University of Lugano

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Università della Svizzera italiana
Logo of the University of Lugano.svg
Type Public
Established 1995 October 3
Budget CHF 91 million (US$ 95 million)
Rector Boas Erez
Address Via Lambertenghi 10a, CH-6904 Lugano, Lugano (main), Mendrisio (Accademia di Architettura), Ticino
46°00′40″N 8°57′29″E / 46.011°N 8.958°E / 46.011; 8.958Coordinates: 46°00′40″N 8°57′29″E / 46.011°N 8.958°E / 46.011; 8.958
Campus Urban 15 acres (0.1 km2)
Website www.usi.ch/en/index.htm

Università della Svizzera italiana (USI, literally University of Italian Switzerland), sometimes referred to as University of Lugano in English-speaking contexts, is a public university established in 1995, with campuses in Lugano, Mendrisio and Bellinzona (Canton Ticino, Switzerland). USI is the only university in Switzerland where the official language is Italian. It counts four Faculties on the Lugano campus (Communication Sciences, Economics, Informatics, and Biomedical Sciences), and the Academy of Architecture on the Mendrisio campus. Affiliated to USI are, since 2010, the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB), located in Bellinzona, and from January 1, 2017, the Institute of Oncology Research (IOR), also on the Bellinzona campus.

Organisation and research areas[edit]

USI has five Departments (Faculties) and three campuses. The Faculties of Economics, Communication Sciences, Informatics and Biomedical Sciences are located on the Lugano campus, home also to the Facoltà di Teologia di Lugano, a private institution affiliated with the Diocese of the Catholic Church in Lugano. The Accademia di architettura is located on the Mendrisio campus. The affiliated Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB) and the Institute of Oncology Research (IOR) are both located in Bellinzona.

Architecture[edit]

The Academy of Architecture, founded by acclaimed Swiss architect Mario Botta, is currently headed by Director Marc Collomb.[1] With forty lecturers and twenty-five design studios (including Mario Botta, Massimo Carmassi, Valerio Olgiati), the Accademia di architettura trains an overall of 764 students for 3-year Bachelor and 2-year Master's degrees (2013).

Economics[edit]

The Faculty of Economics is headed by dean Patrick Gagliardini. 1076 students (2013). Main research and teaching topics include: Banking, Finance, Management, Economics and International Policies, Financial Communication, Marketing.

Communication sciences[edit]

The Faculty of Communication Sciences is headed by dean Andrea Rocci. 871 students (2013). Topics of research and teaching include Media, new media and journalism, Marketing, Corporate Communication, Public communication, Healthcare communication, Information and communication technologies, Education and Tourism.

Informatics[edit]

Building of the Faculty of Informatics

The Faculty of Informatics was founded by Mehdi Jazayeri and established in 2004. The current dean is Professor Kai Hormann.

The Faculty of Informatics at Università della Svizzera italiana performs world-class research in many areas of informatics, including computational science, computer systems, geometric and visual computing, information systems, intelligent systems, programming languages, software engineering, theory and algorithms. With its award-winning, innovative curriculum, the Faculty aims to train informatics experts who are interdisciplinary in approach, with abstract thinking and generalization skills, a sound knowledge in the application fields of information technologies, as well as project-management and teamwork abilities.

First year students cover mathematical topics, computer architecture, networking, and fundamental concepts of programming. A further course persists throughout the 3-year undergraduate curriculum. Called the Atelier, it has the purpose of bringing the courses together and to provide exposure to real world tools that are useful to computer scientists, including Unix, LaTeX, HTML/CSS, GIT.

Students are expected to learn about a wide variety of topics, from big O notation and calculus, through networking protocols and layers, to computer architecture. A variety of programming languages are used. Programming is introduced through Scheme and functional programming throughout the first semester, in parallel with the computer architecture course (which uses MIPS assembly). Later on, C, Java, and JavaScript are used. The curriculum puts a strong emphasis on teamwork, with a major group project happening at the end of every semester.

Master topics include Software Design, Software Architecture, Dependable Distributed Systems, Embedded System Design (see ALaRI), Intelligent Systems (with IDSIA), Applied Informatics.[citation needed]

The Institute of Computational Science (ICS), a research unit of the Faculty, was founded in 2008 and is directed by Professor Rolf Krause. The Institute is the result of the vision of USI to become a new scientific and educational centre for Computational Science in Switzerland. The Institute offers research and teaching in Mathematical Modeling, Numerical Simulation, and High Performance Computing. The ICS hosts seven research groups which focus on advanced computing in computational science, high-performance methods for numerical simulation in science, medicine and engineering, computational time series analysis, computational shape analysis, multiscale and multiphysics models in computational biology, computational modeling of cardiac electrophysiology, and the simulation of biological and physical systems.

