United States presidential election in New York, 1980

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United States presidential election in New York, 1980

← 1976 November 4, 1980 1984 →
  Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981-cropped.jpg Carter cropped.jpg JohnAnderson.png
Nominee Ronald Reagan Jimmy Carter John B. Anderson
Party Republican Democratic Liberal
Home state California Georgia Illinois
Running mate George H. W. Bush Walter Mondale Patrick Lucey
Electoral vote 41 0 0
Popular vote 2,893,831 2,728,372 467,801
Percentage 46.66% 43.99% 7.54%

New york presidential results 1980.svg
County Results
  Carter—60-70%
  Carter—50-60%
  Carter—<50%
  Reagan—<50%
  Reagan—50-60%
  Reagan—60-70%

President before election

Jimmy Carter
Democratic

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

The 1980 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 4, 1980. All fifty states and The District of Columbia, were part of the 1980 United States presidential election. New York voters chose forty one electors to the Electoral College, which voted for President and Vice President.

New York was won by former California Governor Ronald Reagan, in a narrow victory against President of the United States Jimmy Carter, who failed to gain reelection against Reagan.[1] Also in the running was Independent candidate Congressman John B. Anderson of Illinois, who ran in New York as the Liberal Party candidate.

Reagan won the state with a plurality of 46.66 percent of the vote to Carter’s 43.99 percent, a margin of 2.67 percentage points. Anderson finished in third, with 7.54 percent.

New York's election results reflect the Republican Party's re-consolidation of base under what is popularly called the “Reagan Revolution,”[2] which sounded various overwhelming conservative electoral victories across the United States throughout the 1980s - and most evidently against the relatively unpopular President Carter during the 1980 presidential election.

New York weighed in for this election as more Democratic than the national average by about 7 percentage points.

This election is notable in that, while the highly populated regions of New York City, Buffalo, and Albany turned out for Carter, the election in the state was tipped by the majority of less-populated upstate counties, combined with heavily populated suburban counties around NYC, most of which were won by Reagan. Carter actually picked up plurality wins in two counties which he had lost in 1976: Monroe County, home to the city of Rochester, and Niagara County.

A major contributing factor to Reagan’s victory over Carter was the relatively strong third party showing by independent candidate John B. Anderson, a former liberal Republican congressman who garnered 8% of the vote in the State – twice the 4 percentage point margin by which Carter had won New York in 1976. Running on the ballot line of New York’s Liberal Party, Anderson attracted the votes of many liberals and moderates who normally leaned Democratic but were dissatisfied with the policies of the Carter Administration, thus splitting the left-leaning vote in New York State.

In the heavily populated, and very liberal, five boroughs of New York City, Carter still won overall, and Reagan made only modest gains in vote share over Gerald Ford’s 1976 showing of 33 percent, taking 37% in the city in 1980. However, although still winning 4 out of 5 boroughs, Carter bled a considerable support in the city to Anderson, dropping from 66 percent in 1976 to only 55 percent. Since Democratic victories in New York State in that era depended on running up massive margins in New York City to overcome the rest of the state’s Republican lean, the reduced margin in the city from vote-splitting would prove fatal to Carter’s chances in 1980. While Reagan only bled about one percent off Republican base support in the state (winning a plurality in a 3-way-race with 46.66 percent while Gerald Ford had lost the state in a two-man race with 47.52 percent in 1976), Carter bled nearly eight percent off his 1976 support, falling from a 51.95 percent majority win in 1976 to a losing 43.99 percent in 1980, most of those lost Democratic base votes going to Anderson instead.

This remains the last election in which a Republican presidential nominee has won traditionally rock-ribbed GOP Tompkins County in upstate New York, home to the college town of Ithaca, where Cornell University and Ithaca College are located.[3] At this point, Tompkins County had gone Democratic since the Civil War only in the landslides of 1912 and 1964,[4] with FDR never topping 40 percent. Reagan narrowly won the county with a plurality of 42 percent to Carter’s 40 percent, while Anderson took nearly fourteen percent, making it Anderson’s strongest county in the state. In 1984, Tompkins County would vote against Reagan and in the following years it would become the most Democratic county in upstate New York, giving Barack Obama over seventy percent of the vote in 2008.

