Universiti Teknologi MARA

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Universiti Teknologi MARA
Seal of Universiti Teknologi MARA
Seal of Universiti Teknologi MARA
Former names
RIDA Training Centre (1956–1965)
MARA College (1965–1967) MARA Institute of Technology (1967–1999)[1]
Motto Usaha, Taqwa, Mulia[2]
Motto in English
Endeavour, Religious, Dignified[3]
Type Public
Established 1956
Endowment RM1.99 billion (2016)[4]
Chancellor Sultan Abdul Halim
Yang di-Pertuan Agong[5]
Vice-Chancellor Hassan Said
Students 168,865 (2015)[6]
Undergraduates 73,671 (2015)[6]
Postgraduates 11,690 (2015)[6]
Location Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
3°04′10.9″N 101°30′13.2″E / 3.069694°N 101.503667°E / 3.069694; 101.503667Coordinates: 3°04′10.9″N 101°30′13.2″E / 3.069694°N 101.503667°E / 3.069694; 101.503667
Campus 13 state campuses
21 satellite campuses
Colours Purple and Blue          
Website www.uitm.edu.my
Logo Universiti Teknologi MARA.png

Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) (English: MARA University of Technology[1]) is a public university based primarily in Shah Alam, the state capital of Selangor, some 28 kilometres (17 mi) west of country's capital, Kuala Lumpur. Established in 1956 as RIDA (Rural & Industrial Development Authority) Training Centre (Malay: Dewan Latehan RIDA), it opened its door to some 50 students with a focus to help the rural Malays.[7] Since that time it has grown into the largest higher education institution in Malaysia by physical infrastructure, staff·organization (academic and non-academic) and student enrollment.

The university comprises of one main campus, 13 autonomous state campus and 21 satellite campus. With 17,000 of academics and non-academics staff, UiTM offered more than 373 programmes ranging from foundation to postgraduate level. It is home to some 168,000 students: bumiputeras and international students, in full-time and part-time mode.[6] The teaching is fully conducted in English.

History[edit]

RIDA (Rural & Industrial Development Authority) Training Centre (Malay: Dewan Latehan RIDA) was the inspiration of Onn Jaafar, the founder and former president of United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). The idea was conceived as a result of a study visit to Ceylon in 1951 (now Sri Lanka) to look into its rural development programme. A resulting working paper outlined the establishment of Rural and Industrial Development Authority (RIDA) and its objectives of rebuilding the rural society, as well as improving the economy of rural Malays.[1] A bill Paper No. 10/1951 was passed by the Federal Legislative Council on the same year that led to its establishment; reveals an interesting insight into the connection between RIDA Training Centre and the Malay community. Section 5 of this paper outlines the justification and the necessity of establishing Rural Industrial Development Authority (RIDA). The word kampong (English: village), which is synonymous with the Malays, is also used in Section 8 of the paper.[8]

In November 1956, RIDA Training Centre began operations in Petaling Jaya, Selangor under its first principal, Syed Alwi Syed Sheikh Alhadi. It was officially opened by Dr Ismail Abdul Rahman, the Minister for Trade and Industry on 14 February 1957. The training centre conducted pre-university courses, business skills training and several external professional courses offered by established international bodies, such as the London Chamber of Commerce, the Australian Chartered Secretaryship, the Australian Society of Accountants and the British Institute of Management. After the formation of the Federation of Malaysia in 1963, the training centre began to admit native students from Sabah and Sarawak, and more academic programmes were offered. In 1964, RIDA Training Centre held its first convocation and 50 graduates were awarded certificates by Tun Abdul Razak, the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia.[1]

The training centre later became known as MARA College (Malay: Maktab MARA) in 1965. The name change meant that the college no longer operated under RIDA and instead became the most important unit of the MARA Training Division. MARA stands for Majlis Amanah Rakyat (English: Council of Trust for the Indigenous People) under the leadership of Tan Sri Arshad Ayub, took over and strengthened the role and responsibilities of RIDA. In 1966, when the British Institute of Management ceased conducting external examinations, MARA College began running its own Diploma in Business Studies. International recognition for the course came from Ealing Technical College in London, which also became its external examiner.[1]

Expansion[edit]

