Universal Soldier (song)
|Song by Buffy Sainte-Marie|
|from the album It's My Way!|
"Universal Soldier" is a song written and recorded by Canadian singer-songwriter Buffy Sainte-Marie. The song was originally released on Sainte-Marie's debut album It's My Way! in 1964. "Universal Soldier" was not a popular hit at the time of its release, but it did garner attention within the contemporary folk music community. It became a hit a year later when Donovan covered it. Sainte-Marie said of the song: "I wrote 'Universal Soldier' in the basement of The Purple Onion coffee house in Toronto in the early sixties. It's about individual responsibility for war and how the old feudal thinking kills us all."
In the six verses of the song, a soldier of different heights, ages, religious and political backgrounds is depicted, fighting in different times, for different countries (starting with Canada, where Buffy Sainte-Marie comes from), and with different motives, always thinking that he is fighting for peace but never realizing he is part of the problem. The song ends with:
He's the Universal Soldier
and he really is to blame.
His orders come from far away no more.
They come from here and there and you and me,
and brothers, can't you see
this is not the way to put an end to war.
|Song by Donovan|
|from the EP The Universal Soldier|
|Released||August 15, 1965|
|Label||Pye (NEP 24219)|
|The Universal Soldier EP track listing|
By 1965 the song had caught the attention of budding folk singer Donovan, who recorded it using a similar arrangement to Buffy Sainte-Marie's original recording. In Donovan's version, Dachau became Liebau (Lubawka, Poland), a training center for Hitler Youth. Donovan's recording was released on an EP titled The Universal Soldier in the United Kingdom (15 August 1965, Pye NEP 24219). The EP continued Donovan's run of high charting releases in the UK by reaching #5 on the charts. Tracks on the EP: "Universal Soldier"; "The Ballad of a Crystal Man" b/w "Do You Hear Me Now?" (Bert Jansch); "The War Drags On" (Mick Softley).
The lack of interest in the EP format within the United States led Hickory Records to release the song as a single in September 1965 (Hickory 45-1338). Donovan's cover of "Universal Soldier" was backed with another track from the British EP: Bert Jansch's "Do You Hear Me Now?" Donovan's US release of "Universal Soldier" also became a hit, charting higher than his previous single "Colours" and ultimately reaching #53 on the Billboard charts. This success led Hickory Records to include the song on the United States release of Donovan's second album, Fairytale, replacing a cover of Bert Jansch's "Oh Deed I Do".
Sainte-Marie was glad that Donovan's success with this song got more people to hear it.
- The Highwaymen
- Glen Campbell (#45 US, #16 AUS, #4 SWE)
- Heikki Harma, 1965, lyrics in Finnish, called "Palkkasoturi" ("The Mercenary")
- Boudewijn de Groot, lyrics in Dutch, called "De eeuwige soldaat"
- Juliane Werding, lyrics in German, called "Der Ewige Soldat"
- Ámmun Johnskareng a Northern Sami, lyrics in Sami, called "Máilmmálaš soalddát"
- Bettina Wegner, lyrics in German, called "Soldaten"
- Toni Vescoli, lyrics in Swiss German, called "De-r ewig Soldat"
- Mariusz Zadura, lyrics in Polish, called "Żołnierz tego świata" ("The soldier of this world")
- Jan Berry of Jan and Dean, 1965, lyrics changed to the opposite point of view, called "The Universal Coward" released as single. Dean Torrence objected and did not participate.
- Lobo, 1974, on his album Just a Singer
- Aimee Allen, performed at the Target Center in 2008 during Campaign for Liberty's "Rally for the Republic", hosted by Ron Paul
- First Aid Kit, 2011, for Jack White's Third Man Records tri-color vinyl series
- Jake Bugg, 2013, performed exclusively for ONE's Agit8 campaign
Quoted unknowingly in Smithsonian article
Lyrics from this song (ending in "without you all this killing can't go on") were quoted in Owen Edwards' article "Kilroy Was Here" in the October 2004 edition of Smithsonian. The author identifies the lyrics as "free verse" from "a mysterious poem" that was found written on a cot from a Vietnam War era troopship. The true authorship of the words was provided by more than 285 readers who wrote in to provide a correction.
- Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 34 - Revolt of the Fat Angel: American musicians respond to the British invaders. [Part 2] : UNT Digital Library" (audio). Pop Chronicles. University of North Texas Libraries.
- "YouTube". YouTube. 2008-09-03. Retrieved 2013-11-21.
- "Universally Noted". Smithsonian (December). 2004. Retrieved 2008-06-01.