|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2012)|
|Welsh: Prifysgol Bangor|
|University College of North Wales, University of Wales, Bangor|
|Motto||Welsh: Gorau Dawn Deall
Latin: Mortis felix et dominus
Motto in English
|"The Best Gift is Knowledge"|
|Vice-Chancellor||John G Hughes|
|Location||Bangor, Wales, UK
|Nickname||Welsh: Y Coleg ar y Bryn ("The College on the Hill")|
University of Wales
Bangor University (Welsh: Prifysgol Bangor) is a Welsh university in the city of Bangor in the county of Gwynedd in North Wales. It received its Royal Charter in 1885 and was one of the founding member institutions of the former federal University of Wales. It was officially known for most of its history as the University College of North Wales (UCNW), and later as the University of Wales, Bangor (UWB) (Welsh: Prifysgol Cymru, Bangor). From September 2007 it became known as Bangor University, having become independent from the federal University of Wales.
In 2012 Bangor was ranked 251st among the world's top universities. According to the Sunday Times University Guide 2012, it is rated top in Wales for teaching excellence and is among the top 15 universities in the UK in this category.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus and buildings
- 3 Organisation
- 4 Student life
- 5 Notable people associated with Bangor
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
The university was founded as the University College of North Wales (UCNW) on 18 October 1884, with an inaugural address by the Earl of Powis, the College's first President, in Penrhyn Hall. There was then a procession to the college including 3,000 quarrymen (quarrymen from Penrhyn Quarry and other quarries had subscribed more than 1,200 pounds to the university). The foundation was the result of a campaign for better provision of higher education in Wales that had involved some rivalry among towns in North Wales over which was to be the location of the new college.
The college was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1885. Its students received degrees from the University of London until 1893, when UCNW became a founding constituent institution of the federal University of Wales.
During the Second World War paintings from national art galleries were stored in the Prichard-Jones Hall at UCNW to protect them from enemy bombing. They were later moved to slate mines at Blaenau Ffestiniog. Students from University College, London, were evacuated to continue their studies in a safer environment at Bangor.
During the 1960s the university shared in the general expansion of higher education in the UK following the Robbins Report, with a number of new departments and new buildings. On 22 November 1965, during construction of an extension to the Department of Electronic Engineering in Dean Street, a crane collapsed on the building. The three-ton counterweight hit the second-floor lecture theatre in the original building about thirty minutes before it would have been occupied by about 80 first-year students. The counterweight went through to the ground floor.
In 1967 the Bangor Normal College, now part of the university, was the venue for lectures on Transcendental Meditation by the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi at which The Beatles heard of the death of their manager, Brian Epstein.
Student protests at UCNW in the 1970s focused mainly on calls to expand the role of the Welsh language . Around this time consideration began of mergers with two colleges of education in Bangor: St Mary's College, a college for women studying to become schoolteachers, and the larger and older Normal College/Coleg Normal. The merger of St Mary's into UCNW was concluded in 1977, but the merger with Coleg Normal fell through in the 1970s and was not completed until 1996.
The change of name to Bangor University, or Prifysgol Bangor in Welsh, was instigated by the university following the decision of the University of Wales to change from a federal university to a confederal non-membership organisation, and the granting of degree-awarding powers to Bangor University itself. As a result every student starting after 2009 gained a degree from Bangor University, while any student who started before 2009 had the option to have either Bangor University or University of Wales Bangor on their degree certificate.
Campus and buildings
The university occupies a substantial proportion of Bangor and also has some departments in Wrexham.
The university was originally based in an old coaching inn, the Penrhyn Arms Hotel, which housed its 58 students and its 12 teaching staff. In 1911 it moved to a much larger new building, which is now the old part of the Main Arts Building. This building, designed by Henry Hare, had its foundation stone laid by King Edward VII on 9 July 1907, and was formally opened by King George V in 1911. The iconic building, which occupies a highly visible position overlooking Bangor, gave the college its Welsh nickname Y Coleg ar y Bryn ("The College on the Hill"). It included the large Prichard-Jones Hall, named after Sir John Prichard-Jones a local man who became a partner in the London department store Dickins & Jones, and was a substantial benefactor of the building.