In 1967, the college was upgraded to MARA Institute Of Technology (Malay: Institut Teknologi Mara, ITM). Its establishment came as a response to a need in Malaysia for trained professionals, especially among bumiputeras. This shortage was identified through a manpower survey conducted by the government in 1965 collaboration with the United Nations. Acknowledging the fact that education holds the key to positive social engineering processes, ITM has made education easily accessible primarily to the bumiputera Malays and indigenous bumiputera of the Malay peninsula (such as Jakun, Senoi), and those from the East Malaysia (such as the Kadazan-Dusun, Melanau, and Dayak).[9] It mainly catered to semi-professional courses predominantly in the science and technology in fields such as engineering, applied sciences and architecture, building and planning. However, realizing the importance of other complementary nation-building fields, it has also included a repertoire of other salient 'management and humanities-based' fields such as business studies, hotel and catering management, mass communications, public administration, law, secretarial science, as well as art and design.[10] By 1973, branch campuses had been set up in Perlis, Sabah and Sarawak. The development of ITM was in three stages. The first phase (1967-1976) came with the declaration of the institute as an autonomous body with its own 300-acre campus in Shah Alam, and was placed under the Ministry of Rural Development. The second phase (1976-1996) saw ITM rapidly harnessing its potential as an institution of higher learning. It led to the passing of the ITM Act of 1976 that placed the institute directly under the Ministry of Education.[1]

University status[edit]

The third phase (1996-1999) came about as a result of an amendment to the ITM Act 1976 which granted the institution all the powers of a university and on par with all the universities in the country, despite retaining its name. Among the significant change was a creation of Board of Directors and Senate. Many principal officers of ITM were re-designated such as the Branch Director was renamed Rector, the Head of Campus became the Provost, while Principal and Senior Lecturers were re-designated as Professors and Associate Professors, respectively; each School was redesignated as a Faculty; ITM was given the power to confer degrees up to Doctor of Philosophy level; ITM was given the unique power to establish courses and campuses abroad with permission from the Minister of Education; the Institute was conferred additional powers to enable it to conduct business, invest in shares, set up companies and engage in commercial research; disciplinary powers over staff were transferred from the Minister to the Board of Directors; to improve staff accountability, the Institute was bestowed the power to impose a surcharge; and the procedural rights of students in disciplinary proceedings were strengthened.[1]

In August 1999, the Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad announced the change in name of ITM to MARA University of Technology (Malay: Universiti Teknologi MARA, UiTM).[11] With such acknowledgement from the government, a major restructuring exercise was carried out in order to consolidate the University's resources for optimum productivity. As UiTM moves forward, it remains focused on academic excellence, innovation, socio-economic goals, worldwide accreditation, globalisation and new technologies in order to contribute to industry and national development.[12] The Universiti Teknologi MARA Act 173 was drafted in conjunction with the establishment of UiTM. It is deemed essential as the Act provides guidelines for maintenance and smooth administration as well as other pertaining matters. The Act also serves as an acknowledgement of the institution’s transition from an institute to a university, and the authority bestowed upon it to function like any other university. This includes the offering of courses of studies and the conferment of degrees at all levels.[1]

Reputation and rankings[edit]

From 1965 to 1996, as a professional training institute, ITM only offered Pre-Diploma, Diploma, degree-equivalent Advanced Diploma and professional bodies qualifications. Since ITM was not a "university" by name and despite its Advanced Diploma's equivalency to bachelor's degree, some members of the public had a misconception that the institution was a lesser choice compared to universities especially with the admission policy and minimum entry requirements.[13]

UiTM has been rated positively by local and international bodies as follows:

UiTM shared the 8th place with Universiti Teknologi Petronas for the top universities in Malaysia which is above Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Universiti Utara Malaysia and many other unlisted universities.[17]
  • In 2012, UiTM maintained its rank of #601+ in the 2012 QS World University Rankings.[18][19]
  • In 2012, UiTM (Shah Alam Campus) maintained its rating of Tier 5: Excellent in the 2011 Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) Rating System for Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia (SETARA '11).[20]
  • In 2012, UiTM was rated 2 stars in 2011 Malaysian Research Assessment Instrument (MyRA) where universities are given “star ratings” for their research, development and commercialisation efforts.[21][22][23]
  • In 2012, UiTM was awarded by MOHE Entrepreneurial Awards 2012 as Entrepreneurial University Of The Year.[24]
  • In 2013, UiTM maintained its rank of #201 to 250 in the 2013 QS Asian University Rankings.[25]
  • In 2013, UiTM fell to the rank of #701+ in the 2013 QS World University Rankings[26]
  • In 2014, UiTM rose to the rank of 651-700 [27]

Academic Partnerships[edit]

UiTM academic partners include local and international universities and professional bodies. It started with professional bodies like the London Chamber of Commerce, the Australian Chartered Secretaryship, the Australian Society of Accountants, the British Institute of Management and later college and universities like Ealing Technical College (now part of University of West London ) in the 1960s and Ohio University in the 1980s.[28][29] Soon after, other partners came on board such as the University of London International Programmes, the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA), the Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators (ICSA), the Chartered Institute of Transport (CIT), the Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEE), the Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB), London College of Printing, Institute and Faculty of Actuaries of United Kingdom [30] and many more. [31]

Faculties and academic centres[edit]

Universiti Teknologi MARA

There are 24 faculties, two academic centres and 312 programmes in UiTM:

Science and Technology cluster[edit]

