Universiade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Universiada)
Jump to: navigation, search
Universiade
FISU flag2.svg
Status active
Genre sporting event
Frequency biennial
Location(s) various
Inaugurated 1959 (1959) (summer)
1960 (1960) (winter)
Organised by FISU
In 2011.
In 1989.

The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). The name is a combination of the words "University" and "olympiad". The Universiade is often referred to in English as the World University Games or World Student Games; however, this latter term can also refer to competitions for sub-University grades students.[citation needed] The Universiade is the largest[vague] multi-sport event in the world apart from the Olympic Games.[1] The most recent games were in 2017: the Winter Universiade was in Almaty,Kazakhstan, while the 2015 Summer Universiade was in Gwangju, Korea.

Precursors[edit]

The idea of a global international sports competition between student-athletes pre-dates the 1949 formation of the International University Sports Federation (FISU), which now hosts the Universiade. English peace campaigner Hodgson Pratt was an early advocate of such an event, proposing (and passing) a motion at the 1891 Universal Peace Congress in Rome to create a series of international student conferences in rotating host capital cities, with activities including art and sport. This did not come to pass, but a similar event was created in Germany in 1909 in the form of the Academic Olympia. Five editions were held from 1909 to 1913, all of which were hosted in Germany following the cancellation of an Italy-based event.[2]

Soviet student-athletes at the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students

At the start of the 20th century, Jean Petitjean of France began attempting to organise a "University Olympic Games". After discussion with Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games, Petitjean was convinced not to use the word "Olympic" in the tournament's name.[2] Petitjean, and later the Confederation Internationale des Etudiants (CIE), was the first to build a series of international events, beginning with the 1923 International Universities Championships. This was followed by the renamed 1924 Summer Student World Championships a year later and two further editions were held in 1927 and 1928. Another name change resulted in the 1930 International University Games. The CIE's International University Games was held four more times in the 1930s before having its final edition in 1947.[3][4]

A student football match held at the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students

A separate group organised an alternative university games in 1939 in Vienna, in post-Anschluss Germany.[3] The onset of World War II ceased all major international student sport activities and the aftermath also led to division among the movement, as the CIE was disbanded and rival organisations emerged. The Union Internationale des Étudiants (UIE) incorporated a university sports games into the World Festival of Youth and Students from 1947–1962, including one separate, unofficial games in 1954. This event principally catered for Eastern European countries.[5]

After the closure of the CIE and the creation of the first UIE-organised games, FISU came into being in 1949 and held its own first major student sport event the same year in the form of the 1949 Summer International University Sports Week. The Sports Week was held biennially until 1955. Like the CIE's games before it, the FISU events were initially Western-led sports competitions.[3]

Division between the largely Western European FISU and Eastern European UIE eventually began to dissipate among broadened participation at the 1957 World University Games. This event was not directly organised by either group, instead being organised by Jean Petitjean in France (which remained neutral to the split), but all respective nations from the groups took part. The FISU-organised Universiade became the direct successor to this competition, maintaining the biennial format into the inaugural 1959 Universiade. It was not until the 1957 World University Games that the Soviet Union began to compete in FISU events. That same year, what had previously been a European competition became a truly global one, with the inclusion of Brazil, Japan and the United States among the competing nations. The increased participation ultimately led to the establishment of the Universiade as the primary global student sport championship.[2][3]

Events[edit]

Precursor events
Year Event Organiser Host City Host Country
1923 International Universities Championships CIE Paris  France
1924 Summer Student World Championships CIE Warsaw  Poland
1927 Summer Student World Championships CIE Rome  Italy
1928 Summer Student World Championships CIE Paris  France
1930 International University Games CIE Darmstadt  Germany
1933 International University Games CIE Turin  Italy
1935 International University Games CIE Budapest  Hungary
1937 International University Games CIE Paris  France
1939 International University Games CIE Monte Carlo  Monaco
1947 International University Games CIE Paris  France
1947 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Prague  Czechoslovakia
1949 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Budapest  Hungary
1949 Summer International University Sports Week FISU Merano  Italy
1951 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE East Berlin  East Germany
1951 Summer International University Sports Week FISU Luxembourg  Luxembourg
1953 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Bucharest  Romania
1953 Summer International University Sports Week FISU Dortmund  West Germany
1955 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Warsaw  Poland
1955 Summer International University Sports Week FISU San Sebastián  Spain
1957 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Moscow  Soviet Union
1957 World University Games CIE Paris  France
1959 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Vienna  Austria
1962 World Festival of Youth and Students UIE Helsinki  Finland

