List of universities in the Netherlands
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A listing of universities in the Kingdom of the Netherlands:
Research universities in the Netherlands are institutions of tertiary education that in Dutch are called universiteit. Their focus is towards academic education and scientific research. They are accredited to confer bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees. Prior to the Bologna Process, the universities granted drs. (doctorandus), mr. (for law studies) and ir. (for engineering studies) degrees, which are equivalent to current MBA, MA, LLM or MSc degrees. The term universiteit is reserved to doctorate granting institutes in the Dutch context, and the additional qualifier "research" is hardly ever used in practice. There are public Universities and Private Universities in Netherlands.
|Name||Established||University status||City||Organisation||Type||Number of staff||Number of students|
|Government Supported Universities (by type)|
|University of Amsterdam||1632||1877||Amsterdam||Public||University||4,062||32,739|
|Academic Medical Center||1983||Amsterdam|
|Amsterdam University College||2008||Amsterdam|
|VU University Amsterdam||1880||1880||Amsterdam||Special: Protestant||University||2,200||18,000|
|VU University Medical Center||1964||Amsterdam|
|Amsterdam University College||2008||Amsterdam|
|University of Groningen||1614||1614||Groningen||Public||University||5,000||26,500|
|University Medical Center Groningen||1797||Groningen|
|Leiden University Medical Center||1996||Leiden|
|Leiden University College The Hague||2010||The Hague|
|Academic Hospital Maastricht||1974||Maastricht|
|University College Maastricht||2002||Maastricht|
|Radboud University Nijmegen||1923||1923||Nijmegen||Special: Catholic||University||4,309*||17,650*|
|Radboud University Medical Center||1956||Nijmegen|
|Erasmus University Rotterdam||1913||1937||Rotterdam||Public||University||3,700||26,212|
|Erasmus University College||2013||Rotterdam||270|
|Tilburg University||1927||1939||Tilburg||Special: Catholic||University||1,062*||11,399*|
|University College Tilburg||2008||Tilburg|
|TIAS School for Business and Society||1982||Tilburg|
|University Medical Center Utrecht||1999||Utrecht|
|University College Utrecht||1998||Utrecht|
|University College Roosevelt||2004||Middelburg||Public||University College|
|Delft University of Technology||1842||1905||Delft||Public||University of Technology||2,633‡||13,383‡|
|Eindhoven University of Technology||1956||1956||Eindhoven||Public||University of Technology||2,200||7,100|
|University of Twente||1961||1961||Enschede||Public||University of Technology and Social Sciences||3,000||8,500|
|Wageningen University and Research Centre||2000||Wageningen||6,500##|
|Wageningen University||1876||1918||Wageningen||Public||University for life sciences||12,847|
|Agricultural Research Institutes||1877||throughout the Netherlands||Research Institute|
|Open University||1984||1984||Nationwide; main office in Heerlen||Public||University for distance learning||673||16,888|
|University of Curaçao||1979||1979||Curaçao||Public||University of the Nation of NA|
|University of Humanistic Studies||1989||1989||Utrecht||Public||University||150||550|
|Netherlands Defence Academy||1823||2005||Breda/Den Helder||Special: National Military Academy||Military Academy, since 2005 includes Department of Military Sciences||~75||~200|
|Privately Funded Universities (accredited as Universiteit by Dutch law) (by type)|
|Nyenrode Business Universiteit||1946||1982||Breukelen||Private||University for Business Studies|
|Kampen Theological University||1854||1939||Kampen||Private||University for Protestant Theology|
|Kampen Theological University of the Reformed Churches (Liberated)||1854||1939||Kampen||Private||University for Protestant Theology|
|Theological University of Apeldoorn||1894||1962||Apeldoorn||Private||University for Protestant Theology|
|Amsterdam International University||2012||2020||Amsterdam||Private||University for Holistic Health Studies, Psychology, Counseling & Psychotherapy Studies, Philosophy, Languages and Business|
|Universities that no longer exist|
|Catholic University of Utrecht||1991–2007||Utrecht||Private: merged into University of Tilburg||University for Catholic Theology|
|University of Harderwijk||1648–1811||Harderwijk||disbanded by Napoleon|
|University of Franeker||1585–1811||Franeker||disbanded by Napoleon|
|University of Nijmegen||1655–1680||Nijmegen||closed in the aftermath of the 1672 rampjaar|
|University of Theology and Pastorate||1966-1999||Heerlen||Private: merged into University of Nijmegen in 1993, Heerlen location closed 1999||University for Catholic Theology|
† 2003-2004; ‡ 2004-2005; # 2005-2006; * 2006-2007; ##including research staff at the associated institutes. All figures without signs are estimates or from undated sources. According to Dutch law, it is illegal to use protected titles which can only be given by universities that are accredited. Protected titles are ing. bc. mr. ir. drs. and dr. English variants (MSc BSc MA BA LLB LLM BEng PhD) are not (yet) protected by Dutch law (but using the title "dr." based on a PhD degree, without permission from DUO, is a violation of Dutch law as the title "doctor" is protected). One may bear in the Netherlands foreign titles according to the laws of the country wherein they were granted, but without translating them in Dutch.
