Universal Camera Corp. v. NLRB
|Universal Camera Corp. v. NLRB|
|Argued November 6–7, 1950
Decided February 26, 1951
|Full case name||Universal Camera Corp. v. National Labor Relations Board|
|Citations||340 U.S. 474 (more)|
|Prior history||Universal Camera Corp., 79 N.L.R.B. 379, 22 L.R.R.M. (BNA) (1948); Universal Camera Corp. v. NLRB, 179 F.2d 749 (2nd Cir. 1950) (enforcing order)|
|A court will defer to a federal agency's findings of fact if supported by "substantial evidence on the record considered as a whole."|
|Majority||Frankfurter, joined by Vinson, Reed, Jackson, Burton, Clark, Minton|
|Administrative Procedures Act; Taft-Hartley Act|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
Universal Camera Corp. v. NLRB, 340 U.S. 474 (1951), was a United States Supreme Court case which held that a court will defer to a federal agency's findings of fact if supported by "substantial evidence on the record considered as a whole." Universal Camera added another qualification to the substantial evidence test laid down in Consolidated Edison Co. v. NLRB. The evidence supporting the agency's conclusion must be substantial in consideration of the record as a whole, even including the evidence that is not consistent with the agency's conclusion.
Universal Camera Corp. fired an employee who testified under the National Labor Relations Act. The National Labor Relations Board ordered Universal Camera Corp. to reinstate the employee with back pay and to cease and desist terminating employees for this reason. The Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit upheld the order, and the Supreme Court granted certiorari to resolve a circuit split.
Justice Frankfurter delivered the opinion of the Court. The Court discussed the "substantial evidence" test established by the Court in Consolidated Edison Co. v. NLRB, which interpreted the Wagner Act, the original National Labor Relations Act. The Act provided that "[t]he findings of the Board as to the facts, if supported by evidence, shall be conclusive."
The Con Edison court read "evidence" to mean "substantial evidence." "Substantial evidence is more than a mere scintilla. It means such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion."
The Court reviewed the Act's legislative history, concluding that "[i]t is fair to say that in all this Congress expressed a mood... As legislation that mood must be respected." The Court found that both the Administrative Procedure Act and the Taft-Hartley Act, which amended the National Labor Relations Act, required that courts consider the whole record. In weighing the substantiality of evidence, courts must thus consider the whole body of evidence, including views opposed to the ultimate decision.
- List of United States Supreme Court cases
- Universal Camera, 340 U.S. at 477.
- National Labor Relations Act, 29 U.S.C. § 160(e).
- Consolidated Edison Co. v. NLRB, 305 U.S. 292, 300 (1951).
- Universal Camera, 340 U.S. at 487.
- Id. at 488.
- Id. at 497.