A modern extension, completing a quadrangle on the College Road side of the building, was completed in 1969. This is now known as the Main Arts Building.
Halls of residence
The redbrick University Hall, built in a Queen Anne style, was the first substantial block. It was opened in 1897. This building was to become the Welsh language hall Neuadd John Morris-Jones in 1974, taking its name in honour of Professor John Morris Jones. It is now called Neuadd Rathbone.
Expansion in the 1960s led to the development of Plas Gwyn in 1963-64 and Neuadd Emrys Evans in 1965, both on the Ffriddoedd site, and Neuadd Rathbone at the top of Love Lane in 1965. Neuadd Rathbone, designed by Colwyn Foulkes and named after the second President of the college, was originally for women students only. The names of Neuadd Rathbone and Neuadd John Morris-Jones were later exchanged. The building originally opened as Neuadd Rathbone is now known as Neuadd Garth.
Accommodation is guaranteed for all unmarried first-year undergraduate students at Bangor. There are more than 2,000 rooms available in halls of residence, and all the accommodation is within walking distance of the university. There are four residential sites in current use.
The largest accommodation site is the Friddoedd Site in Upper Bangor, about ten minutes' walk from Top College, the Science Site and the city centre. This site has eleven new en-suite halls completed in 2009, six other en-suite halls built in the 1990s and Neuadd Reichel built in the 1940s, and includes a coffee shop, launderettes, a convenience shop, Bar Uno and the Canolfan Brailsford sport centre.
Two of the en-suite halls, Bryn Dinas and Tegfan, now incorporate the new Neuadd John Morris Jones, which started its life in 1974 in College Road and has, along with its equivalent Neuadd Pantycelyn in Aberystwyth, became a focal point of Welsh language activities at the university. It is an integral part of UMCB, the Welsh Students' Union, which in turn is part of the main Students' Union.
The halls on "Ffridd" ("Ffridd" is the Welsh word for mountain pasture or sheep path; "ffriddoedd" is its plural form) include Cefn y Coed, Y Glyder, Y Borth, Elidir, J.M.J. Bryn Dinas and J.M.J. Tegfan, all of which were built in the early 1990s; Adda, Alaw, Braint, Crafnant, Enlli, Peris, Glaslyn, Llanddwyn, Ffraw, Idwal and Gwynant, which were all built in the late 2000s; and the newly refurbished Neuadd Reichel, built in the 1940s.
The Normal Site is on the shores of the Menai Strait next to the School of Education and the School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences. It is the closest residence to the School of Ocean Sciences in Menai Bridge. The site has two self-catered halls: Neuadd Seiriol and Neuadd Arfon. These halls are due for closure following the completion of the new St Mary's Site Halls Development. The site is named after the former Bangor Normal College, which has since been incorporated into the university.
St Mary's Site
One hall, Bryn Eithin, overlooks the centre of Bangor, and is close to the Science Departments and the School of Informatics. This is a postgraduate site and has three blocks accommodating ninety-six students. This shared a site office, launderette and common room with the neighbouring St Mary's site halls and Barlow's halls, until the latter were closed to students in 2004. All three parts of the halls were used predominantly by undergraduates at that time. Demolition of the former St Mary's Site halls, with the exception of the 1902 buildings and the Quadrangle, began in 2014 to make way for new halls to be built on the site. These halls will accommodate around 600 students, and will allow the closure of Neuadd Seiriol and Neuadd Arfon on the Normal Site. The halls on this site are Cybi, Penmon, and Cemlyn which are all self-catered flats, Tudno which is a townhouse complex, and the original St. Mary's building, with studios and flats. Work is due to be completed by September 2015.
In Welsh "Bryn" means "hill" and "Eithin" means "gorse".
College Road has one hall, Neuadd Garth (formerly Neuadd John Morris Jones, before that Neuadd Rathbone), which is a self-catering hall. The site is located a stone's throw from the Main Arts building in Upper Bangor, and departments such as Psychology, Music and the College of Business, Social Sciences and Law. Neuadd Garth, after undergoing refurbishment in 2012-13, is now home to postgraduate students.
