Universal Wrestling Federation (Bill Watts)
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|Founded||1950s NWA Tri-State
|Headquarters||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|
|Founder(s)||Bill Watts (UWF)
Leroy McGuirk (NWA Tri-State)
|Owner(s)||Leroy McGuirk (1950s-1979)
Bill Watts (1979-1987)
Jim Crockett, Jr. (1987)
|Parent||National Wrestling Alliance (1950s-1979)
Jim Crockett Promotions (1987)
The Universal Wrestling Federation was owner Bill Watts' attempt at taking his Mid-South Wrestling promotion to a national level in 1986. The attempt failed and in 1987, Watts sold the promotion to Jim Crockett Promotions and it became part of what would later be known as World Championship Wrestling. The promotion had started out as an NWA Territory known as NWA Tri-State founded by Leroy McGuirk in the 1950s. Tri-State promoted in Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi, the same area that Watts's Mid-South wrestling ran in before attempting to go national. In 1990, Herb Abrams started an unrelated wrestling promotion with the same name.
A former territory wrestler who was blinded in a 1950 auto accident, Leroy McGuirk eventually took over promoting a wrestling circuit that covered Oklahoma, Louisiana and Mississippi. Until 1973, Watts had been a fan favorite for Tri-State Wrestling. After a short break in Eddie Graham's Championship Wrestling from Florida, he returned to Tri-State in 1975.
In 1979, Bill Watts bought out the Tri-State Wrestling circuit from Leroy McGuirk, and renamed the circuit Mid-South Wrestling (MSW, known officially as the Mid-South Wrestling Association). One of his first acts as owner was to withdraw from the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA), though MSW would still remain loosely aligned with the organization and continue to have the NWA World Champion defend his title on MSW shows. MSW began adding shows in Arkansas to its circuit. In 1982, the promotion grew to include Oklahoma when McGuirk shut down his Oklahoma-based promotion. He also formed an alliance with Houston promoter Paul Boesch to feature Mid-South talent on the cards at the Sam Houston Coliseum, one of the largest cities in America and one of the most fabled arenas in professional wrestling, as well as other parts of southeastern Texas.
Instead of cartoon-ish characters and interviews, Mid-South Wrestling focused on energetic matches and characters whose personas blurred the lines between good and evil and a physical style and episodic format. The promotion ran shows in a mix of small venues and gigantic arenas. In 1980, a card pitting a "blinded" Junkyard Dog against Freebird Michael Hayes in the main event drew nearly 30,000 fans for a show presented by a promotion less than one year old. In 1984, Watts came out of retirement to team with a masked Junkyard Dog (under the name Stagger Lee) to face the Midnight Express to cap an angle in which the Express and manager Jim Cornette beat Watts on TV. The latter card also featured a showdown between Magnum T.A. and Mr. Wrestling II. The 1984 show drew 22,000 fans.
In the mid-to-late 1980s, the MSW began to expand nationally. In 1985, Ted Turner invited Watts to air his Mid-South Wrestling program on SuperStation TBS as an alternative to the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) programming that ran on Saturday nights. Turner was angered with Vince McMahon and the WWF because McMahon reportedly promised Turner a studio-produced program, but he instead presented a two hours of highlights from other WWF programming (see: Black Saturday (1984)). (Eventually, the WWF would have in-studio squash matches on the show on an infrequent basis.) MSW quickly became the highest-rated program on TBS, and Watts positioned himself to take over the two-hour Saturday block occupied by the WWF. His luck ran out when former Georgia promoter Jim Barnett helped broker a deal that allowed NWA promoter Jim Crockett, Jr., to buy the slot from McMahon and become the exclusive wrestling promotion for TBS. The deal forced the elimination of the Mid-South Wrestling program from the TBS schedule. Watts made one more attempt at going national the following year under the auspices of the Universal Wrestling Federation
Universal Wrestling Federation
In March 1986, MSW went national and was relaunched as the Universal Wrestling Federation so it was not stigmatized as a southern group. From that point, many newcomers (mostly from World Class Championship Wrestling, WCCW) joined the federation, as did former WCCW co-promoter Ken Mantell. However, despite the federation's success, it could not compete against Jim Crockett Promotions and the WWF. In addition, the WWF also reached the pinnacle of its success through WrestleMania III. Watts was also harmed when the oil-based Oklahoma economy went into a severe recession in the fall of 1986, affecting all businesses and cutting down on fans able to pay to see the shows. Watts would end up selling the UWF to Crockett on April 9, 1987, and many of the federation's top names went on either to the NWA, WWF, or WCCW. Unlike the other NWA promotions JCP purchased, the UWF did not immediately end; it was kept alive until December 1987. Despite promises at the time, Crockett buried the UWF, letting its various titles die out and, with the prime exceptions of Sting, the Fabulous Freebirds, Shane Douglas, Rick Steiner, and for a while Eddie Gilbert, and Steve Williams, few of its various stars made headway into Crockett's promotion.
