University of Mumbai
|Motto||Sanskrit: शीलवृतफला विद्या|
Motto in English
|"The Fruit of Learning is Good Character and Righteous Conduct"|
|Established||18 July 1857|
|Chancellor||C. Vidyasagar Rao|
|Vice-Chancellor||Sanjay Deshmukh (July 2015 - present)|
|Location||Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
|Affiliations||UGC, NAAC, AIU|
The University of Mumbai offers Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral courses apart from diplomas and certificates in many disciplines. The language of instruction for most courses is English. Several private colleges in and around Mumbai are affiliated to MU. One of its three campuses in Mumbai is located in Kalina, Santacruz. The campus houses academic and administrative departments. Another campus located in Thane offers integrated courses. The campus located in Fort carries out administrative work only. Several institutes in Mumbai previously affiliated to the university are now autonomous institutes or deemed universities. The University of Mumbai is one of the largest universities in the world in terms of the number of students. In 2011, the total number of enrolled students was 549,432. It has 711 affiliated colleges.
- 1 History
- 2 Campuses
- 3 Prominent institutes
- 4 Libraries
- 5 Faculties and departments
- 6 Vice chancellors
- 7 Notable alumni
- 8 Partner universities
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The University of Mumbai was established in 1857 after a petition from the Bombay Association to the then British government of India according to "Wood's despatch", drafted by Sir Charles Wood in 1854. It was modelled on the universities in Great Britain, specifically University of London.
The earliest departments were the faculty of arts at Elphinstone College, founded in 1835, and the faculty of medicine at Grant Medical College, founded in 1845. As these colleges existed before the university was founded, they surrendered their degree-granting privileges to the university. The first degrees awarded in 1862 were Bachelor of Arts and Licentiate in Medicine.
Initially, the Town Hall in Mumbai was used as premised for the university's offices.
Until 1904, the university only conducted examinations, awarded affiliations to colleges, developed curricula and directed guidelines to colleges for developing curricula. Teaching departments, research disciplines and post-graduate courses were introduced from 1904. Several university departments were established, starting with the School of Sociology and Civics and Politics. After India achieved independence in 1947, the functions and powers of the university were sought to be reorganised, for which The Bombay University Act of 1953 was passed. The name of the University was changed from University of Bombay to University of Mumbai as per a gazette of the Government of Maharashtra dated 4 September 1996.
In 1949, student enrolment was 42,272 with 80 affiliated colleges. By 1975, these numbers had grown to 156,190 and 114 respectively.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2016)|
The University has two campuses in Mumbai. The Kalina campus, located in suburban Mumbai, spans an area of 93 hectares (230 acres), while the Fort campus comprises 5.3 ha (13 acres). It has 116,000 square metres (1.25 million square feet) of built-up area, 2,000 m2 (22,000 sq ft) of classrooms, and 7,800 m2 (84,000 sq ft) of laboratory space. It has two post-graduate centres, 354 affiliated colleges, and 36 departments.[when?]
The Kalina campus has on-campus graduate training and research centres. Several departments offering courses in the streams of science, technology, commerce, and humanities are located here. However, most colleges of engineering and medicine affiliated to the University of Mumbai are privately owned. The university does not have its own engineering and medicine departments.
An indicative list of centres and institutes located in the Kalina Campus:
- Examination House, also known as Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Bhavan. It houses the office of the Controller of Examinations. Centralised assessment of answer books of various departments is carried out in a separate four-storey annex. Examination processes were made more efficient by the introduction of online delivery of question papers for examinations, and assessment of answer books by scanning and deployment at remote examination centres. The academic depository of the university was started in collaboration with CDSL in 2015. The university is the first university in the country to start an academic depository. 
- National Center for Nanosciences and Nanotechnology: a research facility
- Department of Biophysics: the only department of biophysics in western India.
- Jawaharlal Nehru Library
- Garware Institute of Career Education and Development: offers courses including one in medical transcription and management courses such as agriculture business management, pharma management and tourism management.
- MUST (मस्त) FM, the campus radio station of the university operating at 107.8 MHz frequency modulation[third-party source needed].
