United Transportation Union
|Merged into||International Association of Sheet Metal, Air, Rail and Transportation Workers|
|Founded||January 1, 1969|
|Dissolved||August 11, 2014|
|Merger of||(SUNA), (B of LF&E), (BRT), & (ORC)|
|Headquarters||Cleveland, Ohio, United States|
|Malcolm B. "Mike" Futhey, president|
The United Transportation Union (UTU) was a broad-based, transportation labor union that represented about 70,000 active and retired railroad, bus, mass transit, and airline workers in the United States. The UTU was headquartered in Cleveland, Ohio. On August 11, 2014, it merged with the Sheet Metal Workers' International Association (SMWIA) to form the International Association of Sheet Metal, Air, Rail and Transportation Workers, known by the acronym SMART.
The UTU was the largest railroad operating union in North America, with more than 500 locals. The UTU represented employees on every Class I railroad in the United States, as well as employees on many American regional and shortline railroads. It also represented bus and mass transit employees on approximately 45 bus and transit systems and had grown to include airline pilots, flight attendants, dispatchers and other airport personnel. The UTU was very interested in the airline sector and hoped to expand its representation with pilots and flight attendants. The UTU believed it is a viable alternative to other aviation labor unions because the UTU operated under the belief that it has been proficient in interpreting and enforcing provisions of the Railroad Labor Act (RLA), under which airlines also operate.
Membership was drawn primarily from the operating crafts in the railroad industry and includes conductors, brakemen, switchmen, ground service personnel, locomotive engineers, hostlers and workers in associated crafts. More than 1,800 railroad yardmasters also are represented by the UTU. The UTU's 8,000 bus and transit members include drivers, mechanics and employees in related occupations.
In 1968 exploratory talks among the four brotherhoods’ interested in forming one transportation union proved fruitful and plans were formulated for merging of the four operation unions into a single organization to represent all four operating crafts. The four unions were the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, the Order of Railway Conductors and Brakemen and the Switchmen’s Union of North America. The first three of these were considered fraternal orders, as well as labor unions.
In August 1968, the union presidents announced that after nine months of planning, a tentative agreement had been reached on all phases of unity. It was further announced that the name of the new organization would be the United Transportation Union and the target date for establishing the UTU was January 1, 1969. In Chicago on December 10, 1968, the tabulation of the voting revealed an overwhelming desire by the members of the four crafts to merge into a single union, and the United Transportation Union came into existence on January 1, 1969.
The new union had 230,000 members. The first president was Charles Luna, formerly president of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. By 1978 the Union had 240,000 members in 1,000 branches. In 1970, the International Association of Railway Employees joined the UTU. In 1971 the UTU Insurance Association assumed the insurance and welfare plans of the brotherhoods who had formed the UTU. The UTU held its first national convention in August 1971 in Miami Beach, Florida. Al Chesser, National Legislative Director of the UTU, was elected to succeed Luna, who was retiring.
The Union began a scholarship program in 1973 for qualified children and grandchildren of its members. Fifty scholarships amounting to $50,000 were awarded each year.
- 1969: Charles Luna
- 1971: Al Chesser
- 1979: Fred Hardin
- 1991: G. Thomas DuBose
- 1995: Charlie Little
- 2001: Byron Boyd
- 2004: Paul Thompson
- 2008: Mike Futhey
- 2015: Joseph Sellers, Jr.
- US Department of Labor, Office of Labor-Management Standards. File number 000-314. Report submitted September 26, 2014.
- US Department of Labor, Office of Labor-Management Standards. File number 000-314. (Search)
- "History of the UTU". Archived from the original on 2013-09-13. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- Schmidt, Alvin J. Fraternal Organizations Westport, CT; Greenwood Press pp.345-6
- United Transportation Union: Case Western.
- Schmidt p.246
- The United Transportation Union: UTU.
- United Transportation Union ... Chronicling Illinois, p. 4.
- "The United Transportation Union". UTU. Archived from the original on 2013-05-14. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "United Transportation Union". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
- "United Transportation Union, Office of the Illinois State Records, 1958-1976". Chronicling Illinois. Retrieved 2013-08-06.
- Kamberg, Mary-Lane. Working in Public Transportation (Rosen, 2018).
- Speiser, Karen M. "Labor Arbitration in Public Agencies: An Unconstitutional Delegation of Power or the Waking of a Sleeping Giant-United Transportation Union v. Southern California Rapid Transit." Journal of Dispute Resolution"" (1993): 333+ online.
- Weissman, Charles I. "United Transportation Union v. Long Island Rail Road: National League of Cities Derailed." Rutgers Law Review (1981): 189+.
- Official website
- Guide to Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen records, 1883–1973. 5149. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.
- Guide to Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. General Committee Files and Publications, 1883–1958. 5446. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.