List of Summer Universiade Hosts[edit]

Games Year Host Country Host City Opened by Dates Nations Competitors Sports Events Top Nation
Total Men Women
I 1959  Italy Torino Giovanni Gronchi 26 August - 7 September 45 985 7 60  Italy
II 1961  Bulgaria Sofia Dimitar Ganev 25 August - 3 September 32 1270 9 68  Soviet Union
III 1963  Brazil Porto Alegre Paulo de Tarso Santos 30 August–8 September 27 917 9 70  Hungary
IV 1965  Hungary Budapest István Dobi 20 – 30 August 32 1729 9 74  Hungary
V 1967  Japan Tokyo Hirohito 27 August - 4 September 30 937 10 83  United States
VI 1970  Italy Torino Giuseppe Saragat 26 August - 6 September 40 2080 9 82  Soviet Union
VII 1973  Soviet Union Moscow Leonid Brezhnev 15-25 August 72 2765 10 111  Soviet Union
VIII 1975  Italy Rome Giovanni Leone 18-21 August 38 450 1 38  Soviet Union
IX 1977  Bulgaria Sofia Todor Zhivkov 17-28 August 78 2939 10 101  Soviet Union
X 1979  Mexico Mexico City José López Portillo 2-13 September 85 2974 10 97  Soviet Union
XI 1981  Romania Bucharest Nicolae Ceauşescu July 19-30 86 2912 10 133  Soviet Union
XII 1983  Canada Edmonton Charles, Prince of Wales July 1-12 73 2400 10 118  Soviet Union
XIII 1985  Japan Kobe Crown Prince Akihito August 24- September 4 106 3949 11 123  Soviet Union
XIV 1987  Yugoslavia Zagreb Lazar Mojsov 8-19 July 122 6423 12 139  United States
XV 1989  West Germany Duisburg Helmut Kohl August 22-30 79 1785 4 66  Soviet Union
XVI 1991  Great Britain Sheffield Anne, Princess Royal July 14-25 101 3346 11 119  United States
XVII 1993  United States Buffalo Bill Clinton July 8-18 118 3582 12 135  United States
XVIII 1995  Japan Fukuoka Emperor Akihito August 23-September 3 118 3949 12 144  United States
XIX 1997  Italy Sicily Oscar Luigi Scalfaro August 20-31 122 3582 10 129  United States
XX 1999  Spain Palma de Mallorca Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo July 3-13 114 4076 12 142  United States
XXI 2001  China Beijing Jiang Zemin August 22 - September 1 165 6757 12 170  China
XXII 2003  South Korea Daegu Roh Moo-hyun August 21 - 31 174 7180 13 189  China
XXIII 2005  Turkey Izmir Ahmet Necdet Sezer August 11-22 133 7816 15 195  Russia
XXIV 2007  Thailand Bangkok Maha Vajiralongkorn August 8-18 150 12000 15 236  China
XXV 2009  Serbia Belgrade Mirko Cvetković July 1-12 145 5379 15 203  Russia
XXVI 2011  China Shenzhen Hu Jintao August 12-23 165 7999 24 306  China
XXVII 2013  Russia Kazan Vladimir Putin July 6-17 162 10442 27 351  Russia
XXVIII 2015  South Korea Gwangju Park Geun-hye July 3-14 142 12885 21 274  South Korea
XXIX 2017 Flag of Chinese Taipei for Universiade.svg Chinese Taipei Taipei August 19-30 21 272
XXX 2019  Italy Naples July 20-31 15 252
XXXI 2021

Summer Universiade medal table[edit]

Summer Universiade[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 474 404 371 1249
2  China 414 289 242 945
3  Soviet Union 409 329 253 991
4  Russia 391 315 343 1049
5  Japan 284 288 370 942
6  South Korea 197 172 188 557
7  Italy 171 190 226 587
8  Ukraine 160 170 156 486
9  Romania 145 125 140 410
10  Germany 109 145 197 451

List of Winter Universiade Hosts[edit]