- Alkesh Dinesh Mody Numismatic Museum: displays currency from around the world belonging to many periods.
- Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute for Financial and Management Studies (ADMI): offers BMS, MFSM and MMS programmes.[third-party source needed]
- Department of Extra Mural Studies: conducts weekend courses in many disciples including astronomy, astrophysics, plant and animal taxonomy, hobby robotics, and hobby electronics.
- The Institute of Distance and Open Learning (IDOL): offers distance learning courses in humanities, sciences, commerce, computer science, and information technology.
- Western Regional Instrumentation Centre (WRIC): a research and training facility for instrumentation engineering and science.
- Centre for African Studies
- Centre for Eurasian Studies
- A rose garden where more than a hundred varieties of rose have been cultivated.
- Marathi Bhasha Bhavan Centre for learning the Marathi language conducts academic activities and cultural activities associated with the language.
The University of Bombay was established in 1857 at the Fort campus, which is located near the southern end of Mumbai. It houses the administrative division of the university. It is built in the Gothic style of architecture. The Rajabai clock tower stands in the lawns of the campus.
Rajabai Clock Tower
One of Mumbai's landmarks, the Rajabai Clock Tower houses the university library. Based on plans by British architect Sir George Gilbert Scott and completed in the 1870s, it was modelled on the Big Ben clock tower of London. Businessman Premchand Roychand contributed monetarily to the construction of the tower. It was named in memory of his mother Rajabai. It is 85 metres (280 feet) tall, with five storeys. At a height of 9.1 m (30 ft) from the ground, there are eight statues representing the Indian castes. The tower clock is reported to have played 16 tunes including Rule, Britannia. During the past 135 years no work to clean up the stone masonry, repair the wear and tear was taken. With the initiative of the then Vice Chancellor Dr. Rajan Welukar the first phase of restoration of Rajabai Clock Tower was completed in May 2015. TCS gave Rs 4 crore grant for the first phase of restoration project.
A minor campus running mostly extramural courses is located in the town of Ratnagiri.
Several departments of the University of Mumbai are at places other than the Fort or Kalina campuses. These include the departments of Medicine and Medical Research located in several prominent hospitals in Mumbai, such as the Tata Memorial Hospital, Bombay Hospital and G.S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital and formerly included the Institute of Chemical Technology, then known as the UDCT, which later became a deemed university. and Tata Memorial Hospital, which is now affiliated to the Homi Bhabha National Institute.
Similarly, as per the information available on the website of the Directorate of Technical Education of Maharashtra, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute was the first Engineering Institute under the University of Mumbai (1887) and Thadomal Shahani Engineering College was the first Engineering college in the University of Mumbai to start courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics Engineering and Biomedical Engineering.
Under the department of Law, Government Law College, Mumbai remains the most prominent institute since the university's inception.
The Institute of Chemical Technology was ranked 4th in the world for research in Chemical Engineering by professor Jude Sommerfeld of Georgia Institute of Technology, USA in 2014 for a 5-year period. It was a university department until it was conferred the deemed university status.
The Department of Management Studies of the University of Mumbai i.e. the Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies is consistently ranked among the top 10 management institutes of India and was established in the year 1965 in collaboration with Stanford Graduate School of Business of Stanford University.
On an average, most of the top 10 colleges in their respective streams of education under UoM, have an acceptance rate of 10% or less.
Jawaharlal Nehru Library
Jawaharlal Nehru Library (JNL) is the central library, located in the campus at Kalina. Most books in the library are on the basic sciences, social sciences, and behavioural sciences.
The technology and applied research journals and books of the University of Mumbai are kept at other libraries including those at Institute of Chemical Technology, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, and Tata Memorial Hospital. The University of Mumbai collection comprises more than a million books, documents, and scientific journals.
Faculties and departments
University of Mumbai has several hundred affiliated colleges offering undergraduate and post-graduate education, and conducting research, in areas of science, commerce, arts, engineering, management, law, etc. Each college has its own campus and specialized departments/centres.
The university itself also has some centres, institutes and departments in its faculties, on its campuses in Fort, Kalina, etc.
