United States women's national gymnastics team

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United States women's artistic national gymnastics team
Founded1982
Continental unionPAGU
National federationUSA Gymnastics
Head coachTom Forster
Training locationEVO Athletics
Uniform supplierGK Elite
Olympic Games
Appearances18
MedalsGold medal.svg Gold: 1996, 2012, 2016
Silver medal.svg Silver: 1984, 2004, 2008
Bronze medal.svg Bronze: 1948, 1992, 2000
World Championships
Appearances24
MedalsGold medal world centered-2.svg Gold: 2003, 2007, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2018, 2019
Silver medal world centered-2.svg Silver: 1991, 1994, 2006, 2010
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Bronze: 1995, 2001
Junior World Championships
Appearances1
MedalsBronze medal world centered-2.svg Bronze: 2019
Pan American Games
MedalsGold medal america.svg Gold: 1963, 1967, 1971, 1975, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1995, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015, 2019
Silver medal america.svg Silver: 1999

The United States women's artistic gymnastics team represents the United States in FIG international competitions. Currently, the US team is the reigning World team champion and the reigning Olympic team champion, with the latter named the Final Five.

History[edit]

The US women won the team competition bronze medal at the 1948 Summer Olympics. Afterwards, they did not win another Summer Olympics or World Championships medal until the 1984 when the Olympic team won silver. During that competition, Mary Lou Retton also became the first American to win the individual all-around gold medal. The Americans started consistently winning Olympic and World team medals in the early 1990s with future Hall of Famers Shannon Miller and Dominique Dawes. The 1996 Olympic team, known as the Magnificent Seven, was the first American team to win Olympic gold. An iconic moment in the sport's history came late in the competition, when an injured Kerri Strug stuck a vault to secure the title. After 1996, the team regressed for several years as their stars took breaks from competing.

Márta Károlyi headed the program after the 2000 Olympics, ushering in an era of success for the US as they became one of the most dominant countries in women's gymnastics. The US has medalled in every Olympics and Worlds since 2000. They won their first World gold medal in 2003. At the 2004 Olympics, they won the team silver, and Carly Patterson became the second American gymnast to win the individual all-around. The US continued their success in the next quad. They won another Olympic silver medal in 2008. Nastia Liukin and Shawn Johnson were two of the best gymnasts of their era and finished first and second in the 2008 individual all-around.

Since their second-place finish at the 2010 Worlds, the US has never lost an Olympic or World team competition. They won gold at the 2011 Worlds and then won gold at the 2012 Olympics by over five points. The 2012 team was nicknamed the Fierce Five and included Gabby Douglas, the first woman of color to win the Olympic individual all-around. In 2013, Simone Biles started her senior career and helped the US dominate the sport through 2016. In addition to the team gold medals, Biles won the individual all-around at the Worlds and Olympics for four straight years. The 2016 Olympic team, featuring Biles and veterans Douglas and Aly Raisman, was named the Final Five. They won the team competition by over eight points.

Olympic Games[edit]

The USA Gymnastics women have won the Olympic Gold three times, in 1996, 2012, and 2016. These successes led to the nicknames Magnificent Seven, Fierce Five, and Final Five, respectively. They won three silvers in 1984, 2004, 2008 and three bronzes in 1948, 1992 and 2000.[1] The 2016 team name referenced Márta Károlyi's final team to coach and that the team structure will be changed to four members beginning with the 2020 Olympic Games. The 1988 Olympic Games was the only year in which the team did not medal since its formation in 1982. The most decorated American gymnast at the Olympics is Shannon Miller with 7 medals (2 gold, 2 silver, 3 bronze).

World Championships[edit]

The United States women team is currently 2nd in the all-time medal count for the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships. The first American gymnast to win a medal at the World Championships was Cathy Rigby who won silver on beam in 1970.[2] The first female American gymnast to win a world title was Marcia Frederick in 1978 on the uneven bars.[3] The most decorated American gymnast at the World Championships is Simone Biles, who won 25 medals (19 gold, 3 silver and 3 bronze) from 2013 to 2019.[4] The United States won team gold in 2003, 2007, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2018, and 2019.[5] Additionally, eight American women have won the individual World all-around title: Kim Zmeskal (1991), Shannon Miller (1993-1994), Chellsie Memmel (2005), Shawn Johnson (2007), Bridget Sloan (2009), Jordyn Wieber (2011), Simone Biles (2013-2015, 2018-2019), and Morgan Hurd (2017). Biles is the only American gymnast to win both the Olympic and World all-around titles.