Neuadd Rathbone (formerly Neuadd John Morris Jones, before that University Hall), which is located on the site, was previously a hall of residence.
A private hall of residence called Neuadd Willis, incorporating the old listed British Hotel with a new extension to the rear and a further hall on the site of the old Plaza Cinema. Other privately owned halls of residence in Bangor include Neuadd Kyffin, Neuadd Y Castell, Neuadd Llys Y Deon and Neuadd Ty Ni.
Former Refectory and Student Union Buildings
Until 2010 the Students' Union building was situated on Deiniol Road at one end of College Park below the Main Arts building. The Refectory and Curved Lounge were built in 1963 and the main administrative building was added in 1969. The building was known as Steve Biko House from the 1970s to the early 1990s, after Steve Biko.. The buildings were renovated in 1997 to create an 1,100-capacity nightclub, Amser/Time, where the previous refectory space was.
Demolition of the Union buildings and Theatr Gwynedd began in July 2010 to make room for the proposed Pontio Arts and Innovation Centre. The Centre will include a theatre, a cinema, a studio theatre and social facilities including the new Students' Union.
The University is divided into five Colleges and these are then broken down into Schools and Research Institutes. Bangor's Colleges, and their constituent Schools and Research Institutes, are:
- College of Arts and Humanities
- School of Creative Studies and Media
- School of Education
- School of English
- School of History, Welsh History and Archaeology
- School of Lifelong Learning
- School of Linguistics and English Language
- School of Modern Languages
- School of Music
- School of Philosophy and Religion
- School of Welsh
- ESRC Centre for Research on Bilingualism
- College of Business, Law, Education and Social Sciences
- Bangor Business School
- School of Education
- School of Law
- School of Social Sciences
- College of Natural Sciences
- School of Biological Sciences (includes Treborth Botanic Garden)
- School of the Environment, Natural Resources and Geography
- School of Ocean Sciences
- Welsh Institute of Natural Resources
- College of Health and Behavioural Sciences
- School of Healthcare Sciences
- School of Medical Sciences
- School of Psychology, Bangor University
- School of Sport, Health and Exercise Sciences
- Institute of Medical and Social Care Research
- College of Physical and Applied Sciences
- School of Chemistry
- School of Computer Science
- School of Electronic Engineering
The Students’ Union provides services, support, activities and entertainment for students. All Bangor University students automatically become members of the Students' Union unless they choose to opt out. Its officers have seats on all major university committees.
As with most if not all Students' Unions, a yearly election takes place in which a number of sabbatical officers are elected. These sabbatical officers are held accountable for the actions and decisions of the union, and often work closely with members of the Students' Union Senate and other boards.
- Sabbatical Officer Positions
- Union President Fflur Elin
- VP Education & Welfare Lydia Richardson
- VP Sport & Healthy Living Rebecca Kent
- VP Societies & Community Mark Stanley
- UMCB President (Welsh Students' Union) Ifan James
There are several opportunities to volunteer at Bangor University, the main hub being Student Volunteering Bangor, a department of the Students' Union.
Student Volunteering Bangor
Student Volunteering Bangor (SVB) is a department within the Students’ Union that offers more than 600 volunteering opportunities in 33 community-based projects. SVB volunteers currently contribute a total of 600 hours each week.
There is a long tradition of student volunteering in Bangor. The oldest records available detail the organisation of a tea party for local elderly residents in 1952. The Tea Party project continues to run to this day and is SVB's oldest project.
In October 2012 Student Volunteering Bangor was awarded the Queen's Award for Voluntary Service.
Bangor RAG (Raising and Giving) is a Student Volunteering Bangor project. The committee is made up of two coordinators and a number of committee members, plus several hundred "raggies". RAG collects money for two local and two national charities, which change every academic year and are chosen by the students. RAG members also regularly attend "raids" across the country and assist charities with one-off events throughout the year. Their mascot is a tiger named Rhodri RAG. In 1968, raggies surepticiously carved a panda (then the RAG mascot) and the letters 'UCNW' into a chalk hillside in Wiltshire, causing considerable puzzlement in England.