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in New York, 1980
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Ronald Reagan 2,637,700 42.53%
Conservative Ronald Reagan 256,131 4.13%
Total Ronald Reagan 2,893,831 46.66% 41
Democratic Jimmy Carter 2,728,372 43.99% 0
Liberal John B. Anderson 467,801 7.54% 0
Free Libertarian Ed Clark 52,648 0.85% 0
Right to Life Ellen McCormack 24,159 0.39% 0
Citizens Party Barry Commoner 23,186 0.37% 0
Other 11,962 0.19% 0
Totals 6,201,959 100.0% 41

Results by county[edit]

Ronald Wilson Reagan
Republican
James Earl Carter
Democratic
John Bayard Anderson
Liberal
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % # % #
Albany 52,354 36.27% 74,429 51.56% 14,563 10.09% 3,018 2.09% -22,075 -15.29% 144,364
Allegany 10,423 59.09% 5,879 33.33% 973 5.52% 365 2.07% 4,544 25.76% 17,640
Bronx 86,843 30.70% 181,090 64.02% 11,286 3.99% 3,628 1.28% -94,247 -33.32% 282,847
Broome 39,275 43.99% 37,013 41.46% 11,388 12.76% 1,604 1.80% 2,262 2.53% 89,280
Cattaraugus 17,222 52.65% 12,917 39.49% 1,848 5.65% 722 2.21% 4,305 13.16% 32,709
Cayuga 17,945 54.78% 11,708 35.74% 2,539 7.75% 564 1.72% 6,237 19.04% 32,756
Chautauqua 30,081 51.20% 22,871 38.93% 4,699 8.00% 1,105 1.88% 7,210 12.27% 58,756
Chemung 19,674 52.87% 14,565 39.14% 2,465 6.62% 505 1.36% 5,109 13.73% 37,209
Chenango 10,400 53.08% 6,917 35.31% 1,908 9.74% 367 1.87% 3,483 17.78% 19,592
Clinton 13,120 48.79% 11,498 42.76% 1,904 7.08% 368 1.37% 1,622 6.03% 26,890
Columbia 13,946 53.08% 9,500 36.16% 2,204 8.39% 624 2.37% 4,446 16.92% 26,274
Cortland 9,885 54.77% 6,176 34.22% 1,603 8.88% 384 2.13% 3,709 20.55% 18,048
Delaware 10,609 55.36% 6,333 33.05% 1,865 9.73% 357 1.86% 4,276 22.31% 19,164
Dutchess 53,616 57.65% 28,616 30.77% 8,824 9.49% 1,951 2.10% 25,000 26.88% 93,007
Erie 169,209 40.24% 215,283 51.20% 29,580 7.03% 6,401 1.52% -46,074 -10.96% 420,473
Essex 9,025 53.16% 6,443 37.95% 1,213 7.14% 297 1.75% 2,582 15.21% 16,978
Franklin 7,620 46.77% 7,281 44.69% 1,182 7.26% 209 1.28% 339 2.08% 16,292
Fulton 11,448 53.19% 8,105 37.66% 1,566 7.28% 403 1.87% 3,343 15.53% 21,522
Genesee 11,650 47.57% 10,677 43.60% 1,651 6.74% 511 2.09% 973 3.97% 24,489
Greene 11,286 57.88% 6,488 33.28% 1,338 6.86% 386 1.98% 4,798 24.61% 19,498
Hamilton 2,038 63.10% 925 28.64% 176 5.45% 91 2.82% 1,113 34.46% 3,230
Herkimer 14,105 50.58% 11,497 41.23% 1,830 6.56% 456 1.64% 2,608 9.35% 27,888
Jefferson 16,455 49.67% 13,271 40.06% 2,834 8.55% 568 1.71% 3,184 9.61% 33,128
Kings (Brooklyn) 200,306 38.44% 288,893 55.44% 24,341 4.67% 7,552 1.45% -88,587 -17.00% 521,092
Lewis 4,937 50.26% 3,973 40.45% 716 7.29% 196 2.00% 964 9.81% 9,822
Livingston 11,193 49.85% 9,030 40.22% 1,694 7.54% 537 2.39% 2,163 9.63% 22,454
Madison 13,369 55.85% 7,843 32.77% 2,122 8.86% 603 2.52% 5,526 23.09% 23,937
Monroe 128,615 41.93% 142,423 46.43% 29,118 9.49% 6,577 2.14% -13,808 -4.50% 306,733
Montgomery 11,917 49.48% 9,645 40.04% 2,080 8.64% 444 1.84% 2,272 9.43% 24,086
Nassau 333,567 55.97% 207,602 34.83% 44,758 7.51% 10,093 1.69% 125,965 21.13% 596,020