The Computational Science Master of Science graduate program at the ICS emphasizes a mathematical and methodological framework as well as an application-oriented education in Informatics and Software Engineering.[citation needed]

Biomedical Sciences[edit]

The Faculty of Biomedical Sciences at USI was established in 2014,[2] with the purpose to make a contribution towards the solution of an important problem in Switzerland: the dearth of physicians trained in Switzerland. The new Faculty organises a Master degree in Medicine (3-year curriculum), starting in 2020, in close collaboration with ETH Zurich, University of Basel and University of Zurich on the academic side, and with the Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale and private clinics in Ticino for the bedside teaching.

Associated and affiliated institutions[edit]

  • Dalle Molle Institute for Artificial Intelligence Research (IDSIA) was founded in 1988 by the private Dalle Molle foundation.[3] Since 1995 it has been co-directed by acclaimed computer scientist Jürgen Schmidhuber. In 2000, IDSIA became a public research institute, affiliated to the Universita della Svizzera italiana and SUPSI in Ticino, Switzerland.[4] Researchers from IDSIA teach, for example, courses in Artificial Intelligence and Robotics at the USI Master's degree level.
  • The Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB) was founded in 2000 in Bellinzona with the goal of advancing the study of human immunology, with particular emphasis on the mechanisms of host defense. IRB is affiliated to USI since 2010.
  • The Institute of Oncology Research (IOR), located in Bellinzona, is affiliated to USI as of January 1, 2017, following a University Council decision in 2015. IOR is the research unit of the Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland (IOSI), which is part of the Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale (EOC) of the Canton Ticino.
  • IRSOL (Istituto Ricerche Solari Locarno) is a research institute in Locarno active in the field of solar physics. Its vanguard measuring instruments, the result of decades of evolution, allows for unique observations in the field of high precision solar spectropolarimetry. IRSOL is associated to USI since 2016.
  • The Swiss National Supercomputing Centre is the national high-performance computing centre of Switzerland. It was founded in Manno, in 1991. In March 2012, the CSCS moved to its new location in Lugano-Cornaredo.[5]
  • In 2013 USI has been accredited a UNESCO chair in ICT to develop and promote sustainable tourism in World Heritage Sites. The UNESCO chair is committed to perform extensive research and teaching on how ICT, especially the internet, can be effectively exploited to develop and promote sustainable tourism at the World Heritage Sites (WHSs).[citation needed]

Academic programs[edit]

USI adheres to the education system established with the Bologna Process, offering three-year undergraduate programmes (Bachelor) and two-year graduate programmes (Master). In addition, USI organises a selection of doctoral schools and, in the field of continuing education, a number of Executive Master programmes.

Bachelor study curricula are offered in five disciplines: Architecture, Communication Sciences, Economics, Informatics and Italian Language, Literature and Civilisation.

Nineteen Master study curricula are offered in fields of specialisation related to the research institutes of the USI Faculties: Architecture, Italian Literature, Finance, Management, Political Economics, International Policies, Health Communication and Management, Corporate Communication, Marketing, International Tourism, Financial Communication, Public Management, Computational Science, Embedded and Cyberphysical Systems.

Doctoral schools are at the heart of research conducted at USI and are offered in Finance, Communication Sciences, Informatics, Architecture, Economics, and Immunology.

Notable faculty[edit]

Honorary degrees[edit]

Università della Svizzera italiana confers, since 2003, honorary degrees to distinguished academics during its annual Dies academicus, including Robert F. Engle (Economics), Jimmy Wales (Communication Sciences), Barbara H. Liskov (Informatics), Mimmo Paladino (Architecture), and many others.[6]

History[edit]

Higher-education initiatives in the 19th Century[edit]

The first plan for a public university in Ticino dates to the founding of the Canton, when in 1801 the Cantonal Diet decided for the establishment in Lugano of either a University or an Academy. The project of an Accademia Cantonale was further developed in the 1840s by Stefano Franscini. Although in 1844 the Grand Council approved with an overwhelming majority the bill to establish the institution, the Accademia was never established due to financial problems and more urgent issues with other sections of public education.[7]

The public debate in the 1970s and 1980s[edit]

Campaign poster in support of the Cantonal referendum on CUSI (April 18-19-20, 1986) quoting the words of Federal Councillor Stefano Franscini, who a century earlier (October 15, 1844) wrote about the importance of a higher education institution in the Canton Ticino.

