United States women's national gymnastics team

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United States women's artistic national gymnastics team
Founded1982
Continental unionPAGU
National federationUSAG
Head coachTom Forster
Training locationEVO Athletics
Uniform supplierUnder Armour
Olympic Games
Appearances18
MedalsGold medal.svg Gold: 1996, 2012, 2016
Silver medal.svg Silver: 1984, 2004, 2008
Bronze medal.svg Bronze: 1948, 1992, 2000
World Championships
Appearances24
MedalsGold medal world centered-2.svg Gold: 2003, 2007, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2018
Silver medal world centered-2.svg Silver: 1991, 1994, 2006, 2010
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Bronze: 1995, 2001
Pan American Games
MedalsGold medal america.svg Gold: 1963, 1967, 1971, 1975, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1995, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015
Silver medal america.svg Silver: 1999

The United States women's artistic gymnastics team represents the United States in FIG international competitions. Currently, the US team is the reigning World team champion and the reigning Olympic team champion, with the latter named the Final Five.

History[edit]

The US women won the team competition bronze medal at the 1948 Summer Olympics. Afterwards, they did not win another Summer Olympics or World Championships medal until the 1984 Olympic team won silver. During that competition, Mary Lou Retton also became the first American to win the individual all-around gold medal. The Americans started consistently winning Olympic and World team medals in the early 1990s with future Hall of Famers Shannon Miller and Dominique Dawes. The 1996 Olympic team, known as the Magnificent Seven, was the first American team to win Olympic gold. An iconic moment in the sport's history came late in the competition, when an injured Kerri Strug stuck a vault to secure the title. After 1996, the team regressed for several years as their stars took breaks from competing.

Márta Károlyi headed the program after the 2000 Olympics, ushering in an era of success for the US as they became one of the most dominant countries in women's gymnastics. The US has medalled in every Olympics and Worlds since 2000. They won their first World gold medal in 2003. At the 2004 Olympics, they won the team silver, and Carly Patterson became the second American gymnast to win the individual all-around. The US continued their success in the next quad. They won another Olympic silver medal in 2008. Nastia Liukin and Shawn Johnson were two of the best gymnasts of their era and finished first and second in the 2008 individual all-around.

Since their second-place finish at the 2010 Worlds, the US has never lost an Olympic or World team competition. They won gold at the 2011 Worlds and then won gold at the 2012 Olympics by over five points. The 2012 team was nicknamed the Fierce Five and included Gabby Douglas, the first woman of color to win the Olympic individual all-around. In 2013, Simone Biles started her senior career and helped the US dominate the sport through 2016. In addition to the team gold medals, Biles won the individual all-around at the Worlds and Olympics for four straight years. The 2016 Olympic team, featuring Biles and veterans Douglas and Aly Raisman, was named the Final Five. They won the team competition by over eight points.

Olympic Games[edit]

The USA Gymnastics women have won the Olympic Gold three times, in 1996, 2012, and 2016. These successes led to the nicknames Magnificent Seven, Fierce Five, and Final Five, respectively. They won three silvers in 1984, 2004, 2008 and three bronzes in 1948, 1992 and 2000.[1] The 2016 team name referenced Márta Károlyi's final team to coach and that the team structure will be changed to four members beginning with the 2020 Olympic Games. The 1988 Olympic Games was the only year in which the team did not medal since its formation in 1982. The most decorated American gymnast at the Olympics is Shannon Miller with 7 medals (2 gold, 2 silver, 3 bronze).

World Championships[edit]

The United States is currently 5th in the all-time medal count for the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships. The first American gymnast to win a medal at the World Championships was Cathy Rigby who won silver on beam in 1970.[2] The first female American gymnast to win a world title was Marcia Frederick in 1978 on the uneven bars.[3] The most decorated American gymnast at the World Championships is Simone Biles, who won 20 medals (14 gold, 3 silver and 3 bronze) from 2013 to 2018.[4] The United States won team gold in 2003, 2007, 2011, 2014, 2015, and 2018.[5] Additionally, eight American women have won the individual World all-around title: Kim Zmeskal (1991), Shannon Miller (1993-1994), Chellsie Memmel (2005), Shawn Johnson (2007), Bridget Sloan (2009), Jordyn Wieber (2011), Simone Biles (2013-2015, 2018), and Morgan Hurd (2017). Biles is the only American gymnast to win both the Olympic and World all-around titles.