Areas of education and research are summarized in the table below:
|Faculty||Departments / Centres / Institutes|
|Engineering / Technology||
|Institutes & Centers||
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- John Wilson, 1857
- Raymond West
- Sir Alexander Grant, 10th Baronet, 1863–1868
- William Guyer Hunter, 1869
- Herbert Mills Birdwood
- Kashinath Trimbak Telang, 1892–1893
- Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar, 1893–1894
- N. G. Chandavarkar, 1911−1912
- John Heaton, 1912-1915
- Pherozeshah Mehta 1915
- Mirza Akbar Khan, 1930–31
- R. P. Paranjpe, 1934
- Pandurang Vaman Kane
- John Matthai, 1955–1957
- V. R. Khanolkar, 1960–1963
- Shashikant Karnik
- Trimbak Krishna Tope, 1971-1977
- M. D. Bengalee, 1986
- Snehalata Deshmukh, −2000
- Bhalchandra Mungekar, 2000–2005
- Vijay Khole, 2005 – September 2009,
- Chandra Krishnamurthy, September 2009– July 2010, Acting Vice Chancellor,
- Rajan Welukar, July 2010 – July 2015,
- Sanjay V. Deshmukh, July 2015 – present [non-primary source needed]
- B. R. Ambedkar – Considered the architect of modern India, author of the Constitution of India, social reformist and thinker
- Mahatma Gandhi – Leader of Indian Independence Movement and Father of the Nation of India
- Muhammad Ali Jinnah - Founder of Pakistan
- Georg Bühler – Scholar of ancient Indian languages and law, fellow of University of Mumbai
- G.S. Maddala – American economist and mathematician
- Indira Viswanathan Peterson – Professor of Asian Studies and editor of the Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces.
- Jagdish Bhagwati – University Professor of Economics at Columbia University
- Pandurang Vaman Kane – Indologist and Sanskrit scholar and former Vice Chancellor of University of Mumbai
- Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar – Oriental scholar and social reformer, first batch graduate, later vice-chancellor
- Vijay Gupchup – Former Pro Vice Chancellor of the University of Mumbai, ex-chairman of the Research Council of Structural Engineering Research Centre in Chennai and ex-chairman of the National Board of Accreditation of AICTE
- Homi K. Bhabha - Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of English and American Literature and Language, and Director of the Humanities Center, Harvard University
- Klaus Klostermaier, F.R.S.C. - Professor Emeritus at the University of Manitoba, Scholar of Indian Studies
- Madhav Das Nalapat – Academic, columnist, and UNESCO Peace Chair
- Anand Patwardhan – Documentary film-maker
- Dadasaheb Phalke - Indian producer-director-screenwriter, first place of India known as the father of Indian cinema
- Ebrahim Alkazi – Theatre director, Padma Vibhushan awardee
- Gangadhar Gadgil – Author (fiction, Marathi)
- Genelia D'souza - Actor
- John Abraham - Actor
- Kader Khan - Actor
- Kareena Kapoor Khan - Actor (University dropout)
- Madhuri Dixit - Actor
- Mehli Mehta – Conductor of European classical music
- Nissim Ezekiel – Poet
- P. L. Deshpande - Writer, actor, music composer, film and television producer and director
- Ranjan Ghosh – Filmmaker and director Aparna Sen's first co-author
- Rohinton Mistry - Author
- Shabana Azmi – Actor
- Smita Patil – Actor
- Sonakshi Sinha - Actor
- Srinivas - Playback singer
- Urmila Matondkar - Actor
- Vidya Balan – Actor
- Zubin Mehta - Conductor of Western classical music
Beauty Pageant Winners
- Aditi Govitrikar - Mrs. World beauty pageant winner, 2000
- Aishwarya Rai - Miss World 1993 pageant winner, actor
- Lara Dutta – Miss Universe pageant winner, 2000
- Priyanka Chopra - Miss World 2000 pageant winner, actor
- Adi Godrej - Chairman of Godrej Group
- Ajit Gulabchand – Industrialist, chairman and managing director Hindustan Construction Company
- Anil Ambani - Chairman of Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group
- Anji Reddy – Founder, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, Padma Shri awardee
- Azim Premji - Chairman of Wipro Limited
- Chanda Kochhar - CEO and MD of ICICI Bank
- Dorabji Tata - Former chairman of Tata group
- Jagdish Chandra Mahindra - Industrialist, founder of Mahindra Group
- Jamsetji Tata - Founder of Tata group and the Indian Institute of Science
- Keki Hormusji Gharda – Founder, Gharda Chemicals
- Keki Mistry - Vice Chairman and CEO
- Mukesh Ambani – Chairman and managing director, Reliance Industries
- Narotam Sekhsaria - Co-founder and chairman, Ambuja Cements
- Nita Ambani - Founder and chairperson of the Dhirubhai Ambani International School
- Pankaj Patel - Chairman and managing director of Cadila Healthcare
- Renuka Ramnath – Founder and CEO of Multiples Private Equity, Ex-CEO of ICICI Ventures
- Avtar Saini – Former Director for South Asia Region, Intel and one of the pioneers of the Pentium-series processors
- Homai Vyarawalla – First woman photojounalist of India, Padma Vibushan awardee
- Sucheta Dalal – Business journalist from Mumbai, India.
