University of Akron
|Buchtel College (1870–1913)|
|Motto||Fiat Lux (Latin)|
Motto in English
|Let there be light|
|President||Scott L. Scarborough|
|Location||Akron, Ohio, United States
|Campus||Urban, 218 acres (0.88 km2)|
Blue & Gold‹See Tfm› ‹See Tfm›
|Athletics||NCAA Division I FBS – MAC|
|Mascot||Zippy the Kangaroo|
|Affiliations||University System of Ohio
The University of Akron is a public research university in Akron, Ohio, United States. The university is part of the University System of Ohio and is regarded as a world leader in polymer research. As a STEM-focused institution, it focuses on industries such as polymers, advanced materials, and engineering. In the last decade it has sought to increase its research portfolio and gain recognition for its productivity in technology transfer and commercialization.
The University of Akron offers about 200 undergraduate and more than 100 graduate majors. With an enrollment of approximately 27,000 students from throughout Ohio, the United States, and 71 foreign countries, The University of Akron is one of the largest principal campuses in Ohio. The University's best-known program is its College of Polymer Science and Polymer Engineering, housed in a 12-story reflective glass building that overlooks downtown Akron and the western edge of the campus. UA’s Archives of the History of American Psychology, an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, contains famous psychology artifacts and is visited regularly by researchers from around the world.
The university has multiple branch campuses, Wayne College in Orrville, Ohio, the Medina County University Center, in Lafayette Township, Ohio, and UA Lakewood, in the Cleveland suburb of Lakewood, Ohio. In addition, the University hosts various nursing programs in affiliation with Lorain County Community College under the University Partnership program.
The university has recently been met with widening controversy as its new president, Scott Scarborough seeks to implement several largely unpopular provisions to correct a $60 million dollar budget deficit in the university. These provisions and ideas have included $50 per hour credits for lower course general education requirements (which has been met with contempt by several of the presidents of community colleges in Ohio), changing the name of the university to The Polytechnic Institute or Ohio's Polytechnic Institute (which has been largely abandoned after UA alumni, fellow Ohio university presidents, and current UA students derided the name changing proposal), closing the legendary E. J. Thomas Hall (though stating that they will somehow honor all signed contracts with performers) and firing 161 people including five in the career services office. The administration of Scarborough has also stated that they will not fill an additional 52 positions that are vacant at the moment. This has all led to unflattering coverage in the Akron Beacon Journal and the Plain Dealer for several months.
Additionally, the Plain Dealer and cleveland.com reported on July 31st 2015, that the recent renovation of the university president's house cost the University of Akron $950,000, which included high definition Samsung televisions, pricey window trimmings and dressings, and elegant furnishings for the home. This knowledge juxtaposed with the fact that the university is continuing to shed up to 213 jobs and the cancellation of several athletic programs have painted a very gloomy picture of the new president's blooming tenure at the prestigious university.
Inside Higher Ed reported that UA has claimed they did not close down their once revered university press, they simply fired all the staff. When pressed further they stipulated that the university press was not closing but simply being transferred to the library.
- 1 History
- 2 Partnership
- 3 Academics
- 4 Research
- 5 Athletics
- 6 Alma mater
- 7 Fight song
- 8 Greek life
- 9 Notable people
- 10 References
- 11 External links
In 1867, at the annual Convention of the Universalist Church of the state of Ohio, the Committee on Education expressed an interest in founding a college compatible with Universalist religious principles. It was announced that the location would be given to those who could find an appropriate location and also supply $60,000 for the college. John R. Buchtel, a prominent Akron businessman and Universalist, promptly contributed $25,000 to the endowment fund and $6,000 to the building fund. This led other Akronites to donate, setting the goal and securing Akron as the location for Buchtel College, named after its greatest supporter. John R. Buchtel would continue to be the college's most significant contributor, giving $500,000 over his lifetime, approximately equivalent to $16 million today. When the university opened for business in 1872 it was a single-building campus, housed in what is now known as "Old Buchtel." George Washington Crouse donated $10,000 of the $20,000 needed to build a new gymnasium, completed in 1888. It was named Crouse Gymnasium in his honor, and was known as "the finest gym west of the Alleghenies."
