University of Brighton
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (February 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Established||1858 (as Brighton College of Art)
1992 (university status)
|Endowment||£0.78 million (2013)|
|Vice-Chancellor||Professor Debra Humphris|
|Location||Brighton, Eastbourne, Hastings, England, United Kingdom|
The University of Brighton is a university of 20,685 students and 2,700 staff based on five campuses in Brighton, Eastbourne and Hastings on the south coast of England. Its roots can be traced back to 1858 when the Brighton School of Art was opened in the Royal Pavilion.
The university focuses on professional education, with the majority of degrees awarded also recognised by professional organisations or leading to professional qualifications. Subjects include pharmacy, engineering, computing, mathematics, architecture, geology, nursing, teaching, sport science, journalism, criminology and business.
In 2015, the University of Brighton gained a first class award in the People & Planet's University League table – UK universities ranked by environmental and ethical performance.
- 1 History
- 2 Campuses and facilities
- 3 Organisation and administration
- 4 Academic research
- 5 Educational partnerships
- 6 Student life
- 7 Promoting Israeli-Arab coexistence
- 8 Notable alumni, staff and associates
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
||This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (February 2016)|
- 1858: The Brighton School of Art opens its doors to its first 110 students. The school's first home is in rooms adjacent to the kitchens of the Royal Pavilion.
- 1876: The School of Art moves to its own building in Grand Parade. The Prime Minister, William Gladstone, witnesses the laying of the new building's foundation stone.
- 1897: The Municipal School of Science and Technology opens in Brighton with 600 enrolled students.
- 1898: The Chelsea School opens in London as an institution training women and girls in physical education.
- 1909: The Municipal Day Training College, forerunner of the School of Education, opens in Richmond Terrace, Brighton.
- 1949: The Chelsea School celebrates its fiftieth anniversary by moving to Eastbourne.
- 1960s: Construction of new buildings for Brighton College of Technology begin in Moulsecoomb.
- 1970: The School of Art and Brighton College of Technology merge to form Brighton Polytechnic.
- 1976: Brighton College of Education (the teacher training college) merges with Brighton Polytechnic, giving the polytechnic a campus at Falmer.
- 1979: The East Sussex College of Higher Education, including the Chelsea School, merges with Brighton Polytechnic, creating a campus in Eastbourne.
- 1992: Along with many other polytechnics Brighton is granted university status and becomes the University of Brighton under the provisions of the Further and Higher Education Act, 1992.
- 1994: The Sussex and Kent Institute of Nursing and Midwifery becomes part of the university, increasing the number of students based in Eastbourne.
- 2003: The Brighton and Sussex Medical School opens as a partnership between the University of Brighton, the University of Sussex and the Universities Hospitals Trust. It is the first medical school in the south-east outside London.
- 2004: University Centre Hastings is opened, managed by the University of Brighton.
- 2011: The University of Brighton's International College opens on the Brighton campus, to provide international students with preparatory academic tuition for undergraduate and postgraduate courses.
- 2011: The University of Brighton Doctoral College was launched to support postgraduate research students. Dedicated research study centres are established on the Eastbourne and each of the three Brighton campuses.
Campuses and facilities
The Falmer campus is approximately three miles from Brighton city centre. The School of Humanities (literature, language and linguistics), School of Health Sciences, School of Applied Social Science, Centre for Nursing and Midwifery Research, International Health Development and Research Centre, Social Science Policy and Research Centre, School of Education, Education Research Centre, the Centre for Learning and Teaching and the Brighton and Sussex Medical School are all based on this campus.
The campus is served by a number of bus services and Falmer railway station is immediately adjacent. There are also cycle lanes leading to the campus from the city centre. The campus is adjacent to the Falmer Stadium, home to Brighton & Hove Albion F.C., which opened in 2011.
