United States v. Shabani
|United States v. Shabani|
|Argued October 3, 1994
Decided November 1, 1994
|Full case name||United States, Petitioner v. Reshat Shabani|
|Citations||513 U.S. 10 (more)
115 S. Ct. 382, 130 L. Ed. 2d 225
|Prior history||Convicted, conspiracy to distribute cocaine; conviction overturned, 993 F. 2d 1419 (9th Circuit, 1993)|
|Subsequent history||9th Circuit Reversed by Supreme Court and conviction upheld|
|Absent contrary indications, Congress intends to adopt the common law definition of statutory terms. The common law understanding of conspiracy "does not make the doing of any act other than the act of conspiring a condition of liability."|
|Majority||O'Connor, joined by unanimous|
|21 U.S.C. § 846|
United States v. Shabani, 513 U.S. 10 (1994), was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States clarified standards for conspiracy liability under a federal drug conspiracy statute. In a unanimous opinion written by Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, the Court held that government prosecutors need not prove evidence of an overt act in furtherance of the conspiracy when prosecuting individuals under the drug conspiracy statute codified at 21 U.S.C. § 846. Justice O'Connor wrote that Congress intended to "adopt the common law definition" of conspiracy for section 846, which did not require an overt act as a precondition of liability. Justice O'Connor's opinion also compared the drug conspiracy statute to the general conspiracy statute, which requires that a conspirator commit an over act in furtherance of the conspiracy, noting that "[i]n light of this additional element in the general conspiracy statute, Congress' silence in § 846 speaks volumes."
- actus reus
- List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 513
- List of United States Supreme Court cases
- Lists of United States Supreme Court cases by volume
- List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Rehnquist Court
- United States v. Shabani, 513 U.S. 10, 11 (1994).
- Shabani, 513 U.S. at 13-17.
- Shabani, 513 U.S. at 13-15.
- Codified at 18 U.S.C. § 371.
- Shabani, 513 U.S. at 14.
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