Science

  • Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying (AP)
  • Faculty of Applied Science (AS)
  • Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology (AT) )
  • Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences (CS)
  • Faculty of Sport and Recreational Sciences (SR)
  • Faculty of Dentistry (DS)
  • Faculty of Health Science (HS)
  • Faculty of Medicine (MD)
  • Faculty of Pharmacy (PH)

Engineering

  • Faculty of Civil Engineering (EC)
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering (EE)
  • Faculty of Chemical Engineering (EH)
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering (EM)

Social Science & Humanities cluster[edit]

Social Science

  • Faculty of Administrative Science and Policy Studies (AM)
  • Faculty of Law (LW)
  • Faculty of Communication and Media Studies (MC)

Humanities

  • Faculty of Art and Design (AD)
  • Faculty of Education (ED)
  • Faculty of Film, Theatre, & Animation (CT)
  • Faculty of Music (MU)

Business and Management cluster[edit]

Business and Management

  • Faculty of Accountancy (AC)
  • Faculty of Business Management (BM)[Note 1]
  • Arshad Ayub Graduate Business School
  • Faculty of Hotel and Tourism Management (HM)
  • Faculty of Information Management (IM)

Academic Centres[edit]

  • Academy of Language Studies (APB)
  • Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies ( ACIS )
  • Institute of Neo Education (iNED)

Affiliated colleges[edit]

Students who failed to be accepted to study at the campuses can opt to study selected programmes by the university but conducted externally at the affiliated colleges.[32]

Rankings[edit]

Year Rank Valuer
2012 601 QS World University Rankings
2013 701 QS World University Rankings
2014 651 QS World University Rankings
2015 701[33] QS World University Rankings

Notable alumni[edit]

UiTM alumni include a Chief Judge for Sabah and Sarawak; prominent lawyers; scientists;[34] physicians; politicians; academicians; CEOs; artists; journalists; entrepreneurs; members of parliament; and Cabinet Ministers.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ With reference to the Vice Chancellor's Circular No. 19/2011, the Faculty of Office Management and Technology (OM) has been merged with the Faculty of Business Management (BM), effective 1 September 2011.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Historical Development". Universiti Teknologi MARA. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "Moto, Visi, Misi, Falsafah & Objektif Universiti (Malay)". UiTM. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "University Motto, Vision, Mission, Philosophy & Objectives". UiTM. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "PKR MP sees university fees rising after education budget slashed". Malay Mail Online. 24 October 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  5. ^ "Chancellor". Universiti Teknologi MARA. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d "UiTM Facts & Figures". Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  7. ^ Loo, Choo Hong (17 August 2015). The evolution of distance learning and its contribution to the accounting profession in Malaysia:A historical perspective (pdf). International Conference on Accounting Studies. Johor Bahru. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  8. ^ Ganti Shaari, Mohd Nazim. "Wither the Bumiputera Identity of UiTM?" (PDF). Journal of Malaysian Studies (Universiti Sains Malaysia) 29 (2): 67–89. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  9. ^ Muhammad, Ahmad Mazli (2007). "The History of UiTM". The Effectiveness of an Academic Reading Course in Facilitating Tertiary Students' Comprehension of Academic Texts (PDF) (Ph.D). Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  10. ^ Ahmad, Abu Talib (15 December 2014). Museums, History and Culture in Malaysia (1st ed.). NUS Press. ISBN 978-9971698195. 
  11. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  12. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA is top downloader of research". Emerald Group Publishing. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "A tale of two universities: UiTM and UTAR – Robert Chaen". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  14. ^ http://www.mqa.gov.my/portal2012/SETARA09/pdf/result_en.pdf
  15. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2011/12". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  16. ^ "QS University Rankings: Asia". Top Universities. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  17. ^ "UM improves varsity ranking, 35th in Asia". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  18. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2012". 
  19. ^ "UM in the top 200 now - Nation - The Star Online". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  20. ^ http://www.mqa.gov.my/portal2012/SETARA11/SETARA%20%2711%20ADVERTORIAL%20BI.pdf
  21. ^ http://jpt.mohe.gov.my/eng/menuipt.php
  22. ^ "Archives". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  23. ^ "Berita Harian - 35 IPT diiktiraf cemerlang". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  24. ^ http://www.mohe.gov.my/portal/en/component/content/article/34-slide-banner/876-congratulations-for-mohe-entrepreneurial-awards-2012-recipients.html
  25. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA - UiTM Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  26. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA - UiTM Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  27. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA - UiTM Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  28. ^ http://www.uitm.edu.my/index.php/en/about-uitm/uitm-profile-and-history/historical-development
  29. ^ "Affiliated Institutions". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  30. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  31. ^ Norfadzilah binti Abd Manap. "INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  32. ^ "Tapping Nature’s Bounty". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  33. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA". Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  34. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA". Retrieved 17 July 2015.