Nawdd Nos Bangor Nightline
Nightline is a listening, emotional support and information service run by students for students. The service is open every night of term from 8 p.m.. to 8 a.m. Nightline runs on five core principles, being
Bangor Nightline, which started on 27 February 1974, was the tenth Nightline to open in the UK. It is affiliated with Nightline Association, and was the first Nightline in the UK to achieve Good Practice Guidelines accreditation and reaccreditation. In 2010 Bangor Nightline received the National Nightline Best Practice Award and Bangor Students' Union's Achievement of the Year award, and was runner-up for the Society of the Year award. In recognition of the contribution of anonymous volunteers to the service Bangor Nightline won the Bangor Students' Union's Societies Wildcard award and Best Fundraising and Campaign Event award in 2013, when it also received the High Sheriff's award.
Bangor Nightline's mascot is Dafydd the bear, who is active in student interactions around university buildings and on social media.
Clubs and societies
Storm FM is the official student radio station for Bangor University and is one of only three student radio stations in the UK with a long-term FM licence. The station is broadcast on 87.7FM from a low-powered FM transmitter based on the Ffriddoedd Site. Storm is run on a voluntary basis by about 90 students. The FM licence allows for broadcast to a very small area of Bangor, namely the Ffriddoed Road Halls of Residence. Storm FM went online in 2009.
Notable people associated with Bangor
- Edward Herbert, 3rd Earl of Powis, 1884–1891
- William Rathbone 1891–1900
- Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 4th Baron Kenyon 1900–1927
- Herbert Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone 1927–1935
- Lord Howard de Walden 1935–1940
- William Ormsby-Gore, 4th Baron Harlech 1940–1945
- Charles Paget, 6th Marquess of Anglesey 1945–1947
- Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 5th Baron Kenyon 1947–1982
- William Mars-Jones 1982–1995
- Cledwyn Hughes 1995–2000
- Dafydd Elis-Thomas 2000-
The University has had seven Principals/Vice-Chancellors:
- Henry Reichel, Principal 1884–1927
- David Emrys Evans, Principal 1927–1958
- Charles Evans, Principal 1958–1984
- Eric Sunderland, Principal, Vice-Chancellor 1984–1995
- Roy Evans, Vice-Chancellor 1995–2004
- Merfyn Jones, Vice-Chancellor 2004–2010
- John G Hughes, Vice-Chancellor, started autumn 2010
- Samuel L. Braunstein, quantum physicist, 1997–2004
- Tony Conran, poet and translator, Reader in English and Tutor until 1983
- David Crystal, linguist and author, honorary professor of Linguistics
- A. H. Dodd, historian, 1919–1958
- Christian Koller, historian
- Bedwyr Lewis Jones, Scholar
- William Mathias, composer, former professor of music
- John Morris-Jones, pioneering Welsh grammarian, editor, poet and literary critic
- Guto Puw, leading Welsh composer
- John Meurig Thomas, Department of Chemistry
- Gwyn Thomas, Welsh scholar and poet
- Robert G. Edwards, physiologist and pioneer in reproductive medicine, won the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
- Danny Boyle, film director and producer, graduate in English
- Paul Bérenger, former Prime Minister of Mauritius
- Tom Parry Jones, Inventor of electronic Breathalyzer
- R.S. Thomas (poet)
- Bill Wiggin (Conservative MP for Leominster)
- Gareth Williams Former MI6
- Tim Haines, BBC producer
- Martin J. Ball - Professor of Speech Language Pathology at Linköping University, Sweden.
