United States v. Trans-Missouri Freight Ass'n
|United States v. Trans-Missouri Freight Association|
|Argued December 8–9, 1896
Decided March 22, 1897
|Full case name||United States v. Trans-Missouri Freight Association|
|Citations||166 U.S. 290 (more)
17 S. Ct. 540; 41 L. Ed. 1007; 1897 U.S. LEXIS 2025
|Majority||Peckham, joined by Fuller, Harlan, Brewer, Brown|
|Dissent||White, joined by Field, Gray, Shiras|
United States v. Trans-Missouri Freight Association, 166 U.S. 290 (1897), was a United States Supreme Court case holding that the Sherman Act (which was an antitrust measure that prohibited anticompetitive behavior in commerce) applied to the railroad industry, even though the U.S. Congress had enacted a comprehensive regime of regulations for that injury.
Various railroad companies had formed an organization to regulate prices charged for transportation. The federal government charged these companies with violating the Sherman Act, and the railroad companies replied that they were not in violation of the act because their organization was designed to keep prices low, not to push them higher. The companies also contended that Congress had not intended the Sherman Act to apply to them, because there were already a wide array of laws governing the railroads.
Opinion of the Court
The Supreme Court held that the Sherman Act prohibited all such combinations, irrespective of the purpose. The railroad association was price fixing under the per se approach. Competition should determine the reasonable rate, not agreements between companies.
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