WWE acquired most of the Mid-South/UWF archive for its WWE Libraries collection in 2012. The exception to this is Mid-South/UWF matches that were filmed for Houston Wrestling, the wrestling program produced by Houston wrestling promoter Paul Boesch for local independent station KHTV and whose archive is now owned by Boesch's estate.
The Battle of New Orleans was a long-playing brawl between Eddie Gilbert, Terry Taylor, Chris Adams and Sting, which began in the ring and spilled out into the concession area. Beer kegs, chairs, tables, popcorn machine and anything the four wrestlers could get their hands on were used in the brawl which lasted nearly 15 minutes. Sting and Gilbert fought outside the ring, when Rick Steiner came in and piledrived Shane Douglas. With Taylor on top, referee Randy Anderson made the pinfall. Later, Adams came out and told Anderson what had happened, which prompted Gilbert and Taylor to gang-up on Adams. Sting came in to even the sides, and that resulted in an all-out brawl outside the ring. Gilbert was the mastermind of this famous angle and received huge praise from fellow promoters and wrestlers.
Adams was engaged in a storyline involving Iceman King Parsons and Taylor, which evolved out of the UWF Tag Team Championship tournament in February 1987. Originally, Adams and Iceman were one of the eight teams participating, and Taylor was teamed with Sam Houston. In a semi-finals match, Adams and Iceman wrestled against "Dr Death" Steve Williams and Ted DiBiase until Skandor Akbar's Devastation Inc. charged the ring to attack Williams and DiBiase. The match ended when Williams and DiBiase were counted out, and Adams and Parsons won the match. Adams, who was helping Williams and DiBiase fight off Akbar and his army, wanted the match to continue, but Parsons wanted the win. After a lengthy argument, Adams and Parsons split, and Chris chose Savannah Jack as his new tag team partner. Iceman sucker-punched Savannah during a match and injured him, thus Adams had to choose another tag partner. He chose Terry Taylor, whose team lost a semi-final match to Rick Steiner and Sting. Taylor and Adams eventually won the UWF tag team titles, and held the belts for two months.
Meanwhile, Adams and Parsons engaged in a lengthy feud, which lasted for more than a decade (the two had feuded earlier in WCCW when Adams was the heel and Parsons was the babyface), with Parsons frequently referring to Adams as "Jailbird," a reference to Adams serving jail time in 1986 on an assault conviction. Taylor and Adams, who dominated the UWF tag team scene, lost a match to Steiner and Sting when Taylor kicked Adams foot off the rope as he was being pinned by Sting. A face-vs-face bout between Adams and Taylor marked Taylor's heel turn as he piledrived Adams on the floor. The Taylor-Adams war proved to be one of the most violent feuds in the UWF, with an equal intensity to the feud Adams had with the Von Erichs in World Class. The feud did have a short interruption when Taylor was injured in an automobile accident, but picked up again by the summer and carried over to World Class by 1988. Taylor and Adams promoted a famous angle in August which involved a press conference, where Taylor spoke about his situation with Adams and then left. Chris later took questions, which prompted Taylor to attack Adams with a chair. The following week, Adams conducted an interview vowing revenge against both Taylor and Eddie Gilbert.