The campus includes the Great Wilkins and Paddock Field halls of residence. Other facilities on the Falmer campus include a library, computer pool rooms, restaurant and cafe/bar, and the Students' Union cafe, aka The Hive, and shop. Sports facilities on the campus include floodlit 3G AstroTurf pitch, netball and tennis courts, a sports centre with fitness suite, two activity studios and a sports hall with six badminton courts, and a new sports pavilion which opened in 2015.
Grand Parade, Brighton
Grand Parade campus in Brighton city centre is home to the university's College of Arts and Humanities, (formerly the Faculty of Arts), the University of Brighton gallery and Sallis Benney Theatre. The university's archives include the University of Brighton Design Archives, which houses collections from the Design Council and other British and global design organisations, and the moving image archive Screen Archive South East. Facilities include the specialist humanities, art and design library at St Peter's House, computer pool rooms, a media centre, a restaurant and cafe. The School of Art, Design and Media and the School of Humanities are based at Grand Parade.
The Moulsecoomb campus is to the north of Brighton city centre. It is the largest of the five campuses with over 8,000 students. Brighton Business School, School of Art, Design and Media (architecture and interior architecture), School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics, School of Environment and Technology and School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences are based on the Moulsecoomb campus. The University of Brighton's International College is in the Watts Building.
Teaching and learning resources include rapid prototyping and design equipment including 3D scanners, CNS lathes and laser cutters, clinical skills and molecular biology laboratories, specialist labs for structural dynamics, geotechnics, thermal dynamics, hydraulics and avionics, a flight simulator, real-time trading room, and architecture and interior architecture studios. Facilities include Aldrich library, computer pool rooms, two restaurants and five cafes. In early 2016 construction started on a new advanced engineering building.
The Brighton Students' Union is based in Cockcroft Building.
The Eastbourne campus is at the foot of the South Downs National Park, about ten minutes walk from the seafront and twenty minutes from the pier and Eastbourne town centre. Almost 3,000 students are based here studying at the School of Sport and Service Management and the School of Health Sciences.
Teaching and learning facilities at Eastbourne campus include exercise physiology laboratories, an environmental chamber, a human movement laboratory, culinary arts studio and the Leaf Hospital podiatry and physiotherapy clinic. Study facilities in Eastbourne include Queenswood library, computer pool rooms, a learning technologies suite, restaurants, and a Students' Union shop. Sports facilities include a 25-metre swimming pool, sports hall, artificial outdoor pitch and dance studio.
Welkin halls of residence provides accommodation for over 350 students. The campus is served by a number of bus services and is in walking distance of Eastbourne railway station. Bike storage is provided on campus.
The University of Brighton campus in Hastings is three minutes south of the station and about the same distance from the seafront and the shopping district. Students study applied social science, broadcast media, business and management, community history, computing, education, English literature, environmental biology, human biology, mathematics, media studies and sociology.
Campus facilities include TV and radio studios, a library, computer pool rooms, a cafe and a Students' Union office. The university's student-run radio station, Buzz Radio, is based on the Hastings campus.
Robert Tressell Halls provide accommodation for 65 students. The Priory Square building opened for teaching in 2012 and was formally opened in December 2013. It provides a 160-seat lecture theatre and laboratories for science courses.
Students on each campus have access to services including a careers service, counselling service, student advice service, disability and dyslexia service, and chaplaincy.
The university's libraries (with 1,400 work places) contain over half a million books, journals and audio-visual materials and, additionally, have subscriptions to around 8,000 electronic journals. In a year, there are around one million loans – and, on an average day, over 6,000 student visits. Combined, the university's libraries are open for 250 hours per week, with each library typically open between 55 and 68 hours per week, including evenings and weekends. The university has five libraries spread around its campuses.
