coolidge's county-level performance or surpass his statewide margin of victory; the only stronger Republican win in New York's history was when Coolidge was running for Vice President four years earlier in Warren G. Harding's massive landslide of 1920.
1924 also made Calvin Coolidge one of only three presidential candidates of either party who has been able to sweep every county in New York State, the others being Republican Warren G. Harding in 1920 and Democrat Lyndon Johnson in 1964.
|United States presidential election in New York, 1924|
|Democratic||John W. Davis||950,796||29.13%||0|
|Socialist||Robert M. La Follette||268,510||8.23%|
|Progressive||Robert M. La Follette||206,395||6.32%|
|Total||Robert M. La Follette||474,913||14.55%||0|
|Socialist Labor||Frank T. Johns||9,928||0.30%||0|
|Communist||William Z. Foster||8,244||0.25%||0|
- "1924 Presidential Election Results - New York". Dave Leip's U.S. Election Atlas. Retrieved 2013-07-27.