Universiti Teknologi MARA

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Universiti Teknologi MARA
Seal of Universiti Teknologi MARA
Seal of Universiti Teknologi MARA
Former names
  • RIDA Training Centre (1956–1965)
  • MARA College (1965–1967)
  • MARA Institute of Technology (1967–1999)
Motto Usaha, Taqwa, Mulia (Malay)[1]
Motto in English
Endeavour, Religious, Dignified[2]
Type Public
Established 1956
Endowment RM1.99 billion (2016)[3]
Chancellor HRH King Abdul Halim
Yang di-Pertuan Agong[4]
Vice-Chancellor Hassan Said
Students 168,865 (2015)[5]
Undergraduates 73,671 (2015)[5]
Postgraduates 11,690 (2015)[5]
Location Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
3°04′10.9″N 101°30′13.2″E / 3.069694°N 101.503667°E / 3.069694; 101.503667Coordinates: 3°04′10.9″N 101°30′13.2″E / 3.069694°N 101.503667°E / 3.069694; 101.503667
Campus 13 state campuses
21 satellite campuses
Colours Vivid violet and Prussian blue
         
Website www.uitm.edu.my
Logo Universiti Teknologi MARA.png

Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) (English: MARA University of Technology[6]) is a public university based primarily in Shah Alam, the state capital of Selangor, some 28 kilometres (17 mi) west of country's capital, Kuala Lumpur. Established in 1956 as RIDA (Rural & Industrial Development Authority) Training Centre (Malay: Dewan Latehan RIDA), it opened its door to some 50 students with a focus to help the rural Malays.[7] Since that time it has grown into the largest higher education institution in Malaysia by physical infrastructure, staff·organization (academic and non-academic) and student enrollment.

The university comprises of one main campus, 13 autonomous state campus and 21 satellite campus. With 17,000 of academics and non-academics staff, UiTM offered some 500 programmes ranging from foundation to postgraduate level. It is home to some 168,000 students: bumiputeras and international students, in full-time and part-time mode.[5] The teaching is fully conducted in English.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

The MARA University of Technology began as RIDA (Rural & Industrial Development Authority) Training Centre (Malay: Dewan Latehan RIDA), inspired by Onn Jaafar, the founder and former president of United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). The idea was conceived as a result of a study visit to Ceylon in 1951 (now Sri Lanka) to look into its rural development programme. A resulting working paper outlined the establishment of Rural and Industrial Development Authority (RIDA) and its objectives of rebuilding the rural society, as well as improving the economy of rural Malays.[6] A bill Paper No. 10/1951 was passed by the Federal Legislative Council on the same year that led to its establishment; reveals an interesting insight into the connection between RIDA Training Centre and the Malay community. Section 5 of this paper outlines the justification and the necessity of establishing Rural Industrial Development Authority (RIDA). The word kampong (English: village), which is synonymous with the Malays, is also used in Section 8 of the paper.[8]

Training centre[edit]

In November 1956, RIDA Training Centre began operations in Petaling Jaya, Selangor (currently Jalan Othman satellite campus) under its first principal, Syed Alwi Syed Sheikh Alhadi. It was officially opened by Dr Ismail Abdul Rahman, the Minister for Trade and Industry on 14 February 1957. The training centre conducted pre-university courses, business skills training and several external professional courses offered by established international bodies, such as the London Chamber of Commerce, the Australian Chartered Secretaryship, the Australian Society of Accountants and the British Institute of Management. After the formation of the Federation of Malaysia in 1963, the training centre began to admit native students from Sabah and Sarawak, and more academic programmes were offered. In 1964, RIDA Training Centre held its first convocation and 50 graduates were awarded certificates by Tun Abdul Razak, the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia.[6]

The training centre later became known as MARA College (Malay: Maktab MARA) in 1965. The name change meant that the college no longer operated under RIDA and instead became the most important unit of the MARA Training Division. MARA stands for Majlis Amanah Rakyat (English: Council of Trust for the Indigenous People) under the leadership of Tan Sri Arshad Ayub, took over and strengthened the role and responsibilities of RIDA. In 1966, when the British Institute of Management ceased conducting external examinations, MARA College began running its own Diploma in Business Studies. International recognition for the course came from Ealing Technical College in London, which also became its external examiner.[6]

The logo of MARA Institute Of Technology (Malay: Institut Teknologi MARA, ITM) from 1967 until 1999.