- Aldrich Library (Moulsecoomb)
- Falmer Library
- Hastings Library
- Queenwood Library (Eastbourne)
- St. Peter's House Library (Grand Parade)
Organisation and administration
- College of Arts and Humanities
- School of Art, Design and Media
- School of Humanities
- College of Life, Health and Physical Sciences
- School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics
- School of Environment and Technology
- School of Health Sciences
- School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences
- Brighton and Sussex Medical School (operated jointly with the University of Sussex)
- College of Social Sciences
- Brighton Business School
- School of Applied Social Science
- School of Education
- School of Sport and Service Management
- Centre for Learning and Teaching
College of Arts and Humanities
Formerly the Faculty of Arts, the College of Arts and Humanities can trace its roots back to 1859 when the original Brighton School of Art opened. Courses are available in arts, design, humanities, literature and linguistics, from short courses, undergraduate, postgraduate and research degrees.
The university has supported and educated many key figures in the arts. In 2009 an exhibition, From Art School to University: Art and Design at Brighton 1859–2009, paid tribute to many of them and included Turner Prize winners, iconic design work, cutting-edge dance for camera and classic rock and pop imagery.
Turner Prize winners Keith Tyson and Rachel Whiteread studied at the university, as did Keith Coventry, the winner of 2010 John Moores Painting Prize. Key figures also include the artists Alison Lapper and Paine Proffitt, Cliff Wright, illustrator of the Harry Potter books, the designer Julien Macdonald OBE, writer-illustrator Emily Gravett and musicians Natasha Khan, aka Bat for Lashes, and The Haxan Cloak.
It is also home to the University of Brighton Design Archives and Screen Archive South East. In 2005 it was recognised as a Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning through Design (CETLD), funded by HEFCEbringing together the knowledge and expertise of the University of Brighton's Faculty of Arts, The Royal Institute of British Architects, the Royal College of Art and the Victoria & Albert Museum.
Faculty of Health and Social Science
The Faculty of Health offers degree programmes in nursing, midwifery and paramedic practice; social policy, social science, social work and health promotion; medicine and primary care; and occupational therapy, physiotherapy and podiatry.
Research centres within this faculty include the Clinical Research Centre for Health Professions, Social Science Policy and Research Centre, Centre for Nursing and Midwifery Research and the International Health Development Research Centre, which has several on-going research projects on health promotion. The Faculty of Health and Social Science also sees to the development of the Brighton and Sussex Medical School, which is a collaborative effort of the Universities of Brighton and Sussex.
Brighton Business School
Brighton Business School delivers a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, part-time courses for professionals, and programmes for commercial organisations. The school has around 1,500 full-time students, 1,000 part-time students and 120 members of academic staff. It provides teaching, research and consultancy in accounting, economics, finance, business, human resources, management, marketing and law. Formerly part of Brighton Technical College, the school has been teaching business and management courses since the 1960s. It took its current name in 1986. The school is in Mithras House on the Moulsecoomb campus.
Brighton Business School has built strong links with local, national and international businesses and many of these companies offer placements to students. It is argued that such placements improve students' employability, and this is borne out by the school's employability record: over 90% of Business School students are employed or continuing their studies within six months of finishing their course.
The school runs a number of accredited degrees which lead to some exemptions from professional examinations. Professional bodies affiliated to the school include the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants, the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development, the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply, the Chartered Management Institute, the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, and The Law Society.
Brighton Business School hosts two research centres: the Centre for Research in Innovation Management (CENTRIM) and the Centre for Research on Management and Employment (CROME). In the latest UK Research Assessment Exercise (2008), it was ranked as one of the top 15 business schools in terms of world-leading research outputs, it gave 20% of Brighton Business School's research in business and management studies a 4-star rating (world-leading in terms of originality, significance and rigour), compared to the sector average of 10%. In terms of world-leading research outputs, this ranks the school in 14th place out of the 79 universities assessed. 70% of the school's business and management research was found to be of international standing or higher, a rating of 2-star (quality that is recognised internationally in terms of originality, significance and rigour) or above.
Faculty of Science and Engineering
The Faculty of Science and Engineering offers a wide range of accredited programmes for undergraduates and postgraduates in chemistry, biology, earth science, and the physical sciences. It presently has over 2,000 undergraduate and postgraduate students, more than 100 research students, and a staff of 200.