The immediate predecessor to the current USI was the project that began in 1970 for an institute of higher-education focused on post-graduate continuing education and based on Regional Science and on the Humanities titled Centro Universitario della Svizzera Italiana (CUSI).[7]

Carlo Speziali, then Councilor of State, was the main promoter of CUSI. However, although a bill about CUSI was passed by the Grand Council on 11 December 1985, a committee led by Augusto Bolla and UDC deputy Giovanni Maria Staffieri launched a referendum against it.[8] The committee formed in favor of CUSI drew on the earlier legacy of Franscini, to demonstrate the historical necessity of higher-education in Ticino.[7]

Despite the support that the project of CUSI had received by the Canton, on 20 April 1986 CUSI was turned down by the public vote: at a 41,5% turnout, voters rejected the bill with 47,011 votes, against 21,512 votes that went in favor of it. This controversial result was received by public institutions in Ticino as a threat to the hopes for the development of higher education outside of the German and French speaking regions.[8]

Federal and cantonal initiatives of the 1990s[edit]

Following the defeat of CUSI, several new groups and institutions at different levels of government and civil society began formulating alternative proposals for a university based in Ticino.

On 27 October 1990 Swiss Federal Councilor Flavio Cotti gave a speech in Poschiavo on multilingualism where he clearly supported the idea of a public university in the Italian-speaking Switzerland, this time however as a full-fledged institute of higher-education supported by a favorable economic growth.[9] Cotti's speech echoed the manifesto that a group of politicians, scholars, and professionals published on 30 May 1990 on Libera Stampa, the newspaper of the Socialist Party. The group consisted of linguists Alessio Petralli and Stefano Vassere, economists Mauro Baranzini and Christian Marazzi, politician Rossano Bervini, Franco Cavalli, Mauro Martinoni, Silvano Toppi, Mauro Wolf.[8]

At the Cantonal level, the Ticino Government appointed architect and scholar Pier Giorgio Gerosa as delegate for university problems.[8] In the spring of 1990, from this institutional position and in a period of ongoing debates about the presence of multilingualism in the Swiss Federal Constitution, Gerosa asked the Swiss University Conference to contemplate the possibility of an academic institution in Italian-speaking Switzerland.[8] Furthermore, beginning in December 1991 Gerosa drafted a series of reports to demonstrate the case for a university with as many as four departments.[10]

At the Federal level, in 1992 the ETH Board commissioned architect Mario Botta to draft a project for a national academy of architecture, which however would not be approved. In response to this rejection, Botta brought the project to the attention of the Ticino Government, which reviewed it positively in May 1993. Consequentially this event brought about friction between the Government and Pier Giorgio Gerosa, which led eventually to Gerosa's dismissal.[8]

Meanwhile, between 1992 and 1993 the Istituto Accademico di Teologia di Lugano was established under the support of Catholic Bishop Eugenio Corecco.[8] Although private institutions of higher education were already present at that point in Ticino - one example of which was the English-speaking Franklin University Switzerland founded in 1969, but granted full university accreditation only in 2013 - the initiative of the Catholic Church would be recognized as the first contribution towards a university in Italian-speaking Switzerland.[8]

The opening of USI on October 21st, 1996[edit]

In the following years, the project for a university was further developed by dedicated parliamentary commissions. In 1994 a group of Mauro Baranzini, Sergio Cigada, and Lanfranco Senn drafted a project for the Departments of Economics and of Communication Sciences. In the same year the Council of State of the Canton Ticino approved dispatch n° 4308 pertaining the Bill for the Università della Svizzera italiana, which in twelve articles outlined the structure of the future institution, to be built around the Accademia di Architettura and with the contribution of private financing. A pivotal role in building consensus for this bill was played by Counselor of State Giuseppe Buffi. On Tuesday 3 October 1995, at 19:11, the Grand Council of Ticino approved the bill that established USI, with seventy-three of eighty favorable votes.[8]

After twelve months of preparations, on 21 October 1996 USI opened its doors in Lugano and Mendrisio to the first class of students. Marco Baggiolini was appointed to serve as USI's first President. Mauro Dell'Ambrogio, who was the author of the bill, and who thus had previously played an important role on the side of Giuseppe Buffi - the Ticino Councilor of State at the head of the Dipartimento dell'Istruzione e della Cultura (Department of Education) - was appointed to serve as USI's first General Secretary. In 2000 USI granted its first degrees, concluding the first cycle of studies, thus meeting the acknowledgement of Federal authorities. In 2004 the Faculty of Informatics was established. In 2006, Marco Baggiolini was succeeded by Piero Martinoli. In 2014 the Government of the Canton Ticino approved the creation of the Faculty of Biomedical Sciences.[8] In 2015, a new governance structure of USI was announced,[11] with the position of President turned into a Rectorship. In 2016, Boas Erez was appointed Rector of USI, succeeding Piero Martinoli, and the new governance model was confirmed,[12] including the appointment of two Pro-Rectors and the institution of an Academic Senate.