Tragedy struck the small college on December 20, 1899, when Old Buchtel burned to the ground. Insurance only covered $65,000 of the estimated $100,000 in loss. While new campus buildings were being constructed, the Crouse Gymnasium was divided into seven classrooms and served as the college until a new Buchtel Hall was opened in 1901. The new Buchtel Hall, which itself was gutted by fire in 1971, survives to this day but had some blackening on the exterior up until a 2011 restoration.
In 1907, the college shed its Universalist affiliation and became a non-denominational institution, in order to be able to receive funds from the Carnegie Foundation, which would not give funds to religiously affiliated schools. In 1913, Buchtel College trustees transferred the institution and its assets to the city of Akron, and Buchtel College became the Municipal University of Akron. At this time, the enrollment was 198 students. Tax money levied for the school and Akron's growing population led to strong growth for the university. Over the next several decades the university continued to add new buildings to accommodate its growing student population, acquiring more land through purchases and donations. In 1963, Ohio Governor Jim Rhodes approved the university as a state-assisted institution. Enrollment in 1964 was 10,000 students. In 1967, it fully became a state university, giving it its current name of The University of Akron.
Under the direction of its 15th president, Dr. Luis M. Proenza, The University of Akron underwent a $627 million construction project. Called "A New Landscape for Learning", the project has resulted in 22 new buildings, 18 major additions, acquisitions and renovations, and 34 acres of new green space added to the main campus. The project included a new College of Arts & Sciences Building, Honors Residence Hall and classroom complex, a new Student Recreation and Wellness Center, and a new Student Union. Multiple new parking decks were constructed to address high demand for parking and several public streets were closed to consolidate the campus.
A new football stadium, InfoCision Stadium-Summa Field, was constructed on campus. The new stadium opened for its first game on September 12, 2009, receiving a sellout crowd. The stadium replaced the Rubber Bowl, which is 3 miles from campus and was built in 1940.
The University purchased the Quaker Square Crowne Plaza Hotel and shopping complex and uses it as a residence hall space. The University did a land-swap with the city of Akron so that the city may find a new downtown hotel.
The tire and rubber industry and the University of Akron share an intimate history. Historically, many of the world's leading corporations, such as Goodyear, Firestone, and Goodrich, were headquartered in Akron. In 1909, the world’s first courses in rubber chemistry were offered at the University. The University is also credited with having the world’s first College of Polymer Science and Polymer Engineering, which was founded in 1988. The University of Akron's newest addition, the National Polymer Innovation Center, was unveiled at a groundbreaking ceremony on September 14, 2009. The 42,750-square-foot (3,972 m2) center, scheduled for June 2010 completion, will house 10 laboratories equipped with state-of-the-art research instruments and a multipurpose-processing high-bay area designed for the installation of prototype manufacturing apparatus. The $13.2 million building is fully funded with state dollars through the Ohio Third Frontier initiative.
The University of Akron offers both undergraduate and graduate degrees, ranging from certificate programs to the PhD. The largest college of the university is the Buchtel College of Arts and Sciences. Bierce Library is the main campus library. It is named for Lucius Bierce, a Civil War era General, whose personal library constituted the first collection of the University Libraries.
The University offers about 200 undergraduate majors. The various undergraduate schools offer an array of Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts, and Associate's degrees. In conjunction with the Northeast Ohio Medical University (NEOCOM), the University offers an accelerated six-year, BS/MD program, where ambitious students can earn a bachelor's degree in two years and complete medical school in the traditional four years. The University of Akron is also the first and only University in the nation to offer a baccalaureate program in corrosion engineering.
The University of Akron Honors College students earn degrees from any of the four-year accredited colleges in the university while receiving special advisement and having the opportunity to live in the Honors Complex, a resident hall exclusively for honors students. The college has numerous clubs and organizations, including: EUREKA Honors Engineering, the Honors club, Honors Delegates, Honors Business group, Association of Honors Educators, Rhythm n' Roos': Honors A Capella singers, Honors Book Club, Honors Nursing Club, and Honor's Chess Club.