Expansion and growth[edit]

In 1967, the college was upgraded to MARA Institute Of Technology (Malay: Institut Teknologi MARA, ITM). Its establishment came as a response to a need in Malaysia for trained professionals, especially among bumiputeras. This shortage was identified through a manpower survey conducted by the government in 1965 collaboration with the United Nations. Acknowledging the fact that education holds the key to positive social engineering processes, ITM has made education easily accessible primarily to the bumiputera Malays and indigenous bumiputera of the Malay peninsula (such as Jakun, Senoi), and those from the East Malaysia (such as the Kadazan-Dusun, Melanau, and Dayak).[9] It mainly catered to semi-professional courses predominantly in the science and technology in fields such as engineering, applied sciences and architecture, building and planning. However, realizing the importance of other complementary nation-building fields, it has also included a repertoire of other salient 'management and humanities-based' fields such as business studies, hotel and catering management, mass communications, public administration, law, secretarial science, as well as art and design.[10] By 1973, branch campuses had been set up in Perlis, Sabah and Sarawak. The development of ITM was in three stages. The first phase (1967-1976) came with the declaration of the institute as an autonomous body with its own 300-acre campus in Shah Alam, and was placed under the Ministry of Rural Development. The second phase (1976-1996) saw ITM rapidly harnessing its potential as an institution of higher learning. It led to the passing of the ITM Act of 1976 that placed the institute directly under the Ministry of Education.[6]

University status[edit]

The third phase (1996-1999) came about as a result of an amendment to the ITM Act 1976 which granted the institution all the powers of a university and on par with all the universities in the country, despite retaining its name. Among the significant change was a creation of Board of Directors and Senate. Many principal officers of ITM were re-designated such as the Branch Director was renamed Rector, the Head of Campus became the Provost, while Principal and Senior Lecturers were re-designated as Professors and Associate Professors, respectively; each School was redesignated as a Faculty; ITM was given the power to confer degrees up to Doctor of Philosophy level; ITM was given the unique power to establish courses and campuses abroad with permission from the Minister of Education; the Institute was conferred additional powers to enable it to conduct business, invest in shares, set up companies and engage in commercial research; disciplinary powers over staff were transferred from the Minister to the Board of Directors; to improve staff accountability, the Institute was bestowed the power to impose a surcharge; and the procedural rights of students in disciplinary proceedings were strengthened.[6]

In August 1999, the Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad announced the change in name of ITM to MARA University of Technology (Malay: Universiti Teknologi MARA, UiTM).[11] With such acknowledgement from the government, a major restructuring exercise was carried out in order to consolidate the University's resources for optimum productivity. As UiTM moves forward, it remains focused on academic excellence, innovation, socio-economic goals, worldwide accreditation, globalisation and new technologies in order to contribute to industry and national development.[12] The Universiti Teknologi MARA Act 173 was drafted in conjunction with the establishment of UiTM. It is deemed essential as the Act provides guidelines for maintenance and smooth administration as well as other pertaining matters. The Act also serves as an acknowledgement of the institution’s transition from an institute to a university, and the authority bestowed upon it to function like any other university. This includes the offering of courses of studies and the conferment of degrees at all levels.[6]

UiTM's 1 University 2 Systems

Campus[edit]

MARA University of Technology (UiTM) is Malaysia's largest institution of higher learning in terms of size and population. Beside the main campus in Shah Alam, the university has expanded nationwide with 13 state campuses and more than 21 state satellite campuses, which collectively offers more than 500 academic programmes. UiTM established a system called 1 University 2 System (1U2S). Based on this system, there is an anchor university and 12 state universities.[13]

The anchor university assumes the role of the administrative centre and the state universities will be the autonomous state administration. UiTM headed by a Vice Chancellor while the state campuses is headed by a Rector, who is directly accountable to the Vice Chancellor.[14] The anchor university consists of the Shah Alam Main Campus and satellite campuses (Puncak Alam, Selayang, Sungai Buloh, Puncak Perdana, Jalan Othman, Section 17 and Dengkil), while the autonomous state campuses consists of all the state campuses and state satellite campuses.[15] All branch campuses will be given the autonomous status in phases. As of June 2014, there are seven state campuses which have been given the autonomous status namely, the Perlis, Perak, Terengganu, Sarawak, Melaka, Pulau Pinang and Pahang campuses.[16]

Academic[edit]

Faculty founding
Faculty/academy Year founded

Business & management
Faculty of Accountancy 1956
Faculty of Business & Management 1956
Faculty of Hotel & Tourism Management 1967
Faculty of Information Management 1970
Social science & humanities
Faculty of Administrative Science & Policy Studies 1965
Faculty of Law 1968
Faculty of Art & Design 1970
Academy of Language Studies 1972
Faculty of Communication & Media Studies 1972
Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies 1975
Faculty of Music 1984
Faculty of Education 1996
Faculty of Film, Theater & Animation 1998
Science & technology
Faculty of Computer & Mathematical Sciences 1966
Faculty of Applied Sciences 1967
Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying 1967
Faculty of Civil Engineering 1967
Faculty of Electrical Engineering 1968
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering 1968
Faculty of Sports Science & Recreation 1995
Faculty of Health Sciences 1996
Faculty of Pharmacy 1996
Faculty of Chemical Engineering 2000
Faculty of Medicine 2002
Faculty of Dentistry 2006
Faculty of Plantation & Agrotechnology 2010

