Universal Private Telegraph Company
The Universal Private Telegraph Company, Limited was formed in 1861 to exploit Professor Charles Wheatstone’s 1858 Universal Telegraph. The company was to "...carry out a system by which banks, merchants, public bodies and other parties may have the means of establishing a telegraph for their own private purposes from their houses to their offices, manufactories or other places".
The company's first directors were Charles Wheatstone and William Fairbairn, CE, the Manchester ironmaster. It employed Thomas Page, engineer, Lewis Hertslet, secretary and Nathaniel Holmes, electrician.
As a nationalised company, the firm's records are now in the British Telecom Archives.
The company issued a number of stamps which are of interest to philatelists and are still some of the most common British telegraph stamps found. It is unclear, however, whether the stamps were ever used as only unused copies are known. The stamps carried the year in the corners.
- The company's technology had already been in use since 1860 but the company was not statutorily incorporated until 1861.
- The Universal Telegraph: Lost Future of Telegraphy by Steven Roberts. distantwriting.co.uk 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2011. Archived here.
- Hiscocks, Steve. Telegraph & Telephone Stamps of the World: A priced and annotated catalogue. Woking: S.E.R. Hiscocks, 1982, pp. 138-139. ISBN 0-9508301-0-0
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