Current Roster[edit]

Senior[edit]

As of October 14, 2018:[6]

Name Birth date and age Current residence Club Head coach(es) College team
Simone Biles (1997-03-14) March 14, 1997 (age 21) Spring, Texas World Champions Centre Laurent Landi Professional
Jade Carey (2000-05-27) May 27, 2000 (age 18) Phoenix, Arizona Arizona Sunrays Brian Carey Oregon State Beavers
Jordan Chiles (2001-04-15) April 15, 2001 (age 17) Vancouver, Washington Naydenov Gymnastics Inc. Tiffany Hirschberger UCLA Bruins
Kara Eaker (2002-11-07) November 7, 2002 (age 16) Grain Valley, Missouri GAGE Al Fong Utah Utes
Morgan Hurd (2001-07-18) July 18, 2001 (age 17) Middletown, Delaware First State Gymnastics Slava Glazounov Florida Gators
Shilese Jones (2002-07-26) July 26, 2002 (age 16) Westerville, Ohio Future Gymnastics Academy Christian Gallardo Florida Gators
Grace McCallum (2002-10-30) October 30, 2002 (age 16) Isanti, Minnesota Twin City Twisters Sarah Jantzi Utah Utes
Riley McCusker (2001-07-09) July 9, 2001 (age 17) Brielle, New Jersey MG Elite Maggie Haney Florida Gators
Ragan Smith (2000-08-08) August 8, 2000 (age 18) Lewisville, Texas Texas Dreams Kim Zmeskal Oklahoma Sooners
Trinity Thomas (2001-04-07) April 7, 2001 (age 17) York, Pennsylvania Prestige Gymnastics Tony Fatta Florida Gators

Junior[edit]

As of August 19, 2018:[6]

Name Birth date and age Current residence Club Head coach(es) College team
Skye Blakely (2005-02-04) February 4, 2005 (age 13) Frisco, Texas WOGA Tatyana Shadenko
Kayla DiCello (2004-01-25) January 25, 2004 (age 14) Boyds, Maryland Hill's Gymnastics Kelli Hill Florida Gators
Olivia Greaves (2004-05-05) May 5, 2004 (age 14) Staten Island, New York MG Elite Maggie Haney Florida Gators
Konnor McClain (2005-02-01) February 1, 2005 (age 13) Cross Lanes, West Virginia Revolution Gymnastics Susan Brown
Sunisa Lee (2003-03-09) March 9, 2003 (age 15) Saint Paul, Minnesota Midwest Gymnastics Center Jess Graba Auburn Tigers
Leanne Wong (2003-09-20) September 20, 2003 (age 15) Overland Park, Kansas GAGE Al Fong

Staff[edit]

  • Tom Forster[7][8][9] - National Team Coordinator
  • TBD - Senior Vice President
  • Taylor Rathke - Women's Program Coordinator
  • Gary Warren - National Team Training Center Director

[10][11]

Team competition results[edit]

Olympic Games[edit]

World Championships[edit]

Hall of Famers[edit]

Six national team gymnasts and one national team coach have been inducted into the International Gymnastics Hall of Fame:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "United States Gymnastics Women's Team All-Around Results". sports-reference. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  2. ^ Van Deusen, Amy. "US Medalists at Worlds (Men's and Women's)". About Gymnastics. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  3. ^ Riley, Lori (15 August 2010). "Frederick Changed Gymnastics, But Boycott Ended Olympic Dream". Hartfort Courant. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  4. ^ http://www.espn.com/espnw/sports/article/25165931/simone-biles-wraps-gymnastics-world-championships-four-gold-medals
  5. ^ https://usagym.org/pages/pressbox/history/worlds_medalists_artistic.html
  6. ^ a b "Women's Artistic Gymnastics National Teams". USA Gymnastics. USA Gymnastics.
  7. ^ "Valeri Liukin steps down as U.S. women's gymnastics team coordinator". ESPN. February 2, 2018.
  8. ^ "Valeri Liukin resigning from role with U.S. women's gymnastics team". USA Today. February 2, 2018.
  9. ^ "U.S. Women's Gymnastics Coordinator Valeri Liukin Suddenly Resigns". Deadspin. February 2, 2018.
  10. ^ https://usagym.org/PDFs/Women/Rules/Rules%20and%20Policies/directory.pdf
  11. ^ https://usagym.org/pages/aboutus/pages/staffdirectory.html