New York (Manhattan) 115,911 26.23% 275,742 62.40% 38,597 8.73% 11,648 2.64% -159,831 -36.17% 441,898
Niagara 38,760 44.86% 40,405 46.77% 6,014 6.96% 1,215 1.41% -1,645 -1.90% 86,394
Oneida 51,968 49.59% 44,292 42.26% 6,929 6.61% 1,610 1.54% 7,676 7.32% 104,799
Onondaga 97,887 50.65% 73,453 38.00% 18,805 9.73% 3,135 1.62% 24,434 12.64% 193,280
Ontario 17,036 47.98% 14,477 40.77% 3,147 8.86% 846 2.38% 2,559 7.21% 35,506
Orange 51,268 56.67% 30,022 33.18% 7,656 8.46% 1,524 1.68% 21,246 23.48% 90,470
Orleans 7,536 51.58% 5,767 39.47% 977 6.69% 331 2.27% 1,769 12.11% 14,611
Oswego 22,816 53.63% 15,343 36.07% 3,333 7.83% 1,049 2.47% 7,473 17.57% 42,541
Otsego 11,814 49.42% 8,795 36.79% 2,874 12.02% 424 1.77% 3,019 12.63% 23,907
Putnam 20,193 63.46% 8,691 27.31% 2,340 7.35% 595 1.87% 11,502 36.15% 31,819
Queens 251,333 44.81% 269,147 47.98% 32,566 5.81% 7,877 1.40% -17,814 -3.18% 560,923
Rensselaer 32,005 45.89% 29,880 42.84% 6,443 9.24% 1,419 2.03% 2,125 3.05% 69,747
Richmond (Staten Island) 64,885 58.64% 37,306 33.72% 7,055 6.38% 1,401 1.27% 27,579 24.93% 110,647
Rockland 59,068 56.26% 35,277 33.60% 8,709 8.29% 1,939 1.85% 23,791 22.66% 104,993
St. Lawrence 18,437 46.53% 17,006 42.92% 3,544 8.94% 637 1.61% 1,431 3.61% 39,624
Saratoga 34,184 52.30% 23,641 36.17% 6,201 9.49% 1,336 2.04% 10,543 16.13% 65,362
Schenectady 32,003 45.37% 29,932 42.44% 7,146 10.13% 1,453 2.06% 2,071 2.94% 70,534
Schoharie 6,382 52.05% 4,715 38.45% 940 7.67% 225 1.83% 1,667 13.59% 12,262
Schuyler 3,838 55.17% 2,514 36.14% 476 6.84% 129 1.85% 1,324 19.03% 6,957
Seneca 7,174 52.40% 5,010 36.60% 1,205 8.80% 301 2.20% 2,164 15.81% 13,690
Steuben 22,418 58.73% 12,826 33.60% 2,257 5.91% 669 1.75% 9,592 25.13% 38,170
Suffolk 256,294 57.00% 149,945 33.35% 34,743 7.73% 8,673 1.93% 106,349 23.65% 449,655
Sullivan 15,089 55.44% 9,553 35.10% 2,095 7.70% 481 1.77% 5,536 20.34% 27,218
Tioga 10,291 53.56% 6,690 34.82% 1,851 9.63% 382 1.99% 3,601 18.74% 19,214
Tompkins 12,448 41.96% 11,970 40.35% 4,081 13.76% 1,169 3.94% 478 1.61% 29,668
Ulster 36,709 55.01% 22,179 33.24% 5,995 8.98% 1,843 2.76% 14,530 21.78% 66,726
Warren 13,264 59.28% 6,971 31.15% 1,766 7.89% 376 1.68% 6,293 28.12% 22,377
Washington 12,835 58.59% 7,144 32.61% 1,501 6.85% 426 1.94% 5,691 25.98% 21,906
Wayne 16,498 50.74% 12,590 38.72% 2,623 8.07% 801 2.46% 3,908 12.02% 32,512
Westchester 198,552 54.38% 130,136 35.64% 30,119 8.25% 6,342 1.74% 68,416 18.74% 365,149
Wyoming 8,108 55.72% 5,234 35.97% 855 5.88% 355 2.44% 2,874 19.75% 14,552
Yates 4,694 55.99% 2,828 33.73% 690 8.23% 172 2.05% 1,866 22.26% 8,384
Totals 2,893,831 46.66% 2,728,372 43.99% 467,801 7.54% 111,669 1.80% 165,459 2.67% 6,201,673

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1980 Presidential General Election Results - New York". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-04-27. 
  2. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-04-27. 
  3. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  4. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 261-265 ISBN 0786422173