The University of Akron currently offers more than 100 graduate degrees to its current population of nearly 4,000 graduate students. The graduate schools at the University of Akron variously offer the Master's degree, PhD, J.D., and LL.M., among others. The Cleveland Clinic and University of Akron have formed the Integrated Bioscience Fellowship in Biomedicine. The first fellowships in this newly joined program will be awarded in Fall 2010. Fellowships will allow students to conduct cutting edge research at the University of Akron and the Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute while pursuing a PhD in Integrated Bioscience. Recipients of Fellowships will be able to work with faculty at both institutions.
The University of Akron School of Law was founded in 1921 as Akron Law School and became affiliated with the University in 1959, becoming fully accredited by the American Bar Association in 1961. It has both day and evening full-time and part-time programs that lead to the J.D. and LL.M. The University of Akron School of Law is also one of only 22 institutions in America to offer the LL.M. in intellectual property, and one of two such programs in Ohio.
The University of Akron comprises the following colleges, schools, and campuses:
- Buchtel College of Arts and Sciences
- College of Business Administration
- College of Education
- College of Engineering
- College of Health Professions, including the School of Nursing
- School of Law
- School of Music
- College of Polymer Science & Polymer Engineering
- Honors College
- The Graduate School
- University College
- Wayne College
- College of Applied Science and Technology (formerly Summit College)
- The University of Akron is one of 161 institutions designated Best in the Midwest by the Princeton Review in its 2008 Best Colleges: Region-by-Region edition.
- One of only 12 universities in the nation named as a Carnegie Cluster leader in recognition of teaching and learning achievements.
- #1 in Ohio in highest rate of return per research dollar in technology commercialization, according to the Ohio Board of Regents.
- Recipient of the University Economic Development Association’s 2007 Award of Excellence in Technology Commercialization.
- #1 in patents issued per million dollars in research expenditures, 2000–2004, by the Milken Institute.
- The College of Business Administration graduate program was recognized in the 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 editions of The Princeton Review's Best Business Schools.
- The College of Business Administration's undergraduate business program was recently ranked by BusinessWeek magazine as being the 93rd best program in the United States, placing it in the top 6th percentile of all 1,600 such business programs in the country.
- UA's College of Engineering is the 3rd fastest growing college of its kind, and its Cooperative Education program is the 2nd oldest engineering co-op program in America.
- UA ranked third among the nation's top 50 campuses with the greatest wireless Web access in a 2005 Intel Corporation survey.
- School of Law was ranked #2 in 2004 as a best value by National Jurist and Pre-Law Insider magazine.
- Industrial/Organizational Psychology program ranked 6th nationally by U.S. News & World Report.
- Only public university in Ohio with a science and engineering program ranked in the top five nationally by U.S. News & World Report.
- Engineering students placed 2nd among 17 college teams in 2005 - the first year of the three-year competition sponsored by GM to design a fuel-efficient, "green" SUV by 2007.
- Engineering students met a real-world challenge in April 2008 by placing first in the Micro Class unmanned aerial vehicle competition sponsored by the Society of Automotive Engineers and again in 2014 by placing first in the Advanced Class, also setting a competition record for closest to the target.
- In March 2008, students in the Surveying and Mapping Technology Program took first place in a national competition sponsored by the National Society of Professional Surveyors. Since this competition was inaugurated in 2002, UA has placed first four times and finished second three times.
The University of Akron produced more revenue in technology licensing in 2007 than any other year in its history, bringing in $6.33 million - more than all other Ohio public universities. This licensing amount gives UA a ranking of seventh in the nation among public and private U.S. universities without medical schools, just behind such notables as Massachusetts Institute of Technology, California Institute of Technology and the University of Texas. When normalized with respect to research expenditures, UA ranks No. 1 in the country. This is the first time UA has achieved a top national standing in licensing efficiency. A 2007 report supported by the National Science Foundation identified UA as one of 10 exemplars for technology transfer, commercialization and industry partnership.
The BioInnovation Institute in Akron is creating a center of research excellence, Center for Biomaterials and Medicine, with core strengths in orthopaedics and wound healing. The Center will capitalize on Northeast Ohio’s rich 100-year history in polymer science and engineering, including: world-class commercial capability, a highly educated workforce, extended R&D capabilities, and knowledgeable capital sources. The Center will be a collaboration of regional organizations including: The University of Akron, The Summa Health System, NEOUCOM, Akron General Health System, and Akron Children's Hospital.