The faculty hosts STEM Sussex which works in partnership with schools, businesses and other organisations to enhance delivery of the science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) curricula at all key stages and to improve achievements in these subjects. The faculty also hosts the Sustainable Development Coordination Unit (SDeCU) which aims to co-ordinate sustainable development activities across the university.
The university is known for its contributions in automotive engineering, for example developing the 2/4 SIGHT Engine. The automotive engineering course is offered jointly with the University of Sussex, participants benefiting from the research expertise and industrial links of both universities. In the RAE2008, The Automotive Engineering research group achieved an excellent rating with 70% of its research rated internationally excellent or world leading and 95% deemed to be internationally recognised.
Faculty of Education and Sport
The Faculty of Education and Sport offers undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in initial teacher training, education, physical education, sport coaching, sport and exercise science, sport journalism, sport and leisure management, sport studies, events, hospitality, travel, tourism and retail. It currently has over 4,000 students and 200 members of staff.
Research centres within the faculty include the Education Research Centre, Centre for Sport Research, Centre for Tourism Policy Studies (CENTOPS), and Brighton Hospitality Research (BHR).
In the RAE2008, it was the highest institution in the south-east of England for sport-related studies. 65% of research was judged to be of international standing with 15% world-leading. The Faculty of Education and Sport was given the highest possible rating for its primary and secondary initial teacher education provision in its most recent Ofsted inspection.
Brighton and Sussex Medical School
The Brighton and Sussex Medical School is one of four medical schools to have been created as part of the UK government's strategy of increasing the number of qualified doctors from the UK working in the NHS. The school is a joint school of the University of Brighton and the University of Sussex.
The University of Brighton provides professional aspects of the course through its faculties of health, sciences and engineering, while the University of Sussex provides biological science teaching. The medical school requires human dissection of cadavers as a compulsory part of the course. This means the course is far more anatomically based than that of most other modern UK medical schools. As well as the emphasis on anatomy, BSMS also gives early clinical exposure, with students from preclinical years occasionally going on placements.
University of Brighton's International College provides academic preparatory programmes for students outside the EU. On successful completion of their programme and achievement of the required grades, students can progress to undergraduate and postgraduate degrees offered at the university.
University of Brighton Doctoral College provides academic, administrative and practical support for the university's community of postgraduate research students. There are Doctoral College campus centres on the Eastbourne and each of the Brighton campuses.
The Sir Harry Ricardo Laboratories
The University of Brighton and Ricardo UK jointly opened the Sir Harry Ricardo Laboratories on 14 November 2006. The laboratories are one of the largest UK research teams dedicated to internal combustion engines, the development of laser-based measurement techniques, fundamental modelling and computational simulation. The group's international esteem is demonstrated by its collaboration with over 40 academic institutions and industrial partners across the world.
The University of Brighton submitted research in its Sir Harry Ricardo Laboratories (SHRL) to the Unit of Assessment for Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering in RAE2008. 95% of this research was judged to be of international standing, with 70% rated internationally excellent thanks to its strong integration with the automobile industry. The SHRL's strong industrial links with Ricardo, its investment in new instrumentations and laboratory space and the number of doctorates awarded per staff member helped the SHRL research environment to be judged as being of international standing.
Reputation and rankings
The University's Community University Partnership Programme received an honourable mention at the 2010 Community-Campus Partnerships for Health awards and was highly commended in the Social Responsibility category at the 2009 Green Gown Awards.