Games Year Host Country Host City Opened by Dates Nations Competitors Sports Events Top Nation
Total Men Women
I 1960  France Chamonix Charles de Gaulle 28 February - 6 March 16 145 5 13  France
II 1962 Civil Ensign of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Switzerland Villars Paul Chaudet 6-12 March 22 330 6 12  West Germany
III 1964  Czechoslovakia Špindlerův Mlýn Antonín Novotný 11-17 February 21 410 5 15  West Germany
IV 1966  Italy Sestriere Giuseppe Saragat 5-13 February 29 434 6 19  Soviet Union
V 1968  Austria Innsbruck Franz Jonas 21-28 January 26 589 7 23  Soviet Union
VI 1970  Finland Rovaniemi Urho Kekkonen 3-9 April 25 591 7 24  Soviet Union
VII 1972  United_States Lake Placid Richard Nixon 26 February-5 March 23 410 7 25  Soviet Union
VIII 1975  Italy Livigno Giovanni Leone 6-13 April 15 191 2 13  Soviet Union
IX 1978  Czechoslovakia Špindlerův Mlýn Gustáv Husák 5-12 February 21 347  Soviet Union
X 1981  Spain Jaca Juan Carlos I 25 February-4 March 28 347  Soviet Union
XI 1983  Bulgaria Sofia Todor Zhivkov 17-27 February 28 347  Soviet Union
XII 1985  Italy Belluno Sandro Pertini 16-24 February  Soviet Union
XIII 1987  Czechoslovakia Štrbské Pleso Gustáv Husák 21-28 February 21 347  Czechoslovakia
XIV 1989  Bulgaria Sofia Todor Zhivkov 2-12 March 21 347  Soviet Union
XV 1991  Japan Sapporo Crown Prince Naruhito 2-10 March  Japan
XVI 1993  Poland Zakopane Lech Wałęsa 6-14 February  Japan
XVII 1995  Spain Jaca Juan Carlos I 18-28 February  South Korea
XVIII 1997  South_Korea Muju, Jeonju Kim Young-sam 24 January-2 February  Japan
XIX 1999  Slovakia Poprad, Vysoké Tatry Rudolf Schuster 22-30 January  Russia
XX 2001  Poland Zakopane Aleksander Kwaśniewski 7-17 February  Russia
XXI 2003  Italy Tarvisio Renzo Tondo 16-26 January  Russia
XXII 2005  Austria Innsbruck, Seefeld Heinz Fischer 12-22 January  Austria
XXIII 2007  Italy Torino George Killian 17-27 January  South Korea
XXIV 2009  China Harbin Liu Yandong 18-28 February  China
XXV 2011  Turkey Erzurum Abdullah Gül 27 January-6 February  Russia
XXVI 2013  Italy Trentino Ugo Rossi 11-21 December  Russia
XXVII 2015  Slovakia Štrbské Pleso and Osrblie Andrej Kiska 24 January–1 February  Russia
 Spain Granada Felipe VI of Spain 4-14 February
XXVIII 2017  Kazakhstan Almaty Nursultan Nazarbayev 29 January-8 February 57[6] 2000  Russia
XXIX 2019  Russia Krasnoyarsk 2-12 March
XXX 2021 Civil Ensign of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Switzerland Lucerne January 2021
XXXI 2023

Winter Universiade medal table[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Russia 166 149 147 462
2  South Korea 104 74 65 243
3  Soviet Union 95 85 62 242
4  Japan 83 94 90 267
5  China 72 61 74 205
6  Czechoslovakia 53 59 23 135
7  Italy 53 58 65 176
8  France 52 45 46 143
9  Poland 50 56 58 164
10  Austria 47 49 55 151

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.fisu.net/en/Summer-Universiades-3490.html
  2. ^ a b c Bell, Daniel (2003). Encyclopedia of International Games. McFarland and Company, Inc. Publishers, Jefferson, North Carolina. ISBN 0-7864-1026-4.
  3. ^ a b c d World Student Games (pre-Universiade). GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2010-12-10.
  4. ^ FISU History. FISU. Retrieved on 2014-12-09.
  5. ^ World Student Games (UIE). GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-12-09.
  6. ^ "28th Winter Universiade, Almaty". 28th Winter Universiade. 

External links[edit]