Other famous UWF angles included promoter Bill Watts being attacked and having a USSR flag draped on him by Eddie Gilbert, Missy Hyatt cold-cocking John Tatum after joining forces with Gilbert, Skandor Akbar throwing a fireball at Hacksaw Jim Duggan ("blinding" him temporarily), and the Freebirds breaking Steve Williams' arm. Williams recruited Oklahoma Sooners (and future Dallas Cowboys head coach) Barry Switzer into training and getting back into the ring. It paid off on July 11, 1987 when Dr. Death defeated Big Bubba Rogers (Ray Traylor) to win the UWF Heavyweight Championship. The Freebirds became faces around that time, as they began feuding with Skandor Akbar's army as well as The Angel of Death.
A prelim wrestler, Mike Boyette, wrestled in the UWF and is believed to be one of the very few wrestlers to never win a match. Video editors for the show even put together a music video of his various losses in the ring, set to the Little River Band song Lonesome Loser. "Gorgeous" Gary Young also competed in the UWF, claiming that he was a rookie. He actually had five years experience under his belt. Young's claims prompted Jim Ross to begin referring to him as a "five-time rookie of the year."
As the UWF's merge with the NWA was taking place, Terry Taylor, who held the UWF Television Championship, began an angle with the NWA Television Champion, Nikita Koloff. Taylor stole the NWA TV title belt during an NWA show, but Koloff (with help from Dusty Rhodes) reclaimed it prior to their official in-ring encounter. They met at Starrcade 1987, and Nikita unified the two titles as the final leg of the NWA-UWF merger was finished. Williams would successfully defend the UWF Heavyweight Title on the same show versus Barry Windham and then left on a tour of Japan, only to have the title retired while he was still overseas.
Sting, Rick Steiner, Eddie Gilbert, Missy Hyatt, announcer Jim Ross, Brad Armstrong and the aforementioned Taylor became permanent NWA members, among others. The Freebirds, Savannah Jack, Iceman King Parsons, matchmaker Frank Dusek, and promoter Ken Mantell joined the new Wild West Wrestling promotion, which later merged into World Class. Chris Adams, who stayed with the NWA after the merger with the UWF, left due to a money dispute and returned to World Class in November 1987. Dibiase, Big Bubba Rogers, One Man Gang, and Sam Houston joined the WWF after its fall, joining fellow UWF alumnus Hacksaw Jim Duggan, who had been signed by the WWF in February 1987. The Sheepherders, who originally joined the NWA after the merger, left in mid-1988 to join the WWF, where they were renamed the Bushwhackers. Terry Taylor also departed the NWA/UWF and competed in World Class for a few months (feuding with Chris Adams and Kevin Von Erich) before joining the WWF in the middle of 1988 as The Red Rooster.
Boyd Pierce, Reisor Bowden, Joel Watts and Jim Ross are the most famous announcers identified with the Mid-South/UWF. By the time the UWF began, Ross was the main announcer, with Bill Watts and later Michael Hayes assisting him. Ross was known for getting over-excited during the match, and in 1986, Ross received the unofficial I can scream the loudest during a match award from Pro Wrestling Illustrated (he shared the honor with the NWA's David Crockett). Frank Dusek and Toni Adams also served as ringside commentators during the course of its UWF tenure; both of whom moved on to World Class.