In fact, Akron is already developing early-stage companies and clinical centers with a key emphasis on orthopaedics and wound care. The region boasts more than 200 researchers in orthopaedics and polymers, and more than 50 companies are directly linked with the orthopaedic device industry. The Center for Biomaterials and Medicine plans to recruit 40 additional senior researchers and their lab teams in the following focus areas:
- Biomaterials for orthopaedic and wound care applications;
- Polymers as coatings for implanted medical devices; and
- Polymers combined with growth factors and/or seeded with cells for tissue regeneration and repair.
The University of Akron's athletic teams are known as the "Zips," originally short for "Zippers," overshoes that were nationally popular in the 1920s and 1930s, and the zipper—an invention from Akron (Judson). The university's mascot is "Zippy," a kangaroo. Zippy is one of only eight female college mascots in the United States. Zippy won the title of Capital One National Mascot of the Year in 2007.
- InfoCision Stadium – Summa Field
- James A. Rhodes Arena
- FirstEnergy Stadium-Cub Cadet Field
- Lee Jackson Field (baseball)
- Lee Jackson Field (softball)
- The Stile Athletics Field House
Akron's major football rivalry is with Kent State University, whom they play for the Wagon Wheel. They also formerly played Youngstown State University for the Steel Tire until that series was discontinued in 1995. In 2005, the Akron Zips football team won their very first MAC championship giving them a chance to play in the Motor City Bowl, Akron's first Division I-A bowl game appearance where they lost to the University of Memphis.
The Akron Zips men's soccer team, ranked number one throughout the 2009 regular season, went undefeated, making it to the NCAA Men's Division I Soccer Championship. They lost to the University of Virginia Cavaliers. They rebounded the following season by capturing the 2010 "College Cup" against the University of Louisville, winning 1 - 0 on a 79th minute goal by Scott Caldwell. This was the first NCAA national team championship won by the University of Akron.
In 2006, the men's basketball team, under head coach Keith Dambrot, won its first ever Division I postseason game by defeating Temple University in the NIT. The team, led by first team All-MAC performer Romeo Travis (former teammate of NBA star LeBron James in high school), won the most games in a season, 23.
In 2008, Keith Dambrot led Akron to the MAC Tournament Final for a second year in a row, yet the team fell for a second time, this time to archrival Kent State. The Zips advanced to the NIT for a second time in Dambrot's four years as head coach and won their first game at Florida State, eventually falling in the Sweet 16 in a game at UMass.
In 2009, the men's basketball team captured the MAC Tournament title, defeating Buffalo in Cleveland at the Quicken Loans Arena 65–53, thus qualifying Akron for its first appearance in the NCAA tournament since 1986 and first as a MAC member.
In 2010, the team reached the MAC Tournament Championship game for the fourth straight year, but lost to Ohio 75–81 in overtime. The Zips played in the postseason CBI tournament where they lost to Wisconsin–Green Bay 70–66.
In 2005, the women's cross country team, women's indoor track and the men's soccer team also won the MAC championship in their respective sports, making the 2005–06 year the most successful in Akron athletics history with a total of four Mid-American Conference championships in the same year.
The 2005 men's soccer team was the first team in UA history to hold a national no. 1 ranking in any sport, and was coached by Ken Lolla, now the head coach at the University of Louisville.
The 1978 men's archery team, led by 3-time national individual college champion Richard Bednar and hall-of-fame coach Bill Bednar, was the first team in UA history to win a national collegiate team championship.
The Akron Zips compete in the following sports:
* the golf, rifle, and women's tennis teams begin their seasons in the Fall, but conclude in the Spring with conference and NCAA tournaments.
The Alma Mater of The University of Akron is a tribute to the university's past and the rise of the university from the fires that twice devastated Buchtel College. It was written by Rev. Augustus B. Church, the last Universalist clergy to serve as president of Buchtel College (1901–1912), and set to the tune of Cornell University's alma mater Far Above Cayuga's Waters.
Close beside Cuyahoga’s waters, Stream of amber hue,
O’er old Buchtel Summit’s glory, Waves the gold and blue.
Hail we Akron! Sound her praises, Speed them on the gale,
Ever stand our Alma Mater, Akron hail, all hail!