The 2008 Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) confirmed that 79% of the University of Brighton's research output is of international standing. Taking the top three grades, the results show that 15 per cent of the research is 'world-leading' (the highest grade), 29 per cent is internationally excellent (the second highest grade) and 35 per cent is internationally recognised (the third highest grade). The university's RAE ranking rose from 80th place in 2001 to 59th in 2008, leading it to be described as one of the "rising stars" in the UK. Sixty-five per cent of research in art and design at the Faculty of Arts was classified as either "world leading" or "internationally excellent". This places Brighton amongst the leading research centres in the country for art and design and Research Fortnight ranked the submission second in terms of the volume and quality of research. Brighton is also ranked as one of the leading modern universities in terms of the quality of its research by the Research Fortnight newsletter.
In 2010, the Faculty of Education and Sport retained the highest possible rating for its primary and secondary initial teacher education (teacher training) provision, following inspection by Ofsted. In 2008, Brighton was the first university in the country to achieve an outstanding rating for management and quality assurance across the full range of primary, secondary and post-compulsory (16+) teacher education courses.
In 1999, The University of Brighton was named as the first Sunday Times University of the Year.
As part of its commitment to widening access to Higher Education the University of Brighton validates degree-level courses taught at a number of partner colleges in Sussex and Surrey.
- Central Sussex College
- City College Brighton & Hove
- East Surrey College
- Northbrook College
- Plumpton College
- Sussex Coast College Hastings
- Sussex Downs College
- Southern Theatre Arts Centre (Division of Northbrook College)
Halls of residence
- Moulsecoomb campus
- Moulsecoomb Place
- Falmer campus
- Great Wilkins
- Paddock Field
- Grand Parade campus
- Phoenix Brewery
- Varley Halls
- Woodland Lodge and Downland Lodge
- Ashdown House
- Balcombe, Chailey and Ditchling
- Framfield, Selsey, Kingston and Chalvington
- Eastbourne campus
- Welkin Halls
- Hastings Campus
- Robert Tressell Halls
- Robertson Terrace (Private)
- Havelock Road (Private)
Promoting Israeli-Arab coexistence
In April 2011, fifty football coaches from Israel were trained in Israeli-Arab coexistence skills as part of the Football 4 Peace program, in the UK, so that they will be able to run Football 4 Peacecamps during the summer in Israel. It was developed by the British Council, the Israel Sports Authority, the University of Brighton and the Sports University in Cologne, Germany and is funded by the European Union. Coaches from Jordan and Ireland are also part of this program. The Chelsea School of Sport, part of the University of Brighton, hosts the program.
In addition, the Film and Moving Image department runs an exchange program with The International Academy of Art, Ramallah.
Notable alumni, staff and associates
Many prominent figures in the arts have attended the university, or the institutions from which it was formed. These include Turner Prize winners Keith Tyson and Rachel Whiteread (1982–85) studied at the Faculty of Arts, Brighton, as did Keith Coventry, the winner of 2010 John Moores Painting Prize, the photographer Ewen Spencer, the artist Alison Lapper, the designer Julien Macdonald and the writer-illustrator Emily Gravett.
The list of world-renowned students, lecturers and researchers once at Brighton includes Kate Greenaway Medal winners Emily Gravett, Raymond Briggs and Quentin Blake; children's writer-illustrator Lucy Cousins; Magnum photographer Mark Power; and fashion designer Barbara Hulanicki.
Contributions made to modern visual culture by Brighton Faculty of Arts and Architecture members include Royal Designer for Industry George Hardie's cover designs for Pink Floyd's The Dark Side of the Moon, and several series of Royal Mail stamps, and John Vernon Lord's sleeve for Deep Purple's Book of Taliesyn.
The longer history of the school of art in Brighton includes the artists Conrad Heighton Leigh, curator David Crowley, and poster designers Paula Cox and John Bellany. The artist Helen Chadwick took the sculpture course at Brighton Polytechnic (1973–76) and later returned to the institution to teach. The sculptor/woodcarver Robert Koenig, author of the woodcarving project Odyssey also studied on the sculpture course at the same time as Helen Chadwick. The sculptor Antony Gormley formerly taught at Brighton.
Sussex author Isabel Ashdown is the current Writer in Residence at the University of Brighton.