The university is made up of a number of faculties and academies. It is categorised into three main cluster namely business and management; social sciences and humanities; and science and technology. The Academic Affairs Division, headed by a Deputy Vice-Chancellor, is responsible to ensure the soundness of the academic programs as well as the robust, uniform and standardised academic delivery throughout the whole UiTM system across the nation.[17]

Senate is the highest authority in the UiTM for all academic matters. It is chaired by the Vice Chancellor and the membership comprises all Deans of faculties and academic centres, representatives from the Rectors of campuses, senior members of the academic staff, and a registrar. The Senate are responsible to create curriculum and academic programs; to set the standard of teaching, learning and training conducted at the UiTM; to determine the entry qualifications into any academic programs offered; and to endorse the results of student assessments and awards of all academic degrees at doctoral, master, bachelor, diploma and certificate levels.[18]

As of May 2015, 470 programmes offered by UiTM consisting of degrees at doctoral, master, bachelor, diploma and certificate levels. A total of 286 programmes based on science and technology while another 184 programmes are non-science and technology. In addition, 94 professional programmes (local and international) are offered by UiTM. This include programmes certified by University of London International Programmes, the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA), the Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators (ICSA), the Chartered Institute of Transport (CIT), the Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEE), the Chartered Institute of Building (CIOB), London College of Printing, Institute and Faculty of Actuaries of United Kingdom[19] and many more.[20]

Rankings[edit]

As one of the leading universities in Malaysia, UiTM has been rated positively by local and international bodies. In 2010, UiTM was rated 'Tier 5: Excellent' in the 2009 Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) Rating System for Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia (SETARA '09).[21] UiTM maintained its rating of 'Tier 5: Excellent' in the 2011 Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) Rating System for Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia (SETARA '11).[22] In the same year, UiTM was rated 2 stars in 2011 Malaysian Research Assessment Instrument (MyRA) where universities are given “star ratings” for their research, development and commercialisation efforts.[23] In 2013, UiTM was awarded by Ministry of Higher Education as Entrepreneurial University Of The Year.[24]

In global rankings, UiTM best performance was in 2014 when it positioned as 168th best university in Asia, despite maintaining its 7th position locally.[25]

QS World University Rankings
UiTM World Asia Malaysia Ref
2012 676 238 9 [26][27]
2013 701+ 201-250 7 [28]
2014 651-700 168 7 [29]
2015 701+ 201-250 7 [30]

International partners[edit]

The university holds a number of formal links with institutions from around the world to share teaching and research and facilitate staff and student exchanges. As of January 2016, a total of 110 Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been rectified with global partners.[31]

Alumni[edit]

UiTM graduates have found success in a wide variety of fields, and have served at the heads of diverse institutions both in the public and private sector. As of November 2014, more than 600,000 alumni have graduated from UiTM over the course of its history.[25] A dedicated UiTM Office of Alumni Relations was established in 2000 which aims to maintaining and updating a database of alumni in collaboration with faculties and campuses; promote strategic relationships; maximizing social capital and to promote the generation of income through entrepreneurial activity with alumni.[54] Fraternity among alumnus was further uphold with the establishment of UiTM Budiman Foundation which helps the needy students and give financial support to current student who further studies in postgrad level.[55]

Some of the notable alumni include the following:

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Moto, Visi, Misi, Falsafah & Objektif Universiti" (in Malay). Universiti Teknologi MARA. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "University Motto, Vision, Mission, Philosophy & Objectives". UiTM. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "PKR MP sees university fees rising after education budget slashed". Malay Mail Online. 24 October 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Chancellor". Universiti Teknologi MARA. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d "UiTM Facts & Figures". Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Historical Development". Universiti Teknologi MARA. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  7. ^ Loo, Choo Hong (17 August 2015). The evolution of distance learning and its contribution to the accounting profession in Malaysia:A historical perspective (pdf). International Conference on Accounting Studies. Johor Bahru. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  8. ^ Ganti Shaari, Mohd Nazim. "Wither the Bumiputera Identity of UiTM?" (PDF). Journal of Malaysian Studies (Universiti Sains Malaysia) 29 (2): 67–89. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  9. ^ Muhammad, Ahmad Mazli (2007). "The History of UiTM". The Effectiveness of an Academic Reading Course in Facilitating Tertiary Students' Comprehension of Academic Texts (PDF) (Ph.D). Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  10. ^ Ahmad, Abu Talib (15 December 2014). Museums, History and Culture in Malaysia (1st ed.). NUS Press. ISBN 978-9971698195. 
  11. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)". Me'kono. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  12. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA is top downloader of research". Emerald Group Publishing. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "12 UiTM campuses to be given autonomy to administer". The Sun Daily (Seri Iskandar). 28 November 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  14. ^ "1UiTM Multisystem". Universiti Teknologi MARA. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  15. ^ "University Profile". UiTM Sarawak. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  16. ^ "PM: UiTM campuses to get autonomy status". The Star Online (Kuala Lumpur). 12 April 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  17. ^ "Message from Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic and International)". Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM). Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  18. ^ "Academic Governance: Senate". Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM). Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  19. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia". Institute and Faculty of Actuaries. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  20. ^ Norfadzilah binti Abd Manap. "International Collaborations". Universiti Teknologi MARA. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  21. ^ "The 2009 Rating of Malaysian Universities and University Colleges". Taylor's University. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  22. ^ "The 2011 Rating System for Malaysian Higher Education" (PDF). International Islamic University Malaysia. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  23. ^ Kulasagaran, Priya (2 November 2012). "35 varsities and colleges get excellent ratings". The Star Online. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  24. ^ "UiTM wins Entrepreneurial University of the Year Award 2013". Universiti Teknologi MARA. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  25. ^ a b "Accessibility and Inclusion in Education: The UiTM Way" (PDF). 17 January 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  26. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2012". Top Universities. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  27. ^ Chapman, Karen (11 September 2012). "UM in the top 200 now". The Star Online. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  28. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA - UiTM Rankings (2013)". Top Universities. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  29. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA - UiTM Rankings (2014)". Top Universities. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  30. ^ "Universiti Teknologi MARA (2015)". Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  31. ^ "List of Global Partners". Office of International Affairs UiTM. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  32. ^ "International partnerships". Curtin University. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  33. ^ "Partnerships and Articulation Agreements: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia". RMIT University. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  34. ^ "Parks partnership". University of South Australia. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  35. ^ "Our partners: Academic institutions". University of Wollongong. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  36. ^ "UNISSA inks MoU with UiTM". 24 May 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  37. ^ "Malaysians students find new experiences in the Department of Theatre and Dramatic Arts". Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Lethbridge. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  38. ^ "Exchange programme". Clausthal University of Technology. 3 September 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  39. ^ "German Language Courses Abroad Shah Alam, Malaysia". Heidelberg University. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  40. ^ "Water Resources Engineering and Management: Double Degree". University of Stuttgart. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  41. ^ "Exchange activities in the Universiti Teknologi Shah Alam, Malaysia (UiTM)" (PDF). Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  42. ^ "IITU has launched an academic mobility program with a Malaysian partner university.". International IT University. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  43. ^ "UC Partners: International partners". University of Canterbury. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  44. ^ "The exit presentation and evaluation of exchange students from Universiti Teknologi Mara, Malaysia". Mahidol University. 3 September 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  45. ^ "Memorandum of Understanding between Hacettepe University and Universiti Teknologi Mara-Malaysia" (PDF). Hacettepe University. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  46. ^ "Protocol on International Education Cooperation between Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia (UiTM) and Yıldız Technical University Turkey (YTU)" (PDF). Yıldız Technical University. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  47. ^ "International partners". Glasgow Caledonian University. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
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  49. ^ "Royal Docks Business School: Islamic banking and finance" (PDF). University of East London. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  50. ^ "Distinguished Malaysian visitors celebrate collaboration". University of Salford. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  51. ^ "Sussex opens up collaboration with Malaysian university UiTM". University of Sussex. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  52. ^ "International affairs: Partnership". Lehigh University. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  53. ^ "Strategic Partnership: Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)". Ohio University. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  54. ^ "Latar Belakang Pusat Perhubungan Alumni UiTM". Pusat Perhubungan Alumni (in Malay). Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  55. ^ "Latar Belakang Yayasan Budiman". Pusat Perhubungan Alumni (in Malay). Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  56. ^ "Malaysia: The Kings or Supreme Heads of State (Yang di-Pertuan Agong)". The Royal Ark. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  57. ^ "Chief Judge of Sabah & Sarawak". Office of the Chief Registrar: Federal Court of Malaysia. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  58. ^ a b c d "Dari Meja Presiden". Persatuan Alumni UiTM Malaysia (in Malay). Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  59. ^ "Directors Biography". AirAsia. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  60. ^ "Managing Director of PERODUA" (PDF). Malaysia–Japan International Institute of Technology. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  61. ^ "Corporate: Profile of Operating Companies' CEO". Axiata. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  62. ^ "Alumni Fakulti Undang-Undang 
UiTM berada dalam kelas tersendiri". Utusan Online (in Malay). 9 November 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  63. ^ May Yee, Chen (13 October 2014). "A Malaysian Pop Star Clad in Skinny Jeans and a Hijab". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  64. ^ "Teluk Intan by-election: Dyana Sofya ‘incurs wrath’ of former UiTM students". The Star Online (Port Klang). 26 May 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2016.