United World Colleges
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|Type||Schools, colleges and short educational programmes|
UWC International Office, London, United Kingdom
UWC (or United World Colleges) is a system of independent schools and educational programs with a stated mission of "mak[ing] education a force to unite people, nations and cultures for peace and a sustainable future". The organisation was founded on the principles of German educationalist Kurt Hahn. Most of the schools and colleges offer two-year residential programmes, for people aged 16–19 years, during which they complete the IB Diploma Programme. The organisation emphasizes the breadth of nationalities participating in its programs. UWC consists of 18 schools and colleges on five continents, several short educational programmes, and national committees in 159 countries and territories. UWC International is a UK registered charity, governed by the International Board and the International Council. The executive arm of the International Board is the International Office, located in London, United Kingdom.
UWC was originally founded in 1962 to bridge social, national and cultural divides caused by the Cold War. The first UWC college, UWC Atlantic College in Wales, United Kingdom, was founded in 1962 by Kurt Hahn, a German educationalist who had previously founded Schule Schloss Salem in Germany, Gordonstoun in Scotland, and the Outward Bound movement.
Hahn envisaged a college educating boys and girls aged 16 to 20. The selection would be based on personal motivation and potential, regardless of any social, economic or cultural factors. A scholarship programme would facilitate the recruitment of young people from different socio-economic backgrounds.
There are currently 18 UWC schools and colleges in operation. UWC Simón Bolivar was a member of the movement until its closing in 2012 by the Venezuelan government. The location and opening date for each UWC school and college is given below:
- UWC Atlantic College (Llantwit Major, Wales, UK), 1962
- Pearson College UWC (Victoria, British Columbia, Canada), 1974
- UWC South East Asia (Singapore), founded 1971, joined UWC 1975
- Waterford Kamhlaba UWC of Southern Africa (Mbabane, Swaziland), founded 1963, joined UWC 1981
- UWC-USA (Montezuma, New Mexico), 1982
- UWC Adriatic (Duino, Italy), 1982
- Simón Bolívar United World College of Agriculture (Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela), founded 1986, joined UWC 1987, closed 2012
- Li Po Chun United World College (Wu Kai Sha, Hong Kong), 1992
- UWC Red Cross Nordic (Flekke, Norway), 1995
- UWC Mahindra (Village Khubavali, India), 1997
- UWC Costa Rica (Santa Ana, Costa Rica), founded 2000, joined UWC 2006
- UWC Mostar (Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina), 2006
- UWC Maastricht (Maastricht, Netherlands), founded 1984, joined UWC 2009
- UWC Robert Bosch (Freiburg, Germany), 2014
- UWC Dilijan (Dilijan, Armenia), 2014
- UWC Changshu China (Changshu, China), 2015
- UWC Thailand (Phuket, Thailand), founded 2008, joined UWC 2016
- UWC ISAK Japan (Karuizawa, Japan), founded 2014, joined UWC 2017
- UWC East Africa (Kilimanjaro and Arusha, Tanzania), founded 1969, joined UWC 2019
The current President of UWC is Queen Noor of Jordan (1995–present). Former South African President Nelson Mandela was joint President (1995–1999) alongside Queen Noor, and subsequently Honorary President of UWC (1999–2013). Former UWC presidents are Lord Mountbatten (1967–1978) and Prince Charles (1978–1995).
Most UWC students are selected through a system of national committees, which operate in 159 countries and territories as of early 2018. Selection is based on merit, independent of the students' socio-economic background. However, this does not necessarily mean that all selected students will be financially able to attend.
Cost of Attendance
Without financial assistance, the total cost of two years at UWC is £59,000 (United Kingdom), $104,000 (Canada), 509,000 kr. (Norway), €60,000 (Germany), $77,330 (USA), $164,800 (Singapore), or $636,000 (Hong Kong). These costs are comparable to other private or independent school systems in the United States or United Kingdom. A majority of national committee-selected students pursuing the IB Diploma receive financial assistance from UWC, based on their socio-economic needs.
UWC values experiential learning alongside providing its 16-19-year-old students with the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma, an internationally recognised educational programme developed in close collaboration with UWC in the late 1960s. The IB Diploma Programme aims "to develop students who have excellent breadth and depth of knowledge – students who flourish physically, intellectually, emotionally and ethically". The mission statement of the International Baccalaureate, is similar to the mission of UWC: "to develop inquiring, knowledgeable and caring young people who help to create a better and more peaceful world through intercultural understanding and respect".
A core component of the IB Diploma Programme is Creativity, Action and Service, so UWC students participate in various activities that encourage these traits, with a concentration on community service and social justice.
Five UWC schools (UWC Thailand, UWC South East Asia in Singapore, UWC Maastricht in the Netherlands, UWC East Africa in Tanzania and Waterford Kamhlaba UWC of Southern Africa in Swaziland) also offer non-residential educational programmes for younger students.