List of Vice-Chancellors
- Professor Sir David Watson (1992 to 2005)
- Professor Julian Crampton (2005 to 2015)
- Professor Debra Humphris (2015 to present) 
- "Financial Statements for the Year to 31 July 2013" (PDF). University of Brighton. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- "About us – University of Brighton" (PDF). University of Brighton. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
- "2014/15 Students by HE provider, level, mode and domicile" (XLSX). Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "UCAS Search tool - Search Results". search.ucas.com. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- "People & Planet University League 2015 - The Tables - People & Planet". Retrieved 5 February 2016.
- University of Brighton Milestones in our history. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved 15 September 2011
- Research Centres. Retrieved 15 November 2011
- About us – University of Brighton . Retrieved 2011-22-09
- Brighton & Hove Bus and Coach Company. Buses.co.uk. Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
- Accommodation – University of Brighton. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved 2011-22-09
- "Brighton Students' Union at Falmer". Brighton Students' Union. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
- Facilities at Brighton – Sport Brighton. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved 2011-22-09.
- Collections at the university. Brighton.ac.uk/arts. Retrieved 18 October 2011
- University of Brighton Guide 2012. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved 18 October 2011
- "The Engineer". The Engineer. September 2015. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
- University of Brighton guide 2012. brighton.ac.uk/prospective. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- "Leaf Hospital, Eastbourne". Leaf Therapy. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
- University of Brighton, Hastings campus. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2011
- "Buzz Radio". Retrieved 24 February 2016.
- "Hastings Observer". Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "Priory Square". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- Libraries – University of Brighton. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
- Centres for Excellence in Teaching and Learning.
- University of Brighton Colleges and Facilities: Brighton University Colleges, England, UK. Brighton.university-guides.com (30 May 2011). Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
- Facts and figures, University of Brighton – Destination of Leavers from Higher Education survey 2008/09
- Research Assessment Exercise (2008)
- About us – Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Brighton. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved on 6 June 2011. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "brighton.ac.uk" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- SDeCU – Sustainable Development Coordination Unit at the University of Brighton – Home. Brighton.ac.uk (28 April 2010). Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
- "2/4 SIGHT Engine". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- "2/4 SIGHT Engine in green.autoblog.com". AutoblogGreen. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- "RAE2008 Automotive". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- "Ofsted - University of Brighton". Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
-  Archived 9 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
- "BSMS ::". Archived from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- About Us – Sir Harry Ricardo Labs. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved on 22 August 2011.
- RAE2008 – Sir Harry Ricardo Labs. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved on 22 August 2011.
- "World University Rankings 2015-16". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "University League Table 2017". The Complete University Guide. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
- "University league tables 2017". The Guardian. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "The Times and Sunday Times University Good University Guide 2016". Times Newspapers. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- CCPH – Past Awards Recipients. Depts.washington.edu. Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
-  Archived 8 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- Facts and figures, RAE 2008 information – University of Brighton. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
- RAE 2008 proves UK research is world class. Times Higher Education. Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
- Research Success – Centre for Research and Development. Artsresearch.brighton.ac.uk (18 December 2008). Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
- Educational partnerships – University of Brighton. Brighton.ac.uk. Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
- Sports coaches from Israel travel to UK for training. Eeas.europa.eu (29 March 2011). Retrieved on 6 June 2011.
- "Rachel Whiteread", Alumni and Associates, Faculty of Arts, University of Brighton
- Lawrence Zeegen (2009), What is Illustration?, Brighton: RotoVision SA, p. 192, ISBN 978-2-88893-033-4
- "Helen Chadwick", Alumni and Associates, Faculty of Arts, University of Brighton
- "Anthony Gormley" (sic), Alumni and Associates, Faculty of Arts, University of Brighton
- "Vice-Chancellor to step down at the university". University of Brighton. 20 June 2004. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- "University of Brighton appoints a new Vice-Chancellor". News. University of Brighton. 10 December 2004. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of Brighton.|