Universities of Applied Sciences
Universities of applied sciences (Dutch: hogeschool) in the Netherlands are focused on professional education rather than scientific research. While the literal translation of hogeschool is "high school", these are second tier institutes of higher education, and can be compared with colleges, polytechnics, and vocational universities in other countries. They are accredited to confer bachelor's and master's degrees. Prior to the Bologna Process, they also conferred professional engineer's (abbreviated ing.) degrees. Dutch universities of applied sciences are not accredited to confer doctoral (PhD) degrees; PhD studies can sometimes be conducted in the context of a university of applied sciences, however, the title will be granted by one of the research universities, and a full professor of that university will be appointed as principal supervisor (promotor). In international contexts, the phrase University of Applied Sciences is used for the majority of these schools, as suggested by the Dutch Minister of Education. Some specific exceptions have been made. For example, tertiary art schools and schools of education use an internationally recognisable name of choice. The Dutch Universities of Applied Sciences include the following:
- Amsterdamse Hogeschool voor de Kunsten, Amsterdam
- Artez Institute of Arts, Arnhem/Enschede/Zwolle
- Avans Hogeschool, 's-Hertogenbosch/Tilburg/Breda/Etten-Leur
- Christelijke Agrarische Hogeschool Dronten, Dronten
- Christelijke Hogeschool Ede, Ede
- Christelijke Hogeschool Nederland, Leeuwarden
- Design Academy Eindhoven, Eindhoven
- Fontys Hogescholen, Eindhoven/'s-Hertogenbosch/Sittard/Tilburg/Venlo
- Fontys Hogeschool Journalistiek
- Gereformeerde Hogeschool, Zwolle
- Gerrit Rietveld Academie, Amsterdam
- The Hague University of Applied Science (De Haagse Hogeschool) (The Hague)
- Hanzehogeschool Groningen, Groningen
- HAS University of Applied Sciences, 's-Hertogenbosch
- Hogeschool De Horst, Driebergen
- Hogeschool Domstad, Utrecht
- Hogeschool Drenthe, Emmen
- Hogeschool Driestar educatief, Gouda
- Hogeschool Edith Stein / Onderwijscentrum Twente, Hengelo
- Hogeschool Helicon, Zeist
- Hogeschool IPABO, Alkmaar/Amsterdam
- Hogeschool Leiden, Leiden
- Hogeschool Rotterdam, Rotterdam
- Hogeschool van Amsterdam, Amsterdam
- Hogeschool van Arnhem en Nijmegen, Arnhem/Nijmegen
- Hogeschool van beeldende kunsten, muziek en dans, The Hague
- Hogeschool Van Hall Larenstein, Leeuwarden, Wageningen, Velp
- Hogeschool Utrecht, Utrecht
- Hogeschool voor de Kunsten, Utrecht
- Hogeschool voor Economische Studies (HES), Amsterdam/Rotterdam
- Hogeschool voor Muziek en Dans, Rotterdam
- Hogeschool Zeeland, Vlissingen
- Hotelschool The Hague
- Inholland University of Applied Sciences, Alkmaar/Amsterdam/Delft/Den Haag/Diemen/Dordrecht/Haarlem/Rotterdam
- Iselinge Educatieve Faculteit, Doetinchem
- Islamic University of Rotterdam, Rotterdam
- Katholieke PABO Zwolle, Zwolle
- NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences, Breda
- Noordelijke Hogeschool Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden
- PC Hogeschool Marnix Academie, Lerarenopleiding Basisonderwijs, Utrecht
- Pedagogische Hogeschool De Kempel, Helmond
- Saxion University of Applied Sciences, Enschede/Deventer/Apeldoorn/Hengelo
- NHL Stenden University of Applied Sciences, Assen/Emmen/Leeuwarden/Meppel
- Stoas Hogeschool, Dronten/'s-Hertogenbosch/Wageningen
- Windesheim University of Applied Sciences, Zwolle and Almere
- Wittenborg University of Applied Sciences, Apeldoorn
- Zuid Nederlandse Hogeschool voor Muziek (Maastricht/Tilburg)
- Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, Heerlen/Sittard/Maastricht
Private For-Profit Medical Schools
Although there are none of these schools in the mainland, many exist in the Dutch Caribbean either in the special municipalities of the Netherlands or constituents countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Only one is located in Amsterdam the Amsterdam International University which mostly offer courses via distance learning and online, while there are few classes that held on campus when a course needs physical attendance and in particular (Saba University) only one has direct accreditation from Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders which accredits universities in the Netherlands and Flanders.
- Amsterdam International University
- Aureus University School of Medicine
- Xavier University School of Medicine
- Avalon University School of Medicine
- St. Martinus University Faculty of Medicine
- Saba University School of Medicine
- American University of Integrative Sciences
- American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine
Private For-Profit Business Schools
A number of private universities of applied sciences (hogescholen) are active in the Netherlands. Some of these are exclusively distance learning (online) medium learning providers.
- EuroPort Business College
- HBO Nederland
- Leidse Onderwijs Instellingen
- Markus Verbeek Praehep
- Nederlandse Talen Instituut
- Hogeschool Tio
Webster University: The American University in the Netherlands
Webster University Leiden is a university outside the Dutch system, offering Bachelor and Master programs in the Netherlands. Webster University is a private, non-profit American university, accredited in the United States by the Higher Learning Commission's North Central Association. The International Business and Management program, as well as the Applied Behavioral and Social Sciences program are accredited in the Netherlands by the NVAO at the hbo (professional master) level.
In relation to their population size, Switzerland (first), Sweden (second) and the Netherlands (third) are the three countries with the highest number of universities among the 100 best of the Academic Ranking of World Universities (2014-2015).
Below are shown the international rankings of the government supported research universities of the Netherlands, and the number of times they rank in the top 200 of one of the six major global rankings:
|University of Amsterdam||61||66||101-150||40||82||83|
|University of Groningen||128=||80=||69||92=||102||104|
|Erasmus University Rotterdam||197=||72||80||68=||131||92|
|VU University Amsterdam||236=||116||101-150||80||128||146|
|Wageningen University and Research||115=||62=||151-200||83=||228||187|
|Delft University of Technology||57||78=||151-200||172=||194||259|
|Eindhoven University of Technology||120||187=||401-500||349=||396||338|
|University of Twente||197=||201–250||401-500||390=||441||418|
|University of Curaçao||N.A.||N.A.||N.A.||N.A.||N.A.||N.A.|
|University of Humanistic Studies||N.A.||N.A.||N.A.||N.A.||N.A.||N.A.|
N.A.: Not Applicable
a Number of times the university is ranked within the top 200 of one of the six global rankings.
b The university is ranked within the top 150 of all six global rankings.
c The university is ranked within the top 100 of all six global rankings.
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- Rüegg, Walter (ed.): A History of the University in Europe. Vol. III: Universities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800–1945), Cambridge University Press ISBN 978-0-521-36107-1, pp. 39
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