University Clinical Aptitude Test

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University Clinical Aptitude Test
UCAT logo.svg
TypeMultiple choice
Developer / administratorPearson
Year started2006
Duration2 hours
Annual number of test takers24,841 (2017) Edit this at Wikidata

The University Clinical Aptitude Test (UCAT) is an admissions test used in the selection process by a consortium of universities in the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand for their medical and dental degree programmes. Launched in 2006 as the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT), it was renamed in 2019 following the launch of the test in Australia and New Zealand.

It is one of two main admissions tests used in the UK for medical, dental and other health-related courses, the other being the BioMedical Admissions Test (BMAT).


The UCAT is designed to be a test of aptitude and attitude, not academic achievement. The latter is already demonstrated by A-Levels, Scottish Highers or undergraduate degrees. It attempts to assess a certain range of mental abilities and behavioural attributes identified as useful. These mental abilities include critical thinking as well as logical reasoning and inference.

For candidates sitting the examination in summer 2019, the UCAT consists of five subtests: four cognitive tests, and one testing your professional demeanour. Each test has a time allocation as below:[1]

  • Verbal Reasoning – assesses candidates' ability to think logically about written information and arrive at a reasoned conclusion. The candidate is given 21 minutes, with 11 passages to read and 44 questions to answer in that time.
  • Decision Making – assesses ability to apply logic to reach a decision or conclusion, evaluate arguments and analyse statistical information. The candidate is allocated 31 minutes to answer 29 items associated with text, charts, tables, graphs or diagrams.
  • Quantitative Reasoning – assesses candidates' ability to solve numerical problems. The candidate is given 24 minutes to answer 36 questions associated with either tables, charts, graphs etc. as information.
  • Abstract Reasoning – assesses candidates' ability to infer relationships from information by convergent and divergent thinking. The candidate is allocated 13 minutes to answer 55 questions associated with sets of shapes.

The situational judgement test is a different type of test from the tests above:[2]

  • Situational Judgement – measures candidates' responses in situations and their grasp of medical ethics. This section of the test is 26 minutes long, with 69 questions associated with 22 scenarios.

The test is an online test taken at a Pearson Vue centre near the candidate. Candidates are not allowed to bring external materials in to the exam. A basic calculator is provided on the screen in the quantitative reasoning and decision making tests, along with a white board and a marker pen for taking notes. The equipment and conditions vary slightly between different test centers.

Including 1 minute to read instructions before each subtest, the test lasts a maximum of 2 hours (or 2.5 hours for the UCATSEN version of the test). Each of the UCAT subtests is in a multiple choice format and is separately time. There is also 2 minutes of warm-up time (to read general instructions on the whole exam) at the start.

The test must be sat in the summer of 2021 by candidates who want to apply to member universities for entry in 2022 (or deferred entry in 2023).

Content and preparation[edit]

There is no curriculum content, as the test is designed to probe innate skills. These include basic arithmetic, reading and writing ability, along with character, and personal and social attitudes.

Past papers are not available. There are however specimen questions and fully timed practice tests on the UCAT website. All candidates are urged to read this attentively. The UCAT Consortium recommend that candidates prepare for the test, and provide extensive free materials on their site to assist.[3]

Widening Participation[edit]

The UCAT Consortium offers a bursary scheme to cover the full test fee to UK and EU candidates in financial need who meet a set eligibility criteria.

Usefulness and controversies[edit]

The UCAT Consortium specifies, "Every university uses the UCAT result as part of a well-rounded admissions policy in which several other factors also carry considerable weight." UCAT has been shown to have some independent predictive validity of performance at medical school,[4] but considerably less than A-levels.[5][6]

Participating universities[edit]

As of 2021, the UCAT is a compulsory entry requirement for medical and dental courses at the following universities:[7][8]


New Zealand[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "About the test:Test format". University Clinical Aptitude Test. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  2. ^ "SJT".
  3. ^ "Practice Tests and Reources".
  4. ^ McManus, IC; Dewberry, Chris; Nicholson, Sandra; Dowell, Jonathan S (14 November 2013). "The UKCAT-12 study: educational attainment, aptitude test performance, demographic and socio-economic contextual factors as predictors of first year outcome in a cross-sectional collaborative study of 12 UK medical schools". BMC Medicine. 11: 244. doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-243. PMC 3827328. open access
  5. ^ McManus et al. (2013), "Construct-level predictive validity of educational attainment and intellectual aptitude tests in medical student selection: meta-regression of six UK longitudinal studies", BMC Medicine, 11:243
  6. ^ McManus et al. (2013), "The Academic Backbone: longitudinal continuities in educational achievement from secondary school and medical school to MRCP(UK) and the specialist register in UK medical students and doctors", BMC Medicine, 11:242
  7. ^ "About UCAT". UCAT Consortium. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  8. ^ "UCAT ANZ Universities". UCAT Consortium. Retrieved 16 May 2021.

External links[edit]