University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System
The University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System (UNOLS) is a group of academic institutions and National Laboratories organized in the United States to coordinate research vessel use for federally funded ocean research. The UNOLS office is currently located at the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography.
The UNOLS system grew from the recognition during the rapid expansion of oceanographic activity that there was no organized means of coordinating ship time requests of researchers, particularly those from institutions not operating vessels and that more expensive ships were not the answer. Federal research sponsors were concerned about more effective use of those expensive assets. Even though a more formal National Oceanographic Laboratory system was not established the less formal and less federally controlled cooperative system of the University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System was established. The form this took lay between federal control of the fleet and uncoordinated use of the often federally owned research vessels at the institutions. UNOLS was chartered in 1971 to coordinate and support federally funded oceanographic research through efficient usage of the fleet.
UNOLS goes beyond simple coordination of fleet activities. The system has developed standards and standard practices in cost accounting, reports, information services, shipboard equipment and services, foreign visit clearances, safety and coordinates on new vessel acquisition. In that last area UNOLS has played a part in influencing designs to most effectively support the mission. This has influenced the design of most U.S. and some foreign research vessels.
Federal Support, Cooperation and Funding
Federal support for and cooperation with UNOLS is found in the National Science Foundation (NSF), Office of Naval Research (ONR), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Minerals Management Service (MMS) and other agencies.
The majority of the ships are owned by federal agencies and the ships are available to all federally funded researchers. Federal agencies also utilize excess ship time in fulfilling some of their ship based requirements.
As of December 2009 sixty-one institutions are members. Some operate vessels while some are non-operator institutions. Those non-operator institutions were first associate members and are now full members.
Vessels are either owned by or, more often, assigned to and operated by the institutions. UNOLS itself is neither the operator nor the funding agency for research. Many of the vessels are owned by federal agencies with the Navy having the largest number. The National Science Foundation owns vessels operated by UNOLS institutions. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration operates a large vessel, the Ronald H. Brown in cooperation with UNOLS. The U.S. Coast Guard icebreakers also cooperate on research scheduling. A number of well known research vessels have been members of the UNOLS fleet. Some are now retired or otherwise out of UNOLS service. All of the Navy owned oceanographic research (AGOR), as opposed to survey, vessels are now operated by institutions within UNOLS.
In addition to vessels UNOLS assists in scheduling oceanographic research using aircraft owned by federal agencies through the Scientific Committee for Oceanographic Aircraft Research (SCOAR).
- List of auxiliaries of the United States Navy
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
- Office of Naval Research
- United States Department of Energy national laboratories
- United States Naval Research Laboratory
- http://www.unols.org/info/contactus.html | UNOLS Office Contact Information
- http://www.unols.org/committees/fic/biennial/history.html | UNOLS Website: History of UNOLS by Robert P. Dinsmore
- http://www.unols.org/info/links.html | Links to our Federal Agencies
- http://www.unols.org/info/scheduling.html | Information Required by Academic Scientists Wishing to Use the UNOLS Research Fleet
- http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/expectmore/detail/10003107.2006.html | National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration: Marine and Aviation Operations, sections 1.2 and 1.3
- http://www.unols.org/info/direct.html | UNOLS Directory
- http://www.unols.org/info/vessels.htm | UNOLS Research Vessels (list with owner/operator and links)
- http://www.gso.uri.edu/unols/schedules/default.htm | UNOLS Current and Retired Vessel List
- http://www.unols.org/committees/scoar/oceanography_mag_2004_vol17_4.pdf | UNOLS Establishes SCOAR to Promote Research Aircraft Facilities for U. S. Ocean Sciences
- http://www.unols.org/committees/scoar/index.html#aircraft | UNOLS Oceanographic Aircraft Facility Information