Campus and student life[edit]

The Lugano campus developed around the existing city hospital circa 1996. Several state-of-the-art buildings have been added, most notably Informatics (2007), Aula Magna, Aule, Library, and LAB.

The main building consists of four floors containing: Communications and Economics offices (1-3), the Executive Centre, four computer labs (1), classrooms (1-3), the cafeteria (2)(Q1-2007), and third-floor auditorium (3)(Q3-2007). The library is four floors tall. The LAB has 5 floors, in great part occupied by the Institute of Computational Sciences, and the rest by other Communication Sciences and Informatics departments.[citation needed]

Campus Map

The Aule, informally known as Palazzo Rosso (“Red Building”), hosts six classrooms on each of its three floors, and is commonly used for Economics and Communication Sciences courses. The modern-looking concrete and metal Informatics building finished in 2007 contains classrooms (1), offices and study areas reserved for CS students and mentors (2-3).[13]

View from the main building

The Aula Magna is the university's convention hall and capable of seating around 400 people; it is used to host university conferences, speeches, and other public or private events; solely the entrance to the hall is visible above ground. South of the main building, the Central Services offices houses the Rectorate (as of September 1, 2016, until then the Presidency), the Institute for Italian Studies, and core units of the university such as the Media and Communication Service (press office), and the Research Service. Adjacent to the Rectorate building is the so-called "Blue building", formerly home to the Cantonal laboratory, and today occupied by a number of research institutes of the Faculty of Economics, with offices for faculty, PhD students, assistants, and related administrative staff.

Università della Svizzera italiana has 2964 students in 2015-2016;[14] of these 963 (32,5%) are Swiss, and 2001 (67,5%) are foreign - from Italy (46%) or from over one hundred other nationalities (23,3%). Exchange students (see Erasmus) for 2015-2016 are 83.

Off-campus, students participate in city-sponsored tourism events,[15] school-sponsored sporting activities,[16] and student associations,[17] despite the town's small population. Around twenty student associations have been established, with student clubs oriented around economics (AIESEC), informatics (EESTEC, IEEE student branch), and communications (L'universo student newspaper).

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Mendrisio Academy Press". USI Academy of Architecture. 
  2. ^ "Green light for the new Faculty of Biomedical Sciences: "A crucial step forward for USI and the entire Italian-speaking part of Switzerland"". 
  3. ^ "Dalle Molle Institute for Artificial Intelligence". SUPSI. 
  4. ^ "Dalle Molle Institute for Artificial Intelligence Research". universitieshandbook. 
  5. ^ "About CSCS - History". 
  6. ^ "USI honorary degrees". 
  7. ^ a b c Elio Ghirlanda, "Relazione sul Centro Universitario della Svizzera Italiana," Scuola Ticinese, vol. XV, n° 128 (March 1986), p. 3-10
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fabio Pontiggia, "I 20 anni dell'Università," Corriere del Ticino, 21 October 2016, p. 2-5
  9. ^ In his speech, Buffi reportedly said: "Le aumentate potenzialità economiche della Svizzera Italiana, il suo ruolo di ponte in particolare tra l'Italia e i Paesi nordici di lingua tedesca, rendono molto desiderabile e auspicabile il riesame del problema. Se lo studio dovesse essere ripreso la Confederazione non mancherebbe di accompagnarlo con tutta la sua benevolenza". In: Fabio Pontiggia, "I 20 anni dell'Università," Corriere del Ticino, 21 October 2016, p. 2
  10. ^ Pier Giorgio Gerosa, "Analisi e Proposte per lo Sviluppo della Politica Universitaria Cantonale", Dipartimento della Pubblica Educazione della Repubblica e Cantone del Ticino, Bellinzona (1991)
  11. ^ "Important changes approved by the University Council". 
  12. ^ "USI appointed a President, two Pro-Rectors, and introduced an Academic Senate". 
  13. ^ "Campus map". ESASO. 
  14. ^ "USI in figures". 
  15. ^ "Lugano Events". Lugano-tourism.com. 2011-06-16. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  16. ^ "USI Sport Club". Sport.unisi.ch. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  17. ^ "Student Associations". Unisi.ch. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 

External links[edit]