- Thrity Umrigar – Journalist and author
- B.N. Srikrishna – Indian jurist and a judge of the Supreme Court of India.
- H. J. Kania - First Chief Justice of India
- Kashinath Trimbak Telang – Indian judge and oriental scholar.
- M. C. Chagla - Indian jurist, diplomat, former cabinet minister, former Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court
- Mushtak Ali Kazi – Judge, High Court of Sindh and Balochistan, Pakistan
- Nanabhoy Palkhivala – Indian jurist and economist
- P. N. Bhagwati – Chief Justice of India (1985–1986)
- S. K. Venkataranga – lawyer and an associate of Mahatma Gandhi
- Virchand Gandhi - Jain scholar and lawyer known for representing Jainism at the first World Parliament of Religions, Chicago 1893
- Zakir Naik – Muslim preacher on comparative religion
Politics and public life
- B. R. Ambedkar – Considered the architect of modern India, author of the Constitution of India, social reformist and thinker
- Bhulabhai Desai - Indian independence activist and acclaimed lawyer
- Chaggan Bhujbal – Minister of Public Works Department and former Deputy Chief Minister, Government of Maharashtra
- Dadabhai Naoroji - Intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political leader, being the first Asian to sit in the British House of Commons
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale, CIE - Founding social and political leader during the Indian Independence Movement
- Jayant Patil – Minister of Rural Development, Government of Maharashtra
- John Samuel Malecela – 6th Prime Minister of Tanzania, 1990–1994
- Kona Prabhakara Rao – Governor of Maharashtra, Lt. Governor of Pondicherry, Governor of Sikkim, Finance Minister of Andhra Pradesh, former speaker of Andhra Pradesh State Assembly
- Lal Krishna Advani – Former Deputy Prime Minister of India
- Lokmanya Tilak – Considered the maker of modern India. Nationalist leader, savant, philosopher, mathematician, and an advocate of Swaraj (self-rule)
- Mahadev Govind Ranade – Distinguished scholar, social reformer and author
- Mancherjee Bhownagree – British politician of Indian Parsi heritage.
- Manohar Joshi - Former Chief Minister of Maharashtra
- Sir Manubhai Mehta - Dewan of Baroda state; Prime Minister of Bikaner state
- Morarji Desai – 5th Prime Minister of India
- Nilesh Rane – MP from Ratnagiri-Sindhudurg
- Sir Pherozeshah Mehta, KCIE - Indian political leader, activist, and an erstwhile leading lawyer in Mumbai
- Praful Patel – MP from Bhandara-Gondiya
- Pratibha Patil – 12th President of India
- Rafiq Zakaria – Politician and Islamic scholar
- Raj Thackeray - Founder, leader and chairperson of the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena
- Sanjay Dina Patil – MP from Mumbai North East
- Sanjeev Naik – MP from Thane.