Current roster[edit]

Senior team[edit]

As of January 8, 2020:[6]

Name Birth date and age Current residence Club Head coach(es) College team
Simone Biles (1997-03-14) March 14, 1997 (age 22) Spring, Texas World Champions Centre Laurent Landi Professional
Jade Carey (2000-05-27) May 27, 2000 (age 19) Phoenix, Arizona Arizona Sunrays Brian Carey Oregon State Beavers
Jordan Chiles (2001-04-15) April 15, 2001 (age 18) Spring, Texas World Champions Centre Laurent Landi UCLA Bruins
Kara Eaker (2002-11-07) November 7, 2002 (age 17) Grain Valley, Missouri GAGE Al Fong Utah Utes
Morgan Hurd (2001-07-18) July 18, 2001 (age 18) Middletown, Delaware First State Gymnastics Slava Glazounov Florida Gators
Sunisa Lee (2003-03-09) March 9, 2003 (age 16) Saint Paul, Minnesota Midwest Gymnastics Center Jess Graba Auburn Tigers
Grace McCallum (2002-10-30) October 30, 2002 (age 17) Isanti, Minnesota Twin City Twisters Sarah Jantzi Utah Utes
Riley McCusker (2001-07-09) July 9, 2001 (age 18) Brielle, New Jersey MG Elite Maggie Haney Florida Gators
MyKayla Skinner (1996-12-09) December 9, 1996 (age 23) Gilbert, Arizona Desert Lights Gymnastics Lisa Spini Utah Utes
Leanne Wong (2003-09-20) September 20, 2003 (age 16) Overland Park, Kansas GAGE Al Fong

Junior team[edit]

As of August 11, 2019:[6]

Name Birth date and age Current residence Club Head coach(es) College team
Ciena Alipio (2004-03-07) March 7, 2004 (age 15) San Jose, California West Valley Gymnastics Paul Duron & Judy Zhuo
Sydney Barros (2005-02-21) February 21, 2005 (age 14) Lewisville, Texas Texas Dreams Gymnastics Kim Zmeskal UCLA Bruins
Skye Blakely (2005-02-04) February 4, 2005 (age 15) Frisco, Texas WOGA Tatyana Shadenko
Sophia Butler (2004-06-27) June 27, 2004 (age 15) Houston, Texas Discover Gymnastics Inc. Costela Mihaiuc Florida Gators
Kayla DiCello (2004-01-25) January 25, 2004 (age 16) Boyds, Maryland Hill's Gymnastics Kelli Hill Florida Gators
eMjae Frazier (2004-01-29) January 29, 2004 (age 16) Erial, New Jersey Parkettes Donna & Bill Strauss
Olivia Greaves (2004-05-05) May 5, 2004 (age 15) Staten Island, New York MG Elite Maggie Haney Florida Gators
Lilly Lippeatt (2004-08-28) August 28, 2004 (age 15) Mason, Ohio Cincinnati Gymnastics Mary Lee Tracy LSU Tigers
Konnor McClain (2005-02-01) February 1, 2005 (age 15) Cross Lanes, West Virginia Revolution Gymnastics Susan Brown
Anya Pilgrim (2004-11-17) November 17, 2004 (age 15) Germantown, Maryland Hill's Gymnastics Kelli Hill

Staff[edit]

  • Tom Forster[7][8][9] – National Team Coordinator
  • Annie Heffernon[10] – Senior Vice President
  • Krissy Klein[11] – Women's Program Manager
  • Kim Riley[11] – Managing Director of Athlete and Coaching Programs

Team competition results[edit]

Olympic Games[edit]

World Championships[edit]

Names in italics are alternates who received a team medal.

Junior World Championships[edit]

Names in italics are alternates who received a team medal.

Most decorated gymnasts[edit]

This list includes all American female artistic gymnasts who have won at least four medals at the Olympic Games and the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships combined.

