University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (April 2011)|
|University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust|
|Location||London, United Kingdom|
|Hospital type||NHS foundation trust|
University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (UCLH) is an NHS foundation trust based in London, United Kingdom. It comprises the Eastman Dental Hospital, The Heart Hospital, the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, the Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine, the Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital, the UCH Macmillan Cancer Centre and University College Hospital.
The Trust has an annual turnover of around £630 million and employs approximately 6,000 staff. Each year its hospitals treat over 500,000 outpatients appointments and admit over 100,000 patients. In partnership with University College London, UCLH has major research activities is part of the UCLH/UCL Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre and the UCL Partners academic health science centre. Its hospitals are also major teaching centres and offer training for nurses, doctors and other health care professionals in partnership with City University London, London South Bank University and UCL Medical School.
The hospitals which now form part of UCLH or which contributed to its development were all originally established as charities which relied on public donations and subscriptions for their income. The oldest of these was the Middlesex Hospital, which was founded in 1745 and was one of the five voluntary general hospitals which were established in London during the 18th century (the others being Westminster Hospital (1719), Guy's Hospital (1721), St George's Hospital (1733), and the Royal London Hospital (1740)).
In 1948 the National Health Service was established, making most hospitals in the UK directly controlled by Government and funded by public taxation. Hospitals were grouped together into regional hospital management committees or teaching hospital groups. Following major NHS reforms UCL Hospitals NHS Trust was established in 1994, comprising the Middlesex Hospital, the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital, the Hospital for Tropical Diseases and University College Hospital. In 1996 The Eastman Dental Hospital and the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery joined the UCLH NHS Trust.
In August 2001 the private The Heart Hospital was acquired by UCLH and became the new home for all of the Trust's cardiac services, which had previously been housed in the Middlesex Hospital. In 2002 the Royal London Homeopathic Hospital joined UCLH and in July 2004 UCLH was one of the first NHS trusts to be granted foundation trust status.
In 2005 the new University College Hospital building was opened and all activities from the Middlesex Hospital were moved into the new building. The Middlesex Hospital was closed in December 2005 and the site sold to developers. In November 2009 the University College Hospital Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Wing was opened and most activities from the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital were moved into the new building. In April 2007 the Trust formed the UCLH/UCL National Institute for Health Research Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre in partnership with UCL and the National Institute for Health Research. In August 2008 the Trust announced its intention to form the UCL Partners academic health science centre with UCL, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust. In February 2009 Professor Sir Cyril Chantler was appointed as the first Chair of UCL Partners and it was officially designated as an academic health science centre by the UK Department of Health in March 2009.
The trust expects to finish 2015-16 with a deficit of more than £22 million as a result of changes to the NHS tariff.
The trust complained in June 2015 that commissioners outside England use a “burdensome” prior approval process, where a funding agreement is needed before each stage of treatment. At the end of 2014-15 the trust was owed more than £2.3m for treating patients from outside England. 
UCLH has a Board of Directors comprising twelve statutory members including the Chairman (currently Richard Murley) and Chief Executive (currently Sir Robert Naylor) of the Trust. The role of the Board is to:
- set the overall policy and strategic direction for the Trust;
- approve and monitor the Trust's business plans, budgets and major capital expenditure;
- monitor performance against objectives; and
- provide members of the Trust's committees such as the remuneration committee and audit committee.
UCLH also has a Governing Body which helps the Trust to develop and shape its services, to improve communication between the Trust's members, patients and local communities, and influences Trust decisions. The Governing Body is composed of 33 governors, 23 of whom are elected by the Trust's patient, public and staff members, of whom three represent the local public, 14 represent patients and six represent Trust staff. 10 other governors are appointed by local partner organisations including the Primary Care Trust and UCL. Elections to the Governing Body are held each year.
UCLH is also a founding member of UCL Partners, the largest academic health science partnership in Europe, which comprises University College London, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust and UCLH.
Each of the UCLH hospitals has close research links with the UCL School of Life & Medical Sciences and its institutes and centres.
UCL Medical School provides core medical education at three UCLH hospitals - the Heart Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery and University College Hospital. UCLH also has close training and education links with City University London and London South Bank University.
- "UCLH fact file". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- "UCLH trust chronology". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- "The Queen officially opens UCH". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- "New EGA Wing opens to mothers and babies". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- "Home". UCLH/UCL Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- "About Us". UCL Partners. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- "Rollover tariff trusts expect massive deficits". Health Service Journal. 26 May 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- "English trust to take hard line on payments for Scottish, Welsh and Irish patients". Health Service Journal. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
- "Board of Directors". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- "Governing Body Home". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- "NHS hospitals to forge £2bn research link-up with university". The Guardian. 7 August 2008. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- "Campuses". UCL Medical School. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
- UCLH/UCL Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre
- UCL Partners
- UCL Medical School
- UCL School of Life & Medical Sciences