Four UWC schools also admit students into lower years, taught using a number of different curricula based on the UWC educational model, and some offer the IB Primary Years Programme and IB Middle Years Programme.
UWC also runs "short courses", often hosted on UWC school and college campuses during academic breaks, although some are conducted in countries where there is no existing UWC school or college, such as the UWC short course in Turkey.
Each UWC school and college offers activities in line with the Creativity, Activity and Service (CAS) programme integral to the IB Diploma Programme and a UWC education. Examples of CAS activities across UWC school and college campuses include dance, scuba diving, and tutoring.
- Politics and government
- Ian Khama: Former President of Botswana
- Julie Payette: Governor General of Canada and astronaut
- Douglas Alexander: British politician
- Lene Feltman Espersen: former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Denmark
- Eluned Morgan: Welsh politician, member of the House of Lords and former member of the European Parliament
- Lindiwe Sisulu: Minister of Defence and Military Veterans in South Africa
- Lousewies van der Laan: Dutch politician, Vice President of the European Liberal Democrats, Chief of Staff to the President of the International Criminal Court
- Corinne Ellemeet: Dutch Member of Parliament
- David Cunliffe: New Zealand Member of Parliament
- Chrystia Freeland: Current Canadian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Federal Minister of Foreign Trade, journalist and member of the Canadian Parliament
- Niki Ashton: Canadian Member of Parliament
- Tim Owen QC: British human rights barrister
- Jakob von Weizsäcker: German politician, Member of the European Parliament
- Marina Catena: Director United Nations World Food Programme and Lieutenant Italian Army
- Pilvi Torsti: Finnish politician and historian
- Xochitl Torres Small: Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Mexico's 2nd congressional district
- Paul Colton: Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross, Ireland
- Kim Han-sol: Grandson of Kim Jong-il
- King Willem-Alexander: King of The Netherlands
- Princess Iman bint ِHussein: Princess of Jordan
- Zenani Mandela-Dlamini
- Pentti Kouri: Finnish economist and venture capitalist
- Robert Milton: Chairman, President and CEO of ACE Aviation Holdings Inc. and Chairman of Air Canada
- Jorma Ollila: former chairman and CEO of Nokia Corporation
- Peter Sands: CEO of Standard Chartered
- Robin Chase: co-founder and the first CEO of Zipcar
- Todd Sampson: CEO of Leo Burnett, Sydney, co-creator of the Earth Hour initiative
- Arts and media
- Sally El Hosaini, Award-winning Film-maker, Screen International's UK Stars of Tomorrow 2009.
- Anne Enright: Irish author, 2007 winner of the Man Booker Prize
- Richard E. Grant: Swazi-English actor of Withnail & I fame and 2019 Academy Award nominee for Best Supporting Actor Can You Ever Forgive Me[circular reference]
- J. Nozipo Maraire: Zimbabwean-born author, entrepreneur and neurosurgeon.
- Karen Mok: Hong-Kong singer, actress and songwriter, three-time Golden Melody Award-winner
- Wangechi Mutu: Kenyan artist and 2010 Deutsche Bank Artist of the Year
- Aki Sasamoto: New York-based, Japanese artist
- Eric Khoo: film director from Singapore
- Ashraf Johaardien: playwright from South Africa
- Sonam Kapoor: Indian actor
- Juan Pablo Di Pace: Actor
- Hernán Jiménez: Comedian and film director from Costa Rica
- Tara Sharma: Indian actress
- Sophie Hawley-Weld: Singer for band Sofi Tukker
- Valeria Luisello: Writer from México.
- Kitzia González Simón: Visual Artist from México.
- Emma Tucker, editor of The Sunday Times
- Saba Douglas-Hamilton: conservationist and TV presenter
- Alison Donnell: English Professor and Head of School of Literature and Languages at University of Reading
- Hanno Kube: Professor of Public Law, Chair of Public Finance and Tax Law at the University of Heidelberg
- Jonathan Michie: Director of the Department for Continuing Education and President of Kellogg College, University of Oxford
- Gina Neff: Professor of Sociology, Oxford University and Senior Research Fellow, Christchurch College, Oxford
- Howard Newby: Vice-Chancellor of the University of Liverpool
- Federico Varese: Professor of Criminology, Oxford University and Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College, Oxford
- Ghil'ad Zuckermann: Chair of Linguistics and Endangered Languages, University of Adelaide.
- Shawkat Toorawa: Professor of Arabic Studies, Yale University.
- Stephan Klasen: Professor of Development Economics, University of Göttingen.
- Other fields
- Akihiko Hoshide: Japanese astronaut
- Malaika Vaz youngest explorer to reach Antarctica and Arctic.
- Mayumi Raheem: Sri Lankan swimmer, three times gold medal winner at the 2006 South Asian Games
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- Rebecca Helliwell: Associate Medical Director, Argyll and Bute, NHS Highland. GP in rural practise.
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