University Hospital (Newark, New Jersey)
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|Location||Newark, New Jersey, United States|
|Affiliated university||Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences|
|Emergency department||Level I trauma center|
|Helipad||FAA LID: NJ87|
|Lists||Hospitals in New Jersey|
University Hospital is an independent, standalone medical center owned by the State of New Jersey and governed by a board headed by the Honorable Donald DiFrancesco. It is located in the University Heights section of Newark, New Jersey. University Hospital is a principal teaching hospital for Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences and a regional resource for specialized services and critical care. The hospital is certified by the American College of Surgeons and is a state-designated Level 1 Trauma Center, one of only three in New Jersey. It is the largest provider of uncompensated care in New Jersey.
The hospital was founded as Newark City Hospital, which first opened on September 4, 1882 with 25 beds. The College of the Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey assumed operation of the hospital from the City in 1968 following the civil unrest of 1967 and renamed the entire complex Martland Hospital as part of an agreement with the City of Newark. The College of Medicine and Dentistry entered into what is known as the "Newark Agreement" which agreed to continue to provide healthcare and employment opportunities to Newark residents which is in perpetuity. The expansion of the College prompted the construction of a new hospital; and College Hospital opened in May 1979. The name was changed to University Hospital in 1981 to recognize the awarding of university status to the College by the state legislature. In November 2012, the New Jersey Medical and Health Sciences Education Restructuring Act provided for most schools and units of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey to be transferred to Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. With this legislation, in July 2013 University Hospital became an independent, standalone medical center owned by the state based upon the Newark Agreement of 1968.
Controversy and scandals
The University of Medicine and Dentistry was involved in a series of adverse circumstances related to over-billing Medicaid from 2001 to 2004. A number of systemic reforms were initiated. Legislation of 2012 separated University Hospital from UMDNJ, and the transition was successfully completed in July 2013.