Wrestlers and managers
- Chris Adams
- Toni Adams - as a ringside interviewer
- Skandor Akbar
- André the Giant
- Angel of Death
- Ox Baker
- The Barbarian
- Pat Barrett
- Black Bart
- Tully Blanchard
- Matt Borne
- Bruiser Brody
- Leroy Brown
- The Brute
- King Kong Bundy
- Ray Candy
- Wendell Cooley
- Jim Cornette
- Dennis Condrey
- Dark Journey
- Ted DiBiase
- Shane Douglas
- Hacksaw Jim Duggan
- Frank Dusek
- Bobby Eaton
- Eli the Eliminator
- Jimmy Garvin
- Mike George
- Robert Gibson
- Eddie Gilbert
- Terry Gordy
- Crazy Luke Graham
- Chavo Guerrero
- Hector Guerrero
- Stan Hansen
- Michael Hayes
- Gino Hernandez
- Hercules Hernandez
- Missy Hyatt
- The Iron Sheik
- Bill Irwin
- Scott Irwin (also as The Super Destroyer)
- Savannah Jack
- Cactus Jack
- Junkyard Dog
- Cajun Kenly
- Killer Khan
- Krusher Khruschev
- Sonny King
- Killer Karl Kox
- Kortsia Korchenko
- Ernie Ladd
- "Nature Boy" Buddy Landel
- Jose Lothario
- Dutch Mantel
- Mil Máscaras
- The Masked Superstar
- Shawn Michaels
- Butch Miller
- The Missing Link
- Ricky Morton
- Dick Murdoch
- Jim Neidhart
- One Man Gang
- Paul Orndorff
- Bob Orton, Jr.
- Iceman King Parsons
- Al Perez
- David Peterson
- Big John Quinn
- Butch Reed
- Dusty Rhodes
- Buddy Roberts
- Jake Roberts
- Col. Buck Robley
- "Blade Runner" Rock
- Big Bubba Rogers
- Bob Roop
- Nelson Royal
- The Russian Brute
- Brett Sawyer
- Buzz Sawyer
- Mike Sharpe, Jr.
- Dick Slater
- Rick Steiner
- Adrian Street
- Chief Jay Strongbow
- Jerry Stubbs (also as Mr. Olympia)
- Big John Studd
- Bob Sweetan
- Magnum T.A.
- "Hollywood" John Tatum
- Terry Taylor
- Jack Victory
- Nikolai Volkoff
- Koko B. Ware
- Bill Watts
- The Wild Samoans
- Luke Williams
- "Dr. Death" Steve Williams
- Barry Windham
- Ed Wiskoski
- Mr. Wrestling II
- "Gorgeous" Gary Young
Tag teams and stables
- The Rat Pack (Ted DiBiase, Jim Duggan & Matt Borne)
- DiBiase & Williams (Ted DiBiase & "Dr. Death" Steve Williams)
- The Fantastics (Bobby Fulton & Tommy Rogers)
- The Fabulous Freebirds (Michael Hayes, Terry Gordy & Buddy Roberts)
- Ivan and Nikita Koloff
- The Lightning Express (Brad Armstrong & Tim Horner)
- Rock 'N Roll Express (Ricky Morton & Robert Gibson)
- The Jive Tones (Pez Whatley and Tiger Conway)
- The Midnight Express (Bobby Eaton & Dennis Condrey)
- The Sheepherders (Butch Miller & Luke Williams)
- Devastation Inc. (One Man Gang, Savannah Jack, Leroy Brown, *Kamala,*The Missing Link,*Bill Irwin)
- Taylor & Adams (Terry Taylor & Chris Adams)
- Hot Stuff International (Hot Stuff Eddie Gilbert, Rick Steiner, Blade Runner" Rock & Sting)
- Hyatt & Hot Stuff International (Hot Stuff Eddie Gilbert, Missy Hyatt, Rick Steiner, Sting)
- Tatum & Victory (John Tatum & Jack Victory)
- The Bruise Brothers (Pork Chops Cash & Mad Dog Boyd)
|Championship:||Last Champion(s):||Date Active:||Date Retired:||Notes:|
|NWA World Heavyweight Championship||Jax Dane||1948||Still active||As a member of the National Wrestling Alliance NWA Tri-State recognized the NWA World Heavyweight Championship as the highest title in the organization|
|NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship||Tiger Mask IV||1945||Still active||As a member of the National Wrestling Alliance NWA Mid-America recognized the NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship as the highest ranking junior heavyweight title in the organization|
|NWA Tri State North American Championship||Mr. Wrestling II||1969||1979||The title was renamed the Mid-South North American Championship when Bill Watts bought out most of the NWA Tri-State territory in 1979|
|NWA United States Tag Team Championship (Tri-State version)||Tommy Gilbert and Eddie Gilbert||September 22, 1963||1980||Was renamed the Tri-State Tag Team Championship in 1980 after Watts bought out most of the NWA Tri-State territory.|
|NWA United States Junior Heavyweight Championship (Tri-State version)||Jack Donovan||May 5, 1958||1960s|||