- Frances Barber, Actress
- Richard Brunstrom (Chief Constable of North Wales Police), graduated in zoology (1979)
- Gordon Conway, president of the Royal Geographical Society, and Vice Chancellor of the University of Sussex
- Colin Eaborn, Chemist
- Aled Eames - Warden of Neuadd Reichel in the 1950s and '60s and notable maritime historian. 1921-1996
- John Evans, Film Director, graduated with a BA in Film Studies and an MA in Filmmaking
- Bill Fay, singer/musician and recording artist
- Raymond Garlick, Anglo-Welsh poet
- Tony Gillam, musician and writer
- Gwynn ap Gwilym, Poet
- Julian Hibberd, Cambridge Plant Scientist, named by Nature as one of "Five crop researchers who could change the world"
- Siân James, Welsh traditional/folk singer and musician
- John Ogwen, actor
- R. Williams Parry, poet
- Stefan Rahmstorf, Professor of Physics of the Oceans at Potsdam University
- Derek Ratcliffe (botanist, zoologist and nature conservationist)
- Gareth Roberts (physicist and university administrator)
- Kate Roberts, Welsh writer
- Andy Rowley (TV Producer)
- John Sessions (actor, original name John Marshall)
- Gwyn Thomas, Welsh scholar and poet
- Derick Thomson (Scottish Gaelic poet, publisher, academic and writer)
- Roger Whittaker (musician)
- Ifor Williams (historian of Welsh literature and editor of a number of medieval Welsh texts
- According to Helen Fielding's 1996 novel Bridget Jones's Diary, the title character attended Bangor University.
- The character Zipser in the 1986 TV version of Tom Sharpe's novel Porterhouse Blue, portrayed by Bangor alumnus John Sessions wears a Bangor University scarf. However, according to Sharpe's text, the character of Zipser actually attended Durham.
- "Table 0 - All students by institution, mode of study, level of study, gender and domicile 2007/08" (Microsoft Excel spreadsheet). Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
- "World University Rankings 2011-2012". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Bangor University Profile". Bangor.ac.uk. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- David Roberts (2009) Bangor University 1884–2009, University of Wales Press ISBN 978-0-7083-2226-0
- The Times, Monday, 20 October 1884; pg. 7; Issue 31269; col F
- The Guardian, 23 November 1965, p. 6.
- "Higher Browsing: The Third Degree". The Guardian. 27 August 2002.
- University Moves Towards University Title and Change Of Name
- Bangor Civic Society. "Main Arts Building". Retrieved 19 November 2010.
- M L Clarke (1966) Architectural History and Guide, University College of North Wales Online at Bangor Civic Society
- "St Mary’s Student Halls Development – News and Events, Bangor University". bangor.ac.uk. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- "'Caernarvonshire Life' May 1964". Bangor Civic Society. Archived from the original on 15 January 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
- "'Seren' Published at Steve Biko House" (PDF). Seren. Retrieved 8 August 2009.
- "Demolition Work Starts on the Old Theatr Gwynedd". Holyhead and Anglesey Mail. Archived from the original on 4 August 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "QS World University Rankings 2014/15". Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- "Top European Universities 2014-15". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
- "University League Table 2016". The Complete University Guide. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- "University league table 2016". The Guardian. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
- "The Times and Sunday Times University League Tables 2015". Times Newspapers. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "Storm 87.7FM: Bangor's Student Sound". Stormfm.com. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "The 2010 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine - Press Release". Nobelprize.org. 2010-10-04. Archived from the original on 5 October 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
- Time Into the Vacuum 15 June 1970
- "Police chief announces retirement". BBC News. 1 May 2009.
- Harries-Rees, Karen (2006). "A man for change". Chemistry World 3 (2): 42–44.
- Curriculum Vitae of Stefan Rahmstorf
- Clarke, M. L. (1966) Architectural History & Guide (University College of North Wales, Bangor); Online (Bangor Civic Society)
- Roberts, David (2009) Bangor University, 1884–2009. Cardiff: University of Wales Press ISBN 0-7083-2226-3
- Williams, J. Gwynn (1985) The University College of North Wales - Foundations 1884–1927. Cardiff: University of Wales Press ISBN 0-7083-0893-7
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bangor University.|
- Bangor University – Official website
- Bangor University Students' Union (BUSU)
- Lists of University College, Bangor students