- Shivraj Patil – Governor of Punjab and former Home Minister of India
- Sushilkumar Shinde - Former Home Minister of India
- Swati Dandekar - United States politician, Iowa House of Representatives
- Vasundhara Raje – Chief Minister of Rajasthan, India
- Yashwantrao Chavan - 1st Chief Minister of Maharashtra and the 5th Deputy Prime Minister of India
- Abhas Mitra – Head of theoretical astrophysics at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
- Acacio Gabriel Viegas – Medical practitioner credited with the discovery of the outbreak of bubonic plague in Mumbai, India in 1896
- Chandrashekhar Khare - Professor of mathematics at the University of California Los Angeles
- Conjeevaram Srirangachari Seshadri, F.R.S – Mathematician and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize
- D. Raghavarao - Statistician and Laura H. Carnell professor and chair of statistics at Temple University
- Doraiswami Ramkrishna - Harry Creighton Peffer Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering at Purdue University
- Edward Hamilton Aitken – humorist, naturalist
- Homi Jahangir Bhabha, F.R.S – A nuclear physicist who played a major role in the development of India's atomic energy programme
- Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan – Space scientist and former head of the Indian Space Research Organisation
- Madabusi Santanam Raghunathan - F.R.S, mathematician and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan awardee
- Madhav Gadgil - Ecologist and Professor at Indian Institute of Science
- Mambillikalathil Govind Kumar Menon - F.R.S, physicist and former Director of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
- Man Mohan Sharma - F.R.S, Former Director of UDCT, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan awardee
- Manil Suri – Indian mathematician and writer.
- Mudumbai Seshachalu Narasimhan - F.R.S, mathematician and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, (1975)
- Mustansir Barma - Director of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
- Raghavan Narasimhan – Mathematician and Professor at University of Chicago
- Raghunath Mashelkar, F.R.S – Former Director General of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
- Raja Ramanna - Indian nuclear scientist
- Ravi Gomatam – Quantum Physicist, Director of Bhaktivedanta Institute
- Renee M. Borges - Ecologist
- Salim Ali - Indian ornithologist and naturalist
- Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar – Indian American mathematician known for his contributions to algebraic geometry, and former Marshall distinguished professor and chair of mathematics at Purdue University
- Amol Dighe - Professor of Physics in Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
- Anil Kakodkar – Former director of BARC and Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Atomic Energy
- Sekhar Basu - Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India
- Bal Dattatreya Tilak - Former Director of National Chemical Laboratory and recipient of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, Padma Bhushan
- H.N. Sethna - Former Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission
- Farokh Engineer– Former cricket player
- Harish Kapadia – Himalayan mountaineer and recipient of Patron's Medal of the Royal Geographic Society
- Sunil Gavaskar – Former cricket player
- Sachin Tendulkar – Former cricket player
- Ajit Agarkar – Former cricket player
- Ravi Shastri – Former cricket player
Not yet sorted by field of notability
- Anant Pai – Publisher of Indian books for children, especially the series Amar Chitra Katha
- Sir Chinubhai Madhowlal Ranchhodlal, 2nd Baronet
- Dwarkanath Kotnis – Doctor practising in China who helped Chinese communists army during World War II
- Shanti Gandhi - US physician and politician
Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) have been signed with University of Amsterdam, University of Bath, Liverpool Hope University, Ryerson University, IESEG School of Management, Kühne Logistics University, Tianjin University of Technology and Nankai University in China as well as Edith Cowan University in Australia.
- List of universities in India
- Universities and colleges in India
- List of universities by number of billionaire alumni
- Education in India
- Distance Education Council
- University Grants Commission (India)
- National Assessment and Accreditation Council
- "Mumbai University records 60% rise in students" : DNA – Daily News and Analysis newspaper article, Monday, 21 March 2011.
- With 811 colleges, Pune varsity 2nd largest in country The Times of India newspaper article : 4 November 2013
- "The Cloister's Pale: A Biography of the University of Mumbai", 2nd edition, 2006, Author : Aroon Tikekar, Popular Prakashan publishers
- Ibid., 188.
- "Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute". Mu.ac.in. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "Rajabai Tower Mumbai: Tourist Attractions in Mumbai". Mumbailocal.Net.
- "Mumbai's iconic Rajabai Clock Tower reopens after renovation".
- Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies
- [dead link]
- "‘Indian students should consider studying in China’". Hindustan Times. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
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