|NWA Tri-State Louisiana Championship||Mike George||1972||1979||The title was renamed the Mid-South Louisiana Championship when Bill Watts bought out most of the NWA Tri-State territory in 1979. Before 1972 the title was promoted by NWA Gulfcoast Louisiana until the 1960s|
|Tri-State Heavyweight Championship||Bob Sweetan||September 7, 1980||1982||Title created after Bill Watts bought most of the NWA Tri-State territory, abandoned when Watts bought out the remaining Tri-State territory in 1982|
|Tri-State Tag Team Championship||Turk Ali and El Toro||1980||1982||Title created after Bill Watts bought most of the NWA Tri-State territory, abandoned when Watts bought out the remaining Tri-State territory in 1982|
|Tri-State Brass Knuckles Championship||Don Fargo||1970||1982||Title renamed after Bill Watts bought most of the NWA Tri-State territory, abandoned when Watts bought out the remaining Tri-State territory in 1982|
|NWA Louisiana Heavyweight Championship||Mike George||April 1978||August 1979||Tri-State recognized the Louisiana Heavyweight Championship between April, 1978 and August 1979 Title existed from 1964 until 1983|
|NWA Louisiana Tag Team Championship||Bill Watts and Buck Robley||1978||1979||Title existed while Tri-State recognized the NWA Louisiana Heavyweight Championship|
|Championship:||Last Champion(s):||Active From:||Active Till:||Notes:|
|NWA World Heavyweight Championship||Jax Dane||1948||Still active||Despite not being a member of the National Wrestling Alliance, Mid-South recognized the NWA World Heavyweight Championship as the highest title in the organization|
|Mid-South North American Championship||”Hacksaw” Jim Duggan||1969||May 1986||Title was originally named the NWA Tri-State North American Championship but renamed when Bill Watts bought out most of the NWA Tri-State territory in 1979|
|Mid-South Television Championship||Dick Slater||May 2, 1984||1986||Title renamed “UWF Television Championship” in 1986|
|Mid-South Tag Team Championship||Ted DiBiase and Steve Williams||September 28, 1979||1986||Title renamed “UWF Tag Team Championship” in 1986|
|Mid-South Louisiana Championship||”Hacksaw” Jim Duggan||October 16, 1964||1983||Originally called the “NWA Tri-State Louisiana Heavyweight Championship”, renamed after Bill Watts bought most of the NWA Tri-State territory |
Universal Wrestling Federation
|Championship:||Last Champion(s):||Active From:||Active Till:||Notes:|
|UWF Heavyweight Championship||"Dr. Death" Steve Williams||May 30, 1986||December 1987||Title replaced the “Mid-South North American Heavyweight Championship” when the promotion changed name|
|UWF Television Championship||Nikita Koloff||May 2, 1984||November 26, 1987||The “Mid-South Television Championship” was renamed when the promotion changed names|
|UWF Tag Team Championship||The Sheepherders||September 28, 1979||November 1987||The “Mid-South Tag Team Championship” was renamed when the promotion changed names|
- "WrestlingTerritories.png". Freakin' Awesome Network Forums :: Freakin' Awesome Wrestling Forum :: (w)Rest of Wrestling. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
- Mick Foley (2000). Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks. HarperCollins. p. 91. ISBN 0-06-103101-1.
- Mick Foley (2000). Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks. HarperCollins. p. 93. ISBN 0-06-103101-1.
- WrestlingEpicenter.com - The NEW Online Home of The Interactive Interview
- WWE Purchases Mid-South Wrestling Video Collection
- Corrigan's Corner: Bruce Tharpe Talks NWA - Then and Now (Part 1)
- Hornbaker, Tim (2007). National Wrestling Alliance: The Untold Story of the Monopoly That Strangled Pro Wrestling. ECW Press. pp. 351–352. ISBN 978-1-55022-741-3.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2006). Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.