We cheer the Akron Blue and Gold,
We cheer as the colors unfold.
We pledge anew, we're all for you,
As the team goes crashing through,
We cheer the Akron warriors bold,
For a fight that's a sight to behold,
So we stand up, cheer and shout,
For the Akron Blue and Gold.
Zzzip! Zip go the Zippers!
Zzzip! Zip go the Zippers!
Gold and Blue,
All for you, and the Zippers too!
The University of Akron is home to more than twenty fraternities and sororities. The Kappa Kappa Gamma Women's Fraternity is the oldest continuous sorority chapter on the campus, and was locally founded in 1877. The Lone Star Fraternity (Pi Kappa Epsilon) is the oldest local fraternity in the United States, and the only chapter in existence. Lone Star Fraternity was founded by W.V.N. Yates on February 22, 1882. The 130th anniversary was celebrated in 2012. Alpha Delta Pi was founded on the University of Akron's campus as "Sigma Delta Theta" in 1920 and at the time it was the oldest local sorority on campus. Sigma Delta Theta later became the Beta Tau chapter of Alpha Delta Pi in 1938. In regards to the fraternities on campus, the Ohio Epsilon chapter of Phi Delta Theta currently serves as the oldest continuous Greek Letter Organization on campus, having been founded in 1875.
The University of Akron has seen many prominent individuals pass through its halls. Former Akron mayor and Ohio Congressman Thomas C. Sawyer attended undergraduate and graduate school there. United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit federal judge Deborah L. Cook received her Bachelor of Arts and Juris Doctor degrees from the university. Current Ohio congresswoman Betty Sutton received her Juris Doctor from the university as well. Former Republican National Committee chairman Ray C. Bliss graduated from Akron in 1935. The university's Ray C. Bliss Institute of Applied Politics is named for him.
Minerva councilman Phil Davison earned a bachelor's degree in sociology, a bachelor's degree in history, a master's degree in public administration, and a master's degree in communication from the University of Akron. Davison unsuccessfully sought to become Stark County treasurer, however ultimately was not elected due to his notorious speech to the Stark County Republican Party Executive Committee.
Former Akron Zips football players Chase Blackburn, Charlie Frye, Domenik Hixon, Dwight Smith, and Jason Taylor have each gone on to find success in the National Football League. Blackburn and Hixon were members of the 2008 Super Bowl Champion New York Giants, while Smith won a Super Bowl Ring with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in 2003. Taylor was named the NFL Defensive Player of the Year in 2006 and was named the NFL's Man of the Year in 2007.
Former Akron Zips baseball players Mike Birkbeck and Mark Malaska have gone on to find success in Major League Baseball. Birkbeck played for the Milwaukee Brewers from 1986 to 1989 and the New York Mets in 1992 and 1995. Malaska played for the Tampa Bay Rays in 2003 and was a member of the 2004 World Series Champion Boston Red Sox.
Former Akron Zips Soccer Players in the MLS (23) include Colorado Rapids (1): Dillon Serna (2012); Columbus Crew (2): Chad Barson (2009–12), Wil Trapp (2011-12); D.C. United (2): Perry Kitchen (2010), Chris Korb (2008–10); Houston Dynamo (1): Kofi Sarkodie (2008–10); Montreal Impact (2): Evan Bush (2005–08), Sinisa Ubiparipovic (2004-06); New England Revolution (1): Scott Caldwell (2009–12); New York Red Bulls (1): Eric Stevenson (2009–13); Philadelphia Union (2): Robbie Derschang (2012–13), Aodhan Quinn (2011-13); Portland Timbers (6): Bryan Gallego (2011–13), David Meves (2009–12), Darlington Nagbe (2008–10), Michael Nanchoff (2007–10), Steve Zakuani (2007–08), Ben Zemanski (2006-09); Seattle Sounders (2): Blair Gavin (2007–09), DeAndre Yedlin (2011-12); Sporting Kansas City (2): Reinaldo Brenes (2010–13), Teal Bunbury (2008-09); Vancouver Whitecaps (1): Darren Mattocks (2010–11).
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- University of Akron Brand Standards. Official UA Colors. 2012. Accessed Dec. 6, 2013.
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