Rank Gymnast Years Team AA VT UB BB FX Olympic Total World Total Total
1 Simone Biles 2013–2019 Gold medal olympic.svg 2016
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2014
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2015
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2018
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2019
Gold medal olympic.svg 2016
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2013
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2014
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2015
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2018
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2019
Gold medal olympic.svg 2016
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2018
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2019
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2013
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2014
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2015
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2018 Bronze medal olympic.svg 2016
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2014
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2015
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2019
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2013
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2018
Gold medal olympic.svg 2016
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2013
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2014
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2015
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2018
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2019
5 25 30
2 Shannon Miller 1991–1996 Gold medal olympic.svg 1996
Bronze medal olympic.svg 1992
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1991
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1994
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 1995
Silver medal olympic.svg 1992
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 1993
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 1994
Bronze medal olympic.svg 1992
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 1993
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1991
Gold medal olympic.svg 1996
Silver medal olympic.svg 1992
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 1993
Bronze medal olympic.svg 1992
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 1993
7 9 16
3 Nastia Liukin 2005–2008 Silver medal olympic.svg 2008
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2007
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2006
Gold medal olympic.svg 2008
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2005
Silver medal olympic.svg 2008
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2005
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2006
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2007
Silver medal olympic.svg 2008
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2005
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2007
Bronze medal olympic.svg 2008
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2005
5 9 14
4 Alicia Sacramone 2005–2011 Silver medal olympic.svg 2008
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2007
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2011
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2006
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2010
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2010
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2006
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2005
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2007
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2005
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2007
1 10 11
5 Aly Raisman 2010–2016 Gold medal olympic.svg 2012
Gold medal olympic.svg 2016
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2011
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2015
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2010
Silver medal olympic.svg 2016
Bronze medal olympic.svg 2012
Gold medal olympic.svg 2012
Silver medal olympic.svg 2016
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2011
6 4 10
6 Dominique Dawes 1992–2000 Gold medal olympic.svg 1996
Bronze medal olympic.svg 1992
Bronze medal olympic.svg 2000
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1994
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1993 Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1993
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 1996
Bronze medal olympic.svg 1996
4 4 8
7 Shawn Johnson 2007–2008 Silver medal olympic.svg 2008
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2007
Silver medal olympic.svg 2008
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2007
Gold medal olympic.svg 2008
Silver medal olympic.svg 2008
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2007
4 3 7
8 Chellsie Memmel 2003–2008 Silver medal olympic.svg 2008
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2003
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2006
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2005
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2003
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2005
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2005
1 6 7
9 Gabby Douglas 2011–2016 Gold medal olympic.svg 2012
Gold medal olympic.svg 2016
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2011
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2015
Gold medal olympic.svg 2012
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2015
3 3 6
10 Kim Zmeskal 1991–1992 Bronze medal olympic.svg 1992
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1991
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 1991
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 1992
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 1992
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 1991
1 5 6
11 Kyla Ross 2012–2014 Gold medal olympic.svg 2012
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2014
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2013
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2014
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2013
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2013
1 5 6
12 Rebecca Bross 2009–2010 Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2010
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2009
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2010
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2009
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2010
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2010
0 6 6
13 McKayla Maroney 2011–2013 Gold medal olympic.svg 2012
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2011
Silver medal olympic.svg 2012
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2011
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2013
2 3 5
Madison Kocian 2014–2016 Gold medal olympic.svg 2016
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2014
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2015
Silver medal olympic.svg 2016
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2015
2 3 5
15 Carly Patterson 2003–2004 Silver medal olympic.svg 2004
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2003
Gold medal olympic.svg 2004
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2003
Silver medal olympic.svg 2004
3 2 5
16 Morgan Hurd 2017–2018 Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2018
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2017
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2018
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2017
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2018
0 5 5
17 Mary Lou Retton 1984 Silver medal olympic.svg 1984
Gold medal olympic.svg 1984
Silver medal olympic.svg 1984
Bronze medal olympic.svg 1984
Bronze medal olympic.svg 1984
5 0 5
Kerri Strug 1991–1996 Gold medal olympic.svg 1996
Bronze medal olympic.svg 1992
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1991
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1994
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 1995
2 3 5
19 Jordyn Wieber 2011–2012 Gold medal olympic.svg 2012
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2011
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2011
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2011
1 3 4
MyKayla Skinner 2014–2019 Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2014
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2015
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2019
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 2014 0 4 4
21 Courtney Kupets 2002–2004 Silver medal olympic.svg 2004
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2003
Bronze medal olympic.svg 2004
Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2002
2 2 4
22 Jade Carey 2017–2019 Gold medal world centered-2.svg 2019 Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2017
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2019
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 2017 0 4 4
23 Amy Chow 1994–2000 Gold medal olympic.svg 1996
Bronze medal olympic.svg 2000
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1994
Silver medal olympic.svg 1996
3 1 4
24 Betty Okino 1991–1992 Bronze medal olympic.svg 1992
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1991
Silver medal world centered-2.svg 1992
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg 1991
1 3 4

Hall of Famers[edit]

Eight national team gymnasts and one national team coach have been inducted into the International Gymnastics Hall of Fame:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "United States Gymnastics Women's Team All-Around Results". sports-reference. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  2. ^ Van Deusen, Amy. "US Medalists at Worlds (Men's and Women's)". About Gymnastics. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  3. ^ Riley, Lori (15 August 2010). "Frederick Changed Gymnastics, But Boycott Ended Olympic Dream". Hartfort Courant. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  4. ^ http://www.espn.com/espnw/sports/article/25165931/simone-biles-wraps-gymnastics-world-championships-four-gold-medals
  5. ^ https://usagym.org/pages/pressbox/history/worlds_medalists_artistic.html
  6. ^ a b "Women's Artistic Gymnastics National Teams". USA Gymnastics. USA Gymnastics.
  7. ^ "Valeri Liukin steps down as U.S. women's gymnastics team coordinator". ESPN. February 2, 2018.
  8. ^ "Valeri Liukin resigning from role with U.S. women's gymnastics team". USA Today. February 2, 2018.
  9. ^ "U.S. Women's Gymnastics Coordinator Valeri Liukin Suddenly Resigns". Deadspin. February 2, 2018.
  10. ^ "[Annie] Heffernon is named vice president of women's gymnastics". USA Gymnastics. February 4, 2019.
  11. ^ a b "USA Gymnastics Women's Program Office Staff" (PDF). USA Gymnastics. Retrieved September 9, 2019.